Presentation on theme: "Warm up: In your table groups, compare answers and fill in any missing information from Monday’s activity. You will have 10 minutes. Standard Objectives."— Presentation transcript:
1Warm up: In your table groups, compare answers and fill in any missing information from Monday’s activity. You will have 10 minutes.StandardObjectivesStudents understand the causes and consequences of the Russian Revolution, including Lenin’s use of totalitarian means to seize and maintain control (e.g., the Gulag).I will summarize the main causes of the Russian Revolution and understand the impact on Lenin’s rise to power.
2Which of the two statements do you agree with most? Why? Explain. “Political power grows out of the barrel of a gun”“Victory attained by violence is tantamount (equal) to a defeat, for it is momentary”Show AYIJ disk 6 “Adventures in the Secret Service” 1:02- 1:05
3The Russian Revolution Begins! Two Main RevolutionsBoth revolutions take place in 1917March 1917Czar Nicholas II abdicates (gives up) the Russian throneNovember 1917also known as the Bolshevik RevolutionBolshevik Party forces take over the government offices in Petrograd (St. Petersburg)
4What caused the people of Russia to start a revolution? Widespread suffering under AUTOCRACY (a form of government in which one person, in this case the czar, has absolute power)People were not happy with the Czar and the large gap of power and money2. Weak leadership of Czar Nicholas II who clung to autocracy despite changing timesWants Russification to happen rather than change his view for his people
5What caused the people of Russia to start a revolution? (continued) 3. Poor working conditions, low wages, and industrializationNo laws protecting the people to getting better working conditions4. Many revolutionary groups believed a worker- run communist government should replace czarist ruleThe writings of Karl Marx influence the workers to start labor unions and potentially replace the czar
6What caused the people of Russia to start a revolution? (continued) 5. Russian defeated in the Russo- Japanese War (1905), led to rising unrest in Russia.Fought the Japanese for Manchuria (wanted a warm water port)The Russia people did not want to fight a war that was thousands of miles awaySome believed there was no reason for the warThe war was a complete disasterLost its only year round portA large part of the navy was destroyedLeads up to Bloody Sunday
7What caused the people of Russia to start a revolution? (continued) 6. BLOODY SUNDAYA group of workers begin a strike at the Czar’s Winter Palace led by Father GaponCzar’s guards open fire on the unarmed protestors and kill hundreds of them
8Primary Source!Analyze the Primary source on Father Gapon and Bloody Sunday. Answer the three questions on the back of the sheet of paper.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RIgU0homwBU
9What caused the people of Russia to start a revolution? (continued) 7. Devastation of World War Ihigh casualtiesToo many soldiers were dying in the field of battle because they did not have enough supplies or ammunitioneconomic problemsRussia could not industrialize fast enough unlike its Western European counterpartswidespread hungerDue to the spending on the war, the Russians do not have enough food to feed themselves8. Soldiers who were brought in for crowd control join the crowd and call out “Down with the autocracy!”Soldiers turned on their commanding officer (the Czar) and joined with the workers who were revolting.
10Stop! Question Time!Name all 8 of the main causes of the Russian Revolution prior to the Bolshevik revolution. Which do you feel is the main cause of the people revolting against the czar. Explain.
11Lenin Speech Questions According to Lenin who is making all the money from war?According to Lenin who will be in charge of Russia?What is Lenin’s slogan?
12PEACE, LAND, BREAD! Lenin wants: Peace for soldiers Land for peasants End the War against GermanyLand for peasantsEnd the serfdom which the rich controlled most of the landBread for the workersRaise wages to feed the workers
13This assignment is due at the end of class. No exceptions! CLASSWORKThis assignment is due at the end of class. No exceptions!Create either a cartoon or a timeline for ALL of the CAUSES of the Russian Revolution. MUST BE IN COLOR!Guidelines for cartoonGuidelines for timeline-All causes must be arranged according to date.-All causes must have a 3- 5 sentence description written in YOUR OWN words (if you copy the notes you will receive a ZERO!) THIS IS NOT ON THE WORKSHEET-All causes must be illustrated.-Illustrations must clearly represent the events described-No writing explaining the cause/ speech bubbles are acceptable.
