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Expected research needs for innovating intercity transport : Current Discussions in Vietnam University of Transport and Communications Institute of Transport.

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Presentation on theme: "Expected research needs for innovating intercity transport : Current Discussions in Vietnam University of Transport and Communications Institute of Transport."— Presentation transcript:

1 Expected research needs for innovating intercity transport : Current Discussions in Vietnam University of Transport and Communications Institute of Transport Planning and Management 4/19/2015 Dr.-Ing Khuat Viet Hung1 Dr.-Ing. Khuat Viet Hung Vice Dean & Head of ITPM Presented at International Conference on Sustainability Science in Asia Bangkok,

2  Introduction  Overviews of Intercity Transport in Vietnam  Research Needs  Conclusions Contents 4/19/2015 Dr.-Ing. Khuat Viet Hung2

3 Located in Southeast Asia Capital city: Hanoi Socialist Republic Regime Population: 85.6 million (2009) GDP per capita: US$ 1000 HDI: 105 (2007) Currency: Vietnam Dong Language: Vietnamese Member: UN (1976), ASEAN (1995), APEC (1998), WTO (2007) Introduction: Vietnam a Country 4/19/2015 Dr.-Ing. Khuat Viet Hung3 Source: VITRANSS 2

4  University of Transport and Communications: Established in 1945, Staff: 800 lecturers administrative staff Students: students (Hanoi Campus = 18,000 ; HCMC Campus = 7000)  Institute of Transport Planning and Management Establishment: 18 January 2005 Functions: Education + Research + Consultancy Staff: 14 academic staff + 5 consultants + 2 administrative staff Student: 300 (180 in Hanoi in HCM City) The University and the Institute 4/19/2015 Dr.-Ing. Khuat Viet Hung4

5 Overviews of intercity transport in Vietnam 4/19/2015 Dr.-Ing. Khuat Viet Hung5

6  Booming transport demand and Rapid motorization  Fast growth of transport expenditures but still lack of high speed transport infrastructure and service  Big gaps between planned and actual financing implementation  State budget and ODA are still the main source  Successful in enhancing development and improving accessibility of rural and poor people  Successful in improving mobility but not traffic safety  Acceptable transport efficiency except railway and inland water way sub-sector Overview of intercity transport issues 4/19/2015 Dr.-Ing. Khuat Viet Hung6

7 Transport Demand is growing intensively 4/19/2015 Dr.-Ing. Khuat Viet Hung7 Between : Passenger growth 5.76%/year, Freight growth 21.12% Source: adapted from VITRANSS II Rapid motorization: - Extreme High Motorcycle Ownership; Starting car-boom

8 Infrastructure: Lack of capacity + ineffective management 4/19/2015 Dr.-Ing. Khuat Viet Hung8 32 National transport corridors North-South Political Axle Road: km ( km NR) Railway: km (1000 mm gauge) 300 locomotives Airport: 20 (3 International airport) 52 Aircraft Port: 80 (3 Regional gates) 928 vessel (1.8 mil DWT) Inland waterway: 9800 km 8300 boats (3.7 mil. DWT) Source: Ministry of Transport of Vietnam, 2007 Source: VITRANSS II

9  Infrastructure development policy: Road based development policies versus a new fever of North-South High Speed Raiwal – Japanese Shinkansen Focus on new construction other than maintenance; Lack of prioritization in the development infrastructure  Vehicle policies Protectionism of domestic vehicle industries but lack of consideration in vehicle quality management Keeping high access price for individual vehicles  Transport Services Decentralization process is going fast in road, aviation and water transport services, except the railway. Heavy budget subsidy is giving to public transport in the big cities while lack of market mechanisms to administer transport services.  Fuel policies Leaded gasoline was prohibited since Government kept control of fuel price until the end of 2007 Lack of consideration to alternative fuels Transport policies 4/19/2015 Dr.-Ing. Khuat Viet Hung9

10 A new fever: North-South High Speed Railway 10 Terminals: Hanoi and HCMC Route length(km): 1,540 No of Stations: 25 with Average distance between stations of 64km Maximum Speed: 300km/hour Travel Time between Hanoi and HCMC: 5h25 min (in case stopping 6 priority stations only) Investment Cost: US$38 billion excluding rolling stock, contingency and taxes (total cost is approx. US$60 billion) Government target date: Recommended date: Dr.-Ing. Khuat Viet Hung Source: VITRANSS II

