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*The real hero is the man who fights even though he is scared. Some men get over their fright in a minute under fire, some take an hour. For some it takes.

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Presentation on theme: "*The real hero is the man who fights even though he is scared. Some men get over their fright in a minute under fire, some take an hour. For some it takes."— Presentation transcript:

1 *The real hero is the man who fights even though he is scared. Some men get over their fright in a minute under fire, some take an hour. For some it takes days. But the real man never lets the fear of death overpower his honor, his sense of duty to this country and his innate manhood.” He also said, “There is one great thing you men will all be able to say when you go home. You may thank God for it. Thank God, that at least, thirty years from now, when you are sitting around the fireside with your grandson on your knees, and he asks you what you did in the Great War, you won’t have to cough and say, and ‘I shoveled shit in Louisiana.’ No, Sir, you can look him straight in the eye and say, ‘Son, your Granddaddy rode with the Great Third Army and a Son-of-a- Goddamned-Bitch named George Patton!” - "General George Patton's Famous D-Day Speech." Who is General George Patton speaking to here? What is the purpose of this speech?

2  Objectives  *Evaluate how Allied invasion pushed Italy out of the War  *Analyze how Allied open up a western front against Germany on D-Day Identify how the axis made a final stand in Europe. Identify V-Day

3  After France surrendered in 1940, Germany placed France’s colonies in North Africa under control of Vichy France.  British pushed Axis back from capturing the Suez Canal and drove forces to Libya.  November 8, 1942 the Allies plan Operation Torch led by Dwight D. Eisenhower

4  65,000 Allied troops landed in Casablanca in Morocco and Oran and Algiers in Algeria  2 times the amount of French troops awaiting  Winter of 1942-43,two Allied land forces- one from the west and one from the east- began to force the Axis troops into a trap.  Tunisia had fierce battles.  May 1943 250,000 Axis soldiers surrender

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6  North Africa offered a gateway to Sicily  July 1943 allied troops subdued Sicily in a little over a month guided by George S. Patton

7  Italian king named new prime minister to replace Mussolini and have him arrested.  Germans took him and set up a base for him in Northern Italy  Allies landed in south Rome at Anzio January 1944 and Rome falls to U.S. and Britain.  Joined by small unites of troops from 25 other countries and defeated Germans occupying Italy in 1945

8  Mussolini was captured and shot by Italian rebels.  On 29 April 1945, the bodies of Mussolini, and the other executed Fascists were loaded into a moving van and trucked south to Milan. There, at 3 a.m., they were dumped on the ground.

9  German U-boats continue to take toll on allied ships, lives and supplies  However battle of the Atlantic turned to the Allies favor because of refined sonar equipment.  Uses sound waves to detect underwater objects

10  Allies developed fast escort ships for convoys  Air bombed German U-boats and submarine yards

11  Allied invasion of occupied France  U.S. army chief of staff and key allied strategist George C. Marshall led the planning.  Eisenhower led the invasion.

12  Dummies and false cues to convince Germans the invasion would be near Calais on the English Channel  Instead farther north in Normandy, D-Day.  June 6, 1944 with 5,000 transports carrying 150,000 U.S., British, and Canadian soldiers crossed the channel.

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14  General Omar Bradley led troops that landed in Germany  23,000 airborne troops in Normandy, Bombed roads, bridges and German troop concentrations

15  Germans had fortified the Normandy beaches with concrete bunkers, tank traps, and mines.  Allied campaign of disinformation and distraction had done its job  Hitler refused to send reinforcements to Normandy because he believed that the main invasion would be elsewhere

16  The wars in Europe. Add details of these important conflicts. The Fighting in the Atlantic, Fighting in the Air, The Normandy Invasion  4 minutes  Tick  Tock  Tick  Tock

17  Even though every unit but one had mislanded, Operation Overlord was a success. The Allies dominated the sky and lost 11,000 casualties out of 156,000 men in those fateful 24 hours. It was truly the longest day.

18  Why was victory in North Africa so important to the Allies?  It offered the Allies a gateway to Italy

19  Solve these anagrams. The solutions all have something to do with D-Day: Ovation or deplorer gently meager moron haha!Ace mob! Lame germ loner cling and fartnow write: high deeds

20  Not even the savage fighting of D-Day prepared Allies for the horror of the Holocaust  Nazi’s systematic slaughter of European Jews along with Gypsies, Poles, mentally disabled, religious, and political prisoners.

21  Nazi Germans rounded Jews and shot them  Made camps specifically for genocide  The deliberate annihilation of an entire people

22  To carry out this genocide, the Nazis took advantage of a long history of anti- Semitism in Europe that stretched back to the Middle Ages.  Flood of Nazi propaganda against Jews stirred up the anti Semitism. This poster again Says " The eternal Jew" and shows untrustworthy evil looking men in it with a stereotypical large nose.

23  Some non-Jews in Nazi occupied countries either assisted the Nazis or failed to prevent them from sending Jewish citizens off to the death camps.  Others worked heroically to save the lives of Jews.

24  The Nazi’s called the extermination program the “final solution of the Jewish problem”

25  All in Poland: Aushwits, Treblinka, Majdanek.  All transported by sealed railroad cars, transferred to camp.  Marched into rooms disguised as shower facilities and gassed.

26  An estimated 6 million Jews, 2/3 of Europe's Jewish population- perished.  When liberated troops found thousands starving survivors remaining and no solution to the problem.

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28  The term Holocaust derives from the Hebrew word olah, which the Greek version of the Hebrew Bible translates as holokauston. The original meaning of the word in English was “a sacrifice consumed by fire.”  In what ways does the term Holocaust describe one aspect of the Nazis atrocities against Jews and others?  Tick  Tock  Tick

29  Hitler refused to give up.

30  September 1944 Allies crossed German border.  Germans attack in wooded Ardennes and northern France.  Germans pushed to create Allies to create a dangerous bulge

31  200,000 Germans attacked initial U.S. force of 80,000 troops  When Germans ordered surrender Anthony McAuliffe offered a one word reply “Nutts”  But Allies came to a rescue with reinforcements and the Germans fell back fast.

32  However, Allies came to a rescue with reinforcements and the Germans fell back fast.

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34  February 1945 President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and premier Joseph Stalin met at the Yalta conference to plan for postwar peace.

35  Stalin pledged to declare war on Japan 3 months after Germany’s surrender.  Agreed to divide and occupy Germany after the war and outlined plans for a new international peace organization.

36  President Roosevelt ran for an unprecedented fourth term with Missouri senator Harry S. Truman as his running mate.

37  During early months of 1945 Allied bombers continued to blast German Cities, including Leipzig and Berlin.  March, Allied troops crossed the Rhine River from west and drove into the heart of Germany.

38  On April 30, 1945 Hitler committed suicide in his bunker deep under the ruins of Berlin  Germany surrendered unconditionally on May 7.

39  The next day, known as V-E (Victory in Europe)  Day marked the formal end of a brutal war that had helped Europe in its grip for more than 5 years.

40  How did the U.S. victory at the battle of the Bulge contribute to the Allied defeat of Germany?  200,000 German battled 80,000  The final German counter attack that failed

41  Edit this photo as if you are an editor in a newspaper describing the event.  Who are they using titles(left, middle, right)  Where are they?  Use idea clouds or word bubbles to describe their positions.

42  Use the Graphic Organizer to list the military events that led to Germany’s surrender with supporting details.


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