Presentation on theme: "A GENDA 9-13-10. Q UIZ ! 1. What is a fresco painting? 2. List one characteristic of Renaissance style art. 3. How did Renaissance architecture differ."— Presentation transcript:
Q UIZ ! 1. What is a fresco painting? 2. List one characteristic of Renaissance style art. 3. How did Renaissance architecture differ from earlier Medieval architecture? 4. Which High Renaissance artist was responsible for painting the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel? 5. T or F – Like Italian artists, the Northern Renaissance artists painted large frescoes in their cathedrals. 6. T or F – Most northern artists rejected the use of minute detail. 7. T or F – Both Northern and Italian Renaissance art included religious themes. 8. Who was the father of Italian Renaissance humanism? 9. What is the significance of Christine de Pizan? 10. The frescoes painted by ________ are regarded as the first masterpieces of early Renaissance art.
Q UIZ A NSWERS ! 1. A painting done on fresh, wet plaster with water- based paints. 2. Increased attention to human movement and anatomy and technical use of perspective. Realism. 3. Inspired by buildings in classical Rome; sought to reflect a more human-centered world. 4. Michelangelo 5. False 6. True 7. True 8. Petrarch 9. She defended women with her writing 10. Masaccio
I TALIAN R ENAISSANCE ART New techniques in Painting 3-D paintings-perspectives Fresco paintings- painting done on fresh wet plaster,with water based paints. Masaccio Sculpture and architecture The church creates space to fit human and no divine needs They were inspired by Ancient Greece and Rome
High Renaissance masters Michelangelo painted the Sistine Chapels. Jan van Eyck, famous northern painter. Smaller more detailed painting because the amount of space in Cathedrals.
Homework – Read and start taking notes on chapter 5, section 3 (176 – 178). Quiz weds. In your opinion, what makes a good religious leader (a priest, a bishop or a pastor)? What characteristics should he or she possess? Should he or she have responsibilities in the community? Short clip on Martin Luther and the Reformation Notes – 5.2, The Protestant Reformation
I TALIAN R ENAISSANCE A RT Frescoes by Masaccio are the first masterpieces of Early Renaissance. Frescoe –Is a painting done on fresh wet plaster with water-based paints. There are 2 developments. One development stressed the technical side of painting – understanding the laws of perspective and the organization of outdoor space and light through geometry. The second development was the investigation of movement and human anatomy. The architect and sculptures copied ancient Greece and Rome
The High Renaissance, 1490 – 1520 the period was associated with Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael, and Michelangelo. Used realism The most important northern school of art was in Flanders. Used oil painting, perspective and small details
T HE P ROTESTANT R EFORMATION Prelude to Reformation Spread of Christian Humanism Goal was to reform the Catholic Church Christian Humanism = people have the ability to improve themselves AND the church through education Wanted people to be pious – have inner religious feelings Desiderius Erasmus Going through the motions to be “saved” was not good enough. Erasmus believed people needed to live good lives every day.
Wrote Praise of Folly in 1509; criticized parts of society he wanted reformed. Especially monks! Erasmus’ goal was to reform the Catholic church, not break away from it. Paved way for reformation.
Need for Reform Renaissance Popes = super corrupt More concerned with being political rulers than spiritual rulers Priests were ignorant of their spiritual duties Regular people wanted salvation – acceptance into heaven. Priests started selling indulgences – excused people from sins and guaranteed them a free ride to heaven.