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PLAGIARISM DIVISION INTERNATIONAL STUDIES UNNC DISSERTATION WORKSHOP 2012.

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Presentation on theme: "PLAGIARISM DIVISION INTERNATIONAL STUDIES UNNC DISSERTATION WORKSHOP 2012."— Presentation transcript:

1 PLAGIARISM DIVISION INTERNATIONAL STUDIES UNNC DISSERTATION WORKSHOP 2012

2 THE ORIGINAL TEXT “The story of Realism most often begins with a mythical tale of the idealist or utopian writers of the interwar period ( ). Writing in the aftermath of the First World War, the idealists, a term that realist writers have retrospectively imposed on the interwar scholars, focused much of their attention on the understanding the cause of war so as to find a remedy of its existence. Yet according to the realist, the inter-war scholars’ approach was flawed in a number of respects. They, for example ignored the role of power, overestimated the degree to which human beings were rational, mistakenly believed that nation-states shared a set of common interests, and were overly passionate in their belief in the capacity of humankind to overcome the scourge of war. The outbreak of the Second World War in 1939 confirmed, for the realists at least, the inadequacies of the inter-war idealists’ approach.” (Dunne, Tim and Brian C. Schmidt (2006), “Realism”, in John Baylis and Steve Smith, The Globalization of World Politics, Oxford: Oxford University Press, p )

3 THIS IS PLAGIARISM CORRECT “The story of Realism most often begins with a mythical tale of the idealist and utopian writers of the inter- war period ( ).” (Dunne and Schmidt 2006:162) PLAGIARISED The story of Realism most often begins with a mythical tale of the idealist and utopian writers of the inter-war period ( ). No begin quotation marks No reference No end quotation marks

4 THIS IS PLAGIARISM CORRECT “The story of Realism most often begins with a mythical tale of the idealist and utopian writers of the inter- war period ( ).” (Dunne and Schmidt 2006:162) PLAGIARISED The tale of Realism starts most often with a legendary story of the writers of the time who were idealist and utopian. THESE ARE NOT YOUR OWN WORDS NEITHER IS THIS YOUR OWN IDEA

5 THIS IS PLAGIARISM CORRECT: QUOTE “The story of Realism most often begins with a mythical tale of the idealist and utopian writers of the inter- war period ( ).” (Dunne and Schmidt 2006:162) PLAGIARISED Some say that telling the story about Realism often starts with a story about idealist and utopian writers of the inter-war period ( ). THIS IS NOT YOUR OWN IDEA NEITHER IS IT YOUR OWN FORMULATION

6 THIS IS PLAGIARISM CORRECT: PARAPHRASE Tim Dunne and Brian C. Schmidt warn against the tendency of textbooks to locate the origin of Realist thought in the inter-war period ( ). Allegedly, Realism emerged as a response to idealist analyses of the causes for World War I. Realists notably criticized that idealists did not sufficiently understood the divisive force of power politics and the basic principle of world politics, namely “the competitive nature of politics among nations” (Dunne and Schmidt 2006: 162). PLAGIARISED Tim Dunne and Brian C. Schmidt say that the story of Realism begins with the writers of the inter-war period ( ). These wanted to analyse the causes of war but to the realists their approaches was flawed in a number of respects. They ignored the role of power and they wrongly believed that nation- states have common interests. Realists emphasized the importance of power and competition among nations. This is more or less the same as the first sentence in the text This is the 2 nd and 3 rd sentence 4 th sentenc e This is a sentence further down the original text

7 THIS IS PLAGIARISM CORRECT Tim Dunne and Brian C. Schmidt warn against the tendency of textbooks to locate the origin of Realist thought in the inter-war period ( ). Allegedly, Realism emerged as a response to idealist analyses of the causes for World War I. Realists notably criticized that idealists did not sufficiently understood the divisive force of power politics and the basic principle of world politics, namely “the competitive nature of politics among nations” as the outbreak of World War II showed (Dunne and Schmidt 2006: 162). PLAGIARISED There is a myth that Realism started with the idealism of the interwar period. Realists say that idealism was flawed because they ignored the role of power and that people are rational. Idealism was wrong as World War Two proved. 1 st sentence 3 rd and 4 th sentence 5 th sentence

8 REASONS FOR PLAGIARISM Laziness Wrong “paraphrasing” Bad habits in taking notes from readings

9 WRONG PARAPHRASING Paraphrasing means to summarize ideas, arguments or fact from SEVERAL sources and to synthesize these with your own words readings to support your argument Paraphrasing does NOT mean: To reformulate a sentence in your reading by replacing words To copy different sentences from several readings and glue them together To summarize paragraph by paragraph one reading or alternating paragraph summaries of various readings

10 WRONG NOTE TAKING Don’ts  Do not  Copy-paste from an electronic source into a word document  Summarize a sentence or paragraph electronically (typed) into a word document  Copy from your notes into your essay or dissertation Do’s Take notes by hand ALWAYS note the author, title and page number ALWAYS put quotation marks if you are using verbatim quotes If you write notes on the computer, print them out Keep all your notes in one folder Write your essay or dissertation from the notes you have synthesized from your reading notes

11 WHAT AND HOW? WHAT DO YOU HAVE TO REFERENCE? Every idea, data, information, argument  reference after you mention this idea, data, information, argument etc.if possible with page number! Verbatim quotes  after end quotation marks with page number HOW? Referencing guide on moodle! Don’t forget library mark or URL! Special cases: Quotes or references you have read in your literature --- you quote like you found it and you say (as quoted in King 2002: 5) Personal communications: you say (Interviewee A, DATE) Always remember: the reader must be able to find your reference!!!

12 PLAGIARISM IS NOT A TRIVIAL OFFENCE Plagiarism is a serious academic offence It is intellectual theft It is intellectually dishonest It is academically poor It is simply not very smart because it does not show your lecturers what you do and so … they cannot mark your performance

13 CONSEQUENTLY When we find plagiarised text your work. We call you in for a hearing with the Head of Division We listen to your case; if plagiarism is proven beyond doubt you will receive a penalty. Penalties range from: mark of “0” for this piece of work, mark of “0” for this module, mark of “0” for the year, and can go all the way to expulsion from the university. If awarded the mark “0” we require you to redo the dissertation and we can require you to retake Year 4. We do consider the student’s situation and we are fair: penalties vary according to the importance of the case, the experience of the student, the situation of the student etc. But don’t try our patience.

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