Presentation on theme: "Sur - re - al - ism (n.) A style of art developed mostly in the 20th century, stressing the subconscious or non-rational imagery from chance effects &"— Presentation transcript:
Sur - re - al - ism (n.) A style of art developed mostly in the 20th century, stressing the subconscious or non-rational imagery from chance effects & unexpected combinations in everyday life.
Surrealism is an invented word "sur" means beyond or farther than... so "surreal" means to go beyond real. Surrealism was first introduced to the world in 1924 in Europe. The War had just come to an end and Europe’s economy was in great depression.
In the 1920’s Europe had just been introduced to radios, automobiles, and movies and society was becoming more urban. It was Art that reflected the artists’ feelings and thoughts about this time period. How did Surrealism begin?
Surrealist Idea’s Surrealists had a strong belief in the importance of the subconscious, and believed man could improve the human condition. Sandy Skoglund, “Revenge of the Goldfish”
Rene Magritte (1898-1967) Magritte enjoyed making people think when they looked at his work. Quite often the images of apples, bowler hats and men in suits seem to make no sense upon first glance... or do they? Magritte combines ordinary objects to create surprising and often magical scenes. While elements in Magritte's compositions are always recognizable, they are simple, with only minimal shading. This slight flatness makes them appear unreal.
"My paintings are visible images which conceal nothing; they evoke mystery and, indeed, when one sees one of my pictures, one asks oneself this simple question, "What does that mean"? It does not mean anything, because mystery means nothing either, it is unknowable."
Photography has to transcend description... it can never pretend to give you answers. That would be insulting."
Jerry Uelsmann (1934 - ) Photographer BFA from RIT “If you go into the darkroom with the agenda that you want a specific thing to happen, then anything that happens different from that becomes a mistake.”
Yves Tanguy (1900-1955) Tanguy used modeling and perspective to create the illusion of depth and a distant horizon. He filled landscapes with simple forms that appear to stand in for plants or animals
“Through Birds, Through Fire and Not Through Glass”
Sandy Skoglund (1946 - ) Pushing 3-D forms into 2-D photographs, Skoglund transforms the content of her sculpted scenes into dream-like images that pique the curiosity of the viewer. Skoglund uses all media, enchancing life into deadly still lifes with models and unique subject matter.
“Atomic Love”, 1992 - Raisins embedded in epoxy, furniture, mannequins and live models
Joan Miro (1893-1983) Miró employs abstract organic forms as flat patterns. His distinctive style combines brightly-colored shapes resembling paper cutouts with letters, stick figures, and obscure signs.
Salvador Dali (1904-1989) A flamboyant painter and sometime writer, sculptor and experimental film-maker, Salvador Dali was probably the greatest Surrealist artist, using bizarre dream imagery to create unforgettable and unmistakable landscapes of his inner world.