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RAPID Fund By: Shahid Mahmood, Program Manager-RAPID Fund.

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Presentation on theme: "RAPID Fund By: Shahid Mahmood, Program Manager-RAPID Fund."— Presentation transcript:

1 RAPID Fund By: Shahid Mahmood, Program Manager-RAPID Fund

2 PAKISTAN Country Context

3 RAPID Fund presentation for Effective Development Conference, Bangkok Pakistan Administrative Structure Pakistan Administrative Structure Pakistan consists of 1.Four provinces (Balochistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab & Sindh), 2.One Federal Capital Territory (Islamabad), 3.Two autonomous and disputed territories (Gilgit Baltistan and Azad Jammu & Kashmir) 4.Seven Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) Pakistan consists of 1.Four provinces (Balochistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab & Sindh), 2.One Federal Capital Territory (Islamabad), 3.Two autonomous and disputed territories (Gilgit Baltistan and Azad Jammu & Kashmir) 4.Seven Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) 1.Each Province is sub-divided in to districts; 2.District into Tehsils/ Towns, 3.Tehsil/ Town into Union Councils 1.Each Province is sub-divided in to districts; 2.District into Tehsils/ Towns, 3.Tehsil/ Town into Union Councils Pakistan has strategic location; sharing its border with China, Afghanistan, Iran, and India

4 RAPID Fund presentation for Effective Development Conference, Bangkok Geo-Physical Factors 1.Heterogeneous physical features; (Mountains, plains, deserts, plateaus, coastal belt) 2.Seismic belt; tectonic movements, leading to earthquakes and tsunamis; 3.8 th out of 197 countries with highest exposure to natural hazards Hydro-Climatic Factors 1.Climatic changes; Continuous dry conditions leading to prolonged droughts, 2.Unexpected heavy rains, and excessive snowfalls, floods, landslides, and avalanches Politico-Religious Factors 1.Insecurity and political instability; Conflict induced displacement 2.Religious diversity and fundamentalism; Geo-Physical Factors 1.Heterogeneous physical features; (Mountains, plains, deserts, plateaus, coastal belt) 2.Seismic belt; tectonic movements, leading to earthquakes and tsunamis; 3.8 th out of 197 countries with highest exposure to natural hazards Hydro-Climatic Factors 1.Climatic changes; Continuous dry conditions leading to prolonged droughts, 2.Unexpected heavy rains, and excessive snowfalls, floods, landslides, and avalanches Politico-Religious Factors 1.Insecurity and political instability; Conflict induced displacement 2.Religious diversity and fundamentalism; Country Context Disasters in Pakistan Major Factors

5 RAPID Fund presentation for Effective Development Conference, Bangkok Socio-Economic Factors 1.Uneven population density; Unplanned development in hazard prone areas; Poor construction practices, Poor communication infrastructure. 2.High poverty; high rate of illiteracy & lack of awareness regarding disaster preparedness and DRR measures; th out of 186 countries on 2013 HDI; 22% of population lives on less than US$1.25 per day Institutional infancy 1.Disaster Management Structure established after Lack of Early warning systems; Lack of preparedness and Planning; Limited institutional and organizational capacity for disaster management Socio-Economic Factors 1.Uneven population density; Unplanned development in hazard prone areas; Poor construction practices, Poor communication infrastructure. 2.High poverty; high rate of illiteracy & lack of awareness regarding disaster preparedness and DRR measures; th out of 186 countries on 2013 HDI; 22% of population lives on less than US$1.25 per day Institutional infancy 1.Disaster Management Structure established after Lack of Early warning systems; Lack of preparedness and Planning; Limited institutional and organizational capacity for disaster management Country Context Disasters in Pakistan Major Factors (Continued)

6 RAPID Fund presentation for Effective Development Conference, Bangkok Pakistan Hazard-prone Areas Pakistan Hazard-prone Areas Northern Pakistan and AJ&K are vulnerable to earthquakes, avalanches, landslides, floods, and drought, etc. The arid, semi-arid and plain areas are exposed to floods, flash floods, drought, pest attacks, and river erosion, etc. The coastal areas of Pakistan are exposed to cyclones, storm surges, and hydrological drought, and floods as well. FATA/ KP is exposed to militancy / complex emergency

