The Central Intelligence Agency: History created in 1947 by President Truman when he signed the National Security Act. - covert intelligence was in existence since the days of George Washington, but it was not until WWII that it was in coordination with the government. prior to the “CIA” was the OSS (Office of Strategic Services). - Made by Roosevelt and was considered the “forerunner of the CIA”.
The Central Intelligence Agency: About Headquarters is located in, McLean, Virginia. principal function is to gain information about foreign governments, corporations, and individuals. Estimated 20,000 employees. Actual numbers are classified. Current budget is confidential, but in 1998 it was around $26.4 billion. Secrecy is a primary aspect of the CIA. It has been stated that the Agency has lied to Congress about covert operations that were “very serious” in nature.
The Central Intelligence Agency: How to become an Agent 1.Have U.S citizenship 2.Stay “clean” (no illegal drugs) 3.Go to college and get good grades (between a 3.0 and 4.0) 4.Learn a foreign language…or two. Be able to speak as fluently as a native. 5.Apply for a specified position. 6.Wait. They will contact you within forty five days. 7.Undergo a medical and psychological examination. 8.Wait for your background check. It is extremely meticulous and thorough and sometimes takes up to two years. 9. Pass a polygraph test. 10. Accept or decline your occupation offer & participate in job training.
The Central Intelligence Agency Get a closer look at some of the CIA’s gadgets, devices, weapons, and documents through this interactive museum! Click the spy. - --> See a list of careers in the CIA! Click here.
Operation Ajax One of the first complex operations by the CIA, carried out in 1953. Oil companies had oil reserves in Iran, and had given their government a payment to drill there. - Iranians realized they were in fact “ripped off”. Oil companies were making billions of dollars off of Iran’s oil reserves. Government decided to nationalize profit from the oil.
Operation Ajax Oil companies contacted the CIA, as well as Britain’s government asking to intervene. Iran was violating their contracts with the companies. The U.S and Britain were able to execute their plan efficiently. - Prime Minister Mosaddeq was overthrown. - Replaced Mosaddeq with Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. Click the picture of Mosaddeq to see a video of how the U.S intervened -->
Aftermath of Operation Ajax New in power, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, ruled as a dictator. Tried to modernize Iran with his “White Revolution”. - extended women’s suffrage, introduced social security, and abolished feudalism. Was overthrown by the Iranian Revolution after being in power for twenty-six years. - Was seen as a “puppet” of the United States’, and was contaminating the traditional middle east culture. - For the 2500 th anniversary of the Iranian monarchy, Pahlavi reportedly spent $100 million on décor and party “essentials”. The Shah was criticized for his spending, while nearby villages are in poverty.
Aftermath of Operation Ajax In December of 1977 six to nine million people marched to protest against the Shah. - within days every visual reminder of Pahlavi was destroyed. He was in exile, and travelled throughout to find temporary places of residence. Died of non-Hodgkin Lymphoma in July of 1980.
Bibliographies. 1953 Iranian coup d'état -." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Web. 17 Feb. 2010.. "Central Intelligence Agency -." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Web. 18 Feb. 2010.. "How to Become a CIA Agent - wikiHow." WikiHow - The How-to Manual That You Can Edit. Web. 19 Feb. 2010.. Welcome to the CIA Web Site Central Intelligence Agency. Web. 18 Feb. 2010..