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Big Question: How have ancient cultures influenced modern ones? Author: Kim Covert Genre: Expository Nonfiction.

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Presentation on theme: "Big Question: How have ancient cultures influenced modern ones? Author: Kim Covert Genre: Expository Nonfiction."— Presentation transcript:

1 Big Question: How have ancient cultures influenced modern ones? Author: Kim Covert Genre: Expository Nonfiction

2 Small Group Timer Timer

3 Review Games  Story Sort Story Sort Story Sort VocabularyWords Vocabulary Words:  Arcade Games Arcade Games Arcade Games  Study Stack Study Stack Study Stack  Spelling City: Vocabulary Spelling City: Vocabulary Spelling City: Vocabulary  Spelling City: Spelling Words Spelling City: Spelling Words Spelling City: Spelling Words

4 Spelling Words Related Words

5 alternate alternative office official economy economics normal normality restore restoration indicate indicative gene genetic excel excellence adapt adaptation crime criminal deprive deprivation initiate initiative contaminate contamination

6

7 Vocabulary Words  architecture  democracy  empire  ideal  mythology  ethics  frescoes  acropolis  agora  temples Vocabulary Words More Words to Know

8 Monday Question of the Day How have ancient cultures influenced modern ones?

9 Today we will learn about:  Build Concepts  Graphic Sources  Graphic Organizers  Build Background  Vocabulary  Fluency: Characterization/Dialogue  Grammar: Conjunctions  Spelling: Related Words  Ancient Greece

10 Fluency Characterization/Dialogue

11 Fluency: Characterization/Dialogue  Listen as I read “Naming the City.”  As I read, notice how I use tone of voice, volume, and rate to convey the various characters’ personalities.  Be ready to answer questions after I finish.

12 Fluency: Characterization/Dialogue  Why did the city in this story flourish?  Why did the gods feel that the city should carry Athena’s name?

13 Concept Vocabulary  acropolis – high fortress of an ancient Greek cityacropolis  agora – marketplace of ancient Greeceagora  temples – buildings used for the service or worship of a god or godstemples  (Next Slide) (Next Slide)

14 acropolis

15 agora

16 temples

17 Concept Vocabulary (To add information to the graphic organizer, click on end show, type in your new information, and save your changes.)

18 Build Concept Vocabulary Build Concept Vocabulary chortled, slain, sword Geographic Features Daily Life Architecture Ancient Greece

19 Graphic Sources, Graphic Organizers Turn to Page 672 – 673.

20 Prior Knowledge We will begin an outline about the different systems of government used in ancient Greece.

21 Prior Knowledge  This week’s audio explores ancient Greek theater. After we listen, we will discuss what you learned. How is ancient theater different from today’s theater?

22 Vocabulary Words

23  architecture – style or special manner of building  democracy – government that is run by the people who live under it  empire – a group of countries or states under one rule or government

24 Vocabulary Words  ideal – just as you would wish, perfect  mythology – a group of legends or stories about a particular country or person

25 More Words to Know  ethics - the study of standards of right and wrong; the part of philosophy dealing with moral conduct, duty, and judgment  frescoes - pictures or designs created by painting with water colors on clean, fresh plasterfrescoes  (next slide) (next slide)

26 frescoes

27 GrammarConjunctions

28  it would be criminall to destroy those greek temple  It would be criminal to destroy those Greek temples.  the greek oficial opened the olympic games  The Greek official opened the Olympic games.

29 Conjunctions  When they became adults, children brought their toys to the temple.  When is a subordinating conjunction because it introduces a subordinate clause in a complex sentence. Subordinate clauses are also called independent clauses.

30 Conjunctions  A conjunction is a word that is used to join words, phrases, or sentences.  Coordinating conjunctions such as and, but, and or are used to combine two or more subjects, predicates, or sentences to make compound subjects, predicates, or sentences.

31 Conjunctions  Chariot races and foot races were part of the games.  Athletes might become good at many different sports or focus on one sport.  I wanted to see the long jump, but I was too late.

32 Conjunctions  Subordinating conjunctions such as because, if, then, when, although, before, and after are used to link dependent clauses and independent clauses in complex sentences.  Before the games began, all wars stopped. She is a good runner because she practices.

