Presentation on theme: "Mr. Mitchell’s C.P. World History Class"— Presentation transcript:
1Mr. Mitchell’s C.P. World History Class The Evolution of the ItalianRenaissanceMr. Mitchell’s C.P. World History Class
2Ideas and the Art of the Renaissance St. Peter’s BasilicaIn Vatican city
3HUMANISM / VERNACULARAN INTELLECTUAL MOVEMENT OF THE RENAISSANCE BASED ON THE STUDY OF THE HUMANITIES, WHICH INCLUDED GRAMMAR, RHETORIC, POETRY, MORAL PHILOSOPHY, AND HISTORY–THE LANGUAGE OF EVERYDAY SPEECH IN A PARTICULAR REGION
4FRESCO / PERSPECTIVEPAINTING DONE ON FRESH, WET PLASTER WITH WATER-BASED PAINTSARTISTIC TECHNIQUES USED TO GIVE THE EFFECT OF 3-DIMENSIONAL DEPTH TO 2-DIMENSIONAL SURFACES
5What characterized the Renaissance? Where was this the most noticeable? Secularism and Emphasis on the IndividualIntellectual and artistic accomplishments of the period
6How did this impact education? The humanities were created of Humanism’s basis of studying the classics (Greece and Rome)The Humanities include Grammar, Rhetoric, poetry, moral philosophy, history
7How did Humanist writers and artists views differ from writers in the Middle Ages? Medieval writers had quoted the surviving classical texts in order to give authority to their religious writingsHumanists wanted to use classical values to revitalize their culture.They saw the ancient Greek and Roman writers as their intellectual equals.
8Who was Francisco Petrarch Who was Francisco Petrarch? Identify two things that he looked to accomplish in aspect of Latin?Known as the father of Italian Renaissance humanismHe looked for forgotten Latin manuscripts and set in motion a search for similar manuscripts in monastic libraries throughout Europe.Petrarch also began the humanist emphasis on using pure classical Latin.
9What role did Byzantine and Islamic cultures have in the development of Humanism? Byzantine scholars provided knowledge of the ancient Greek languageIslamic scholars served as transmitters of ancient Greek culture.
10Who wrote the Divine Comedy and The Book of the City of Ladies Who wrote the Divine Comedy and The Book of the City of Ladies? Briefly state the main idea of each of these books? Why were these books written in vernacular? DIVINE COMEDYDante AlighieriThe Divine Comedy is a long poem describing the soul's journey to attain Paradise.
12So more people could read and understand them Christine de PizanPizan denounced the many male writers who had argued that women, by their very nature, are unable to learn – she said that women could attain learning as well as men if they could attend the same schoolsSo more people could read and understand themWho wrote the Divine Comedy and The Book of the City of Ladies? Briefly state the main idea of each of these books? Why were these books written in vernacular? THE BOOK OF THE CITY OF LADIES
13In de Pizan’s view, which do you think deserves more credit: a strong body or a strong mind? Explain De Pizan argues that a person’s gender does not determine his or her ability
14Why was de Pizan’s assertion that women “have minds that are freer and sharper whenever they apply themselves” such groundbreaking idea during the Renaissance?Even though the Renaissance was a time of humanism – women were still considered to be les intelligent than men – De Pizan insistence that women should have equal access to education is a pioneering concept
15Some people believe weakness in one area indicates weakness in another: Others say weakness in one area often means strength in another. Which would de Pizan favor?De Pizan seemed to favor compensation, that is, weakness in on area means strength in another area
16According to Humanist of the time period, what was essential for all people to learn? Identify at least three reasons why this was important for people to learn the liberal arts and humanities?To learn Liberal Studies (Liberal Arts) history, ethics, public speaking, grammar, logic, poetry, mathematics, astronomy, and musicLiberal studies enabled individuals to reach their full potential.The purpose of a liberal education was to produce individuals who follow a path of virtue and wisdom.Humanist educators thought that education was a practical preparation for life. Its aim was to create well-rounded citizens, not great scholars.