7 RAPID Fund presentation for Effective Development Conference, Bangkok 2010 Floods country-wide affected the whole of Pakistan; killed around 2,000 people and affected over 20 million Flood 2011/12/13 affected millions of people 2005 Quake (October 8, 2005, a 7.6 Richter scale) 73,000 people killed 1974 Hunza earthquake (6.2 Richter scale) killed & injured, 17,000; overall affected 97, drought affected 1.2 million people in Balochistan; over 100 died, mostly because of dehydration 1945 Balochistan tsunami killed 4,000 people Quetta earthquake; 60,000 people were killed 2007 Cyclone Yemyin killed 730 people as a result of flash floods in coastal areas of Sindh and Balochistan. Some 350,000 people displaced, 1.5 million affected Pakistan Natural Disasters Some Examples Pakistan Natural Disasters Some Examples 1950 floods An estimated 2,900 people were killed and over 100,000 homes destroyed

8 RAPID Fund presentation for Effective Development Conference, Bangkok Flood 2010 An aerial view

9 RAPID Fund presentation for Effective Development Conference, Bangkok Flood 2010 Human Displacement

10 RAPID Fund presentation for Effective Development Conference, Bangkok Flood 2010 Children & Women suffered

11 RAPID Fund presentation for Effective Development Conference, Bangkok Flood 2013 Balochistan

12 RAPID Fund presentation for Effective Development Conference, Bangkok Flood 2013 Rajanpure-Punjab

13 RAPID Fund presentation for Effective Development Conference, Bangkok Earthquake 2005 Balakot, KP

14 RAPID Fund presentation for Effective Development Conference, Bangkok Earthquake 2005 Balakot, KP

15  Pakistan is exposed to internal conflicts since  There is significant Displacement & Return in KP/ FATA as a result of government operations against non-state armed groups.  Since 2009, over two million people have returned to their hometowns (Malakand Div, Mohamand, Bajour, SWA, & parts of Khyber Ag)  1.1 million people are still displaced in safer areas of KP/ FATA  Influx/Returns of IDPs have resulted in humanitarian crises which are beyond the capacity of the government to manage on its own. RAPID Fund presentation for Effective Development Conference, Bangkok Country Context Disasters in Pakistan (Cont.) Complex Emergency Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) are special areas under the administrative control of Federal Government; consisting of 7 Agencies

16 RAPID Fund presentation for Effective Development Conference, Bangkok Country Context Disasters in Pakistan (Cont.) Complex Emergency

17 RAPID Fund presentation for Effective Development Conference, Bangkok Displacement from Malakand Division (Swat)

18 RAPID Fund presentation for Effective Development Conference, Bangkok Displacement from Malakand Division (Swat)

19 RAPID Fund presentation for Effective Development Conference, Bangkok Houses burnt Khyber Agency

20 RAPID Fund presentation for Effective Development Conference, Bangkok Houses damaged due to shelling Khyber Agency

21 RAPID Fund presentation for Effective Development Conference, Bangkok Girls School Blown away by militants Buner District, KP

22 RAPID Fund presentation for Effective Development Conference, Bangkok Govt Building Blown away by militants Buner District, KP

23 RAPID Fund The Response RAPID Fund presentation for Effective Development Conference, Bangkok

24 Concern Worldwide & OFDA Emergency Response in Pakistan  Concern is operational in Pakistan since 2001;  Since then Concern has responded to several large scale emergencies:  the massive recurrent flooding in 2010/11/12/13  the 2009 Internally Displaced Persons (IDP) crisis  the 2007 cyclone Yemyin  the catastrophic 2005 earthquake  Long term development programming in 3 out of 4 provinces of Pakistan  Well reputed in Pakistan as a leading agency in Emergency Response, Livelihoods and DRR/CBDRM  Concern is operational in Pakistan since 2001;  Since then Concern has responded to several large scale emergencies:  the massive recurrent flooding in 2010/11/12/13  the 2009 Internally Displaced Persons (IDP) crisis  the 2007 cyclone Yemyin  the catastrophic 2005 earthquake  Long term development programming in 3 out of 4 provinces of Pakistan  Well reputed in Pakistan as a leading agency in Emergency Response, Livelihoods and DRR/CBDRM  OFDA mandate : to save lives, alleviate human suffering, and reduce the social and economic impact of disasters worldwide in partnership with USAID functional and regional bureaus and other U.S. Government agencies  OFDA experts worldwide and in D.C. help countries prepare for, respond to, and recover from humanitarian crises.  OFDA works with the international humanitarian community to give vulnerable populations resources to build resilience and strengthen their own ability to respond to emergencies.  OFDA mandate : to save lives, alleviate human suffering, and reduce the social and economic impact of disasters worldwide in partnership with USAID functional and regional bureaus and other U.S. Government agencies  OFDA experts worldwide and in D.C. help countries prepare for, respond to, and recover from humanitarian crises.  OFDA works with the international humanitarian community to give vulnerable populations resources to build resilience and strengthen their own ability to respond to emergencies.

