Presentation on theme: "Pyromania Taia Ware. What is Pyromania? Pyromania -is an impulse control disorder in which individuals repeatedly fail to resist impulses to deliberately."— Presentation transcript:
What is Pyromania? Pyromania -is an impulse control disorder in which individuals repeatedly fail to resist impulses to deliberately start fires, in order to relieve tension or for instant gratification. www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vpq2kH_w3So
Symptoms Antisocial behaviors and attitudes. Some youths are attracted to fire setting out of boredom and a lack of other forms of recreation. Attention seeking. Fire setting becomes a way of provoking reactions from parents and other authorities. Lack of social skills. Many youths arrested for fire setting are described by others as "loners" and rarely have significant friendships. Lack of fire-safety skills and ignorance of the dangers associated with fire setting
Diagnosis The patient must have set fires deliberately and purposefully on more than one occasion. The patient must have experienced feelings of tension or emotional arousal before setting the fires. The patient must indicate that he or she is fascinated with, attracted to, or curious about fire and situations surrounding fire for example, the equipment associated with fire, the uses of fire, or the aftermath of fire setting. The patient must experience relief, pleasure, or satisfaction from setting the fire or from witnessing or participating in the aftermath. The patient does not have other motives for setting fires, such as financial motives; ideological convictions.
Causes Most studied cases of pyromania occur in children and adolescents. There is a range of causes, but an understanding of the different motives and actions of fire setters can provide a platform for prevention. Common causes of pyromania can be broken down into two main groups: individual and environmental. Many studies have shown that patients with pyromanias were in households without a father figure present.
Categories Of Fire setters Fire setting as a cry for help youngsters calling for attention, such as depression. Delinquent fire setters between the 11 and 15. fire setting is a larger pattern of aggression. Severely disturbed fire setters are either paranoid and appear to be reinforced by sensory aspects of fire setting. Sociocultural fire setters youngsters in the group are influenced by antisocial adults and set fires to win their approval.
Statistics More men get it then women. Usually begins in childhood the ages 11 and 15. Less than 1% of cases are reported are pyromania. Adolescent fire setters have often committed other crimes, including forcible rape (11%), nonviolent sexual offenses (18%), and vandalism of property (19%). committed other crimes, including forcible rape (11%), nonviolent sexual offenses (18%), and vandalism of property (19%). Read more:
Treatment For children and adolescents treatment usually is cognitive behavioral therapy. Parenting training, over-correction/satiation/negative practice with corrective consequences, behavior contracting/token reinforcement, special problem-solving skills. Treatment usually consists of more medication to prevent stress or emotional outbursts in addition to long-term psychotherapy. In adults, however, the recovery rate is generally poor and if an adult does recover it usually takes a longer period of time.
Citations American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. 4th edition, text revised. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association,2000. Baumeister, Roy F., PhD. "Crossing the Line: How Evil Starts." In Evil: Inside Human Violence and Cruelty. New York: W. H. Freeman and Company, 1999. Douglas, John, and Mark Olshaker. Mindhunter: Inside the FBI's Elite Serial Crime Unit. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1995. Lion, J. R., and A. W. Schienberg. "Disorders of Impulse Control." Treatments of Psychiaric Disorders. 2nd edition, edited by Glen O. Gabbard. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press, 1995.