3 Nombre de désastres naturels, évolution par continent: 1950-2008 Source: “EM-DAT: The OFDA/CRED International Disaster Database – – Université Catholique de Louvain – Brussels – Belgium.”
4 EURO-MEDITERThe geographic region covered by RELEMR is shown here. Generally, it goes from Morocco in the west to Iran in the east.
5 Nombre de désastres naturels 1989-2008 Désastres Naturels dans les Pays Méditerranée (After CRED, Belgium)Nombre de désastres naturelsCountryNo. eventsFrance82Turkey75Italy53Algeria49Spain46Greece45Morocco21Mauritania20Egypt19Albania16Croatia15Bosnia-Herc.12Cyprus10JordanIsrael9Syria6Tunisia5Lebanon4Montenegro1PalestineSource: “EM-DAT: The OFDA/CRED International Disaster Database – – Université Catholique de Louvain – Brussels – Belgium.”
6 Impact humaine des désastres naturels: 1989-2008 (After CRED, Belgium) Nombre de mortsNombre d’affectésYearDisaster, CountryNo. people killed2003Heat wave, Italy20089Heat wave, France194901999Earthquake, Turkey17127Heat wave, Spain15090Earthquake, Algeria2266200613882001Flood, Algeria921845Heat wave, Croatia7881995Flood, Morocco730YearDisaster, CountryTotal affected1990Drought, Spain1999Storm Lothar, France1989Drought, Albania1998Earthquake, TurkeyFlood, Turkey2001Drought, Mauritania2008Drought, Syria19934465072005Snowstorm, Albania400000Source: “EM-DAT: The OFDA/CRED International Disaster Database – – Université Catholique de Louvain – Brussels – Belgium.”
7 Coastal zone is particularly at risk 1.2 billion people live within 100 km from the coast.This is 23% of the world population. In 2030 this figure may rise to 50%.Half of worlds GDP is in the coastal urban areas. This figure will increase to 75% in 2015.(World Bank)More than half of GDP is located in high risk areas. (World bank)10 million peoble experience flooding each year due to storm surges and typhoons.Tsunamies, floods, storm surges, typhoons continue to happen in the coastal area and climate change is expected worsen the situation.
11 The United Nations system engaged in disaster reduction World Meteorological OrganizationThe United Nations (UN) system is a mosaic that reflects the complexity of activities necessary to fulfil theobjectives and principles of the UN CharterReducing the impacts of natural disasters is work that cuts across numerous competencies of the UN so it hasbecome relevant to a growing number of departments, programmes and agencies. Moreover, the recognition ofdisaster reduction as a building block of sustainable development has turned disaster reduction into a core functionof the UN family.WORLD BANK
12 International Strategy For Disaster Reduction (ISDR) United NationsInternational StrategyFor Disaster Reduction(ISDR)Secretariat based in Geneva
13 Hyogo Framework for Action Governance;Risk identification, assessment, monitoring and early warning;Knowledge management and education;Reducing underlying risk factors;Preparedness for effective response and recovery.
