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111 Dr. Nihad Almughany University of Palestine Faculty of Applied Engineering and Urban Planning Dept. of Architecture 2nd Semester 2010 -2011 Building.

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Presentation on theme: "111 Dr. Nihad Almughany University of Palestine Faculty of Applied Engineering and Urban Planning Dept. of Architecture 2nd Semester 2010 -2011 Building."— Presentation transcript:

1 111 Dr. Nihad Almughany University of Palestine Faculty of Applied Engineering and Urban Planning Dept. of Architecture 2nd Semester Building Construction II (EAAS 3202 ) Lecture 6 PLASTERING WORKS

2 22 Review of Last Lecture –Types of Glass and application –Glazing: –Factors taken in consideration in glazing: Tolerance Glass edges Rebate –Glazing methods: Glazing without beads Bead Glazing Gasket Glazing Patent Glazing

3 33 Plastering Works –Preparatory works before plastering: Electric, mechanical and communication networks Plumbing networks Windows and doors frames (for some types only) Sills

4 44 Plastering Works –Advantages of Plastering: Intermediate internal surface for final finishing Provide an external surface and appearance Prevent damp Internal partition False ceilings (Therefore, plaster should be able to adhere on the surface and stand whether changes)

5 55 Internal Plastering –Materials of Internal plastering: Cement: Portland normal cementالاسمنت البورتلاندي العادي –Lime الجير المطفأ –Water الماء الخالي من الشوائب –Metal lath:الشبك المعدني Strip mesh Corner mesh Corner bead Plaster stop bead Metal lath sheets

6 66 Internal Plastering –Layers of Normal (cement) plastering: Scratch coat:طبقة الطرطشة ( المسمار) –Cement (1) - sand or trabya (2) Brown coat: طبقة البطانة (الخشنة) –Cement (1) - Lime (.5) - sand or trabya (4) - Water Finish coat: – Cement (1) - Lime (1) - sand or trabya (4) - Water –ملاحظة ( القصارة على الشبك المعدني للأسقف المعلقة أو القواطع تتكون من طبقتي البطانة والظهارة فقط ولكن بدون جير ويستبدل بمواد ملدنة

7 77 External Plastering –Layers of Normal (cement) plastering: Scratch coat:طبقة الطرطشة ( المسمار) –Cement (1) - sand or trabya (2) Brown coat 1 st layer: طبقة البطانة الأولى (الباطون) –Cement (1) - sand or trabya (1) – Poly bond (glue) – Water Brown coat 2 nd layer: طبقة البطانة الثانية –Cement (1) - lime (.25) - sand or trabya (3) – Water Finish coat: – Cement (1) - Lime (.5) - sand or trabya (4) - Water

8 88 External Plastering –External Plastering – Stucco :القصارة بالشبريز Scratch coat:طبقة الطرطشة ( المسمار) –Cement (1) - sand or trabya (2) Brown coat 1 st layer: طبقة البطانة الأولى (الباطون) –Cement (1) - sand or trabya (1) – Poly bond (glue) – Water Brown coat 2 nd layer: (roughخشنة ) طبقة البطانة الثانية –Cement (1) - lime (.25) - sand or trabya (3) – Water Stucco coat:طبقة الشبريز – Cement (white) (1) - Quartz (3) – Water - color

9 99 Implementation of Plastering Works –Rules of plastering implementation: 1- Cleaning the surface 2- Remove reliefs and fill holes (in layers not exceeding 15 mm) 3- Spray water 4- Fix metal laths 5- Scratch coat – after 24 hours spray water for one day and leave it to dry 6- To achieve a level surface apply leveling elements at the level of brown coat((البقج والودعات ملاحظة: من عيوب البقج والودعات أنها مكلفة للمواد وللوقت و لا تستخدم في غزة لهذا السبب ولأن البلوك المستخدم في البناء منتظم ومستو والعمال مهرة ومدربين

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11 11 Implementation of Plastering Works –Rules of plastering implementation (con.): 7- Applying brown coat and leave it for 24 hours, scratch it and spray water for one day. 2- Apply final coat and smooth the surface, leave it for 24 hours and spray water for 2 days. Notes: - It brown coat more than15 mm apply it on layers and if more than 30 mm add a galvanized metal lath. - Use mortar in one hour only. - Do not reuse falling mortar unless the surface is clean and in a period of less than half an hour. - In construction joints of plaster stop plastering in a horizontal and vertical straight lines and with rough inclined edges – and when continue, clean, rough, spray water and add (roba) to the joints.

12 12 Special kinds of Plaster –Granulate: الجرانوليت A special layer of plaster composed of aggregates, cement, sand and glue applied on surfaces after basic layers. It has many advantages and could have many shapes by using aluminum for forming the shapes. –Marmarina:المرمرينا ( السمسمية ) A decorative final layer applied of typical plastering layers and has many advantages in water proofing and decoration. Composed of ground marble, acrylic materials, glue and other additions. Surfaces should be painted with Pendrol before applying Marmarina. Apply the whole surface continuously without making joints.

13 13 Special kinds of Plaster –Lime Plastering: قصارة الجير A plaster used in internal surfaces Same layers of internal plaster except final coat Final coat is composed of: Lime, cement and fine sand Gives more leveled surface Have some advantages and disadvantages

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16 16 Defects in Plastering الامور الواجب مراعاتها وفحصها عند قبول استلام القصارة: –التموج –التطبيل –التشققات: سطحية ودقيقة غائرة –اختلاف اللون –بقع الصدأ –عدم استواء الأسطح والزوايا والحواف –ملاحظة: تناقش اسباب كل من تلك العيوب وطرق فحصها ووسائل علاجها

17 17 Quantity Surveying of plaster طرق الكيل في القصارة: تكال القصارة بالمتر المربع وتحسب الزوايا والحواف بالمتر الطولي وخاصة في الكيل البلدي الكيل البلدي الكيل الهندسي


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