25 RAPID Fund Introduction RAPID Fund presentation for Effective Development Conference, Bangkok  RAPID Fund (Phase 1 & 2)  OFDA-funded – throughout Pakistan  Phase 1 ( ): Budget $ 29 million  Phase 2 ( ): Budget $ 8 million  Project Goal: To address the urgent relief and early recovery needs of disaster-affected populations in Pakistan through the establishment of a funding mechanism for the award of sub-grants to local and international NGOs.  Key sectors: Agriculture and Food Security; Economic Recovery; Health; Logistics Support and Relief Commodities; Protection; Shelter; WASH  Project ranges from US$ 5,000 (min) to US$ 300,000 (max)  Geographical areas decided on the basis of needs declared by UNOCHA/ NDMA  RAPID Fund (Phase 1 & 2)  OFDA-funded – throughout Pakistan  Phase 1 ( ): Budget $ 29 million  Phase 2 ( ): Budget $ 8 million  Project Goal: To address the urgent relief and early recovery needs of disaster-affected populations in Pakistan through the establishment of a funding mechanism for the award of sub-grants to local and international NGOs.  Key sectors: Agriculture and Food Security; Economic Recovery; Health; Logistics Support and Relief Commodities; Protection; Shelter; WASH  Project ranges from US$ 5,000 (min) to US$ 300,000 (max)  Geographical areas decided on the basis of needs declared by UNOCHA/ NDMA

26 RAPID Fund How the mechanism works? RAPID Fund presentation for Effective Development Conference, Bangkok

27 At the onset of disaster or complex emergency situations 1.RF team collect secondary information from UN agencies, humanitarian organizations & government departments about the population affected, scale of damages and needs 2.Defining geographic areas for intervention on the basis of notification of NDMA/ PDMAs/ FDMA outlining the extent of damages 3.Defining sectors for intervention in consultation with Concern and OFDA (Isb) on the basis of UN & Government reports 4.Launching call for proposal; open until the availability of fund and needs in affected areas At the onset of disaster or complex emergency situations 1.RF team collect secondary information from UN agencies, humanitarian organizations & government departments about the population affected, scale of damages and needs 2.Defining geographic areas for intervention on the basis of notification of NDMA/ PDMAs/ FDMA outlining the extent of damages 3.Defining sectors for intervention in consultation with Concern and OFDA (Isb) on the basis of UN & Government reports 4.Launching call for proposal; open until the availability of fund and needs in affected areas RAPID Fund presentation for Effective Development Conference, Bangkok RF Mechanism At the onset of disaster After launching call for proposal; 1.RF arranges sessions on proposal writing and need assessment for local organizations by province 2.RF asks applicants to conduct its own need assessment focusing on proposed geographic area and needs in humanitarian & cultural context 3.RF asks applicants to validate needs & intervention from relevant cluster or authority before submitting proposal to RF After launching call for proposal; 1.RF arranges sessions on proposal writing and need assessment for local organizations by province 2.RF asks applicants to conduct its own need assessment focusing on proposed geographic area and needs in humanitarian & cultural context 3.RF asks applicants to validate needs & intervention from relevant cluster or authority before submitting proposal to RF

