HUMANISM / VERNACULAR AN INTELLECTUAL MOVEMENT OF THE RENAISSANCE BASED ON THE STUDY OF THE HUMANITIES, WHICH INCLUDED GRAMMAR, RHETORIC, POETRY, MORAL PHILOSOPHY, AND HISTORY –THE LANGUAGE OF EVERYDAY SPEECH IN A PARTICULAR REGION
FRESCO / PERSPECTIVE PAINTING DONE ON FRESH, WET PLASTER WITH WATER-BASED PAINTS ARTISTIC TECHNIQUES USED TO GIVE THE EFFECT OF 3-DIMENSIONAL DEPTH TO 2-DIMENSIONAL SURFACES
What characterized the Renaissance? Where was this the most noticeable? Secularism and Emphasis on the Individual Intellectual and artistic accomplishments of the period
The humanities were created of Humanism’s basis of studying the classics (Greece and Rome) The Humanities include Grammar, Rhetoric, poetry, moral philosophy, history
Medieval writers had quoted the surviving classical texts in order to give authority to their religious writings Humanists wanted to use classical values to revitalize their culture. They saw the ancient Greek and Roman writers as their intellectual equals.
Known as the father of Italian Renaissance humanism He looked for forgotten Latin manuscripts and set in motion a search for similar manuscripts in monastic libraries throughout Europe. Petrarch also began the humanist emphasis on using pure classical Latin.
Byzantine scholars provided knowledge of the ancient Greek language Islamic scholars served as transmitters of ancient Greek culture.
* Dante Alighieri * The Divine Comedy is a long poem describing the soul's journey to attain Paradise.
* Christine de Pizan * Pizan denounced the many male writers who had argued that women, by their very nature, are unable to learn – she said that women could attain learning as well as men if they could attend the same schools So more people could read and understand them
In de Pizan’s view, which do you think deserves more credit: a strong body or a strong mind? Explain A Strong Mind A Strong Mind De Pizan argues that a person’s gender does not determine his or her ability De Pizan argues that a person’s gender does not determine his or her ability
Why was de Pizan’s assertion that women “have minds that are freer and sharper whenever they apply themselves” such groundbreaking idea during the Renaissance? Even though the Renaissance was a time of humanism – women were still considered to be les intelligent than men – De Pizan insistence that women should have equal access to education is a pioneering concept Even though the Renaissance was a time of humanism – women were still considered to be les intelligent than men – De Pizan insistence that women should have equal access to education is a pioneering concept
Some people believe weakness in one area indicates weakness in another: Others say weakness in one area often means strength in another. Which would de Pizan favor? De Pizan seemed to favor compensation, that is, weakness in on area means strength in another area De Pizan seemed to favor compensation, that is, weakness in on area means strength in another area
According to Humanist of the time period, what was essential for all people to learn? Identify at least three reasons why this was important for people to learn the liberal arts and humanities? O To learn Liberal Studies (Liberal Arts) history, ethics, public speaking, grammar, logic, poetry, mathematics, astronomy, and music O Liberal studies enabled individuals to reach their full potential. O The purpose of a liberal education was to produce individuals who follow a path of virtue and wisdom. O Humanist educators thought that education was a practical preparation for life. Its aim was to create well-rounded citizens, not great scholars.
Who pioneered movable type? How did this invention helped to change the world? Johannes Gutenberg As the number of printing presses multiplied, the effects of new technology were felt in every area of European life.
What were artists and sculptors attempting to create during the Italian Renaissance? How was art changing because of their art? Renaissance artists sought to imitate nature. They wanted viewers to be convinced of the reality of their subjects. These artists were developing a new, human- focused worldview. To emphasize this, many artists painted the human body.
Who was Tommaso di Giovanni also known as Massaccio? What were two major things that he was able to do with his paintings? His frescoes are the first masterpieces of Early Renaissance Human figures in medieval paintings look flat, but Masaccio's figures have depth and "come alive." By mastering the laws of perspective, Masaccio could create the illusion of three dimensions, leading to a new, realistic style.
Lorenzo De Medici “The Magnificent” – clever politician Generous patron of the arts Represented the Renaissance Ideal PATRON - A person who provides financial support for the arts Medici family Coat of Arms
He constantly desired glory He got very angry with anyone who equaled him He wanted to equal and compete with all princes He founded a university in Pisa His gifts caused his expenses to multiply He was on the verge of bankruptcy and borrowed money from his friends
Sandro Botticelli First Major Artistic Genius under Lorenzo De Medici His art often is said to epitomize the first modern views of the spirit of the Renaissance Painted the first major works of art that defined the Italian Renaissance
Quotes from Leonardo Da Vinci “All of our knowledge has its origins in our perceptions” “Wisdom is the daughter of experience” “The greatest deception men suffer is from their own opinions” “The worst evil which can befall the artist is that his work should appear good in his own eyes” “It had long since come to my attention that people of accomplishment rarely sat back and let things happen to them – they went out and happened to things”
Leonardo Da Vinci Renaissance artists who made legendary works of art which included the Mona Lisa and the Last Supper His talents extended past just painting – he encompassed a number of areas which included botany, anatomy, optics, music, architecture and engineering HE IS KNOWN AS THE RENAISSANCE MAN BECAUSE HE HAD A WIDE RANGE OF TALENT IN MANY AREAS
List 4 of Leonardo’s Traits that Vasiri praised? Personal Beauty Grace Ability in many fields Personal Strength Charm
ACCORDING TO VASIRI, WHY DID LEONARDO OFTEN FAIL TO FINISH MANY THINGS. Leonardo felt that his hands could not execute his mind’s creative ideas
How did Da Vinci’s attention to anatomy reflect Renaissance ideals? His sketches reflected the Renaissance impulse to portray the human figure and the natural world more realistically than had been accomplished in the past This intense study is shown in the Realism of the Mona Lisa
Why was the prior at Santa Maria Delle Grazie church upset with Leonardo? He wanted Leonardo to work faster Leonardo explained that people of genius are really doing the most when they are working the least since they are thinking through artistic ideas and perfecting concepts
* LEONARDO DIED BELIEVING THAT HE HAD OFFENDED GOD AND MAN BY NOT USING HIS TALENTS TO THE FULLEST. --- WHY DO YOU THINK HE FELT THIS WAY? DO YO AGREE WITH HIM?
Michelangelo Full Name – Michelangelo Buonarroti He was a genius, sculptor, engineer, painter, architect and poet He created a number of masterpieces including designing the dome of the St. Peter’s Cathedral and the drawing of the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel
Raphael -- 1483-1520 Full name Raphael Santi (Urbino) Legendary artists who blended Christian and classical styles He is most known for his tender portrayals of the madonna as well as his painting the School of Athens