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Badaoui Rouhban Director Section for Disaster Reduction Natural Sciences Sector UNESCO.

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Presentation on theme: "Badaoui Rouhban Director Section for Disaster Reduction Natural Sciences Sector UNESCO."— Presentation transcript:

1 Badaoui Rouhban Director Section for Disaster Reduction Natural Sciences Sector UNESCO

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3 Nombre de désastres naturels, évolution par continent: Source: “EM-DAT: The OFDA/CRED International Disaster Database – – Université Catholique de Louvain – Brussels – Belgium.”

4 EURO-MEDITER

5 Désastres Naturels dans les Pays Méditerranée (After CRED, Belgium) Nombre de désastres naturels Source: “EM-DAT: The OFDA/CRED International Disaster Database – – Université Catholique de Louvain – Brussels – Belgium.” Country No. events France82 Turkey75 Italy53 Algeria49 Spain46 Greece45 Morocco21 Mauritania20 Egypt19 Albania16 Croatia15 Bosnia- Herc.12 Cyprus10 Jordan10 Israel9 Syria6 Tunisia5 Lebanon4 Montenegro1 Palestine1

6 Impact humaine des désastres naturels: (After CRED, Belgium) Year Disaster, Country No. people killed 2003 Heat wave, Italy Heat wave, France Earthquake, Turkey Heat wave, Spain Earthquake, Algeria Heat wave, France Flood, Algeria Earthquake, Turkey Heat wave, Croatia Flood, Morocco730 Nombre de morts Year Disaster, Country Total affected 1990 Drought, Spain Storm Lothar, France Drought, Albania Earthquake, Turkey Earthquake, Turkey Flood, Turkey Drought, Mauritania Drought, Syria Drought, Mauritania Snowstorm, Albania Nombre d’affectés Source: “EM-DAT: The OFDA/CRED International Disaster Database – – Université Catholique de Louvain – Brussels – Belgium.”

7 Coastal zone is particularly at risk 1.2 billion people live within 100 km from the coast. This is 23% of the world population. In 2030 this figure may rise to 50%. Half of worlds GDP is in the coastal urban areas. This figure will increase to 75% in 2015.(World Bank) More than half of GDP is located in high risk areas. (World bank) 10 million peoble experience flooding each year due to storm surges and typhoons. Tsunamies, floods, storm surges, typhoons continue to happen in the coastal area and climate change is expected worsen the situation.

8 CATASTROPHES SOUDAINES TECHNOLOGIQUESLENTESENVIRONMENTALLES NATURELLES PROVOQUEES HOMME - Seismes - Eruptions volcaniques - Inondations - Glissements de terrain - Tempetes, cyclones, ouragans - Changements climatiques - Deforestation (Amazonie) - Developpement megapoles - Disparition lacs ( mer Aral) - Chimiques (Bhopal, AZF) - Nucleaires (Tchernobyl) - Maree noires (Exxon Valdez, Erika, Prestige) - Changements climatiques, rechauffement - Desertification, secheresse INTERACTIONS, COMPLEXITE

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10 HAZARD x VULNERABILITY = RISK H x V = R

11 World Meteorological Organization WORLD BANK The United Nations system engaged in disaster reduction

12 United Nations International Strategy For Disaster Reduction (ISDR) Secretariat based in Geneva

13 Hyogo Framework for Action Governance; Risk identification, assessment, monitoring and early warning; Knowledge management and education; Reducing underlying risk factors; Preparedness for effective response and recovery.

14 UNESCO’s role Identification of Hazards and Risks Monitoring, Mapping, Risk Assessment Promotion of Preventive and Mitigation Measures Promotion of early warning systems Building capacities and training of scientists and engineers Educating and raising awareness for disaster preparedness Guidelines for the protection of educational buildings, cultural sites Environmental consideration

15 UNESCO programmes in Disaster Reduction Natural hazards programme International Geoscience Programme (IGCP) lnternational Hydrological Programme (IHP) Man and Biosphere (MAB) Programme Programmes of UNESCO’s lntergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) Protection of Cultural Heritage UN Decade on Education for Sustainable Development

16 Accomplishments Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Seismology of Skopje – former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (IZIIS) Regional Centre for Seismology for South America – Peru (CERESIS) Pacific Tsunami Warning System International Institute of Seismology and Earthquake Engineering - Japan (IISEE) International Seismological Centre - UK (ISC) Centre de Génie Parasismique - Algeria International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology – Iran UNESCO-IHE for Water Education- Netherlands

17 Algeria Egypt Irak Jordan Lebanon Libya Morocco Syria Tunisia Sudan Programme for Assessment and Mitigation of Earthquake Risk in the Arab Region (PAMERAR)

18 PAMERAR results Capacity building for earthquake risk reduction more than 3500 person-days of training provided for scientists, engineers and technicians, more than 40 missions of technical assistance organized Development of seismic networks 300 seismometers and accelerometers installed in Morocco, Tunisia, Iraq, Yemen, Jordan, Syria and Egypt Earthquake provisions to building codes in Algeria, Jordan, Morocco and Tunisia

