Presentation on theme: "The Holocaust: The Aftermath Did Canada do enough to help Holocaust survivors rebuild their lives?"— Presentation transcript:
The Holocaust: The Aftermath Did Canada do enough to help Holocaust survivors rebuild their lives? http://www.krakow-poland.com/News/Auschwitz-S-Arbeit-Macht-Frei-Entrance-Sign-Stolen-By-Thieves,ghi
Agenda Video Clip – Band of Brothers Nuremburg Trials Canadian post-war immigration policies Case study – War Orphans
Video Clip – Band of Brothers Context of the clip http://www.hbocanada.com/bandofbrothers/
Band of Brothers - Debrief Describe what you saw in the clip. Why did the soldiers make the civilians clean up? 3 corners: Were the American soldiers’ actions too harsh, just right, or not harsh enough? Please move to the corner you feel appropriate and discuss with your classmates. Please move to the corner you feel appropriate and discuss with your classmates.
The Nuremburg Trials The International Military Tribunal (IMT) was convened by American, British, French and Soviet personnel in 1946 headed by American Justice Robert H. Jackson. Tried 24 individuals and 7 organizations with Crimes Against Humanity, Crimes Against Peace and War Crimes http://www.secondstory.com/portfolio/works/the-nuremberg-trials-what-is-justice
Nuremburg Innovations International Tribunal Individuals tried, not states No immunity for heads of state Established Crimes Against Humanity (murder, torture, rape)
Nuremburg Trials - Judgements 12 of the defendants were sentenced to death by hanging 3 were sentenced to life imprisonment http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/images/nuremberg_defendants.jpg
Nuremburg - Legacy Development of International Law Served as a model for the development of: Universal Declaration of Human Rights Universal Declaration of Human Rights Geneva Convention Geneva Convention Establishment of the International Criminal Court (ICC) Establishment of the International Criminal Court (ICC)
Nuremburg Shortcomings Victor’s Justice – did the Allies have the right to put Nazi war criminals on trial when they themselves were guilty of committing heinous crimes?
Canada and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1946 John Peters Humphrey appointed the Director of the Human Rights Division of the UN Secretariat Principal drafter of Universal Declaration of Human Rights, unanimously accepted by the UN General Assembly in 1948 http://www.pch.gc.ca/pgm/pdp- hrp/humphrey/index-eng.cfm
Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1.All human beings are born free and equal 2.Everyone is entitled to the rights and freedoms of the Declaration 3.Right to life, liberty and security 4.Abolishment of slavery 5.No one shall be subjected to torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment 6.Right to recognition everywhere before the law …
Canadian Immigration During the Holocaust, Canada admitted 5000 Jewish refugees – one of the lowest among refugee admitting countries 1947 Privy Council Order #1647 changed Jewish immigration to Canada Prompted War Orphans Project, which allowed 1,123 Holocaust orphans to come to Canada By the end of the 1940s 40,000 Holocaust survivors were allowed into Canada
War Orphans – Case Study Please choose one of the four orphans’ stories, and use the information in it to answer the questions in the worksheet. Explain to your group members what the Canadian government did to help the orphan you selected.
Homework For homework, please write 1-2 paragraphs answering the question, “Did Canada do enough to help Holocaust survivors rebuild their lives?” Use specific examples from the War Orphans’ stories. Defend your position, and be sure to include actions the government could have taken to make things easier for Holocaust survivors.