17Who pioneered movable type Who pioneered movable type? How did this invention helped to change the world?Johannes GutenbergAs the number of printing presses multiplied, the effects of new technology were felt in every area of European life.
18What were artists and sculptors attempting to create during the Italian Renaissance? How was art changing because of their art?Renaissance artists sought to imitate nature. They wanted viewers to be convinced of the reality of their subjects.These artists were developing a new, human-focused worldview. To emphasize this, many artists painted the human body.
19Who was Tommaso di Giovanni also known as Massaccio Who was Tommaso di Giovanni also known as Massaccio? What were two major things that he was able to do with his paintings?His frescoes are the first masterpieces of Early RenaissanceHuman figures in medieval paintings look flat, but Masaccio's figures have depth and "come alive."By mastering the laws of perspective, Masaccio could create the illusion of three dimensions, leading to a new, realistic style.
21What were two major developments used by Florentine Painters during the 15th Century? One development stressed the technical side of paintingInvestigation of movement and human anatomy.
22Figures who defined the Artistic Aspect of the Italian Renaissance
23Lorenzo De Medici “The Magnificent” – clever politician Generous patron of the artsRepresented the Renaissance IdealPATRON - A person who provides financial support for the artsMedici family Coat of Arms
24Some interesting facts about Lorenzo De Medici He constantly desired gloryHe got very angry with anyone who equaled himHe wanted to equal and compete with all princesHe founded a university in PisaHis gifts caused his expenses to multiplyHe was on the verge of bankruptcy and borrowed money from his friends
25Sandro Botticelli First Major Artistic Genius under Lorenzo De Medici His art often is said to epitomize the first modern views of the spirit of the RenaissancePainted the first major works of art that defined the Italian Renaissance
30Quotes from Leonardo Da Vinci “All of our knowledge has its origins in our perceptions”“Wisdom is the daughter of experience”“The greatest deception men suffer is from their own opinions”“The worst evil which can befall the artist is that his work should appear good in his own eyes”“It had long since come to my attention that people of accomplishment rarely sat back and let things happen to them – they went out and happened to things”
31Leonardo Da VinciRenaissance artists who made legendary works of art which included the Mona Lisa and the Last SupperHis talents extended past just painting – he encompassed a number of areas which included botany, anatomy, optics, music, architecture and engineeringHE IS KNOWN AS THE RENAISSANCE MAN BECAUSE HE HAD A WIDE RANGE OF TALENT IN MANY AREAS
32List 4 of Leonardo’s Traits that Vasiri praised? Personal BeautyGraceAbility in many fieldsPersonal StrengthCharm
33According to Vasiri, why did Leonardo often fail to finish many things. Leonardo felt that his hands could not execute his mind’s creative ideas
34Madonna and ChildBy Berlinger Lucca (1228??)By Da Vinci (1508)
36How did Da Vinci’s attention to anatomy reflect Renaissance ideals? His sketches reflected the Renaissance impulse to portray the human figure and the natural world more realistically than had been accomplished in the pastThis intense study is shown in the Realism of the Mona Lisa
39Why was the prior at Santa Maria Delle Grazie church upset with Leonardo? He wanted Leonardo to work fasterLeonardo explained that people of genius are really doing the most when they are working the least since they are thinking through artistic ideas and perfecting concepts
40LEONARDO DIED BELIEVING THAT HE HAD OFFENDED GOD AND MAN BY NOT USING HIS TALENTS TO THE FULLEST. --- WHY DO YOU THINK HE FELT THIS WAY? DO YO AGREE WITH HIM?
42Michelangelo Full Name – Michelangelo Buonarroti He was a genius, sculptor, engineer, painter, architect and poetHe created a number of masterpieces including designing the dome of the St. Peter’s Cathedral and the drawing of the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel
51Raphael --1483-1520 Full name Raphael Santi (Urbino) Legendary artists who blended Christian and classical stylesHe is most known for his tender portrayals of the madonna as well as his painting the School of Athens