Presentation on theme: "Greek and Roman Art •Aegean Art 1600 -1100 BC: Minoan Art from Crete Mycenaen Art from Mainland Greece • Greek Art: Archaic Period 600 - 480 BC Classic."— Presentation transcript:
1Greek and Roman Art •Aegean Art BC: Minoan Art from Crete Mycenaen Art from Mainland Greece • Greek Art: Archaic Period BC Classic Period BC Hellenistic Period BC • Roman Art: 500 BC AD
2The Aegean Sea RegionWhile the civilizations in Egypt and Mesopotamia were flourishing, two distinct cultures developed along the Aegean Sea. One was on the island of Crete and is termed Minoan.The other was on the mainland of Greece at the city of Mycenae. They preceded Greek culture.
4Minoans were the richest of the Aegean civilizations Minoans were the richest of the Aegean civilizations. Bounded by the sea, they created a luxurious, relaxed way of life. Their most important palace center was a huge complex at Knossos, called the Palace of Minos.
5Palace of Minos at Knossos BC It contained many rooms, running water, a sewage system, theater, storerooms, terraces, and was decorated by frescoes. Frescoes are paintings made directly into wet plaster on the walls of buildings. Rather than sitting on top of the wall’s surface, the paint pigment becomes part of the wall itself.
6Walls of the Palace of Minos were decorated by frescoes.
7Minoan culture and art was greatly influenced by living near the sea Minoan culture and art was greatly influenced by living near the sea. Minoan frescoes were characterized by lightness and freely shaped forms. The forms had a rhythmic quality inspired by the sea.
8Minoan Fresco Painting Elaborate frescoes painted into the plaster walls show many aspects of Cretan life. Some depict processions and ceremonies.
9Images from nature appear, including birds and sea creatures such as dolphins.
13Minoan SculptureSculpture was small, and like the frescoes, probably decorated the living quarters of merchant rulers.The Snake Goddess, carved from ivory and decorated with gold, is less than one foot tall.c.1550 BC
14Minoan PotteryPottery was often decorated with designs of plant and animal life. Here the octopus shape adheres to the form of the vase in a manner which unites the 3-dimensional object with a flat design.
15Pottery was often decorated with designs of plant and animal life. Minoan PotteryPottery was often decorated with designs of plant and animal life.
16Pottery was often decorated with designs of plant and animal life. Minoan PotteryPottery was often decorated with designs of plant and animal life.
17Pottery was often decorated with designs of plant and animal life. Minoan PotteryPottery was often decorated with designs of plant and animal life.
18Mycenaean ArtThe outer gateway at the citadel of Mycenae is called the Lion Gate, c.1250 BC. It is topped by a huge triangular-shaped, carved stone slab. Depicted on the stone are two majestic standing lions. The blocks are cut to fit exactly together.Little is known of Mycenaean culture, which ended abruptly around 1100 BC when the Dorians invaded from the north.
19Mycenaean SculptureThe Vaphio Cups from a grave in Laconia are some of the most famous gold pieces found in Mycenae. The lively reliefs illustrate several ways people captured bulls.
21Greek Art: Archaic Period 600 - 480 BC Classic Period 480 - 323 BC Hellenistic Period 323 - 150 BC
22Kouros Youth600 BC This life-size nude represents either the god Apollo or an ideal athlete. Figures were stylized and did not represent real people. They face front, with arms held stiffly at their sides. This marble statue is in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in NYC.
23Kritios Boy/480 BC The development of Greek art is easily seen in its sculpture. Early Greek figures were stylized; this somewhat later figure shows a change towards a more naturalistic approach. The first important point is that the boy really stands; his back leg is not bound to the stone block for balance. Openings are seen between the arms and sides. Notice how the right hip drops down and inward. The knee of the foward leg is lower than the other knee. The body weight rests mainly on the left leg, forming a slight S-curve. This pose is called contrapposto. Instead of a stiff and stylized pose, this relaxed gesture helps the figure come to life for the viewer.
