Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

2017/4/12 University of Transport and Communications Institute of Transport Planning and Management Expected research needs for innovating intercity.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "2017/4/12 University of Transport and Communications Institute of Transport Planning and Management Expected research needs for innovating intercity."— Presentation transcript:

1 2017/4/12 University of Transport and Communications Institute of Transport Planning and Management Expected research needs for innovating intercity transport : Current Discussions in Vietnam Dr.-Ing. Khuat Viet Hung Vice Dean & Head of ITPM Presented at International Conference on Sustainability Science in Asia Bangkok, Dr.-Ing Khuat Viet Hung 4/12/2017

2 Overviews of Intercity Transport in Vietnam Research Needs Conclusions
Contents Introduction Overviews of Intercity Transport in Vietnam Research Needs Conclusions Dr.-Ing. Khuat Viet Hung 4/12/2017

3 Introduction: Vietnam a Country
Located in Southeast Asia Capital city: Hanoi Socialist Republic Regime Population: 85.6 million (2009) GDP per capita: US$ 1000 HDI: (2007) Currency: Vietnam Dong Language: Vietnamese Member: UN (1976), ASEAN (1995), APEC (1998), WTO (2007) Ladies and gentlemen, As you may know already, there is a country named Vietnam located in the Southeast Asia Region. Our neighbors are China in the north, Laos and Cambodia in the South. The Country has an area of square kilometer and a population about 84 million. The Vietnamese looks like Chinese or Japanese, but we are Vietnamese and we speak Vietnamese language, which used Chinese character for thousand years until 17th century, when we began to use the Latin alphabet system for our official language. Vietnam is not a war, it is a country, although there are many wars during its four thousand year history. and the last war just finished about 20 years ago. Today, it still needs a lot of improvements to develop , but Vietnam is a peaceful country and Vietnamese are willing to be good friends of other nations. Source: VITRANSS 2 Dr.-Ing. Khuat Viet Hung 4/12/2017

4 The University and the Institute
University of Transport and Communications: Established in 1945, Staff: 800 lecturers administrative staff Students: students (Hanoi Campus = 18,000 ; HCMC Campus = 7000) Institute of Transport Planning and Management Establishment: 18 January 2005 Functions: Education + Research + Consultancy Staff: 14 academic staff + 5 consultants + 2 administrative staff Student: 300 (180 in Hanoi in HCM City) Dr.-Ing. Khuat Viet Hung 4/12/2017

5 Overviews of intercity transport in Vietnam
Dr.-Ing. Khuat Viet Hung 4/12/2017

6 Overview of intercity transport issues
Booming transport demand and Rapid motorization Fast growth of transport expenditures but still lack of high speed transport infrastructure and service Big gaps between planned and actual financing implementation State budget and ODA are still the main source Successful in enhancing development and improving accessibility of rural and poor people Successful in improving mobility but not traffic safety Acceptable transport efficiency except railway and inland water way sub-sector As similar to many other developing countries, the main focus of transport policies in the last two decades in Vietnam is road construction and rehabilitation. Lack of financial resource and long-term vision are main obstacles of the inadequate consideration of railway and inland waterway, airports are also having the similar situation. Sea-ports have been announced as a main government focus in water transport, however, lack of prioritization does not allow Vietnam to have any regional competent port as Hong Kong or Singapore. In the vehicle aspect, Malaysian model of automotive industry development has been applied in Vietnam but in a smaller scale and poorer implementation. The last five years have been called as the crazy period of ship building with the aim to be one of the world leading country of ship building industry while Vietnam has nothing except huge number of labors and a government wish. The semi-positive point of transport policy is the effort to keep high access price for individual vehicles. On the other hand, vehicle quality management has been ignored for long time, the recent wake-up is only on paper, not in practice. Dr.-Ing. Khuat Viet Hung 4/12/2017

