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8 th History Final Exam Review A:B: NeutralityFaction #1 Party or group that is split because of differences. C:D: FrigateCabinet.

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Presentation on theme: "8 th History Final Exam Review A:B: NeutralityFaction #1 Party or group that is split because of differences. C:D: FrigateCabinet."— Presentation transcript:

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2 8 th History Final Exam Review

3 A:B: NeutralityFaction #1 Party or group that is split because of differences. C:D: FrigateCabinet

4 B. Faction

5 A:B: NeutralityFaction #2 Group of department leaders who serve the President. C:D: CabinetFrigate

6 C. Cabinet

7 A:B: FrigateNeutrality #3 Decision not to take sides in a war. C:D: FactionCabinet

8 B. Neutrality

9 A:B: NeutralityFaction #4 Ship that sails fast and has many guns. C:D: FrigateCabinet

10 C. Frigate

11 A:B: CabinetNational Debt #5 Total amount of money that a government owes to others. C:D: NeutralityFaction

12 B. National Debt

13 A:B: Spoils SystemSuffrage #6 Practice of rewarding supporters with government jobs. C:D: NullificationMajority

14 A. Spoils System

15 A:B: MajoritySpoils System #7 Group of unofficial presidential advisers. C:D: NullificationKitchen cabinet

16 D. Kitchen Cabinet

17 A:B: SuffrageNullification #8 Right to vote. C:D: Spoils systemsMajority

18 A. Suffrage

19 A:B: Spoils systemNullification #9 Act of canceling a law. C:D: MajorityKitchen cabinet

20 B. Nullification

21 A:B: Kitchen cabinetSpoils system #10 Number equal to more than one-half. C:D: SuffrageMajority

22 D. Majority

23 A:B: MudslingingCaucus #11 Meeting of delegates from all states to choose a party’s candidates. C:D: Nominating convention Depression

24 C. Nominating convention

25 A:B: DepressionMudslinging #12 Period of declining business profits and lost of jobs. C:D: Nominating convention Caucus

26 A. Depression

27 A:B: Nominating convention Caucus #13 Private meeting during which powerful party members pick candidates. C:D: DepressionMudslinging

28 B. Caucus

29 A:B: DepressionNominating convention #14 Use of insults to attack an opponent’s reputation. C:D: MudslingingCaucus

30 C. Mudslinging

31 A:B: RefugeRendezvous #15 Attack in which enemy forces surround and try to capture a city or fort. C:D: Circling the wagonsSiege

32 D. Seige

33 A:B: RendezvousRefuge #16 Place where one is safe from persecution. C:D: SiegeSanctuary

34 B. Refuge

35 A:B: RefugeRendezvous #17 Place where people meet. C:D: SiegeCourtyard

36 B. Rendezvous

37 A:B: Trade unionArtisan #18 Group that wanted laws to limit immigration. C:D: NativistImmigrationist

38 C. Nativist

39 A:B: Union workersTrade Union #19 Organization of workers. C:D: ArtisanNativist

40 B. Trade Union

41 A:B: Trade unionNativist #20 Skilled worker. C:D: MasterArtisan

42 D. Artisan

43 A:B: AmnestyPoll tax #21 Legal separation of races. C:D: SegregationBlack Code

44 C. Segregation

45 A:B: Black codeAmnesty #22 Government pardon. C:D: Poll taxSegregation

46 B. Amnesty

47 A:B: AmnestyPoll tax #23 Law severely limiting rights of freedmen. C:D: Black codeSegregation

48 C. Black code

49 A:B: Poll taxAmnesty #24 Fee paid to vote. C:D: Black codeSegregation

50 A. Poll tax

51 A:B: FreedmanScalawag #25 Term for a white southern Republican. C:D: Carpetbagger Sharecropper

52 B. Scalawag

53 A:B: FreedmanSharecropper #26 Person who rented and farmed a piece of land. C:D: CarpetbaggerScalawag

54 B. Sharecropper

55 A:B: CarpetbaggerFreedman #27 Former slave. C:D: SharecropperScalawag

56 B. Freedman

57 A:B: Freedman Sharecropper #28 Term for northerner who went to the south after the Civil War. C:D: CarpetbaggerScalawag

58 C. Carpetbagger

59 A:B: The new government proved too weak to respond in times of crisis. The new government halted the production of whiskey. #29 Which statement BEST describes a major result of the Whiskey Rebellion? C:D: People realized that the new government would tolerate violent protests with proper permits. People realized that the new government would not tolerate violent protests.

60 D. People realized that the new government would not tolerate violent protests.

61 A:B: Immediate settlement of western lands by pioneers. A map showing a route to the Pacific Ocean. #30 Which of the following was NOT an effect of the Lewis and Clark expedition? C:D: Increased knowledge about plant and animal life in the West Knowledge of the Rocky mountains and the Continental divide.

62 A. Immediate settlement of western lands by pioneers.

63 A:B: He continued to pay state debts from federal funds. He cut the federal budget. #31 Which action BEST reflects Jefferson’s determination to reduce the size and power of the federal government? C:D: He kept the Bank of the United States open. He stopped paying state debts.

64 B. He cut the federal budget.

65 A:B: Congress votes to approve a Supreme Court appointment. A newspaper editorial criticized a Supreme Court decision. #32 Which of the following is an example of judicial review? C:D: The Supreme Court rules that a new law violates the Constitution. Balances the power among the three branches of government.

