Procurement The process of buying goods and services. This covers the preparation and processing of a demand as well as the end receipt and approval of payment. Companies need to reduce waste by making sustainable choices when purchasing products and services - helping companies to cut costs, and meet their social, economic and environmental objectives http://www.wrap.org.uk/content/sustainable-procurement
Definitions of ‘first aid’ “Help given to a sick or injured person until full medical treatment is available” “…provision of initial care for an illness or injury”
So what does this mean? First aid can be anything from putting on a plaster to saving someone’s life You don’t need formal first aid training to help someone in need
The aims of first aid Broadly, there are three main aims when administering first aid: ● Preserve life ● Prevent worsening of the condition (if possible) ● Promote recovery For example, applying a plaster is preventing the condition (a cut) from worsening by stopping infection! These aims are known as the ‘three Ps’
Roles of a first aider A first aider has various roles and responsibilities. They should: ● Manage the incident and ensure the continuing safety of themselves, bystanders and the casualty ● Assess casualties and find out the nature & cause of their injuries ● Arrange for further medical help or other emergency services to attend (e.g: the fire service) ● If trained, prioritise casualties based upon medical need ● Provide appropriate first aid treatment as trained ● If able, make notes/observations of casualties ● Fill out any paperwork as required ● Provide a handover when further medical help arrives
Calling for emergency help (1) In many first aid situations, help from the emergency services may be required. Ensure you know which number to call! ● United Kingdom: 999 ● European Union: 112
Calling for emergency help (2) Give clear, precise information about ● The location of the incident ● The number of casualties / people involved ● The nature of their injuries ● In some cases, their age ● Any hazards at the incident (e.g: spilt fuel, fire, electricity) If the area is remote/difficult to access, consider sending someone to meet the emergency services
Managing an incident Always be aware of potential dangers at an incident (e.g: traffic, fire, electricity). Never put yourself or other bystanders in danger YOU are the most important person If the incident is too dangerous to approach, stay back and call for emergency help
Basic infection control Various diseases can be transmitted via blood and body fluids (for example HIV and Hepatitis B & C) If possible, always wear disposable latex/nitrile gloves when dealing with bodily fluids HOWEVER: This is not always practical! You can improvise and use anything to create a barrier. e.g: a plastic carrier bag Ensure any cuts/open injuries to your hands are covered with waterproof plasters or dressings. Wash your hands with soap and warm water whenever possible
Handwashing handgel can be used if running water is not immediately available
HEALTH AND SAFETY REGULATIONS There are many Acts, over-and-above the Health and Safety at Work Act, which apply across the full range of workplaces. The Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974 (HASAWA),
HEALTH AND SAFETY REGULATIONS The Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1992 Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995 (RIDDOR) and
HEALTH AND SAFETY REGULATIONS The Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974 (HASAWA) includes the Offices, Shops and Railway Premises Act 1963. This Act is very wide ranging and some of the groups of coverage - and specific coverage of the Act - are given next -
Office, Shops and Railway Premises Act 1963 and HASAWA 1974 TEMPERATURE Minimum 60 o F after one hour. Opening windows or suitable ventilation required. TOILETS Kept clean. Maintained. Drinking water available.Soap, hot and cold and towels available. FIRE SAFETY Extinguishers available. Exits clearly marked. Regular fire drills. Evacuation procedures displayed. SPACE Adequate space for each person. Storage space for workclothes. FIRST AID Box to be provided. Trained First Aiders to be available. LIGHTING Natural or artificial - but sufficient. CLEANLINESS Floors and corridors to be kept clean, clear, level and unbroken. SEATING Adequate seating must be provided.
Fuel Any combustible material – solid, liquid or gas Oxygen The air we breathe is about 21% oxygen – fire needs only 16% oxygen Heat The energy necessary to increase the temperature of fuel to where sufficient vapors are given off for ignition to occur Each of these three elements must be present at the same time to have a fire. A fire will burn until one or more of the elements is removed.
There are 4 classes of fire: Class A Ordinary combustibles or fibrous material, such as wood, paper, cloth, rubber, and some plastics. Class B Flammable or combustible liquids such as gasoline, kerosene, paint, paint thinners and propane. Class C Energized electrical equipment, such as appliances, switches, panel boxes and power tools. Class D Certain combustible metals, such as magnesium, titanium, potassium, and sodium.
Call the fire department. Confirm that the fire is small and is not spreading. Confirm you have a safe path to an exit not threatened by the fire. You know what kind of extinguisher is required and the correct extinguisher is immediately at hand. BEFORE you consider fighting a fire...
The fire is spreading beyond the immediate area in which it started, or if it is already a large fire. The fire could block your escape route. You are unsure of the proper operation of the extinguisher. You doubt that the extinguisher you are holding is designed for the type of fire at hand or is large enough to fight the fire. NEVER fight a fire if...
This label shows that this extinguisher can be used on ordinary combustibles (A) or flammable liquids (B). The red slash through the last symbol tells you that the extinguisher cannot be used on electrical fires (C). Multi-Class Ratings New Style of Labeling Old Style of Labeling Be advised that most fire extinguishers will function for less than 40 seconds. Many extinguishers available today can be used on different types of fires and will be labeled with more than one designator, e.g. A-B, B-C, or A-B-C.
Health and safety 1 Health and safety: minimising risk to users and equipment eg electrocution, fire, electrostatic discharge (ESD), ergonomic factors Covered in poster – use the information from the poster and expand on this