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5 Themes of Geography: Caribbean Presentation

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Presentation on theme: "5 Themes of Geography: Caribbean Presentation"— Presentation transcript:

1 5 Themes of Geography: Caribbean Presentation
PowerPoint Created By: Mrs. Kavalow-Huie’s Period 8 Class Group 1

2 Location 88° W to 58° W 11° N to 26° N South of Florida East of Mexico
Surrounded by Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico, and Atlantic Ocean

3 Place – Physical Temperature is in the 70's year round
Average rainfall is 80 inches per year Houseyards - Small properties less than half an acre in the Caribbean Dry basin in western Hispaniola Hurricanes - Storm of heavy rain and fierce wind beginning in July Tropical fruit trees for example coconut trees Intertropical Convergency Zone Tropical Rainforests

4 Place - Human Caribbean English - Slang influenced form the diverse culture Religion blended from Umbanda, Macuba, Candomble, and Voodoo Languages spoken are... Spanish, spoken mainly in Cuba and the Dominican Republic French, spoken in Haiti and French Guiana English, spoken mainly in Jamaica, Belize, and the Bahamas Dutch, spoken in Suriname

5 Place – Human (Continued)
Music: Reggae, Calypso, Merengue, and Zouk Maroon Societies - Made up of runaway slaves Creolization - Blending of African and European cultural elements Ra-Ra - Type of music in Haiti that mixes funk and reggae music with saxophones and bamboo trumpets Rastafarian religion - Believing "Jah" was the living force and "Ganja" should be consumed regularly African Diaspora - Blended slaves from Africa with Caribbean culture. Folk Music Famous Musician – Bob Marley – Took a political stance – famous for music

6 Movement – People Imported Slaves Circle migration flow
Left because of limited economic opportunity Went to England France Netherlands and north America ( US and Canada) for jobs in cities Circle migration flow Parents leave, work hard, save money and return home Chain migration Move to a new country one family member at a time

7 Movement – People (Cont.)
Rural to urban migration because of mechanized agriculture offshore industrialization, and rapid population growth Moved to Caribbean looking for farm work looking for House yards- provided a cheaper way of living Asian Migration Maroons- runaway slaves that formed their own communities

8 Interaction Between Humans and the Environment
Built natural parks to increase wildlife and awareness Europeans cut down Caribbean forests to make room for sugarcane fields Several Dams were built on islands to supply people with water Mangrove swamps were cleared to make beaches

9 Interaction Between Humans and the Environment
Because soil easily eroded they produced strategies such as, clearing new land, abandoning old land and conserving soil, and maintaining fertility. Climate too dry to support agricuulture so they produced salt and raised goats instead

10 Interaction Between Humans and the Environment
Residents of Montserrat had to evacuate at certain times due to volcanic activity Savannas were used for farming because they are good for farming Limestone base in Cuba results in fertile red clay soil

11 Region - Physical Isolated proximity
Isolation protects cultural diversity Limited economic opportunities Neighboring the United States Dependency on U.S Connections to transnational organizations

12 Region - Physical Greater Antilles
Islands that have the bulk of the region’s population Arable Lands Refuge for run away slaves and subsitence farmers

13 Region - Physical Lesser Antilles
Two-arc group of small islands formed from the Virgin Islands to Trinidad Areas rage from mountains to volcanoes to sedimentary basins

14 Region - Physical Rimland States: Costal Area Starts in Belize
Follows the coast line of Central America through northern South America Descriptions Belize (Limestone) Guianas (rolling hills)

15 Region - Physical Antillean Islands
Islands that begin with Cuba and end with Trinidad Provide many marine resources such as: Fish Turtle Manatee Lobster Crab

16 Region - Cultural Plantation America
Begins halfway up the coast of Brazil, continuing through Guianas and the Caribbean Ruined the cultural capacity of the region

17 Region - Cultural Neo-Africa
Slaves were brought in because of African dispora Caused a new wave of African citizens to the Caribbean

18 Region - Political Cuban-style socialism Democratically-elected leader
Socialist-like gov’t

19 Region - Political Monroe Doctrine
Made the Caribbean part of its “Sphere of Influence” Caused neocolonialsim

20 Region - Political Dependent Territories
Rely upon one central government I.E – France, England, Spain Many choose to stay this way for Benefits Economic Benifits

21 Region - Political Porto Rico Commonwealth Considered Part of the U.S.
Food Stamps and Welfare

22 Region - Political Social Developments
Many regions such as these have different levels of education and the status of women

23 Region - Economic Free Trade Agreement of the Americas
Supposed to unify the economies of all of the regions of America

24 Region - Economic Offshore Banking Specialized services Confidential
Tax Exempt $ through fees Caused problems Allowed money laundering Corruption Illegal Funds

25 Region - Economic Free Trade Zones Removed tariffs from items traded
Created duty and tax free industrial centers Caused GDP to rise 15%

26 Region - Economic CARICOM Caribbean Community and Common Market
Represented the former English Colonies Industrialized countries Created the Caribbean Development Bank

27 Region - Economic “Zero Option”
Removed their economy from the Soviet Union Changed transportation Blackouts Change in strategy for farmers Factories worked sparatically because of lack of fuel and energy

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