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Executive Order 11246 Olivia Regalia Nate Pardini Diego Flores.

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Presentation on theme: "Executive Order 11246 Olivia Regalia Nate Pardini Diego Flores."— Presentation transcript:

1 Executive Order Olivia Regalia Nate Pardini Diego Flores

2 Agenda  Policies leading up to the Executive Order  Executive Order  Aftermath  Questions

3 Executive Order 8802  Issued by Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1941  U.S. defense resisted hiring African-Americans  A government act that prohibited discrimination based on race, creed, color, or national origin in regards to national defense jobs.  A committee was created to help ensure it worked. This was called a Committee on Fair Employment Practices.  According to PBS, “Executive Order 8802 constituted the first major federal government response to the plight of blacks since Reconstruction.”  This act was a response to a threat of protest in Washington made by A. Phillip Randolph

4 Executive order 9346  An extension of Executive Order 8802  Brought on by the need for even more labor during World War II  Established the Committee of Fair Employment Practices

5 Executive Order  Made by Harry S. Truman  Continued the ideas of 8802 and 9346  Section 1 says, “The head of each contracting agency of the Government of the United States shall be primarily responsible for obtaining compliance by any contractor or subcontractor with the said nondiscrimination provisions of any contract entered into, amended, or modified by his agency and of any subcontract thereunder, and shall take appropriate measures to bring about the said compliance.”  Created the Committee of Government Contract Compliance

6 Executive Order  Made by Dwight D. Eisenhower  Furthered the idea that the head of each contracting agency was responsible for ensuring that contractors and subcontractors would comply with the equality measures.

7 Executive Order  Made by John F. Kennedy  Insisted upon further expansion of equality measures.  Used reasoning such as:  “general interest and welfare of the United States to promote its economy, security, and national defense through the most efficient and effective utilization of all available manpower”  “discrimination because of race, creed, color, or national origin is contrary to the Constitutional principles and policies of the United States”  Created the Presidents’ Committee on Equal Employment Opportunity  This EO attempted to make the equality measures previously taken much broader.

8 Executive Order Synopsis  The Executive Order prohibits federal contractors and federally-assisted construction contractors and subcontractors, who do over $10,000 in Government business in one year from discriminating in employment decisions on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.

9 Synopsis cont’d  The Executive Order also requires Government contractors to take affirmative action to ensure that equal opportunity is provided in all aspects of their employment.

10 What Is Affirmative Action  an active effort to improve the employment or educational opportunities of members of minority groups and women; also : a similar effort to promote the rights or progress of other disadvantaged persons

11 Since then...  Child care services, protective services for children and adults, services for children and adults in foster care, adoption services, services related to the management and maintenance of the home, day care services for adults, and services to meet the special needs of children, older individuals, and individuals with disabilities (including physical, mental, or emotional disabilities);

12 Cont’d...  Transportation services;  Job training and related services, and employment services;  Information, referral, and counseling services;  The preparation and delivery of meals and services related to soup kitchens or food banks;  Health support services;  Literacy and mentoring programs;

13 Cont’d pt. 3  Services for the prevention and treatment of juvenile delinquency and substance abuse, services for the prevention of crime and the provision of assistance to the victims and the families of criminal offenders, and services related to intervention in, and prevention of, domestic violence; and  Services related to the provision of assistance for housing under federal law.

14 Presidential Actions Since then  The Order assigned the responsibility for enforcing parts of the non-discrimination in contracts with private industry to the Department of Labor. Detailed regulations for compliance with the Order were not issued until 1969, when the Nixon administration made affirmative action part of its civil rights strategy.  In 1986, the Reagan administration was opposed to the affirmative action requirements of this Executive Order and contemplated modifying it to prohibit employers from using "quotas, goals, or other numerical objectives, or any scheme[,] device, or technique that discriminates against, or grants any preference to, any person on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin." The contemplated change was never issued because it faced bi- partisan opposition in Congress that threatened to counteract it by enacting Executive Order into law by a veto-proof majority

15 Questions

16 Sources  "Compliance Assistance By Law - The Executive Order " Compliance Assistance By Law - The Executive Order N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Oct  "Executive Orders Disposition Tables Harry S Truman " Executive Orders Disposition Tables. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Oct  "Harry S. Truman: Executive Order Improving the Means for Obtaining Compliance with the Nondiscrimination Provisions of Federal Contracts." Harry S. Truman: Executive Order Improving the Means for Obtaining Compliance with the Nondiscrimination Provisions of Federal Contracts. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Oct  "Franklin D. Roosevelt: Executive Order 9346 Establishing a Committee on Fair Employment Practice." Franklin D. Roosevelt: Executive Order 9346 Establishing a Committee on Fair Employment Practice. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Oct 


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