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Aftermath of WWI US enters in 1917; War ends in 1918.

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Presentation on theme: "Aftermath of WWI US enters in 1917; War ends in 1918."— Presentation transcript:

1 Aftermath of WWI US enters in 1917; War ends in 1918

2 Aftermath of WWI Trench warfare dominates the fighting on the ground, U- Boats on the seas, and the airplane is first used in combat in the skies A war of new inventions and technology made it the bloodiest up to that point

3 Aftermath of WWI How did the US get ready to go to war? 1916: Build up armed forces in preparation 1917: Selective Service Act passed when we entered - “The Draft ”

4 Aftermath of WWI Not everyone supported the draft. 1. Charles Schneck was found guilty of espionage by distributing leaflets urging men to resist the draft Individual Rights v. Security of a Nation in times of war is debated

5 Aftermath of WWI Not everyone supported the war effort, including men who would not fight 2. Conscientious Objector: A person who refuses to fight based on individual religious or moral beliefs

6 Aftermath of WWI What happened in the U.S. at this time? Women went to work in the factories building war materials (gas masks, machine guns…) An Anti-German feeling swept over the U.S.

7 Aftermath of WWI

8 Fresh American troops helped the allies win the war a year later in 1918 Germany could not fight back against this many soldiers and surrenders

9 Aftermath of WWI How do we punish Germany? President Wilson offers his peace proposal known as the Fourteen Points

10 Aftermath of WWI The Fourteen Points were very fair on Germany England and France want to crush Germany for starting this war because they suffered so much more than the U.S. World leaders meet in early 1919 in France to discuss a treaty

11 Aftermath of WWI European leaders reject the Fourteen Points proposal and instead choose a much more severe and harsh punishment for Germany Treaty of Versailles: Treaty reached with Germany in 1919 ending WWI Wilson hated it, but did like one aspect:

12 Aftermath of WWI League of Nations: A peacekeeping body designed to prevent a second world war

13 Aftermath of WWI President Wilson supported it but parts of the League of Nations worried Americans It was defeated in Congress and therefore the U.S. did not join the League of Nations With the U.S. not joining, the League of Nations remains weak, ineffective, and eventually fails

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