Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

CH 14-NATIVE ARTS OF THE AMERICAS BEFORE 1300 DAVINA LAM, SAMANTHA FARNSWORTH, JONATHAN LU, MONG HIM NG.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "CH 14-NATIVE ARTS OF THE AMERICAS BEFORE 1300 DAVINA LAM, SAMANTHA FARNSWORTH, JONATHAN LU, MONG HIM NG."— Presentation transcript:

1 CH 14-NATIVE ARTS OF THE AMERICAS BEFORE 1300 DAVINA LAM, SAMANTHA FARNSWORTH, JONATHAN LU, MONG HIM NG

2 SOUTH AMERICAN CULTURES Chavin culture Large stone complexes which were decorated with detailed steles and stone figures of human-animal hybrids Paracas (400 BCE-200 CE) Famous for its cotton weavings with designs unique to its people Used over 150 colors Nasca (200 BCE-600 CE) Named after Nasca River valley Heavily influenced by Paracas style Renowned for ceramic vessels with varying designs Known for their art on the Nasca plain

3 SOUTH AMERICAN CULTURES Moche (1 CE-700 CE) Famous for their clay sculptures and unique plat-bottomed, stirrup-spouted jars Influenced by Chaven prototypes Characterized by their odd designs Tiwanaku (100 CE-1000 CE) Known for its large ceremonial temple centers made by with different materials and carved with repeating patterns and designs Reliefs colorfully painted, might have been lined with precious materials (ex: gold, turquoise) Wari (500CE-800 CE) Characterized by abstract art and designs Often painted or weaved in continuous patterns with slight variations Figures unrecognizable

4 Mayan temples had rigid, clean-cut edges and walls rather than curved rounded figures like in Greek temples. Mayan temples were made to honor powerful leaders as well as respected gods. Ex: Temple I in Tikal, Guatemala, was a massive shrine dedicated to the ruler Hasaw Chan K’awiil, who died in 732 BCE MAYAN CULTURE Right: Aerial view of the Castillo, Maya, Chichén Itzá, Mexico, ca

5 MAYAN CULTURE Large steles in honor of great rulers ex: Stele D in Copan of the Honduras Less proportional Those of power covered in very elaborate clothing Mayan paintings very bright, defining colors in contrast to cooler backgrounds Humans depicted fairly realistically, powerful ones wore complex garments Gods and goddesses portrayed with detailed patterned robes and masks

6 GODDESS, MURAL PAINTING FROM THE TETITLA APARTMENT COMPLEX This was found at Teotihuacan, Mexico. It is pigments over clay and plaster. It most likely depicts a goddess, since it is wearing a jade mask and a large feathered headdress

7 NORTH AMERICAN CULTURES Ancestral Puebloans, or Anasazi, emerged around 200 AD but it reached its peak around 1000 AD Their culture and masterful building skills are revealed by ruins of pueblos (urban settlements) A good example is the Cliff Palace in the Mesa Verde in southwestern Colorado. Its location allowed for a warm winter and a cool summer Kivas are circular semi-subterranian structures. These were once roofed, and people entered their home through a hole in the flat roof These people slowly evolved into the modern Puebloan people of Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, and Utah

8 NORTH AMERICAN CULTURES The Adena were the first great mound builders of north America The Mississippian culture, which emerged around 80AD, surpassed them in size and complexity of mounds The grandest was the Monk’s Mound, which is 100 feet tall and thought to have at one point been an observatory, due to its alignment with the sun The Mississippians also constructed effigy mounds, or mounds built in the form of animals or birds

9 CERAMIC TRADITIONS OF AMERICAN CULTURES West Mexico Highly burnished red-orange Small-scale clay narrative scenes Jiana small-scale freestanding figures in the round Remarkably lifelike Wider range of human types of activities than on regular Mayan stele Painted with “Maya blue”-combination of clay and vegetable dye Nasca Vases usually have round bottoms, double spouts Subjects vary greatly

10 CERAMIC TRADITIONS OF AMERICAN CULTURES Moche Illustrated architecture, metallurgy, weaving, the brewing of chichi, sexual acts, human deformities and diseases Predominantly flat-bottomed, stirrup-spouted jars Decorated with a bichrome-two colored slip Early ones made by hand, later made by molds Mimbres Renowned for its black-on-white painted bowls Range from lively an complex geometric patterns to abstract pictures of humans, animals, and composite mythological beings Made out of coils of clay Mimbres potters may have been women

11 The Eskimoan people migrated to North America by the Bering Strait. They carved human and animal figures at a small scale. It reflects their nomadic lifestyle. ESKIMOAN AND EARLY NATIVE AMERICAN WOODLANDS ARTISTS

12 OLMEC AND PRE-CLASSIC WEST MEXICO The Olmec culture has often been called the “mother culture” of Mesoameric because many distinctive Mesoamerican religious, social and artistic traditions can be traced to it. Most of the people were farmers who scattered in hinterland villages, which provided the sustenance for the non-farming people, which constituted a hereditary caste of rulers, priests, functionaries, and artisans, who lived in precinct(area within walls) that served ceremonial, administrative, and residential function. West Mexico(the west coast area of Mexico) is known for clay sculpture. omost of what’s known about them derived from grave robbers’ items oceramic figures are usually red-orange

13 TEOTIHUACAN a city northeast of modern mexico city that is 9 miles squared and had pyramid and cemetery construction adopted the patterns of alternation of sloping(talud) and vertical(tablero) rubble layer murals abounded walls of building and streets, mostly depicted deities, ritual activities, and procession of priests, warriors, and even animals. opigments on smooth lime-plaster surface coated with clay murals had characteristics of human sacrifice essential to agricultural renewal

14 COMPARATIVE ART ANALYSIS BRIDGE-SPOUTED VESSEL WITH FLYING FIGURES ACHILLES AND AJAX PLAYING A DISC GAME

15 COMPARATIVE ART ANALYSIS CONTINUED BRIDGE-SPOUTED VESSEL WITH FLYING FIGURES Mostly warm color Mostly focused on head of figure Mouth of jar is two spouts Shape is round and thicker at bottom ACHILLES AND AJAX PLAYING A DICE GAME AMPHORA Has two handles Mouth is round opening on top Has a base More contrasted color, strong emphasis on subject Adopted black –figure scheme Both used to contain liquid Both have subject matter on mythological creatures or entities In both, figures induce tension or un-naturalness onto the subject


Download ppt "CH 14-NATIVE ARTS OF THE AMERICAS BEFORE 1300 DAVINA LAM, SAMANTHA FARNSWORTH, JONATHAN LU, MONG HIM NG."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google