2Today we will describe several events that increased tension between colonists and the British government.
3Vocabularywrit :a legal document issued by the government or the courtspropaganda:words or images designed to persuade an audience to act, feel, think, or believe in a specific waymonopoly:complete control over a service or product within a given area.prompted :to cause to actcorrespondence:communication by exchanging letters
4Checking for Understanding What are we going to do today?Who issues writs?Can you explain why a TV commercial is a type of propaganda ?How is correspondence different today than it was in the 1770s?What may have prompted you to get your homework done last week?
5What We Already Know…Ever since the Proclamation Line Act of 1763, relations between the British government and the American colonists had been growing increasingly hostile.
6What We Already Know…Parliament’s attempts to raise revenue by taxing the colonies were metwithprotests,petitions,andboycotts.Mayflower Compact = self rule
7What We Already Know…People in the colonies, who were used to running their affairs without interference from Parliament, became angry with the British Government because of these laws.Mayflower Compact = self rule
8The Townsend ActsParliament had repealed the Stamp Act. But it still needed to raise money to pay its expenses in America. Charles Townsend, the king’s financial secretary, proposed several new laws that would raise money from the colonies.
9The Townsend ActsOne of the first actions proposed by Townsend stopped New York’s legislative assemblyfrom meeting untilthe colonists agreedto quarter Britishtroops.
10The Townsend ActsAnother part of the act placed taxes on certain good that were brought into the colonies.
11The Townsend ActsTo enforce these laws, British officers used writs of assistance. These were search warrants used to enter homes or businesses to find smuggled goods.
12Colonists Reaction to The Townsend Acts Once again, the colonists felt their natural rights as described by Englishphilosopher John Lockeduring the Enlightenment, were being violated.Locke wrote “no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty, or possessions.”
13Colonists Reaction to The Townsend Acts Anger grows over the new taxes and the closure of the NY assembly. The feeling still remains that “Parliament has no right to tax us directly!”
14Colonists Reaction to The Townsend Acts Many colonists strongly believe the writs of assistance and their inability to govern their own affairs is a violation of their natural rights and freedoms.
15Colonists Reaction to The Townsend Acts A group of ordinary shopkeepers and tradesmen organized against theStamp Act, and setanother boycott inmotion against theTownsend Acts.The movement grew and these ordinary and became known as the Sons of Liberty
16Tools of ProtestThe Sons of Liberty encouraged shopkeepers not to sell goods made in Britain.The Daughters of Liberty urged colonists to weave their own cloth and to use only American goods.
18Which of the following was NOT true of the Townsend Acts ? A. The quartering of troops was no longer an issue.B. British troops used writs of assistance as search warrants to look for smuggled goods.C. It angered the colonists that the had to live by laws that Parliament passed yet they had no representation.D. Penalties for smuggling were reduced.E. Placed a tax on certain goods that were brought into the colonies.
19Parliament repealed the Stamp Act, but enacted the Townsend Act mostly because? A. They wanted to keep control over the colonies.B. The colonists were still British citizens and subject to their laws.C. Britain was still trying to pay off debts it had accumulated during the French and Indian War.D. The Townsend Act covered more regulations than the Stamp Act.
20Tools of ProtestBritish soldiers and colonists often taunted one another on the streets.
21The Liberty IncidentIn June of 1768, British Customs officials in Boston tried to search the merchant ship Liberty, which was carryingsmuggled goods.
22The Liberty IncidentColonists rose up in protest and a riot broke out.British officials reacted by calling for more troops to be sent to Boston.
23The Boston MassacreOn March 5, 1770, a scuffle broke out between colonists and a group of redcoatsguardingthe BostonCustomsHouse.
24The Boston MassacreOne of the British soldiers guarding the Customs House called for help. Capt Thomas Preston came to the rescue with eight British soldiers There is some confusion about what happened next.
25The Boston MassacreThe British soldiers fired on the protesting colonists, and five were killed.
26The Boston MassacreOne of the five killed was a sailor and former slave, Crispus Attucks.
27The Boston MassacreSamuel Adams one of the leaders of the Sons of Liberty called the shooting the Boston Massacre. They said that the five colonists gave their lives for freedom.
28Aftermath of The Boston Massacre The British soldiers involved in the shooting were arrested for murder.John Adams, a cousin of Samuel Adams, successfully defended the soldiers in court.He wanted to prove that the colonies followed the rule of law.
29Aftermath of The Boston Massacre Parliament repealed all the Townshend Acts except the tax on tea, in order to continue demonstration of its power to govern the colonies.Many colonists were content and believed the crisis was over.
