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Cities of Tomorrow: how to make it happen Case Berlin neighbourhood development and multi-level governance 21. 12. 2010 Clemens Klikar.

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Presentation on theme: "Cities of Tomorrow: how to make it happen Case Berlin neighbourhood development and multi-level governance 21. 12. 2010 Clemens Klikar."— Presentation transcript:

1 Cities of Tomorrow: how to make it happen Case Berlin neighbourhood development and multi-level governance Clemens Klikar

2 outline 1.introduction 2.strategies against social segregation 3.things are changing 4.situation of today 5.lessons (must be) learned 6.community orientation (“SRO”) 7.the future

3 introduction I When did it start? The “divided” city Look back to 1989 East-Berlin - Capitol of GDR West Berlin – “island of the lucky” / ”Front-Stadt Berlin” Both sides high subsidisation low dynamic in housing market, change of population

4 introduction II The “fall of the iron curtain” Berlin reunified and got back his “backyards” flight to the outskirts – “my castle in the green” segregation in the inner city high migration from and into the city nearly 1.7 Mio. emigrants nearly 1.7 Mio. immigrants accelerated segregation structural changes

5 strategies against social segregation I focus – inner city since 1998 model areas „social stabilisation“ – state since 1999/2000 federal programme “socially integrative city” („Soziale Stadt“) -EU + Federal + state Districts with “special development needs” Areas of intervention (10, later up to 34) external but not independent contractors - neighbourhood manager (NM) participation activation / pooling resources empowerment

6 strategies against social segregation II extra money first phase – 1999 to million € second phase to million € parallel budget to ordinary budget of boroughs formal structures “Quartiersräte” “area council” (AC) local budgets „the Berlin way“ 75% socio-cultural projects 25% invests rest of Germany - vice versa

7 things are changing Phase 1 NM-teams did what they like „Expedition force“ of the senate voiceless inhabitants Phase 2 boroughs take over the control and the responsibility NM on retreat inhabitants rise (AC) Phase 3 the new sovereign is AC (up to 100% of the area money) NM delivers service to AC und borough strategy versus local action

8 situation of today I 34 programme areas inhabitants in programme areas system of areas Intervention (Categories 1 and 2) Prevention (Category 3) Long-term sustainability (Category 4)

9 situation of today II Socially oriented living environments - “LOR” Prognoseräume (60) Bezirksregion (143) “borough region” Planungsraum (447) Standardised level of statistics, closer to reality Monitoring „social urban development” all over Berlin Comparative analysis and description of dynamics Updated every (second) year There is more need for programme areas! BUT!! The system can’t be extended!!!

10 lessons (must be) learned Frame strategy social urban (district) development- “Rahmenstrategie soziale Stadt (teil) entwicklung” reform project 3 pilot boroughs Nearly 2 years of “cooperation- laboratory” aims Greater responsibility in the hands of local residents New definition of tasks of the Boroughs and the Senate Department for Urban Development New forms of cooperation between the Boroughs and the Senate Result: handbook of community orientation

11 community orientation (“SRO”) I Basic principles for a Social Urban and Community Development policy –focus on the needs, opportunities and resources of the residents and their living environment –by setting up intensive and interdisciplinary cooperation and by involving local interest groups and local stakeholders –change in perspective - target-group-specific scope is extended to include territorial reference with a focus on the social situation –no ready-made solutions - common learning, innovation and development process

12 community orientation (“SRO”) II –supported by an appropriately resourced budgetary and programme policy –regular reconciliation between borough and senate administration via city- wide objectives, local needs and territorial sets of priorities –Monitoring and evaluation of the "socially oriented living environments" Strategic control –line management structure + networks –a new quality structure for an urban policy culture –based on participation, responsibility and management ("Governance")

13 community orientation (“SRO”) III main elements coordination of data internal borough coordination (new coordination unit “OE”) neighbourhood coordination/management all resort analyse and planning paper – “profile of borough region” (Bezirksregionenprofile)

14 outlook sound complex, it is! „the longest journey starts with a single step“ only reform of administration, inhabitants …..? Boroughs are on their way, senate …..? Process will speed up if neighbourhood management stops in 2013

15 Thank you for your attention! Clemens Klikar stadt.menschen.berlin


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