33 Conjunctions Conjunctions Choose the correct coordinating conjunction.  The Greeks built palaces (or, and) covered the walls with paintings.  and  The Iliad and The Odyssey are epic Greek poems, (or, but) historians disagree about their authors.  but

34 Conjunctions Conjunctions Choose the correct coordinating conjunction.  Do you want to learn about Phoenicians art (but, or) shipbuilding?  or  Free male citizens of Athens could vote on laws (or, but) women and slaves could not.  but

35 Conjunctions Conjunctions Choose the correct coordinating conjunction.  The Minoan king Minos was supposedly the son of Zeus, (and, or) his people built a huge palace to honor him.  and  Our class will read about Athens (but, or) Troy.  or

36 Conjunctions Conjunctions Choose the correct coordinating conjunction.  Athens and Sparta were both powerful and wealthy, (but, or) they had different forms of government.  but  Our study included the Peloponnesian War (but, and) the Delian League.  and

37 Conjunctions Conjunctions Find the conjunction in each sentence. Tell if it is a coordinating conjunction or a subordinating conjunction.  The Trojans accepted the wooden horse because they did not know Greek soldiers were hiding inside.  because, subordinating  Pericles was a military general and a leader of Athens.  and, coordinating

38 Conjunctions Conjunctions Find the conjunction in each sentence. Tell if it is a coordinating conjunction or a subordinating conjunction.  When Alexander was twenty, he became king.  when, subordinating  Alexandria was an important place for learning and trade.  and, coordinating

39 Spelling Words Related Words

40 alternate alternative office official economy economics normal normality restore restoration indicate indicative gene genetic excel excellence adapt adaptation crime criminal deprive deprivation initiate initiative contaminate contamination

41 Tuesday Question of the Day How did Alexander the Great rise to power?

42 Today we will learn about:  Context Clues  Graphic Sources  Graphic Organizers  Draw Conclusions  Vocabulary  Fluency: Choral Reading  Grammar: Conjunctions  Spelling: Related Words  Social Studies: Archaeology  The Odyssey  Ancient Greece

43 Vocabulary Strategy: Context Clues Turn to Page

44 Ancient Greece Turn to Page

45 Fluency Choral Reading

46 Fluency: Choral Reading  Turn to page 683, “The Golden Age of Athens.”  As I read, notice how I change my tone of voice to make Pericle come alive for listeners.  We will practice as a class doing three choral readings.

47 GrammarConjunctions

48  these colums is indicativ of greek influence  These columns are indicative of Greek influence.  the marathon runner, lighted the olympic torch  The marathon runner lit the Olympic torch.

49 Conjunctions  A conjunction is a word that joins words, phrases, or sentences.  A coordinating conjunction is used to combine two or more subjects, predicates, or sentences.  A subordinating conjunction is used to link independent and dependent clauses in sentences.

50 Spelling Words Related Words

51 alternate alternative office official economy economics normal normality restore restoration indicate indicative gene genetic excel excellence adapt adaptation crime criminal deprive deprivation initiate initiative contaminate contamination

52 Wednesday Question of the Day How does ancient Greek theater compare to modern theater?

53 Today we will learn about:  Graphic Sources  Graphic Organizers  Context Clues  Vocabulary  Fluency: Characterization/Dialogue  Grammar: Conjunction  Spelling: Related Words  Social Studies: Greek Word Origins  Ancient Greece

54 Ancient Greece Turn to Page

55 Fluency Characterization/Dialogue

56 Fluency: Characterization/Dialogue  Turn to page , “Alexander the Great.”  As I read, notice how I vary my tone of voice as I read Don Quixote’s dialogue.  Now we will practice together as a class by doing three echo readings.

57 GrammarConjunctions

58  the restorration of the temple it took three weaks  The restoration of the temple took three weeks.  nick couldnt addapt to the new culture  Nick couldn’t adapt to the new culture.

59 Conjunctions  A conjunction is a word that joins words, phrases, or sentences.  A coordinating conjunction is used to combine two or more subjects, predicates, or sentences.  A subordinating conjunction is used to link independent and dependent clauses in sentences.

60 Conjunctions  Use conjunctions to combine short related sentences to make your writing smoother and more readable.  Choppy: They learned Greek dances. They ate Greek foods.  Smoother: They learned Greek dances and ate Greek foods.

