2Aftermath of World War I Europe was burdened by war debts.Had to face the tough task of rebuildingSeveral countries moved their governments toward TOTALITARIANISM
3What is Totalitarianism? A political system in which government controls every aspect of citizens’ lives.How do you control people in a totalitarian country?Mass Communication = methods of communication (newspapers, radio, public address system) designed to reach large #s of people at once.
4Key Traits of Totalitarianism Other methods of enforcement:-Police Terror-Indoctrination-Censorship-Persecution
5Russian Revolution Review What was the name of the party that assumed power following the revolution?BolsheviksWhat were their goals?To create a socialist, classless societyOn what philosophers ideas was the new society formed?Karl MarxWhat ways were his ideas put into practice?Land taken from upper classes, given to commoners
6Early Russia: Vladimir Lenin Dictator: Vladimir LeninSystem of Government: CommunismBeliefs: Created a dictatorship instead of an equal society.
7Russia: Josef Stalin Dictator: Josef Stalin System of Government: CommunismBeliefs: Controlled farms and industry. State Police enforced laws.
9What happened if you disagreed with Stalin? Stalin removed his enemies from society. “The Purge”.Italy, Germany, Russia and Japan would depend on dictators to lead their governments.Sent them to labor camps.Destroyed birth recordsDoctored photos.
10Labor Camps in SiberiaAverage temperature in Siberia during winter: -10°F to below -50°F (-45°F).
11ItalyFascismA political movement that promotes an extreme form of nationalism, a denial of individual rights, and a dictatorial one-party rule.Dictator:Benito MussoliniSystem of government: FascismBeliefs: Destroy all opposition. Believed in restoring a new Roman Empire.
13JAPAN Emperor Hirohito System of Government: Militarism & Imperialism Japanese military was really in charge.System of Government: Militarism & ImperialismBeliefs: Wanted to seize new territories and take control of natural resources (I.e., coal, timber, iron ore, control of China)Invaded the Chinese state of Manchuria.
15Germany Suffered the most from the Treaty of Versailles. Germans became bitter as their economy crippled.Went through “hyperinflation”. Prices increased as the value of the money decreased.
16What happened next? The rise of Adolf Hitler. Tried to overthrow German government.In prison, Hitler wrote Mein Kampf (My Struggle).Book blamed Communists and Jews for Germany’s defeat in WWI.Mein Kampf also provided Hitler’s plan for Germany’s rise to European and global power.
17Why did Hitler blame the Jews? Many wealthy bankers and businessmen in Germany were Jewish.Since Germans were losing money, Hitler made the Jews an easy target.1932 – HITLER Led the National Socialist Party (NAZI) to victory in the national election.NAZISM established.
23Non-Aggression Pact & The Axis Powers Non-Aggression Pact – Hitler and Stalin agreed to avoid war with each other.AXIS POWERS1936 – Italy and Germany form a military alliance1940 – Japan joins the alliance.
24Appeasement British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain met with Hitler Allowed Hitler control of Sudetenland but NO MOREAppeasement: meeting demands of a hostile power in order to avoid war.
25America’s Reaction U.S. was reluctant to get involved in another war. Congress passed laws to prevent the sale of weapons to any nation at war.Americans wanted to remain isolationists.