30Aftermath of The Boston Massacre To many other colonists, however the Boston Massacre would stand as a symbol of British tyranny.
31Aftermath of The Boston Massacre Samuel Adams, wanted to make sure that the colonists did not forget the cause of liberty.He had Paul Revere make an engraving of the Boston Massacre.
32Aftermath of The Boston Massacre The picture that Paul Revere made showed British soldiers firing at peaceful Boston citizens. He etched the picture into a piece of copper, so it could be printed over and over again.
33Aftermath of The Boston Massacre Paul Revere and Samuel Adams both knew that the picture wasn’t the way it had happened – – but the drawing made good propaganda. It made people furious at the British.
34Aftermath of The Boston Massacre Samuel Adams also helped to form committees of correspondence in various towns in Massachusetts.These groups wrote letters to one another about colonial matters.
35Aftermath of The Boston Massacre Soon these committees were exchanging letters throughout Massachusetts, as well as with committees formed in other colonies.The committees kept opposition to the British alive by exchanging letters on colonial affairs.
37Which of the following is true of the Boston Massacre? A. American colonists were harassing British soldiers at the Customs House in Boston.B. The guards at the Custom House received reinforcements of eight British soldiers.C. Paul Revere’s etching of the Boston Massacre does not give an accurate picture of events.D. Five colonists were killed.(Choose all that are true.)
38B tell AWhy was it important for the colonies to communicate with each other ? What difficulties do you think the colonies faced trying to communicate with each other?Be prepared to share your answers.
39The Tea ActThe British East India Tea Company was a major part of the British economy, but in 1773 it was facing bankruptcy.Many members of Parliament were investors in the company, and didn’t want to see it fail.
40The Tea ActIn 1773, Parliament gave the company a monopoly on the colonial tea trade. The Tea Act stated, the tea would come to the colonies only in the company’s ships and would be sold in the colonies only by the company’s merchants.
41The Tea Act Colonists would also have to pay the tax on the tea, which was a very populardrink in all theAmerican colonies.
42A tell BHow do you think the colonists felt toward Britain with the news of The Tea Act ? Why? What do think their reaction, if any, might be?Be prepared to share your answers.
43The Tea Act Many colonists began protests against the Tea Act. Officials of the East India Tea Company were harassed and assaulted by the Sons of Liberty.
44The Boston Tea PartyShips belonging to the East India Trading Company we blocked from pulling into port and unloading their cargo.
45The Boston Tea PartyOn the night of December 16, 1773, a group of colonists, dressed as Native American Indians, boarded three tea ships tied up in Boston harbor.
46The Boston Tea PartyThey dumped 342 chests of tea into Boston Harbor. This event became known as the Boston Tea Party.
47The Boston Tea PartyMany colonists believed that the Tea Party would show Britain how much they opposed being taxed without representation.Others colonists questioned whether destroying property was the best way to respond to British taxes.
48The Boston Tea PartySome colonial leaders offered to pay for the tea if Parliament would agree to end the Tea Act.
49The Boston Tea PartyAn angry British Parliament not only wants the colonists to pay for the tea, but they want the people responsible be brought to trial and for the colony of Massachusetts to be punished.
51Which of the following was NOT an aftermath of the Boston Tea Party ? A. The British soldiers charged with the shooting were arrested and put on trial.B. The colonies made a better attempt at communicating with each other.C. The Sons of Liberty engaged in a propaganda campaign to keep feelings against Britain stirred up.D. Parliament repealed the Townsend Acts.E. They were all aftermaths of the Boston Tea Party.
52Which is true of the Boston Tea Party ? A. Not all the colonists were in favor of destroying property.B. The colonists took up a collection to pay for the tea that was destroyed.C. Only two of the three ships belonging to the East India Trading Company were sunk.D. The Indians demanded more money for carrying out the raid.
53Which of the following was NOT true of the Tea Act ? A. Members in Parliament had a selfish interest in saving the East India Trading Company from bankruptcy.B. Officials of the East India Trading Company were the only ones permitted to sell tea in the colonies.C. Colonists were required by law to purchase four pounds of tea per month to help support the cost of housing British troops.D. Officials of the East India Tea Trading Company were harassed and assaulted by the Sons of Liberty
54A and B DiscussDo you think the colonists and Parliament can work out their differences? If you were a colonial leader, what would you ask Parliament to do? What do you think Parliament should ask of the colonists?Be prepared to share your answers.