61 Conjunctions  Review something you have written to see if you can combine short, choppy sentences with conjunctions to make your writing smoother.

62 Spelling Words Related Words

63 alternate alternative office official economy economics normal normality restore restoration indicate indicative gene genetic excel excellence adapt adaptation crime criminal deprive deprivation initiate initiative contaminate contamination

64 Thursday Question of the Day If a person from ancient Greece were to “time travel” to America today, what are some things that he or she might find that would be familiar.

65 Today we will learn about:  Newspaper Article  Reading Across Texts  Content-Area Vocabulary  Fluency: Partner Reading  Grammar: Conjunctions  Spelling: Related Words  Social Studies: Compare the Olympics

66 “Opening Ceremony in Athens: Fire and Water” Turn to Page

67 Fluency Partner Reading

68 Fluency: Partner Reading  Turn to page , “Alexander the Great.”  Read this three times with a partner. Be sure to read with proper emotion to characterize and offer each other feedback.

69 GrammarConjunctions

70  both plato or socrates was greek philosophers  Both Plato and Socrates were Greek philosophers.  jim excells at the high jump, and the pole vault  Jim excels at the high jump and the pole vault.

71 Conjunctions  A conjunction is a word that joins words, phrases, or sentences.  A coordinating conjunction is used to combine two or more subjects, predicates, or sentences.  A subordinating conjunction is used to link independent and dependent clauses in sentences.

72 Conjunctions  Test Tip: Put a comma before a conjunction in a compound sentence. Do not put a comma before a coordinating conjunction that joins two items.  He likes Greek literature and drama.

73 Conjunctions  Sometimes a semicolon is used instead of a coordinating conjunction to connect two related main clauses.  He likes Greek literature; he also enjoys Greek drama.

74 Spelling Words Related Words

75 alternate alternative office official economy economics normal normality restore restoration indicate indicative gene genetic excel excellence adapt adaptation crime criminal deprive deprivation initiate initiative contaminate contamination

76 Friday Question of the Day How have ancient cultures influenced modern ones?

77 Today we will learn about:  Build Concept Vocabulary  Graphic Sources  Point of View  Context Clues  Grammar: Conjunctions  Spelling: Related Words  Time Line  Ancient Greece

78 Point of View  Point of view is the perspective from which an author presents a text. The point of view determines how much information the reader will be given and in what way. A literary point of view is reflected in the choice of personal pronouns used in a text.

79 Point of View  First Person: Every day, we take part in activities invented by the ancient Greeks.  Second person: Every day, you take part in activities invented by the ancient Greeks.  Third person: Every day, they take part in activities invented by the ancient Greeks.

80 Context Clues  You can use context clues to figure out the meanings of unfamiliar words.  List any unfamiliar words you found as you read Ancient Greece.  Complete a chart for these words.

81 Context Clues WordContext CLuesMeaning

82 Time Line  A time line is a graph that shows events in the order in which they take place.  A time line looks like a ruler. It is a straight line with evenly spaced intervals marked along it. On a time line, each mark represents a date.

83 Time Line  The date span on a time line depends on the information covered. It may be one day or several hundred years and it can cover general or specific topics.

84 Time Line  Dates are shown on a time line in proportional distance to one another. The years 1900 and 2000 will be twice as far apart on a time line as the years 1900 and 1950.

85 Time Line  If a time line has to show events happening in two eras with nothing happening in the middle, you can break the time line. A gap in the line will show that a number of years has been omitted to save space.

86

87 GrammarConjunctions

88  nobody were interested in the economey  Nobody was interested in the economy.  we wont never visit the parthenon  We won’t ever visit the Parthenon.  We will never visit the Parthenon.

89 Conjunctions  A conjunction is a word that joins words, phrases, or sentences.  A coordinating conjunction is used to combine two or more subjects, predicates, or sentences.  A subordinating conjunction is used to link independent and dependent clauses in sentences.

90 Spelling Words Related Words

91 alternate alternative office official economy economics normal normality restore restoration indicate indicative gene genetic excel excellence adapt adaptation crime criminal deprive deprivation initiate initiative contaminate contamination

92  Story test  Classroom webpage,  Reading Test  AR  Other Reading Quizzes  Quiz #


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