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EARLY 1900s – THE AFTERMATH OF WWI. INTRODUCTION:  After WWI, new nations were formed  Poland, Hungary, and Czechoslovakia were created  Serbia was.

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Presentation on theme: "EARLY 1900s – THE AFTERMATH OF WWI. INTRODUCTION:  After WWI, new nations were formed  Poland, Hungary, and Czechoslovakia were created  Serbia was."— Presentation transcript:

1 EARLY 1900s – THE AFTERMATH OF WWI

2 INTRODUCTION:  After WWI, new nations were formed  Poland, Hungary, and Czechoslovakia were created  Serbia was combined with parts of Austria-Hungary to create Yugoslavia  German colonies were given to Britain or France as Mandates (territories ruled like colonies, but subject to the supervision of the League of Nations)

3 LEAGUE OF NATIONS  PURPOSE – to promote disarmament and prevent war  Had no military force of its own – depended on the help of member states  Consisted of a Council, representing the Great Powers, and an Assembly in which all member states were represented.  Created a Court of International Justice

4 WWI AND THE MIDDLE EAST  The end of the Ottoman Empire  Armenian massacres  Armenian Christians lived in the Ottoman Empire, and some sought an independent Armenian state  Political leaders, educators, writers, and clergy were jailed and then hanged or shot.  Over a million men, women, and children were sent on death marches, used in firing squads, and burned, drowned, poisoned and drugged

5 Continued…  After the war, Allies took away Turkish possessions (Arabia, Syria, and Palestine  In 1919, these areas were divided between Britain and France as mandates (Egypt and Arabia gained independence in )  Ataturk (Mustafa Kemal), organized a resistance to Allied attempts to break up Turkey

6 RUSSIAN CIVIL WAR  Millions of acres of land were given to poor peasants  Workers took control of factories and industries were nationalized (taken over by the gov’t.)  Supporters of Lenin’s program (Reds) fought those who wanted to return rule to the Tsar (Whites)  Several foreign powers intervened by sending troops to help the “Whites”  The Red army executed the Tsar and his family  After 2 years, the communists won

7 INDIAN INDEPENDENCE  Indian National Congress pushed for full independence  Mohandas Gandhi (Mahatma) led a movement of non-violence to achieve independence  Jawaharlal Nehru also led a more secular, modern, and Western movement

8 THE GREAT FLU EPIDEMIC  Began in 1918  Spread quickly throughout Europe and the U.S.  Called the Spanish flu, it was swift and deadly (many died within a day of being infected)  An estimated 22 million people died between 1918 and 1919 (more than twice the number killed in WWI)


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