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Lesson 6.2: Colonial Resistance Grows. Today we will describe several events that increased tension between colonists and the British government.

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Presentation on theme: "Lesson 6.2: Colonial Resistance Grows. Today we will describe several events that increased tension between colonists and the British government."— Presentation transcript:

1 Lesson 6.2: Colonial Resistance Grows

2 Today we will describe several events that increased tension between colonists and the British government.

3 writ : a legal document issued by the government or the courts a legal document issued by the government or the courts monopoly: complete control over a service or product within a given area. complete control over a service or product within a given area. prompted : to cause to act propaganda: words or images designed to persuade an audience to act, feel, think, or believe in a specific way words or images designed to persuade an audience to act, feel, think, or believe in a specific way correspondence: communication by exchanging letters Vocabulary

4 What are we going to do today? Who issues writs? Can you explain why a TV commercial is a type of propaganda ? How is correspondence different today than it was in the 1770s? What may have prompted you to get your homework done last week? Checking for Understanding

5 Ever since the Proclamation Line Act of 1763, relations between the British government and the American colonists had been growing increasingly hostile. What We Already Know…

6 Parliament’s attempts to raise revenue by taxing the colonies were met with protests, petitions, and boycotts. What We Already Know…

7 People in the colonies, who were used to running their affairs without interference from Parliament, became angry with the British Government because of these laws. What We Already Know…

8 The Townsend Acts Parliament had repealed the Stamp Act. But it still needed to raise money to pay its expenses in America. Charles Townsend, the king’s financial secretary, proposed several new laws that would raise money from the colonies. Parliament had repealed the Stamp Act. But it still needed to raise money to pay its expenses in America. Charles Townsend, the king’s financial secretary, proposed several new laws that would raise money from the colonies.

9 The Townsend Acts One of the first actions proposed by Townsend stopped New York’s legislative assembly One of the first actions proposed by Townsend stopped New York’s legislative assembly from meeting until from meeting until the colonists agreed the colonists agreed to quarter British to quarter British troops. troops.

10 The Townsend Acts Another part of the act placed taxes on certain good that were brought into the colonies. Another part of the act placed taxes on certain good that were brought into the colonies.

11 The Townsend Acts To enforce these laws, British officers used writs of assistance. These were search warrants used to enter homes or businesses to find smuggled goods. To enforce these laws, British officers used writs of assistance. These were search warrants used to enter homes or businesses to find smuggled goods.

12 Colonists Reaction to The Townsend Acts Once again, the colonists felt their natural rights as described by English philosopher John Locke during the Enlightenment, were being violated. Locke wrote “no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty, or possessions.”

13 Colonists Reaction to The Townsend Acts Anger grows over the new taxes and the closure of the NY assembly. The feeling still remains that “Parliament has no right to tax us directly!”

14 Colonists Reaction to The Townsend Acts Many colonists strongly believe the writs of assistance and their inability to govern their own affairs is a violation of their natural rights and freedoms.

15 A group of ordinary shopkeepers and tradesmen organized against the Stamp Act, and set Stamp Act, and set another boycott in motion against the Townsend Acts. The movement grew and these ordinary and became known as the Sons of Liberty Colonists Reaction to The Townsend Acts

16 The Daughters of Liberty urged colonists to weave their own cloth and to use only American goods.The Daughters of Liberty urged colonists to weave their own cloth and to use only American goods. The Sons of Liberty encouraged shopkeepers not to sell goods made in Britain.The Sons of Liberty encouraged shopkeepers not to sell goods made in Britain. Tools of Protest

17 Get your whiteboards and markers ready!

18 A. The quartering of troops was no longer an issue. B. British troops used writs of assistance as search warrants to look for smuggled goods. D. Penalties for smuggling were reduced. C. It angered the colonists that the had to live by laws that Parliament passed yet they had no representation. E. Placed a tax on certain goods that were brought into the colonies. Which of the following was NOT true of the Townsend Acts ?

19 A. They wanted to keep control over the colonies. B. The colonists were still British citizens and subject to their laws. D. The Townsend Act covered more regulations than the Stamp Act. C. Britain was still trying to pay off debts it had accumulated during the French and Indian War. Parliament repealed the Stamp Act, but enacted the Townsend Act mostly because?

20 British soldiers and colonists often taunted one another on the streets. Tools of Protest

21 The Liberty Incident In June of 1768, British Customs officials in Boston tried to search the merchant ship Liberty, which was carrying smuggled goods.

22 The Liberty Incident Colonists rose up in protest and a riot broke out. British officials reacted by calling for more troops to be sent to Boston.

23 The Boston Massacre On March 5, 1770, a scuffle broke out between colonists and a group of redcoats guarding the Boston CustomsHouse.

24 The Boston Massacre One of the British soldiers guarding the Customs House called for help. Capt. Thomas Preston came to the rescue with eight British soldiers. There is some confusion about what happened next.

25 The Boston Massacre The British soldiers fired on the protesting colonists, and five were killed.

26 The Boston Massacre One of the five killed was a sailor and former slave, Crispus Attucks.

27 The Boston Massacre Samuel Adams one of the leaders of the Sons of Liberty called the shooting the Boston Massacre. They said that the five colonists gave their lives for freedom.