28 NGOs (Local/ National/ International)  Registered and legally permitted in Pakistan  Having presence in the target geographical area(s) and experience in proposed sector(s) Documents required; visit  Separate need assessment report  Narrative Proposal appropriately addressed  Registrations certificate (Local/ National organizations) & MOU with EAD (INGO)  Cost Estimates/ Budget  Latest Audit report  Organogram Submit the application via to: NGOs (Local/ National/ International)  Registered and legally permitted in Pakistan  Having presence in the target geographical area(s) and experience in proposed sector(s) Documents required; visit  Separate need assessment report  Narrative Proposal appropriately addressed  Registrations certificate (Local/ National organizations) & MOU with EAD (INGO)  Cost Estimates/ Budget  Latest Audit report  Organogram Submit the application via to: RF Mechanism Who can apply? RAPID Fund presentation for Effective Development Conference, Bangkok

29 Proposal submission to RF Panel Review Proposal declined; feedback shared Potential Proposal; queries shared Need verification capacity assessment 2nd review Review by OFDA, Isb OFDA Shares Queries or Decline Queries sent to applicant RF review the proposal Sent to OFDA Isb RF submits proposal to CWUS CWUS Submits to OFDA US OFDA approve Issuance of approval letter Agreement Signed Grants Management Flow Chart RAPID Fund presentation for Effective Development Conference, Bangkok The approval of a proposal takes, on an average, total 10 working days

30 RAPID Fund presentation for Effective Development Conference, Bangkok A project is implemented in three months. In some cases NCE & in rare cases CE is awarded if the project is behind its due date due to multiple reasons as outlined in CHALLENGES section Grants Implementation Flow Chart

31 RAPID Fund presentation for Effective Development Conference, Bangkok Factors contributing to desired results 1.We work through partners; 2.Our partnership is unique as partners independently identify needs, developed proposal & establish linkages with community. We builds their capacity in conducting need assessment, proposal writing and budget preparation 3.We closely coordinate with clusters for need verification & activities design 4.We realign activities, technical designs, implementation mechanism and cost estimates of potential applicants before submitting to OFDA 5.We help partners in developing communication strategy & security management plan 6.We ensure DRR, protection, vulnerability & gender at the design stage 7.We build capacities of successful partners in M&E, implementation & reporting

32 5.We support them in baseline/ Pre KAP study; finalization of tools and study design 6.We review baseline, weekly / final progress reports & provide feedback to the partners; we finalize all reports in consultation & coordination with partners. 7.We ensure quality/ quantity of deliverables through support visits, beneficiaries’ involvement, community participation 8.We have well-defined MIS in place for data analysis and reporting 9.We measure output/ outcome through involving partners, beneficiaries, stakeholders, and community in large 10.We conduct impact assessment jointly & document lesson learnt during intervention 11.We timely disburse all financial tranches RAPID Fund presentation for Effective Development Conference, Bangkok Factors contributing to desired results (Continued)

33 RAPID Fund The Impact RAPID Fund presentation for Effective Development Conference, Bangkok

34 Proposals received vs. Approved by Sectors RAPID Fund presentation for Effective Development Conference, Bangkok

35 Project Funded by Response RAPID Fund presentation for Effective Development Conference, Bangkok

36 People Benefited by Response (in Million) RAPID Fund presentation for Effective Development Conference, Bangkok Impact  Sustainable & disaster resilient structure (Shelter/ WASH/ ERMS/ Agriculture);  DRR awareness in collaboration with mainstream CBDRM program  Village level organizations; awareness and empowerment in livelihood.  Capacity building of local organizations in project designing, & implementation;  Broadening vision of other stakeholders; cluster, NDMA, PDMAs/ FDMAs in responding to disasters & developing linkages with humanitarian organizations

37 Targets achieved by Response WASH Latrines6,854 HP3,170 Jerry Can62,223 HK59,373 Water Tanks223 DWSS52 water sources Including pond 122 HP tool Kit241 DWSS tool kit35 Latrines Kit970 Aqua Tabs978,125 Pure Sachets273,944 mosquito nets6,000 solid waste bins36 bathing places439 washing place385 HS5,353 Agriculture fruits plants30,000 bio-tech manure (Kg)60,000 certified wheat seed (Kg)450,000 agriculture tool kits10,000