7 Transport Demand is growing intensively
As consequence of economic growth, transport demand in Vietnam is growing intensively. In the Transport Development Strategy 2020, the Ministry of Transport projected an average growth rate of good transport demand about 7.3% per year between 1990 and The demand for passenger transport is growing even faster by 12% per year in the same period. The explosion of demand is presenting good opportunities for transport service industries and also big challenges for capacity of both infrastructure and service. Between : Passenger growth 5.76%/year, Freight growth 21.12% Rapid motorization: - Extreme High Motorcycle Ownership; Starting car-boom Source: adapted from VITRANSS II Dr.-Ing. Khuat Viet Hung 4/12/2017

8 Infrastructure: Lack of capacity + ineffective management
32 National transport corridors North-South Political Axle Road: km ( km NR) Railway: km (1000 mm gauge) 300 locomotives Airport: 20 (3 International airport) 52 Aircraft Port: (3 Regional gates) 928 vessel (1.8 mil DWT) Inland waterway: 9800 km 8300 boats (3.7 mil. DWT) Under high pressure of demand growth, Vietnam paid many efforts to develop infrastructure and service. The percentage of paved national road has been increased from 60% in 1995 to about 80% in 2005. However, at them moment, lack of high-speed road and railway transport, lack of capacity airport and sea port are popularly recognized as the main obstacle for Vietnam to have a golden economic era. Source: Ministry of Transport of Vietnam, 2007 Source: VITRANSS II Dr.-Ing. Khuat Viet Hung 4/12/2017

9 Infrastructure development policy:
Transport policies Infrastructure development policy: Road based development policies versus a new fever of North-South High Speed Raiwal – Japanese Shinkansen Focus on new construction other than maintenance; Lack of prioritization in the development infrastructure Vehicle policies Protectionism of domestic vehicle industries but lack of consideration in vehicle quality management Keeping high access price for individual vehicles Transport Services Decentralization process is going fast in road, aviation and water transport services, except the railway. Heavy budget subsidy is giving to public transport in the big cities while lack of market mechanisms to administer transport services. Fuel policies Leaded gasoline was prohibited since Government kept control of fuel price until the end of 2007 Lack of consideration to alternative fuels As similar to many other developing countries, the main focus of transport policies in the last two decades in Vietnam is road construction and rehabilitation. Lack of financial resource and long-term vision are main obstacles of the inadequate consideration of railway and inland waterway, airports are also having the similar situation. Sea-ports have been announced as a main government focus in water transport, however, lack of prioritization does not allow Vietnam to have any regional competent port as Hong Kong or Singapore. In the vehicle aspect, Malaysian model of automotive industry development has been applied in Vietnam but in a smaller scale and poorer implementation. The last five years have been called as the crazy period of ship building with the aim to be one of the world leading country of ship building industry while Vietnam has nothing except huge number of labors and a government wish. The semi-positive point of transport policy is the effort to keep high access price for individual vehicles. On the other hand, vehicle quality management has been ignored for long time, the recent wake-up is only on paper, not in practice. Dr.-Ing. Khuat Viet Hung 4/12/2017

10 A new fever: North-South High Speed Railway
Terminals: Hanoi and HCMC Route length(km): 1,540 No of Stations: 25 with Average distance between stations of 64km Maximum Speed: 300km/hour Travel Time between Hanoi and HCMC: 5h25 min (in case stopping 6 priority stations only) Investment Cost: US$38 billion excluding rolling stock, contingency and taxes (total cost is approx. US$60 billion) Government target date: Recommended date: Source: VITRANSS II Dr.-Ing. Khuat Viet Hung

11 Future transport issues demanding research activities
Infrastructure Services Disconnect of urban and regional planning with infrastructure development Low level of safety, particularly in road subsector and railway crossings Compartmentalized subsector planning that hampers inter-modal and multi- modal transportation complementation Inefficient pricing and regulation across all modes that result in imbalances of mode choices and investment Imbalances in resource allocation between sectors, and between capital and maintenance expenditures Extensive involvement of State in the provision of services, particularly in ports and shipping Lack of sustainable source of financing for transportation, particularly for IWT and railways Low quality transport services, particularly in buses, railway and IWT Productivity enhancement measures on existing assets has not been given more attention, especially in ports and airports Transition from motorcycles to public transit in inter-city and regional passenger transport Carbon emission and energy demand, with rapid motorization Increasing need by export industries for more sophisticated logistics services Appropriate participation by private sector in the development of ports, airports, expressways, and logistics Connecting remote villages and increasing their accessibility to the transportation network Dr.-Ing. Khuat Viet Hung 4/12/2017

