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Bulgaria Back to the Future Ventzislav Kirkov, Budapest 19-21 March, 2008.

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Presentation on theme: "Bulgaria Back to the Future Ventzislav Kirkov, Budapest 19-21 March, 2008."— Presentation transcript:

1 Bulgaria Back to the Future Ventzislav Kirkov, Budapest 19-21 March, 2008

2 About BFPA  Founded in 1992  Main areas of the work Info provision SRHR services  Target groups Mainstream YP Underserved groups Professionals  Interventions Campaigns Mobile services Static clinics

3 Historical Background in Dates  681  The Golden Century Knyaz Boris Tsar Simeon  The Byzantium rule (1018 – 1186)  The Revival of the state under Kaloyan and Ivan-Asen  Bulgaria under the Ottomans  The Rebellion in April 1876  The war (1877-1878)  The 3 rd state 1885 The wars The changes in 1944  The transition period and EU membership

4 Population  Total number of the population (2006) – 7 679 290  Age structure (2006) Up to 16: 14.6% 16 – 58.5: 62.8% Over 58.5: 22.6%  Demographic processes (2006) Birth rate: 9.2/1000. In the cities: 10.1/1000; in the villages: 8.3/1000 Natural growth: - 5.1/1000 Ageing. Average age in the cities: 39.7; in the villages: 45.3 Life expectancy: 72.6 (males: 69.1, females: 76.3) Mortality rate: 14.7/1000. In the cities: 12.2/1000; in the villages: 20.7/1000

5 Population II BG TR Roma Other Unknown Ethnicities in the country in % (2006) 849511 Ethnicities in the district of Pleven Percentage of total population 42327 Distribution in % 905311 Christians Muslims Other Unknown Religions in the country in % (2006) 8412>14 Religions in the district of Pleven Percentage of total population 4228 Distribution in % 91505

6 Main Economics Indicators – Bulgaria 2007 in USD  GDP (Purchasing Power Parity) – 86.73 billions  GDP (official exchange rate) – 39.07 billions  GDP per capita (PPP) – 11 800 Agriculture: 8.5% (8.5% occupation) Industry: 31.3% (33.6%) Services: 60.7% (57.9%)  GDP real growth rate – 6.1%  Unemployment rate: 8%  Inflation rate: 7.8%  Investments: 27.6% of GDP

7 The selected project site – Dolni Dabnik  Municipality of Dolni Dabnik, district of Pleven, North-Central region of Bulgaria # of towns – 1 (Dolni Dabnik) # of villages – 6 (Barkach, Gorni Dabnik, Gradina, Krushovica, Peternica, Sadovets)

8 Demographic processes – Municipality of Dolni Dabnik

9 Municipality of Dolni Dabnik - Natural Growth

10 Structure of the population by age Males49.54% Females50.46%  Under the age of 7 6.89%  7 – 14 10.23%  15 – 17 3.47%  Females 18-54 41.77%  Males 18-59 54.49%  Females over 55 39.25%  Males over 60 24.01%

11 Structure of the population by ethnicity and age AgeBulgarianTurkishRomaOther 0 – 989.76%3.74%6.02%0.57% 10 – 1990.61%3.31%5.45%0.49% 20 – 2991.32%4.65%3.66%0.37% 30 – 3991.53%4.34%2.73%1.39% 40 – 4993.84%4.17%1.41%0.58% 50 – 5995.00%3.96%0.57%0.47% 60 – 6996.67%2.23%0.53%0.57% 70 – 7998.55%1.18%0.05%0.21% Over 8098.86%0.89%00.25%

12 Education  Municipality schools High school – 1. Number of students: 246. Staff/students ratio: 1:9.11. Teachers/students ratio: 1:11.18 Elementary school – 1. Number of students: 246. Staff/students ratio: 1:9.65. Teachers/students ratio: 1:12.95 Basic schools – 4. Average number of students: 203. Staff/students ratio: 1:7.80. Teachers/students ratio: 1:10.58  State schools High school for petrol production. # of students: 157. Staff/students ratio: 1:4.83. Teachers/students ratio: 1:8.72 High school for agriculture. # of students: 127. Staff/students ratio: 1:4.09. Teachers/students ratio: 1:7.47

13 Main economical branches  Farming Agriculture Stock breeding  Industry Oil-factory ‘Boatin’ Workshop for vegetables Yogurt production  Construction  Commerce and Services

14 Employment by sectors

15 Main branches of employment  Public sector Extractive Industry Education (NDP) Health care (NDP)  Private sector Farming Commerce (small entrepreneurs) Processing Industry

16 Employment in public sector by branches

17 Employment in private sector by branches

18 Unemployment: duration and age range  Duration: up to 1 year: 49%. 1-2 years: 26%. More than 2 years: 25%  Unemployment rate: 28% (1999), 32% (2001), 35% (2006) Up to 24: 16% 25 – 29: 13% 30 – 44: 39% 45 – 49: 14% Over 50: 18%  Migration: Spain and Greece (appr. 30% of unemployed)

19 Investment plan of the municipality  Construction of market for farm producers  Restoration of old and planting of new vineyards  Construction of depot for domestic waste  Infrastructure reconstruction

20 Legislation related to young people  Numerous juridical laws and enactments A word fit for child, Convention on right of the child, Convention Concerning the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labor etc. National Law for Child protection Agencies  No economic measures for support of the young people The youngsters in the rural areas are not considered as youth with fewer opportunities. For such are considered children with deaf impairing, blind or with mental disabilities.


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