Presentation on theme: "The Chosen by Chaim Potok"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Chosen by Chaim Potok Genre: BildungsromanA novel that traces the intellectual, moral, and psychological growth of a young protagonist(rite of passage).
2 Chaim PotokBorn in the Bronx, a New York City borough very similar to the Brooklyn community in The ChosenRaised in an Orthodox Jewish family and attended a Jewish parochial school that focused on the study of the Talmud, Jewish lawBecame a novelist and used familiar settings in his stories
3 Potok The Chosen, his second novel, was published in 1967. Potok’s goal is to create a link between one particular group and the rest of humanity, as in The Chosen, where Reuven and Danny who are both Jewish, strive to be a part of the American mainstream.
4 Literary Elements Setting: Williamsburg, Brooklyn, NY, during WWII MotifsParallels: Reuven & Danny are parallels.Reuven’s near blindness experience parallels with Danny’s experience with silence.War is parallel to the softball game.Silence—a path to the soul and finding self.
5 Themes and Motifs Theme = Main idea(s) of the novel. Motifs = Recurring ideas or literary elements that help develop the major themes.Themes:Conflict between tradition and modernityChoosing vs being chosenSilence as means to find the soulParallels
6 Motifs Father/Son Relationships Vision & Perception Suffering to bring about increased awareness of self and othersFriendship and Forgiveness
7 SymbolsSymbols are characters, objects, or ideas that represent abstract concepts.Eyes—symbolize vision both literally and figurativelyThe Talmud—a series of commentaries by rabbis, symbolizes the importance of tradition and knowledge to gain a more in-depth understanding of Judaism.
8 Reuven Malter & Danny Saunders ProtagonistsReuven is the narrator—first person narrationReuven is an Orthodox JewReuven has a good relationship with his fatherReuven’s mother has passed away; he has no siblingsDanny is a Hasidic JewDanny’s father treats him with silence
9 Reuven & DannyReuven and Danny meet for the first time at a softball game.Danny calls Reuven and his team apikorism = “a Jew who is educated in Judaism who denied the basic tenets of his faith” (Potok 23).Danny hits Reuven with the ball, breaking his glasses and cutting his pupil.
11 Jewish TermsApikorism—an educated Jew who denies the basic tenets of his faithBlat—two pages of TalmudEarlocks—hair grown long at the templesGematriya—arithmetical manipulation to uncover hidden meaning, by determining the numerical equivalents of the Hebrew lettersGentile—someone who is not Jewish (Goy)Hasid—pious one
12 Terms Kabbalah—Jewish mysticism Kaddish—Jewish prayer for the dead Kosher—food that has been prepared in accordance with Kashrut, the Jewish dietary lawShabbat—Sabbath, day of rest and worship
13 TermsTalmud—collection of rabbi’s interpretation of the laws in the Torah and other issues in Jewish lifeTefillin—religious accessory, consisting of small boxes, containing biblical quotes, attached together by strips of leatherTzaddick—a Hasidic rabbi, considered a superhuman who has a special connection with GodTzizit—fringes that hang down from the Jewish prayer shawl as a reminder to obey Jewish laws
14 Terms Yeshiva—Jewish parochial school Yiddish—language of the Eastern European Jews, a mix of German and PolishZionism—establishing the Jewish state of Israel in Palestine, a homeland to the Jewish people after WWII
15 More InfoPrinciples of Baal Shem Tov-\—purpose of man is to make his life holy; the heart dominates the mind and deep spiritual experience is available to allMain conflict between the Orthodox and the Hasidic Jews: Orthodox Jews were in favor of Zionism vs Hasidic Jews, who were against it—they believed the Messiah should come and determine where the state of Israel should be established
16 Important Dates & Facts D-Day: Danny visits Reuven in the hospital which marks the beginning of their friendshipFDR’s death: a sad day for our nation; also Reuven equates the senselessness of Roosevelt’s death to the senselessness of Billy’s blindnessHasidic Jews started in Poland; many of them lived in Eastern Europe; many migrated to U.S.