Presentation on theme: "Section Write – Ch. 14, Sect. 5 If you were General MacArthur and the Allied forces, how would you rebuild Germany, Europe, and Japan, reflecting on the."— Presentation transcript:
Section Write – Ch. 14, Sect. 5 If you were General MacArthur and the Allied forces, how would you rebuild Germany, Europe, and Japan, reflecting on the effects of WWI and how Germany had to pay reparations - and eventually led to the rise of dictators and WWII. Explain your answer in two to three sentences. Think about their: Economy Economy Military Military Government Government Distribution of land Distribution of land
The End of WWII Chapter 14, Section 5
CA Standards – Understand the importance of the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan, which established the pattern for America's postwar policy of supplying economic and military aid to prevent the spread of Communism and the resulting economic and political competition in arenas such as Southeast Asia (i.e., the Korean War, Vietnam War), Cuba, and Africa – Discuss the establishment and work of the United Nations and the purposes and functions of the Warsaw Pact, SEATO, NATO, and the Organization of American States.
Purpose of the lesson/What you should be able to do You will be able to describe what happened after WWII, and its effects in regards to Communism and the Western Allies
Over-Arching Question What issues arose in the aftermath of WWII and how did new tensions develop?
Chart: “Costs of WWII: Allies and Axis”
Instruction At the end of WWII, the Allies held war crimes trials in the German city of Nuremberg
Aftermath of WWII in Europe and Japan Europe OnlyBothJapan Only -Displaced persons looking for families -Famine -Rise of communism -Destruction of land and property -Natural resources depleted -Heavy loss of life -Major cities in shambles -Japanese emperor no longer a god -Japanese people humiliated -Radiation poisoning from the atomic bomb
“One of MacArthur’s first acts as head of the U.S. occupation forces was to free about 500 political prisoners and fire 5,000 government people who were known to be “thought police.” He also purged the government of those known to be war criminals and dismissed all senior military officials and anyone else who had been actively involved in promoting aggression since MacArthur’s success as a military leader gave him the authority to impose demilitarization upon the Japanese. “By the time MacArthur was through, a little less than half of 1 percent of the population was barred from public office; in Germany 2.5 percent of the population was not allowed to take part in public life or hold positions of influence. MacArthur’s policies in Japan transformed the nation from a militaristic power to one that since that time has rejected a standing army and resisted attempts over the years to build up a military force.”
The UN holds its first session
One of Stalin’s major goals in Eastern Europe after WWII was to create a protective buffer zone of like-minded governments The Warsaw Pact The Warsaw Pact
The Iron Curtain The Iron Curtain
Containment (restraining Communism) was the main idea of the Truman Doctrine Pcxg – Truman’s Speech Pcxg – Truman’s Speech Pcxg Pcxg North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) formed to counter the spread of Communism North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) formed to counter the spread of Communism
NATO and Warsaw Pact Nations
Read biography of president Harry Truman
Marshall Plan = aid package of food and economic assistance to help build European torn countries after the war
When the Western Allies helped western Germany rebuild its economy after WWII, the Soviets strengthened their hold on East Germany
The Berlin AirliftThe planes of the Berlin Airlift or “Operation Vittles,” carried more than 2.3 million tons of food, coal, and supplies into Berlin. Planes landed all day, every day. A new plane touched down every 3 minutes, was unloaded in 17, and then took off to receive another load. The operation was so successful that Berlin’s two airfields could not handle all the traffic. American soldiers and German civilians– about 17,000 of them–had to build a third airfield to handle the traffic. Lieutenant Gail Halvorsen came up with the idea for a part of the airlift called “Operation Little Vittles.” Soldiers formed tiny parachutes out of handkerchiefs, which were used to drop fruit, candy, and gum to Berlin’s children.
Homework Read chapter 14, section 5
Closure/Conclusion What we have learned… What issues arose in the aftermath of WWII and how did new tensions develop? Issues: the status of Germany and free elections in Eastern Europe. Tensions: the Americans and the Soviets were threatened by each other’s nations political and economic ideas and goals. Issues: the status of Germany and free elections in Eastern Europe. Tensions: the Americans and the Soviets were threatened by each other’s nations political and economic ideas and goals.
Optional - Guided Practice The Cold War arose in part from different goals or beliefs held by American and Soviet leaders and from actions taken by both countries You will create a three-column chart with the headings on top: Goals/Beliefs on the left top side column, and Actions on the right top side column. On the far left side, you will put America, and below that, you will put the Soviet Union. An example is on the next slide. Your responsibility, either individually or in groups of up to three people is to read pages , and fill the chart with at least two details for each section and its columns This activity is worth 25 points This activity is worth 25 points
Goals/BeliefsActions America Soviet Union
Goals/BeliefsActions America Support free people Rebuild Europe Truman Doctrine -West Germany -West Germany becomes indp. county becomes indp. county -Contain the S.U. by -Contain the S.U. by providing military & providing military & econ. aid to allies econ. aid to allies NATO Marshall Plan Soviet Union Germany reparations Spread Communism Create buffer zone Took German factories factories Controlled Eastern Europe Europe -Warsaw Pact -Warsaw Pact
Watch short video of Invasion of the Body Snatchers (1956)