14Warm up: What are the 8 reasons the Russian Revolution In November 1917 began? StandardObjectivesStudents understand the causes and consequences of the Russian Revolution, including Lenin’s use of totalitarian means to seize and maintain control (e.g., the Gulag).I will catalog the consequences of the Russian Revolution through primary and secondary source analysis.
15Aftermath of the Revolution 1.The government is taken over by the Bolshevik Party led by Vladimir Ilyich Lenin.90,000 Women march on PetrogradCzar Nicholas does not take it seriouslyCountry left in disarrayWith no czar, there was no governmentCommunist Party
16Petrograd Soviets vs. the Provisional Government Made up of soldiers and workersThe Soviets did not believe Russia could undergo a true socialist revolutionPower was given to the Provisional Government to run the country for the time beingProvisional GovernmentMade up of mostly middle and upper class members of the DumaOfficially ran the country after the czar’s abdicationAbolished the death penalty, granted amnesty for all political prisoners and those in exile,Also ended religious and ethnic discrimination, and granted civil liberties.This would bring Lenin back to Petrograd out of exileDid not end to the war, land reform, or better quality of life for the Russian peopleBelieved they should honor their commitment to the Allies to continue to fight in WWI
17Lenin Returns with a Vengeance Lenin returns to Petrograd due to the amnesty of political prisoners in exileUpon his return he denounces (blames) the Provisional governmentBegins to chant for a new revolutionUse the foundation that they were still at warUses his “Peace, Bread, Land” slogan to fuel this revolution
18Lenin pulls out of World War 1 2. Lenin negotiates the Treaty of Brest- LitovskRussia pulls out of the warPart of Lenin’s Promise in “Peace, Bread, Land” SpeechGives up much land to GermanyIn order to pull out of the war, land must be given to Germany to stop pushing into Russia.
19Is that the Red or the White? 3. Civil WarStarts as the troops return home to the empty promises of LeninNo extra food, farmers were only looking after themselves rather than the good of the peopleNo jobs to be had due to factories no longer producing goods for the warLives became worse as a wholeBolsheviks “red” army VS. anti- Bolsheviks “white” armyWhite army consisted mostly of monarchists (those loyal to the czar), liberals, and other socialistsRed army was made up of the followers of Lenin15 million die in conflict and famineRed Army is eventually victorious
20Pop! Pop! 4. Czarist rule ends Nicholas II and his family are all executed by the BolsheviksThe Red Army was worried that the Whites would free the CzarWhites wanted a get a boost to rally with to beat the Red ArmyWould try to restore the Czar to the throneThe Night of July 17thCzar Nicholas, his wife, their children, the family dog, three servants, and the family doctor were all woken up, taken to the basement, and shot.
21More AftermathTo help the proletariat (working people) 5. Farmland was confiscated (taken away) and redistributed to farmers 6. Banks are nationalized and the government was now in charge of the economy
22Question Time!Confiscating land and distributing it among the farmers and nationalizing banks are both examples of Russia’s attempt to change its economy to:CAPITALISMCOMMUNISMUTOPIANISMUTILITARANISMExplain your answer
23Last of the Aftermath 7. Russian economy is ruined Industrial production decreasesSkilled workers flee the country8. Lenin asserts his control by cruel methodsGulags (concentration/ work camps) are set up in SiberiaSecret police is used to spy on people
24Russia becomes the USSR As a result of the Russian Revolution Russia becomes a communist country and the Bolsheviks change its name toUnitedSovietSocialistRepublic=SOVIET UNION
2510.7.1 Summary What was the Russian Revolution? What caused the Revolution?As a result of the Revolution, what happened in Russia?