Presentation on theme: "Understanding Satellite Communications for Disaster Recovery"— Presentation transcript:
1 Understanding Satellite Communications for Disaster Recovery Near Term Satellite Communications for Disaster RecoveryUnderstanding Satellite Communications for Disaster RecoveryJohn R. “Ted” O’BrienVP, Market Developmenttel no 1 (301)
2 Iridium Voice Traffic in the Gulf Region August 19, 2005
3 Iridium Voice Traffic in the Gulf Region September 2, 2005 Estimated 8-10,000Iridium usersin the field within 1st two weeks afterKatrina hit3,000 % increasein traffic in theregion
4 Iridium Network Capabilities Requires only one gateway for full global operationNo reliance on regional infrastructure or ground routingVoice and data serviceThese are the capabilities which gives Iridium some uniqueness in the market. We operate a single gateway globally. This allows for customers to have a single access point. Additionally, since our gateway is located in North America, it gives us access to some of the best terrestrial termination rates in the world. The other is our independence from any regional infrastructure.During the tragic days following September 11th, Iridium and our SPs delivered over 1000 Iridium units to Manhattan. Over 90% of them were used and there was no contention or congestion on our network from the region. In addition, we were the considered the most reliable network due to our independence from the terrestrial infrastructure by the law enforcement and rescue communities.
6 Iridium Call Routing for Disaster Recovery Iridium’s call path is highly secure and disaster proof. Calls seamlessly transit inter-satellite links, never relying on ground transport. Iridium to Iridium calls go directly from satellite phone to satellite to phone.Tamil Nadu, India Post TsunamiIridium 9505 HandsetIridium Gateway Tempe, Arizona
7 Push To Talk: Phase 1 Talk Group A. All members on Satellite 1 Talk Group B. All members on Satellite 2
8 Push To Talk: Phase 2Talk Group A. Members on Satellites 1 and 2 and othersTalk Group B. Members on Satellites 1 and 2 and others
10 Iridium Used for Disaster Recovery Iridium was used extensively during Taiwan Earthquake in 1999; South Pole rescue (May 2001); aftermath of September 11, 2001; Arizona Wildfires (July, ); New York Blackout (Power Outage in New York in August, 2003); Florida hurricanes; Disaster Relief following the Asian Tsunami in December, ; and the Indonesian Earthquake in January, 2005Iridium's Service Partners activated nearly 800 phones in the 1st two days of September, 2004 in preparation for hurricane FrancesIridium users and traffic in the tsunami-affected area doubled in early JanuaryOn December 29 Iridium temporarilyreopened Northern Sri Lankacommunications to assist relief efforts.
11 Iridium Used for Disaster Recovery In aftermath of Hurricanes Charley, Frances, Ivan and Jeanne that devastated parts of Florida and the Caribbean, Iridium handsets were used by Hillsborough County’s Emergency Support Function Group before landline and cell phone capabilities were restored.Photo Near Tampa, FL; August 2004by Hillsborough County Extension Relief Team
12 Iridium Used for Disaster Recovery In response to Hurricane Frances, GMPCS provided more than 400 phones to emergency response teams, local businesses and essential public services, including Florida Power and Light (FPL).Photos near Jensen Beach, Florida following Hurricane Frances – Sept. ’04
13 September 11, 2001 Testimonial “Shortly after the World Trade Towers were struck, Verizon lost all service from their West Street Central switching office. My cell phone was essentially useless, as was our landline home line. I walked out to a clear area on our street and turned on my Iridium handset.It quickly responded with "Registered" and the signal came up. It meant more than I can say to have that call go through at that moment. I carry my Iridium handset regardless of how short a trip may be. Your service is an indispensable communications tool.”Gerald Anzano ING Asset Management
14 September 11, 2001 - Pentagon Region Provided 450 handsets to greater DC military, law enforcement, rescue, and humanitarian forces
15 Needed Improvements User education – solution choices Multiple systems availableSpecific capabilitiesVaried requirements (over time, between tasks)Equipment pre-positioningNetwork operators, service providers, usersUser trainingE.g. dialing, “line-of-sightApplication adoptionE.g. tracking, monitoringInteroperabilityWide variety of systems employed