Presentation on theme: "December 30, 2014 Presentation on Earthquake Safety."— Presentation transcript:
December 30, 2014 Presentation on Earthquake Safety
What is an Earthquake An earthquake is a sudden violent motion of the earth, which lasts for a short time, within a very limited region. Most of the time earthquakes last for less than a minute, but sometimes shock may last, for as long as 3 to 4 minutes.
Why Do Earthquakes Happen? Earthquakes are usually caused when rock underground suddenly breaks along a fault and release energy. This sudden release of energy causes the seismic waves that make the ground shake.
Earthquake Zone in India
Damages by Earthquake
Tips to save yourself when caught indoors at the time of an earthquake Keep calm. Stay away from glass windows, doors, almirahs, mirrors etc. Stay away from falling plaster, bricks or stones. Get under a table or a cot / bed so that you are not hurt by falling objects. Do not rush towards the doors or staircase. They may be broken or jammed.
Tips to save yourself when caught outdoors at the time of an earthquake If open space is available nearby, go there. Keep away from tall chimneys, buildings, balconies and other projections.
Do not run through streets; hoardings or lamps may fall on you.
Driving Tips Stop If Safe, But Stay Inside Car. Avoid Stopping Under Trees, Light Posts, Power Lines, or Signs. Stay Away from Bridges, Overpasses & Tunnels.
Do not panic. Elevator may lose power. You should use the emergency alarm in the elevator. Wait for the emergency crew to arrive and follow directions. Elevators Tips
What we will do after Earthquake Check if you or anyone else is hurt. Use first aid atleast on the cuts and bruises. Keep the streets clear for emergency services. Switch off all appliances like the refrigerator, TV or radio. Turn off the gas. Wear shoes to protect your feet from debris.
Avoid not to do after Earthquake Do not crowd around damaged areas or buildings. Do not waste water. It will be needed for fire fighting. Do not move the seriously hurt people. Do not spread rumours. They lead to panic and worsen the situation.
What we will do after Earthquake Contd. A battery operated radio will help you to get important messages. Be prepared for more shocks. These aftershocks always follow an earthquake. Wait for medical help to arrive.