24Charioteer of DelphiBronze, 470 BC This is typical of the changes which took place during the Greek Classic Period — the figure is a specific individual, and the pose is more natural. It is cast in bronze. Few bronze sculptures survived over the ages — most were lost or melted down later for use in making weapons and ammunition.
25Charioteer of Delphi Bronze, 470 BC The charioteer was originally polished, its eyes made of glass paste,its lips and eyelashes of copper. In most later bronzes these features are now missing, and dark holes remain for the lost eyes. The cloth folds, muscles and facial features are naturalistic. The calm look symbolized a classical balance of emotion, personality and physical ability.
26Three Goddesses, 435 BC, Marble Some sculptures were designed to fit exactly into the pediment, the flat triangular area at each end of the Parthenon. The drapery seen in this sculpture was rendered in such a convincing manner that it appears to cling to the draped figures. The folds create visual movement, leading the viewer’s eye through the piece.
28The ParthenonAthenians decorated the most famous building in their city, the Parthenon with an ambitious sculptural undertaking. Both the east and west ends of the building were filled with statues that were larger than life. A continuous frieze (a sculpted band) ran for 525 feet around the top of the wall of the cella.
29The ParthenonThe parade of riders is part of a relief that continues (as a frieze) around the entire inner wall of the Parthenon. This is a detail of the larger piece BC, marble, 42” tall.
30The Parthenon The parade of riders is part of a relief that continues (as a frieze) around the entire inner wall of the Parthenon. This is a detail of the larger piece. 432 BC, marble, 42” tall.
33The Dying Gaul, c BC This is a Roman marble copy of a Greek bronze. It is life-size and shows the struggle of a wounded man about to die. The figure is depicted as a real person with genuine feelings, not as an idealized warrior hero.
34The Dying Gaul, c BC This is a Roman marble copy of a Greek bronze. It is life-size and shows the struggle of a wounded man about to die. The figure is depicted as a real person with genuine feelings, not as an idealized warrior hero.
35Nike of Samothracec. 190 BCMarble, 8’ tall One of the greatest Hellenistic sculptures: it is the symbol of Winged Victory. The force of the wind whips the drapery into lively folds which follow the curves of anatomy. The space around the female figure is activated and is a dynamic part of the composition.
36Old Market Womanc. 2 BCMarble, 50” tall The artist’s interest is in the realistic, pained portrayal of a tired and burdened woman. It is not about idealized beauty.
37Painting on Vases Black-figured Amphora, c. 530 BC An amphora is a large storage jar with two handlesEarly vases of the Archaic period are of red clay, with black figures and decorations painted on them. These illustrate events which may be real or mythical.Later period vases feature white figures on black backgrounds.
38Painting on Vases Black-figured Amphora, c. 530 BC An amphora is a large storage jar with two handlesEarly vases of the Archaic period are of red clay and have black figures and decorations painted on them. These illustrate events which may be real or mythical.Later period vases feature white figures on black backgrounds.
39Greek Painting on Vases White-figured Hydra, c. 410 BC A hydra is a large jug intended for carrying water from the community fountain. The handles are on the side, and have a different shape from the ear-like handles of the amphora.This shows a great change in technique and visual style. The background is now painted black, and brush lines can be drawn freely on the red figures to show detail.
40The Battle of Issus, c. 100 BC, marble mosaic, 17’ wide This is a Roman marble-chip mosaic copy of a Greek painting originating around 315 BC. Only four colors—red, yellow, white and black—are used in the mosaic. The anatomy is very accurate, as is the lighting and overlapping placement of objects in space.
41Greek Architecture Over time, Greek structures evolved from having a heavy appearance to a light and airy feel. Architecture was focused around temples where ceremonies were held. The Greeks were very concerned with harmony and proportion. The Acropolis in Athens contains several buildings in the later style.
42Heavy, sturdy columns with no base ArchitectureDoric Order:Heavy, sturdy columns with no baseIonic Order:Classical style with slender columns, fluted shafts, fancy scrolls at topCorinthian Order:Classical style featuring tall, slender columns topped by fancy capitals decorated with plant leaves.