Presentation on theme: "Aftermath of the Spanish American War Chapter 10.2."— Presentation transcript:
Aftermath of the Spanish American War Chapter 10.2
U.S.A. wrap up foreign affairs. U.S. interests are established in: Cuba Philippines Puerto Rico Hawaii China
Cuba The Treaty of Paris Signed December 1898 Conditions -Spain will recognize Cuba as independent -Spain to give USA control of their interests in the Philippines, Guam, and Puerto Rico (these places become unincorporated territories with no statehood ambitions)
Teller Amendment Passed before US enter Cuba stating US would not take Cuba and add it as a State. However….US occupied Cuba for three years after the peace treaty. Argued that “they need us” to look after their interests. US were concerned about their interests and business plans. Establishment of a Military government US establish education, economic stability, medical aid,& yellow fever cure.
Philippines US and Philippines worked together vs. Spain as they extend the Spanish - American War. Philippines wanted independence at the end of the war, US ignored this claim. Emilio Aguinaldo led Philippines vs. USA 3 years of war. 7000 US dead or wounded 216,000 Filipinos' dead
Puerto Rico US Territory under military rule till 1900 Establish education, infrastructure, policed. Foraker Act: US troops withdraw and we set up Civil Government under US control. Jones Act 1917: Granted Puerto Ricans US citizenship Still set up this way today under US control.
Hawaii Trade relationships restored over Sugar. -duty free sales of sugar to USA Lease of Pearl Harbor to US Navy White Hawaiians force a constitution on the King, his sister comes to power later. Queen Liliuokalani tries to force US out, US Marines help Sanford Dole overthrow her. Dole claims a Hawaii Republic and asks to be annexed into the USA.
China All modern countries want a piece of trade. Spheres of Influence: Gt.Britain, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, want to divide China into sections for trade that they would control. USA did not want this. (They were not included) John Hay writes for “Open Door Policy” - every country should have access
Chinese rebels form a group called “ The Righteous & Harmonious Fists” to fight West call them “Boxers” War starts between them and foreigners. - 300 foreigners massacred USA send 2 nd Open Door note calling for peaceful trade and states that “we shall defend this peace” Tensions eases but still US and others are at odds.