12 Issues of transport researches in Vietnam
Political-objective-led studies and activities of transport research society (lack of neutral voice) Infrastructure and constructive domination Infective research and study management system Lack of local resources for scientific researches Disconnection between research institutions and industries and authorities Lack of domestic and international cooperation in study and research activities Low awareness of scientific ethics, copy and intellectual properties right Dr.-Ing Khuat Viet Hung 4/12/2017

13 Research Needs Dr.-Ing. Khuat Viet Hung 4/12/2017

14 Research needs on inter-city transport in Vietnam
Transportation planning Development and Formalization of transport planning system (vertical hierarchy and horizontal network) Development an formalization of planning guidelines and tools with regards about the Vietnamese transport conditions Coordination and Integration between Transport Planning and Land use planning process (functional and institutional) Planning institutions (structure & procedure; study & Implementation) Traffic safety Driving behaviors: Effective driver and road/boat user training and education; Effective warning and enforcement measures Infrastructure: Separation of road traffic flows (inter-city and local, two-wheelers and four-wheelers; Motorized vehicles and NMVs): permanently and/or temporarily; Emergency survival solutions Vehicle: Pro-active vehicle quality control system; Automatic safety support systems in vehicles Dr.-Ing Khuat Viet Hung 4/12/2017

15 Research needs on inter-city transport in Vietnam
Transport service quality Development of applicable quality indicators of: Service access facilities & media; On-board service conditions; Travelling behaviors Quality management system: Development, Legalize and institutionalize of the QMS => Performance management for authorities and operators Logistics Basic logistics studies: Industry structure, business models; Time, cost, quality of service Intermodalization of transport service: Institutions (structure and procedure); Market segments and interchanges (services and facilities); Information technology applications Quality management system of logistics Dr.-Ing Khuat Viet Hung 4/12/2017

16 Research needs on inter-city transport in Vietnam
Environmental Impacts of Intercity Transport Monitoring and assessment of environmental impacts: Quality management system for vehicle inspection process; Development and formalized of CO2 & emission foot-print measurement system for transport and logistics services Technologies: Adoptions of low-emission alternative fuels and vehicle technologies; Low-emission and noise-reduction infrastructure designs Financing transport system Transport pricing: Development and formalization of a transport asset pricing system and procedure; Development and formalization of environmental pricing for transport vehicles Funding transport: Development and formalization of effective PPP models in infrastructure and service provision; Development and formalization of land-value capture tax scheme Dr.-Ing Khuat Viet Hung 4/12/2017

17 Conclusions and Recommendations
Current issues and future challenges are demanding for research in inter-city transport in Vietnam Lack of number and quality of researches on inter-city transport in Vietnam There are needs of researches in all areas of intern-city transport Cooperation and coordination in research are in urgent Connectivity between research institutions and industries and government authorities is necessary International cooperation and Internationalization of research institutions are in urgent Dr.-Ing Khuat Viet Hung 4/12/2017

18 Dr.-Ing. Khuat Viet Hung 4/12/2017

19 Estimated Demand–Supply Gap by 2030 (Passenger)
◄ 2030 Situation ► Road (Do Nothing) Air Road capacity will become insufficient by 2030 in many areas of Vietnam VNR capacity around Hanoi and HCMC may fall in short Airport capacity in Danang will fall in short VNR 19

20 Estimated Demand–Supply Gap by 2030 (Freight)
VNR Freight transport demand for VNR will grow drastically in the future. If no improvement is done for VNR, the demand will shift to road and partially to shipping. Demand for IWT will increase particularly in the Mekong Delta. Port capacity in most port groups may be insufficient by 2030 Port IWT 20


Download ppt "2017/4/12 University of Transport and Communications Institute of Transport Planning and Management Expected research needs for innovating intercity."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google