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Chapter 17 Section 4 The Home Front. Brainstorm:  What impact would the war have on American minorities and women?

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 17 Section 4 The Home Front. Brainstorm:  What impact would the war have on American minorities and women?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 17 Section 4 The Home Front

2 Brainstorm:  What impact would the war have on American minorities and women?

3 Objective:  Describe the economic & social changes that reshaped American life during World War II  Summarize both the opportunities and discrimination African Americans and other minorities experienced during the war

4  How did the war and its immediate aftermath affect the following?

5 1. Labor  Defense Industries boom  Unemployment at 1.2%  Able to save $ because their pay went up 10% even with price fixing & inflation  Some complaints about long hours, not enough pay & night shifts  People buy war bonds  35% or 6M women in work force

6 2. Agriculture  1940s provides good growing weather  Improvements in machinery & fertilizers  Crop prices increase / farm income triples  Crop production increases by 50%  Some farmers pay off mortgage

7 3. Population Centers  One of greatest mass migration in history, look at page 591  1941 to M newcomers to CA  Towns with defense industries triple in size  African Am look for jobs in the North  Soldiers training in different parts of US

8 4. Family Life  Soldiers at war / moms home alone  Children taken care of by relatives or first day care centers  Teenagers run into trouble  Marriage increases & Baby Boom  Tension with returning soldiers

9 5. Returning GIs  Serviceman’s Readjustment Act or GI Bill of Rights helps with education or training for veterans  50% take advantage / get education or training  Lower interest rates or loans to help buy homes, farms or businesses

10  How did these groups react to discrimination and racism during and after the war?

11 6. African Americans  Majority of Southern Af. Am move to Midwest for better jobs  1940 to 1944, Af Am increase from 16% to 30% in work force  Farmer & CORE in 1942 (Congress of Racial Equality / interracial) founded to confront urban segregation in the North / sit-ins  Race riot in Chicago: all is not well

12 7. Mexican Americans  1943 Zoot Suit riots in LA  Refer to page 593  11 sailors claimed they had been attacked by Mexicans / 1 week  Mexicans believe their sacrifices would lead to a better future

13 8. Japanese Americans  Fear of J-A sabotaging or mining coastal harbors & poisoning food supply  War Dept orders General Delos Emmons, the military governor of Hawaii to evacuate J-A from Hawaii  Emmons declines because 37% of population is J-A. / Economy & war effort / 1% internment camps

14 8. Japanese Americans  110K J-A from CA, WA, OR, & AZ sent to internment camps in CA, ID, WY, UT, CO, AZ, & AK  Supreme Ct ruled this was justified  Korematsu v. United States  1965 Japanese American Citizens League gets Congress to allocate survivors $38M  Ronald Reagan & Congress allocate $20K to each survivor


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