14 UNESCO’s role Identification of Hazards and Risks Monitoring, Mapping, Risk AssessmentPromotion of Preventive and Mitigation MeasuresPromotion of early warning systemsBuilding capacities and training of scientists and engineersEducating and raising awareness for disaster preparednessGuidelines for the protection of educational buildings, cultural sitesEnvironmental consideration
15 UNESCO programmes in Disaster Reduction Natural hazards programmeInternational Geoscience Programme (IGCP)lnternational Hydrological Programme (IHP)Man and Biosphere (MAB) ProgrammeProgrammes of UNESCO’s lntergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC)Protection of Cultural HeritageUN Decade on Education for Sustainable Development
16 AccomplishmentsInstitute of Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Seismology of Skopje – former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (IZIIS)Regional Centre for Seismology for South America – Peru (CERESIS)Pacific Tsunami Warning SystemInternational Institute of Seismology and Earthquake Engineering - Japan (IISEE)International Seismological Centre - UK (ISC)Centre de Génie Parasismique - AlgeriaInternational Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology – IranUNESCO-IHE for Water Education- Netherlands
17 Programme for Assessment and Mitigation of Earthquake Risk in the Arab Region (PAMERAR)1983 -AlgeriaEgyptIrakJordanLebanonLibyaMoroccoSyriaTunisiaSudan
18 Capacity building for earthquake risk reduction PAMERAR resultsCapacity building for earthquake risk reductionmore than 3500 person-days of training provided for scientists, engineers and technicians, more than 40 missions of technical assistance organized Development of seismic networks 300 seismometers and accelerometers installed in Morocco, Tunisia, Iraq, Yemen, Jordan, Syria and Egypt Earthquake provisions to building codes in Algeria, Jordan, Morocco and Tunisia
19 EarthquakesUNESCO/USGS Programme on Reducing Earthquake Losses in the Enlarged Mediterranean Region (RELEMR);UNESCO/USGS Programme on Reducing Earthquake Losses in the South Asia Region (RELSAR);
20 REDUCING EARTHQUAKE LOSSES IN THE EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN REGION (RELERM)AlgeriaCyprusEgyptGreeceIsraelIranJordanLebanonLybiaPalestinian AuthorityMoroccoOmanSaudi ArabiaSpainSyriaTunisiaTurkeyUnited StatesYemen
21 REDUCING EARTHQUAKE LOSSES IN THE SOUTH ASIA REGION (RELSAR)AfghanistanBangladeshBhutanChinaIndiaIranNepalPakistanThe PhilippinesSri LankaUnited States
22 INTERNATIONAL PLATFORM FOR REDUCING EARTHQUAKE DISASTER (IPRED)A research and training platform based on seismology and earthquake engineeringA system for post-earthquake field investigationChileEgyptIndonesiaJapan (CoE)KazakhstanMexicoPeruRomaniaTurkey+IPRED is supported by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT) of Japan1st IPRED meeting, Paris, 2008
23 Tsunami Warning and Mitigation Systems IOC of UNESCOThis afternoon we saw quite a few presentations that clearly showed the importance of preparedness and public awareness. We have the know-how and technology. We need to be careful to take into consideration the human dimension. We need a holistic approach that results in saving lives and livelihoods. This is why the IOC activities in the Pacific region in the past 40 years have focused on Assessment, Warning and Mitigation.
24 LandslidesPromotion of the International Consortium on Landslides (ICL) and the International Programme on Landslides (IPL)Promotion of various studies on the cause and prevention of landslidesLeyte, Philippines, 2006Barcelona, Spain, 2006
25 IFI: International Flood Initiative UNESCO addressing hydrological extremesIFI: International Flood InitiativeInternational Centre for Water Hazard and Risk Management under the auspices of UNESCO (UNESCO-ICHARM, Tsukuba, Japan)IIASA
26 Flood risk management“RIMAX – Risk Management of Extreme Flood Events”UNESCO Technical DocumentCooperation between German IHP National Committee and UNESCO IHPRevealing the current state of research and technologyTopicsTopic 1: Forecast and warningTopic 2: Forecast – dykesTopic 3: Management in disaster situationsTopic 4: Damage assessment and society
27 Flood activities of FRIEND (Flow Regimes from International Experimental Network and Data Sets)Techniques for extreme rain fall and flood runoff estimateFlood forecasting hydrological processes linked with heavy rainsMethodologies for reliable inundation mapping through flood risk maps and vulnerability maps.Stochastic modelling of heavy precipitation for runoff forecastingEnhanced understanding forecasting and management of flash floods in urban areasTools for warning and forecasting of ungauged basins
28 UNESCO and IAHS joint compendium of extreme flood events (20 extreme events) Aim of the monograph: to give information on the causes, the evolution and the flood damage.