28 John Adams, a cousin of Samuel Adams, successfully defended the soldiers in court.John Adams, a cousin of Samuel Adams, successfully defended the soldiers in court. The British soldiers involved in the shooting were arrested for murder.The British soldiers involved in the shooting were arrested for murder. Aftermath of The Boston Massacre Aftermath of The Boston Massacre He wanted to prove that the colonies followed the rule of law.He wanted to prove that the colonies followed the rule of law.

29 Parliament repealed all the Townshend Acts except the tax on tea, in order to continue demonstration of its power to govern the colonies.Parliament repealed all the Townshend Acts except the tax on tea, in order to continue demonstration of its power to govern the colonies. Aftermath of The Boston Massacre Aftermath of The Boston Massacre Many colonists were content and believed the crisis was over.Many colonists were content and believed the crisis was over.

30 To many other colonists, however the Boston Massacre would stand as a symbol of British tyranny. Aftermath of The Boston Massacre Aftermath of The Boston Massacre

31 Samuel Adams, wanted to make sure that the colonists did not forget the cause of liberty. Aftermath of The Boston Massacre Aftermath of The Boston Massacre He had Paul Revere make an engraving of the Boston Massacre.

32 The picture that Paul Revere made showed British soldiers firing at peaceful Boston citizens. He etched the picture into a piece of copper, so it could be printed over and over again. Aftermath of The Boston Massacre Aftermath of The Boston Massacre

33 Paul Revere and Samuel Adams both knew that the picture wasn’t the way it had happened – – but the drawing made good propaganda. It made people furious at the British. Aftermath of The Boston Massacre Aftermath of The Boston Massacre

34 Samuel Adams also helped to form committees of correspondence in various towns in Massachusetts. Aftermath of The Boston Massacre Aftermath of The Boston Massacre These groups wrote letters to one another about colonial matters.

35 Soon these committees were exchanging letters throughout Massachusetts, as well as with committees formed in other colonies. Aftermath of The Boston Massacre Aftermath of The Boston Massacre The committees kept opposition to the British alive by exchanging letters on colonial affairs.

36 Get your whiteboards and markers ready!

37 A. American colonists were harassing British soldiers at the Customs House in Boston. B. The guards at the Custom House received reinforcements of eight British soldiers. D. Five colonists were killed. C. Paul Revere’s etching of the Boston Massacre does not give an accurate picture of events. Which of the following is true of the Boston Massacre? (Choose all that are true.)

38 B tell A Why was it important for the colonies to communicate with each other ? What difficulties do you think the colonies faced trying to communicate with each other? Be prepared to share your answers.

39 The British East India Tea Company was a major part of the British economy, but in 1773 it was facing bankruptcy. The Tea Act Many members of Parliament were investors in the company, and didn’t want to see it fail.

40 The Tea Act In 1773, Parliament gave the company a monopoly on the colonial tea trade. The Tea Act stated, the tea would come to the colonies only in the company’s ships and would be sold in the colonies only by the company’s merchants.

41 The Tea Act Colonists would also have to pay the tax on the tea, which was a very popular drink in all the American colonies.

42 A tell B How do you think the colonists felt toward Britain with the news of The Tea Act ? Why? What do think their reaction, if any, might be? Be prepared to share your answers.

43 The Tea Act Many colonists began protests against the Tea Act. Officials of the East India Tea Company were harassed and assaulted by the Sons of Liberty.

44 The Boston Tea Party Ships belonging to the East India Trading Company we blocked from pulling into port and unloading their cargo.

45 The Boston Tea Party On the night of December 16, 1773, a group of colonists, dressed as Native American Indians, boarded three tea ships tied up in Boston harbor.

46 The Boston Tea Party They dumped 342 chests of tea into Boston Harbor. This event became known as the Boston Tea Party.

47 The Boston Tea Party Many colonists believed that the Tea Party would show Britain how much they opposed being taxed without representation. Others colonists questioned whether destroying property was the best way to respond to British taxes.

48 The Boston Tea Party Some colonial leaders offered to pay for the tea if Parliament would agree to end the Tea Act.

49 The Boston Tea Party An angry British Parliament not only wants the colonists to pay for the tea, but they want the people responsible be brought to trial and for the colony of Massachusetts to be punished.

50 Get your whiteboards and markers ready!

51 A. The British soldiers charged with the shooting were arrested and put on trial. B. The colonies made a better attempt at communicating with each other. D. Parliament repealed the Townsend Acts. C. The Sons of Liberty engaged in a propaganda campaign to keep feelings against Britain stirred up. E. They were all aftermaths of the Boston Tea Party. Which of the following was NOT an aftermath of the Boston Tea Party ?

52 A. Not all the colonists were in favor of destroying property. B. The colonists took up a collection to pay for the tea that was destroyed. D. The Indians demanded more money for carrying out the raid. C. Only two of the three ships belonging to the East India Trading Company were sunk. Which is true of the Boston Tea Party ? Which is true of the Boston Tea Party ?

53 A. Members in Parliament had a selfish interest in saving the East India Trading Company from bankruptcy. B. Officials of the East India Trading Company were the only ones permitted to sell tea in the colonies. D. Officials of the East India Tea Trading Company were harassed and assaulted by the Sons of Liberty C. Colonists were required by law to purchase four pounds of tea per month to help support the cost of housing British troops. Which of the following was NOT true of the Tea Act ?

54 A and B Discuss Do you think the colonists and Parliament can work out their differences? If you were a colonial leader, what would you ask Parliament to do? What do you think Parliament should ask of the colonists? Be prepared to share your answers.


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