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Meera Tiwari & Susannah Pickering-Saqqa, University of East London DSA 3 Nov 20121.

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Presentation on theme: "Meera Tiwari & Susannah Pickering-Saqqa, University of East London DSA 3 Nov 20121."— Presentation transcript:

1 Meera Tiwari & Susannah Pickering-Saqqa, University of East London DSA 3 Nov 20121

2 To map and disseminate good practice in overcoming deprivations in urban communities of London and Mumbai.  This presentation is part of the bigger study  An overview of the London component DSA 3 Nov 20122

3  Deprivation within literature in Capability Approach ◦ Lack of entitlements  Entitlements: Can be economic or non-economic, physical or non-physical ◦ ‘Lack the opportunity to be adequately nourished, decently clothed, minimally educated, or properly sheltered’ (Sen, 1979) Note: the opportunities here are context specific – Sen’s unrestrictive list of capabilities  Poverty as capability deprivation ◦ Income poverty ◦ Capability poverty DSA 3 Nov 20123

4 Sampling strategy  Levels of deprivation in Boroughs ( DCLG English Indices of Deprivation 2010 ).  Varied constituencies  Evidence of interventions with positive outcomes  Access – key challenge in northern context DSA 3 Nov 20124

5 Domains of deprivation  Income  Employment  Health  Education & skills  Housing  Crime  Environment DSA 3 Nov 20125

6 ATD Fourth World, Lewisham Osmani Trust, Tower Hamlets London Citizens, Hackney 6

7 1. ATD Fourth World  Lewisham ID 16th most deprived borough in London, 31st in England; high ranking on employment & crime ( DCLG 2011 )  Works with predominantly white English families. Self-defines as a “human rights based, anti-poverty organisation”  OGB-funded SLA work on Voices for a Change  Access via team member research DSA 3 Nov 20127

8 2. London Citizens  Hackney 1st most deprived borough in London, 2nd in England or Newham 6 th in England, 2 nd in London ( DCLG 2011 )  Uses community organising to “transform communities and build local power”. Office cleaners from Latin America.  Living Wage campaign in Canary Wharf/Olympic Park/UEL?  UEL LSS Membership of TELCO. DSA 3 Nov 20128

9 3. Osmani Trust  Tower Hamlets 3 rd most deprived borough in London, 7th in England; worst in London on income and housing measures( DCLG 2011 )  Roots in anti-racism work of 1970s. Now working on “substance misuse, racial tensions…territoriality and gang-related violence”. 30% TH population from Bangladeshi community (LBTH 2011)  London Councils-funded Pathways to Citizenship  Access via project manager DSA 3 Nov 20129

10 10 Source: Based on Tiwari and Ibrahim, 2012

11 Workshop 1 outcome:  Decision to consult with case study organisations on their understandings of “deprivation”. Next steps: 1. Scoping visits and interviews with key decision-makers in case study organisations to understand:  Deprivations they address; strategies used to address them; expected outcomes.  Constituencies – snowball sampling – risk attached. 2. Revise conceptual framework 3. Field Work – data collected via semi-structured interviews with field level activists & “beneficiaries”. DSA 3 Nov

12 Conceptual  Will the contextual understandings of “deprivation” in both London & Mumbai allow for meaningful comparative analysis? Methodological  How will access issues determine choice of Borough focus for LC case study and limit validity of data (OT)? DSA 3 Nov

13  The Capability Approach Literature  Joseph Rowntree Foundation: ◦ Ethnic minorities and urban deprivation, 1998 ◦ Ethnic minorities in the inner city, Dorsett, 1998 ◦ Immigration and Social Cohesion in the UK, 2008 ◦ Immigration, Social Cohesion and Social Capital, 2008  Ostrom, E., 2011; 2008  Stiglitz, Sen, and Fitoussi, 2009  Social Cohesion: ◦ Perspectives on global development 2012, Social Cohesion in a shifting world, OECD ◦ Social cohesion, institutions, and growth, Easterly, Ritzen, and Woolcock, 2006  Townsend P (1987). “Deprivation”, in Journal of Social Policy 16, 125–146.  DCLG (2011) Indices of Deprivation 2010 Thank you DSA 3 Nov


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