11 Future transport issues demanding research activities 4/19/2015 Dr.-Ing. Khuat Viet Hung11 InfrastructureServices  Disconnect of urban and regional planning with infrastructure development  Low level of safety, particularly in road subsector and railway crossings  Compartmentalized subsector planning that hampers inter-modal and multi- modal transportation complementation  Inefficient pricing and regulation across all modes that result in imbalances of mode choices and investment  Imbalances in resource allocation between sectors, and between capital and maintenance expenditures  Extensive involvement of State in the provision of services, particularly in ports and shipping  Lack of sustainable source of financing for transportation, particularly for IWT and railways  Low quality transport services, particularly in buses, railway and IWT  Productivity enhancement measures on existing assets has not been given more attention, especially in ports and airports  Transition from motorcycles to public transit in inter-city and regional passenger transport  Carbon emission and energy demand, with rapid motorization  Increasing need by export industries for more sophisticated logistics services  Appropriate participation by private sector in the development of ports, airports, expressways, and logistics  Connecting remote villages and increasing their accessibility to the transportation network

12 Issues of transport researches in Vietnam 4/19/2015 Dr.-Ing Khuat Viet Hung12  Political-objective-led studies and activities of transport research society (lack of neutral voice)  Infrastructure and constructive domination  Infective research and study management system  Lack of local resources for scientific researches  Disconnection between research institutions and industries and authorities  Lack of domestic and international cooperation in study and research activities  Low awareness of scientific ethics, copy and intellectual properties right

13 Research Needs 4/19/2015 Dr.-Ing. Khuat Viet Hung13

14  Transportation planning Development and Formalization of transport planning system (vertical hierarchy and horizontal network) Development an formalization of planning guidelines and tools with regards about the Vietnamese transport conditions Coordination and Integration between Transport Planning and Land use planning process (functional and institutional) Planning institutions (structure & procedure; study & Implementation) Research needs on inter-city transport in Vietnam 4/19/2015 Dr.-Ing Khuat Viet Hung14  Traffic safety Driving behaviors: Effective driver and road/boat user training and education; Effective warning and enforcement measures Infrastructure: Separation of road traffic flows (inter-city and local, two-wheelers and four-wheelers; Motorized vehicles and NMVs): permanently and/or temporarily; Emergency survival solutions Vehicle: Pro-active vehicle quality control system; Automatic safety support systems in vehicles

15  Transport service quality Development of applicable quality indicators of: Service access facilities & media; On-board service conditions; Travelling behaviors Quality management system: Development, Legalize and institutionalize of the QMS => Performance management for authorities and operators Research needs on inter-city transport in Vietnam 4/19/2015 Dr.-Ing Khuat Viet Hung15  Logistics Basic logistics studies: Industry structure, business models; Time, cost, quality of service Intermodalization of transport service: Institutions (structure and procedure); Market segments and interchanges (services and facilities); Information technology applications Quality management system of logistics

16  Environmental Impacts of Intercity Transport Monitoring and assessment of environmental impacts: Quality management system for vehicle inspection process; Development and formalized of CO2 & emission foot-print measurement system for transport and logistics services Technologies: Adoptions of low-emission alternative fuels and vehicle technologies; Low-emission and noise-reduction infrastructure designs Research needs on inter-city transport in Vietnam 4/19/2015 Dr.-Ing Khuat Viet Hung16  Financing transport system Transport pricing: Development and formalization of a transport asset pricing system and procedure; Development and formalization of environmental pricing for transport vehicles Funding transport: Development and formalization of effective PPP models in infrastructure and service provision; Development and formalization of land-value capture tax scheme

17  Current issues and future challenges are demanding for research in inter-city transport in Vietnam  Lack of number and quality of researches on inter-city transport in Vietnam  There are needs of researches in all areas of intern-city transport  Cooperation and coordination in research are in urgent  Connectivity between research institutions and industries and government authorities is necessary  International cooperation and Internationalization of research institutions are in urgent Conclusions and Recommendations 4/19/2015 Dr.-Ing Khuat Viet Hung17

18 Thank you very much for your attention! Contact: Dr.-Ing. Khuat Viet Hung, Institute of Transport Planning and Managenment, A9/ , Dai hoc Giao thong Van tai Lang Thuong, Dong Da, Ha Noi, Vietnam Tel/Fax: /19/2015 Dr.-Ing. Khuat Viet Hung18

19 19  Estimated Demand–Supply Gap by 2030 (Passenger) Road (Do Nothing) VNR Air ◄ ► ◄ 2030 Situation ►  Road capacity will become insufficient by 2030 in many areas of Vietnam  VNR capacity around Hanoi and HCMC may fall in short  Airport capacity in Danang will fall in short

20 20  Estimated Demand–Supply Gap by 2030 (Freight) IWT VNR Port  Freight transport demand for VNR will grow drastically in the future. If no improvement is done for VNR, the demand will shift to road and partially to shipping.  Demand for IWT will increase particularly in the Mekong Delta.  Port capacity in most port groups may be insufficient by 2030


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