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Vilnius, United Europe – United History November 15 - 16 2012 November 15 - 16 2012 CENTER FOR DEALING WITH THE PAST.

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Presentation on theme: "Vilnius, United Europe – United History November 15 - 16 2012 November 15 - 16 2012 CENTER FOR DEALING WITH THE PAST."— Presentation transcript:

1 Vilnius, United Europe – United History November 15 - 16 2012 November 15 - 16 2012 CENTER FOR DEALING WITH THE PAST

2 COMMON EXPERIENCE OF DIVIDED MEMORY In order to examine the reasons of polarized/divided collective memory in Croatia and other post-Yugoslav countries, in context of European coming to terms with its past, I will look at experience of human rights organizations in initiating and sustaining social debate on violent past from beginning of the WWII (1941 – 1945 ), through period of political violence in its aftermath (1945 – 1990) to Wars of the 1990's in post-Yugoslav countries (1991 – 2001). In view of ongoing denial and persistent public questioning of Holocaust and other genocides committed in WWII, as well as denial of political violence in its aftermath, further research and education on crimes committed is needed, hopefully leading to developing of commemorative culture which will stimulate development of society based on values of tolerance to fellow human beings and zero- tolerance to violence.

3 POSSIBLE COMMON INITIATIVE ON RIGHT TO TRUTH, JUSTICE, REPARATION ? In March 2012 for the first time the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion of truth, justice, reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence have been appointed. In August 2012 Special Rapporteur on the promotion of truth, justice, reparation and guarantees of non- recurrence has presented his first report. Does EU need kind of Special Rapporteur or other institutional mechanism, with mandate of advocating rights of victims of gross violations of human rights while also proposing measures to simultaneously promote remembrance and affirm resisting violence?

4 IDENTITY CARD Date of founding: Date of founding: 18 October, 2004 Date of registration: Date of registration: 18 February, 2005 Founders : Founders : Center for Peace, Non- Violence and Human Rights Osijek, Center for Peace Studies, Civic Committee for Human Rights, Croatian Helsinki Committee for Human Rights Number of members: 26 Number of employees Number of employees: 25 Number of external associates/researchers Number of external associates/researchers: 15 Number of volunteers: Number of volunteers: 21 (2.861 hours of volunteering in 2011) Governing body: Governing body: Managing Board (Pero Jurišin, Živana Heđbeli, Goranka Lalić, Zoran Pusić - president)

5 ACTIVITIES MISSION: Documenta fosters the process of dealing with the past in Croatia, documents and researches pre/during and post - war events and cooperates with the civil society organizations, the government institutions and similar organizations abroad. MISSION: Documenta fosters the process of dealing with the past in Croatia, documents and researches pre/during and post - war events and cooperates with the civil society organizations, the government institutions and similar organizations abroad. VISION: Through dealing with the past to a sustainable peaceVISION: Through dealing with the past to a sustainable peace Founding goals:Founding goals: developing, assisting and promoting individual and social processes of dealing with the past for the purpose of building a sustainable peace ActivitiesActivities:  Gathering, documentation and research of materials on war incidents and their assumptions, war crimes and violations of human rights and the establishment of a searchable database  Publication of documentation, research and result of materials analysis  Documentation and promotion of examples of resistance, solidarity and non-violent engagement  Deepening of public dialogue and initiating public policies which stimulate dealing with the past  Monitoring judicial processes at a local and regional level as a contribution to the advancement of judicial standards and practice in the processing of war crimes  Regional cooperation on the projects of dealing with the past

6 PROGRAMS 1.Public dialogue and public policies on dealing with the past Intensifying and deepening of public dialogue on dealing with the past, public and legal initiatives related to documenting facts on war events, war crime proceedings, compensations to victims of war crimes, history teaching and commemorative culture Dealing with the pastDealing with the past Coalition for Regional commission on truth-telling and truth-seekingCoalition for Regional commission on truth-telling and truth-seeking Commemorative cultureCommemorative culture History teachingHistory teaching 2.Documenting Systematic gathering of documentation on war events, personal memories and human rights organizations Documenting human losses Recording personal memories on war (oral history) Preserving documentation on peace and human rights organizations 3. Improvement of judicial practice and standards Systematic monitoring of war crime trial procedures in Croatia and advocating better victim witnesses support Monitoring of war crime trial procedures Monitoring procedures for compensations through court proceedings

7 DOCUMENTING HUMAN LOSSES IN CROATIA 1991-1995 Main project objectives:  Contribution to the establishment of a complete account of the numbers of war victims (killed, missing, soldiers and civilians) and of other facts concerning their suffering (circumstances, sites, time, suspects)  Establishment of a relevant database required for different long term expert and scientific research;  Assistance to institutions, organizations, and individuals who participate in the war crimes processing (domestic courts, ICTY) and building of long-lasting peace and reconciliation;  Prevention of manipulation and misuse of unreliable and unverified data; Expected results: The overview of all victims with their names and basic data – birth day, month and year, occupation, ethnicity, religion, etc., time and place of suffering (death), type of suffering, status in war – civilian/military status at death, perpetrators (if known) and other relevant data.

8 HUMAN LOSSES IN CROATIA 1991-1995 Sources: Sources:  Municipal/regional registers  Hospitals and other health institutions  Ministries (MOBMS, MUP, MORH, MZSS, MP..)  The Office for the Detained and Missing Persons  Human Rights Organisations  Undertaking companies  Libraries  Archives  Religious organizations of all confessions in the Republic of Croatia  Families of victims  The war veterans associations  Media - print media (daily and periodical ), electronic media (radio, TV, Internet)  Scientific and professional institutions  Individuals  Other sources in the region

9 ORAL HISTORY Audio and video recording of personal memories on war through oral history method  Beginning :  Beginning : January 2006  Recorded :  Recorded : 330 video and 80 audio interviews (over 900 hours)  All of the interviews are transcribed and kept in the archive of Documenta  Internet platform which will contain 500 video interviews with English subtitles Publication Memories of War in Pakrac and Lipik was published and promoted in Pakrac in September 2010

10 Plans: Internet platform which will contain 500 video interviews with English subtitles Case studiesCase studies: –Stara Gradiška –Španovica/Novo selo Conferences:Conferences: –Personal Face of History – Documenting Social History in Croatia –Hidden Social History - Wars and Detention through Personal Lenses to be held in June 2013 in Rotterdam

11 Methodology: is focused on life narratives in order to establish social and political context of certain periods. The semi structured questionnaire is divided on following themes: 1. Second World War 2. Identity 3. Yugoslavia 4. Yugoslavia after Tito's death 5. The wars in the 1990's (Croatia, Bosnia-Hercegovina…) 6. Aftermath of the wars (in Yugoslavia, Croatia and other post-Yugoslav countries) Criteria for selection of interviewees: absence from or underrepresentation in official/dominant narratives All of the interviews are digitally recorded, transcribed, translated, authorized, edited and annotated Video interviews will be available from 2013 on www.personalmemories.org / www.osobnasjecanja.hr which will enable publication and streaming of interviews with advanced search options in Croatian and English.

12 A: Human Rights House, Selska cesta 112c, HR-1000 Zagreb, Croatia P: +385.1.457.23.98 F: +385.1.457.23.99 E: kontakt@documenta.hr W: www.documenta.hr Vesna Terselic, Director M: +385.91.457.23.98 E: vesna.terselic@documenta.hr CENTER FOR DEALING WITH THE PAST


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