38 RAPID Fund presentation for Effective Development Conference, Bangkok Budget Spent USD 25 million

39 RAPID Fund presentation for Effective Development Conference, Bangkok Emergency/ Transitional Shelter-Sindh (External view) Shelters are constructed according to SPHERE Standard

40 RAPID Fund presentation for Effective Development Conference, Bangkok Emergency/ Transitional Shelter-Sindh (Internal view)

41 RAPID Fund presentation for Effective Development Conference, Bangkok Emergency/ Transitional Shelter-Sindh Protection is ensured through disaster resilient structure

42 RAPID Fund presentation for Effective Development Conference, Bangkok Emergency/ Transitional Shelter-Rajanpur, Punjab DRR measures are ensured in all Shelters like raised platform & plastering

43 RAPID Fund presentation for Effective Development Conference, Bangkok ERMS Rehabilitation of suspension bridge in Shangla Flood 2010 has damaged bridges in northern Pakistan; RF rehabilitated; ensuring communication and movement of communities across the river

44 RAPID Fund presentation for Effective Development Conference, Bangkok ERMS Rehabilitation of irrigation channel in Shangla Agriculture is the backbone of Pakistan’s economy; Flood 2010 washed away irrigation channels; RF rehabilitated these channels through cash for work ensuring water supply to agriculture land and injecting money in the local economy through CFW

45 RAPID Fund presentation for Effective Development Conference, Bangkok ERMS Cash for Work Rehabilitation of foot track in Sindh These affected people are engaged in rehabilitating pathway and earning for their livelihood through CFW in RF project

46 RAPID Fund presentation for Effective Development Conference, Bangkok ERMS Female beneficiaries gather at a distribution point for cash assistance-Sindh RF supports affected people through conditional grants in order to rehabilitate their livelihood

47 RAPID Fund presentation for Effective Development Conference, Bangkok WASH hygiene session for school children-Sindh Hygienic practices remained a challenge after consecutive floods that contributed to the spread of disease; realizing this needs, RF through partners arranged hygiene sessions for the awareness of adult and children

48 RAPID Fund presentation for Effective Development Conference, Bangkok WASH hygiene session for school children-Sindh

49 RAPID Fund presentation for Effective Development Conference, Bangkok WASH Makhazai Lower Kurram Agency, FATA, Due to continuous militancy and counter militancy in FATA most of the water sources were destroyed; when displaced people returned back, they faced difficulty for drinking water, RF rehabilitated destroyed wells and installed hand pumps, the people has easy access to clean water

50 RAPID Fund presentation for Effective Development Conference, Bangkok Health Free Medical Camp Dera Ghazi Khan District, Punjab, Outbreak of communicable diseases in the aftermath of flood was a huge risk; RF through static and mobile health clinics, provided primary heath care facilities to the affected population

51 RAPID Fund presentation for Effective Development Conference, Bangkok Health Health & Hygiene Session for IDPs of Khyber Agency residing in Peshawar Health sessions arranged for the IDPs of FATA helped women to improve their hygienic practices that contributed to the reduction of communicable disease.

52 RAPID Fund presentation for Effective Development Conference, Bangkok Non Food Items Jaccobabad District, Province Sind In the acute emergency/ disaster situation, affected people needs immediate support in the shape of NFIs in order to ensure their immediate protection. RF focuses in the distribution of NFI/ Kitchen set.

53 RAPID Fund presentation for Effective Development Conference, Bangkok Agriculture Certified Wheat Seed Muzafargarh-Punjab Wheat is the staple food of the affected population, during early recovery phase, RF distributed certified wheat seed to help affected people to restore their livelihood and ensure food security

54 RAPID Fund presentation for Effective Development Conference, Bangkok Agriculture Certified Rice Seed Jaffarabad, Balochistan

55 1.Cultural constraints (women involvement) 2.Religious barriers (NGOs acceptability) 3.Geographic accessibility (Road Infrastructure) 4.Political Instability (Militancy) 5.Security situations (Kidnaping, looting, robbery etc. 6.Bureaucratic Hurdles (NOC issuance) 7.Capacity of local partners 8.Short duration of projects and major requirements (procurement/ reporting etc.) RAPID Fund presentation for Effective Development Conference, Bangkok Challenges

56 RAPID Fund presentation for Effective Development Conference, Bangkok Questions Thanks


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