19 Earthquakes  UNESCO/USGS Programme on Reducing Earthquake Losses in the Enlarged Mediterranean Region (RELEMR);  UNESCO/USGS Programme on Reducing Earthquake Losses in the South Asia Region (RELSAR);

20 REDUCING EARTHQUAKE LOSSES IN THE EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN REGION (RELERM) Algeria Cyprus Egypt Greece Israel Iran Jordan Lebanon Lybia Palestinian Authority Morocco Oman Saudi Arabia Spain Syria Tunisia Turkey United States Yemen

21 REDUCING EARTHQUAKE LOSSES IN THE SOUTH ASIA REGION Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan China India Iran Nepal Pakistan The Philippines Sri Lanka United States (RELSAR)

22 A research and training platform based on seismology and earthquake engineeringA research and training platform based on seismology and earthquake engineering A system for post-earthquake field investigationA system for post-earthquake field investigation INTERNATIONAL PLATFORM FOR REDUCING EARTHQUAKE DISASTER Chile Egypt Indonesia Japan (CoE) Kazakhstan Mexico Peru Romania Turkey + (IPRED) IPRED is supported by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT) of Japan 1 st IPRED meeting, Paris, 2008

23 Tsunami Warning and Mitigation Systems IOC of UNESCO

24 Landslides Promotion of the International Consortium on Landslides (ICL) and the International Programme on Landslides (IPL) Promotion of various studies on the cause and prevention of landslides Leyte, Philippines, 2006 Barcelona, Spain, 2006

25 UNESCO addressing hydrological extremes IFI: International Flood Initiative International Centre for Water Hazard and Risk Management under the auspices of UNESCO (UNESCO-ICHARM, Tsukuba, Japan) IIASA

26 “RIMAX – Risk Management of Extreme Flood Events” UNESCO Technical Document Flood risk management  Cooperation between German IHP National Committee and UNESCO IHP  Revealing the current state of research and technology Topics  Topic 1: Forecast and warning  Topic 2: Forecast – dykes  Topic 3: Management in disaster situations  Topic 4: Damage assessment and society

27 Flood activities of FRIEND (Flow Regimes from International Experimental Network and Data Sets) Flood forecasting hydrological processes linked with heavy rains Enhanced understanding forecasting and management of flash floods in urban areas Methodologies for reliable inundation mapping through flood risk maps and vulnerability maps. Tools for warning and forecasting of ungauged basins Techniques for extreme rain fall and flood runoff estimate Stochastic modelling of heavy precipitation for runoff forecasting

28 Aim of the monograph: to give information on the causes, the evolution and the flood damage. UNESCO and IAHS joint compendium of extreme flood events (20 extreme events)

29  Flood resilience  Floating buildings  Redesigning urban areas UNESCO-IHE activities on flood risk management  Flood warning  Developing flexible, appropriate software tools for real- time flood prediction  Examining the effect of climate on flood prediction tools  Using SMS messaging to deliver flood warning by location

30 The Man and Biosphere Programme (MAB) The International Hydrological Programme (IHP) Drought/desertification

31 Water Cycle and Drought Monitoring over Africa The International Hydrological Programme (IHP) supports the Land Surface Hydrology Group of Princeton University in the development of an experimental, near real-time drought monitor in Africa.

32 Map showing population density within the sub-basin “RISK ANALYSIS OF FLOODS AND LANDSLIDES IN THE ARENAL DE MONTSERRAT SUB-BASIN, EL SALVADOR” Risk mapping, El Salvador, UNESCO RAP-CA project Floods, landslides Landslide, 13 January 2001 Floods, 2000, 2002

33 Protection of educational buildings and cultural heritage Landslides, Machu Pichu, Peru International Programme on Landslides supported by UNESCO

34 Environmental Protection To strengthen environmental protection for the prevention of natural disasters Planting a tree, St Vincent in the Grenadines, 2003 UNESCO CSI project

35 UNESCO’s post-disaster studies UNESCO post earthquake mission, Bam, Iran 2003 In the aftermath of disaster, to foster post- disaster investigation, recovery and rehabilitation

36 Hyogo Framework for Action – Building Resilient Communities United Nations Decade of Education for Sustainable Development

37 UN-ISDR (International Strategy for Disaster Reduction) Thematic Platform on Knowledge and Education UNESCO is one of the active agencies Creation of a forum to exchange knowledge; Dissemination of good practices and examples; Mainstreaming of disaster risk reduction into school curricula and school safety.

38 School Curricula Today Many focus on science Many focus on preparedness & drills Few integrate the two Fewer develop their own local curriculum Far fewer GO OUTSIDE and study the school’s hazards & the communities

39 What is education for disaster reduction?  A new vision of education  An education empowering people to commit themselves  An education at all levels of education systems, using all modalities, and in all social contexts

40 Maldives Global population : Student population : At least 1 school per island 334 schools per 200 islands 40 % of the population in schools.

41 Upcoming major events Second session of the Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction, June 2009 in Geneva, Switzerland

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