29 UNESCO-IHE activities on flood risk management Flood resilienceFloating buildingsRedesigning urban areasFlood warningDeveloping flexible, appropriate software tools for real- time flood predictionExamining the effect of climate on flood prediction toolsUsing SMS messaging to deliver flood warning by location
30 Drought/desertification The Man and Biosphere Programme (MAB)The International Hydrological Programme (IHP)
31 Drought Monitoring over Africa Water Cycle andDrought Monitoring over AfricaThe International Hydrological Programme (IHP) supports the Land Surface Hydrology Group of Princeton University in the development of an experimental, near real-time drought monitor in Africa.31
32 Risk mapping, El Salvador, UNESCO RAP-CA project Floods, landslides “RISK ANALYSIS OF FLOODS AND LANDSLIDES IN THE ARENAL DE MONTSERRAT SUB-BASIN, EL SALVADOR”Landslide, 13 January 2001Map showing population density within the sub-basinFloods, 2000, 2002
33 Protection of educational buildings and cultural heritage Landslides, Machu Pichu, PeruInternational Programme on Landslides supported by UNESCO
34 Environmental Protection To strengthen environmental protection for the prevention of natural disastersPlanting a tree, St Vincent in the Grenadines, 2003UNESCO CSI project
35 UNESCO’s post-disaster studies In the aftermath of disaster, to foster post-disaster investigation, recovery and rehabilitationUNESCO post earthquake mission, Bam, Iran 2003
36 Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015 – Building Resilient Communities United Nations Decade of Education for Sustainable DevelopmentEn liaison avec le Secrétariat des Nations unies pour la Stratégie internationale de prévention des catastrophes (SIPC), l’UNESCO entend mobiliser une alliance mondiale susceptible de promouvoir coopération et partenariats en faveur de l’intégration de la question de la réduction des risques dans les sections pertinentes des programmes d’enseignement à tous les niveaux. Cette alliance s’efforcera également d’encourager l’utilisation d’autres voies, officielles et officieuses, institutionnelles ou non, pour informer, sensibiliser et éduquer la jeunesse afin que les collectivités soient mieux préparées. Un premier temps fort sera le lancement, à l’occasion du Colloque organisé par le Comité national français de la Décennie des Nations Unies de l'Éducation pour le développement durable (Paris, 14 au 16 juin 2006), d'une campagne mondiale ( ) sur l’éducation relative à la prévention des catastrophes naturelles.
37 UNESCO is one of the active agencies UN-ISDR(International Strategy for Disaster Reduction) Thematic Platform on Knowledge and EducationUNESCO is one of the active agenciesCreation of a forum to exchange knowledge;Dissemination of good practices and examples;Mainstreaming of disaster risk reduction into school curriculaand school safety.
38 School Curricula Today Many focus on scienceMany focus on preparedness & drillsFew integrate the twoFewer develop their own local curriculumFar fewer GO OUTSIDE and study the school’s hazards & the communities
39 What is education for disaster reduction? A new vision of educationAn education empowering people to commit themselvesAn education at all levels of education systems, using all modalities, and in all social contextsThe decade proposes a vision of education handling the issues of environment, democracy, economy, human rights, culture, parity, etc., in a transdisciplinary approach.The decade of education for sustainable development will promote:An education empowering people to committ themselves to sustainabilty, transforming people in responsible citizens with creative and critical thinking and others skills: oral and written communication, collaboration and cooperation, conflict management, decision-making, problem-solving and planning using appropriate ICTsAn education that fosters responsible citizens and promotes democracy by allowing individuals and communities to enjoy their rights and fulfill their responsibilities, to learn to live together in peace and toleranceAn education at all levels of education systems and in all social contexts (family, school, workplace and community)
40 Maldives Global population : 298 000 Student population : 102 000 At least 1 school per island334 schools per 200 islands40 % of the population in schools.
41 Upcoming major eventsSecond session of the Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction,15-19 June 2009 in Geneva, Switzerland