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Institutional Review Board Nuts and Bolts of CGU IRB Procedures Hours: 8:30AM-5:00PM Phone: 909-607-9406 Website:

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Presentation on theme: "Institutional Review Board Nuts and Bolts of CGU IRB Procedures Hours: 8:30AM-5:00PM Phone: 909-607-9406 Website:"— Presentation transcript:

1 Institutional Review Board Nuts and Bolts of CGU IRB Procedures Hours: 8:30AM-5:00PM Phone: 909-607-9406 Email: irb@cgu.eduirb@cgu.edu Website: http://www.cgu.edu/pages/1075.asphttp://www.cgu.edu/pages/1075.asp Location: 135 E. 12 th St. (next to Writing Center) Mail Address: Office of Research and Sponsored Programs 150 E. 10th St., Claremont, CA 91711 1

2 What is the IRB? IRB = Institutional Review Board Tasked with assuring the policies of OHRP, DHHS, and the FDA According to the Office of Human Research Protection: “The purpose of IRB review is to assure, both in advance and by periodic review, that appropriate steps are taken to protect the rights and welfare of humans participating as subjects in the research. To accomplish this purpose, IRBs use a group process to review research protocols and related materials (e.g., informed consent documents and investigator brochures) to ensure protection of the rights and welfare of human subjects of research.” 2

3 The Purpose of IRB Review Assure compliance with federal regulations and university policies The IRB did not author those policies but is responsible to implement them Charged to assure that faculty and students meet specific ethical standards in all research that involves human participants All such research must conform to the Belmont Principles for protection of human participants 3

4 IRB Process in a Nutshell Accepts written applications to review specific study designs (“protocols”) from CGU, HMC and KGI faculty or from students with faculty endorsement One or more IRB staff AND one or more IRB members reads each entire application package Research is designated by the risk level into exempt, expedited, or full board review 4

5 IRB Process, continued Usually the IRB seeks written clarification or revision of one or more elements of the application After one or more written exchanges with the applicant, the IRB almost always approves the protocol The IRB reviews and approves around 200 new applications per year This does not include amendments and renewals 5

6 Why do we need an IRB? Human subjects research was unregulated until the mid-20 th century, triggered by highly troubling medical studies, including: Medical experiments in Nazi prison camps Tuskegee syphilis experiment Human radiation exposure experiment Willowbrook hepatitis study Recognition of ethical issues led to push for acceptance of Nuremberg Code, Belmont Principles, and finally the Common Rule 6

7 7 IRB DNA: The Belmont Principles http://ohsr.od.nih.gov/guidelines/index.html Beneficence Do no harm Maximize benefits & minimize harm Justice Equitable distribution of burden and benefits Respect for persons Individual autonomy is respected Persons with diminished autonomy need extra protection (special populations)

8 Do You Need IRB Review? Determining the Applicability of 45 CFR Part 46 Consider the following questions: Does the activity involve Research? Does the activity involve Human Participants? Is the activity eligible for Exemption? Human Subject Regulations Decision Charts: http://www.hhs.gov/ohrp/policy/checklists/decisioncharts.html#c2 8

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11 IRB Classifications  Exempt. Studies to improve or evaluate standard practices in educational institutions; fully anonymous non- sensitive surveys; analysis of pre-existing anonymous data; other specific exemptions  Expedited. No more than minimal risk, no special populations such as pregnant women, prisoners, minors, mentally disabled  Standard (Full Board Review). Higher than minimal risks or studies of special populations 11

12 Writing the Application (1) The current IRB application forms (Regular, MTurk): http://www.cgu.edu/pages/1837.asp 12

13 Writing the Application (2) Checklist for Initial Review  IRB protocol completely filled out (MTurk or Regular?!)  Signature of PI, Faculty Advisor, and Co-PI (if applicable)  Two (2) copies of IRB application, unstapled  Informed Consent form / Assent form (minors)  Recruitment scripts, email, or flyers  Copies of all Questionnaires or other Research Materials (if applicable)  Protecting Human Subjects training certificate http://phrp.nihtraining.com/users/login.php Timeline Minimum 2-3 wks (Exempt & Expedited)--seasonally longer Full Board Review may require additional time; note the IRB calendar deadline for assuring review by the next monthly full board meeting 13

14 Informed Consent Consent form vs. Assent form Consent = subjects over 18 years of age Assent = minors (under 18 years of age) Waiver of Signed Consent (1) When the only record linking the subject and the research would be the consent document and the principal risk would be potential harm resulting from a breach of confidentiality. (2) When the research presents no more than minimal risk of harm to subjects and involves no procedures for which written consent is normally required outside of the research context. 14

15 Consent Components Study leadership (who is the PI? Who is the faculty advisor?) Sponsorship (if applicable) Purpose of the study Eligibility (inclusion and exclusion criteria) Participation (what will participants be asked to do, for how long?) Risks of participation Benefits of participation (remember: helping you out with a study is NOT a benefit to participants) Compensation Voluntary participation** Confidentiality Further information Consent statement (either signed or click-box) See “Informed Consent Form with Embedded Instructions“ for in-depth instructionsInformed Consent Form with Embedded Instructions 15

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17 Pay Attention to…. Consent Vs. Assent (samples on website) Deception (Temporary only! Is it really necessary? Causes extra scrutiny) Confidentiality (keeping it secret) Vs. Anonymity (no names are taken or learned) Special populations Clarity and Organization Grammar and Spelling 17

18 How to Respond to IRB Questions and Comments IRB Responses are sent via email to the PI and Faculty Advisor--responses can be sent via email to irb@cgu.edu or drop off hard copyirb@cgu.edu Respond directly to each IRB point using different font, italics, or bold text to highlight your response Submit revised materials two ways: with bold or other markers to show changes, and in a final (clean) version 18

19 Aftermath: Amendment Vs. Renewal Vs. Addendum When to use the Amendment form? For any changes to approved protocols, use the amendment form at http://www.cgu.edu/pages/1837.asp http://www.cgu.edu/pages/1837.asp When to use the Renewal and Closure form? To request continuation of approved research or if the Research has been completed, to close out the IRB process, use the form at: http://www.cgu.edu/pages/1837.asp http://www.cgu.edu/pages/1837.asp When to submit an Addendum? For unsolicited changes to a protocol that has not yet been approved, send a cover letter indicating what changes are proposed and include all documents that are being modified, with changes clearly marked 19

20 Most Common Mistakes Using the wrong form Missing signatures Missing documents/materials On response, submitting entire IRB application instead of revisions only Not marking changes clearly Expecting a different, quicker review process for exempt protocols Need only CGU IRB approval for multiple institutions study Got IRB approval don’t need permission letter IF YOU DID NOT GET IRB APPROVAL FOR A STUDY YOU ALREADY FINISHED, YOU MUST STILL SEEK RETROACTIVE APPROVAL PRIOR TO PUBLISHING OR PRESENTING AT ACADEMIC CONFERENCE! 20

21 More Information: Frequently Asked Questions http://www.cgu.edu/pages/1792.asp#What_Is_Research http://www.hhs.gov/ohrp/policy/faq/index.html Contact the IRB for clarifications Email: irb@cgu.edu Phone: 909-607-9406irb@cgu.edu 21


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