Presentation on theme: "Aftermath of the French and Indian War Territory oFrance driven from the continent by the British, colonists, and Indians. British hold all land east."— Presentation transcript:
Aftermath of the French and Indian War Territory oFrance driven from the continent by the British, colonists, and Indians. British hold all land east of the Mississippi (except New Orleans)
Sources of Conflict Credit for fighting oIn Britain, people thought (gave credit) for the victory to the professional soldiers. oThe reality is that up to 40% of the soldiers were Americans. Colonists upset that they were not given credit Attitude of British soldiers oThought colonial soldiers were useless; no sense of duty; would leave in the middle of a campaign; when not paid or when tour of duty was over oColonists denied this and thought the British arrogant
oBritish thought civilians unhelpful/not willing to give food/shelter to the soldiers (Quakers would not give money to fund war. Penn. and N.Y. would not allow quartering of troops) British Parliament and King George III thought this was antagonistic to British policies
Taxation Colonies profited during the war oMilitary contracts, British expenditures Trade increased oWith West Indies (not allowed during times of peace but happened during the war) British debt oIncrease from 72 million to 132 million (imposed land tax at home) Colonial lifestyle oWar was a prosperous time and many lived a good lifestyle. After it was over, it became hard to maintain this lifestyle. Many went into debt.
Attitudes oBritish seen as arrogant and condescending oAmericans seen as inept, irresponsible, and primitive (given supporting roles during the war) oColonists fearful of standing British Army (reluctant to house and supply troops). This led to King George and Parliament to question colonial loyalty and led to the British keeping a stronger hand/role in colonial life and business
Taxation oBritish citizens forced to pay high taxes on land and goods to pay for debt. Saw the colonists as “not pulling their weight” even as the colonists were the beneficiaries of the fighting oColonists continued to assert their right to freedom from taxation.
Results British sent more officials to colonies, more regulations on trade and restricted territorial expansion Colonies want to be free to govern themselves, open trade with others and expand westward.