66 C. The Supreme Court rules that a new law violates the Constitution.

67 A:B: It was too expensive for merchants to ship goods by steamboat. The first steamboat was an instant success. #33 Which of the following statements about water transportation is TRUE? C:D: Steamboats were unreliable. Steamboats allowed farmers to ship goods more quickly and cheaply.

68 D. Steamboats allowed farmers to ship goods more quickly and cheaply.

69 A:B: It depended largely on the development of the factory system. It was quick and violent and produced few results. #34 Which of the following statements describes the Industrial Revolution? C:D: It took place mostly in rural areas among farmers. It took place mainly close to water ways.

70 A. It depended largely on the development of the factory system.

71 A:B: To protect American industry from European imports. To protect Latin American republics from European attack. #35 Which of the following was a reason why President Monroe announced the Monroe Doctrine? C:D: To provoke a war with Great Britain. To provoke a war with the Europeans.

72 B. To protect Latin American republics from European attack.

73 A:B: He knew that the Bank was operating under an expired charter. He thought that the Bank sacrificed the needs of the wealthy. #36 Why did President Jackson believe that the Bank of the United States was unconstitutional? C:D: He thought that states should charter banks. He knew that the Bank had deposited money in Europe.

74 C. He thought that states should charter banks.

75 A:B: Whigs Democrats #37 What new political party of the 1830’s attracted former supporters of John Quincy Adams? C:D: Republicans Federalist

76 A. Whigs

77 A:B: Whigs National Republicans #38 What new political party of the 1830s attracted supporters of Andrew Jackson? C:D: Federalist Democrats

78 D. Democrats

79 A:B: Clay persuaded House members to vote for Adams. Adams agreed to appoint Clay Vice President. #39 Why did Andrew Jackson accuse Henry Clay and John Quincy Adams of making a “corrupt bargain” in the election of 1824 C:D: Clay and Adams ignored the election process established by the Constitution. Jackson won by more than half the votes.

80 A. Clay persuaded House members to vote for Adams.

81 A:B: The United States bought the territory from Britain. Britain bought the territory from the United States. #40 How did the United States and Britain settle their dispute over Oregon? C:D: The United States and Britain agreed to divide the land. The United States and Britain shared the land.

82 C. The United States and Britain agreed to divide the land.

83 A:B: Congress passed a joint resolution accepting the annexation treaty. The President issued an executive order accepting the annexation treaty. #41 How was Texas admitted to the Union? C:D: Sam Houston forced Mexico to five Texas to the United States. Sam Houston told Congress Texas would join Brain.

84 A. Congress passed a joint resolution accepting the annexation treaty.

85 A:B: San Jacinto Gonzales #42 At what battle did Texas defeat Santa Anna and win independence? C:D: GoliadSan Antonio

86 A. San Jacinto

87 A:B: Northern manufacturers borrowed money from southern banks to buy raw materials. Southerners relied on northern factory models. #43 Which statement BEST illustrates the South’s dependence on the North? C:D: Southern planters borrowed money from northern banks to buy farm tools. Northern manufacturers borrowed money from southern plantation owners to buy raw materials.

88 C. Southern planters borrowed money from northern banks to buy farm tools.

89 A:B: Western farmers Factory owners #44 Who would have said that railroad competition would cause them to lose money? C:D: Northern manufacturersCanal investors

90 D. Canal investors

91 A:B: They lived far from the cities. States limited their rights. #45 Which statement describes the experiences of free African Americans in the South? C:D: Slaves owners forced them to move to other states. They lived on farms they bought.

92 B. States limited their rights.

93 A:B: Overcrowded schools. Shortage of mental hospitals. #46 What did temperance groups view as the most serious social problem of the 1800’s? C:D: Alcohol abuse.Overcrowded prisons.

94 C. Alcohol abuse.

95 A:B: In 1837, Michigan becomes a free state because it is north of Missouri. In 1836, Arkansas becomes a slave state because it is south of Missouri. #47 Which of the following is an example of popular sovereignty? C:D: In 1846 the senate defeated the Wilmot Proviso In 1849, California voters approved a state constitution that bans slavery.

96 D. In 1849, California voters approved a state constitution that bans slavery.

97 A:B: Several southern states seceded in protest. It healed the nation’s political divisions. #48 What effect did Abraham Lincoln’s election in 1860 have on national unity? C:D: South Carolina seceded, but other southern states remained in the Union. The excitement was very great. There was no more regrets.

98 A. Several southern stated seceded in protest.

99 A:B: Union troops attacked Confederate forts off the coast of Florida. Federal troops attacked Fort Sumter, South Carolina. #49 How did the Civil War begin? C:D: Confederate troops attacked Fort Sumter, South Carolina. Confederate troops attacked Union forts off the coast of Florida.

100 C. Confederate troops attacked Fort Sumter, South Carolina.

101 A:B: Women who wished to become doctors no longer faced discrimination. The outstanding performance of nurses earned praise, but nursing careers remained closed to women. #50 How did the work of Civil War nurses change employment opportunities for women in American society? C:D: Women who wished to become doctors no longer faced discrimination but was limited to the nursing field. The outstanding performance of nurses opened up new employment opportunities for women.

102 D. The outstanding performance of nurses opened up new employment opportunities for women.

103 A:B: African Americans were not permitted to go to school. he could not read. #51 from the memoir of a free African American living in the North “We went every day... With our books wrapped in paper to prevent the police or white persons from seeing them.” The speaker probably wanted to hide the books because... C:D: African Americans were not proud of their school. he was ashamed of what he read.

104 A. African Americans were not permitted to go to school.

105 Great Job!!!! Great Job!!!! Thank you for playing! Thank you for playing!


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