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Presentation on theme: "GANG MANAGEMENT 1.1."— Presentation transcript:


2 A Clear and Present Danger
A large amount of prison violence and crime is attributable to gangs although less than ten percent of CDCR offenders are members of prison gangs. Gang members and affiliates threaten, terrorize, and commit a multitude of offenses against departmental staff, peace officers, and other offenders. Custody staff know from experience that gang members and their criminal activities are a continuous threat to staff, and are a clear and present danger to institutional safety, security, and public order. 1.2

3 Staff Responsibility It is the responsibility of all staff to watch for, identify, record, and report gang-related activity. 1.3

4 Staff Responsibility Every employee, regardless of assignment, is responsible for the safe custody of the offenders confined in the institutions of the Department. CCR, Title 15, Crime Prevention & Corrections, §3271, Responsibility of Employees 1.4

5 Staff Responsibility California Penal Code, Section 422.91
(b) Staff shall strive to provide offenders with safe environments in which they are not pressured to join gangs or hate groups and do not feel a need to join them in self-defense. 1.5

6 Intervention Strategy
Using effective observation techniques, intelligence gathering, and information sharing, staff will maintain control; disrupt the gang system, gang influence and unlawful criminal activity. Suppression of gang activity equals staff safety! The most effective strategy is to maintain vigilance, and recognize, record, and report gang activity. 1.6

7 Intervention Strategy
Recognize gang activity! Record gang activity! Report gang activity! If you don’t record and report, you undermine our efforts to suppress gang activity. 1.7

8 Suppression of gang activity equals officer safety!
Deputy Sheriff with five inch slash inflicted by an Aryan Brotherhood offender who drew the picture seen here. 1.8

9 Gang Any ongoing formal or informal organization, association or group of three or more persons which has a common name or identifying sign or symbol whose members and/or associates, individually or collectively, engage or have engaged, on behalf of that organization, association or group, in two or more acts which include, planning, organizing, threatening, financing, soliciting, or committing unlawful acts of misconduct classified as serious in CCR, §3315. CCR, Title 15, Chapter 1— Rules and Regulations, Division 3, Section 3000 2.1

10 Prison Gang Any gang that originated, and has its roots within our Department, or any other prison system. CCR, Section 3000 2.2

11 Street Gang Street gang as defined in CCR §3000 is a gang except that it did not originate in a prison. Street gangs do, however, interact, do business, and ally with prison gangs. The impact of street gangs on the prison environment is significant. 2.3

A disruptive group is any gang other than a prison gang. Surenos Nortenos Skinheads Crips Bloods Fresno Bulldogs Wah Ching 415s (KUMI) 2.4

13 Gang Activity Gang activity is any behavior that publicizes and promotes the gang’s name recognition, advances and furthers the gang’s influence and control, or provides or attains financial resources. Calling roll Displaying tattoos Sagging Flagging Displaying hand signs Evading mail procedures Violating telephone procedures Participating in gang riots Manipulating housing or cell assignments Collecting rent 2.5

14 Gang Organization Leader or Shot-Caller Member Associate or Affiliate
Dropout Inactive 3.1

15 Prison Gang Influence Prison gangs are dominant over street gangs and disruptive groups. Prison gangs use street gang members as soldiers to commit crimes and acts of violence on behalf of the gang. These street gang members are subservient to the prison gangs and are willing to do whatever the gang asks of them. These soldiers commit these acts with the hopes that one day they will be embraced by the gang and asked to become a member. For some street gang members it is a life long dream to join a prison gang. 3.2

16 Prison Gang Influence Street gang members often associate with prison gang members to gain membership to the prison organization. A single prison gang member may have enough influence and control to single-handedly run a yard. Prison gangs may, outside the knowledge of staff, set the rules in the housing units and work areas. 3.3

Shared Values Gang Colors Gang Signs & Symbols Alliances and Rivalries 3.4

18 PRISON GANGS Mexican Mafia (La EME) Nuestra Familia (NF)
Northern Structure (NS)/Nuestra Raza (NR) Aryan Brotherhood (AB) Nazi Low Riders (NLR) Black Guerrilla Family (BGF) Texas Syndicate (TS) 4.1

19 LA EME The Mexican Mafia 4.2 5.1

20 La Mano Negra (the black hand) La EME founders 4.3

21 La EME 4.4

22 La EME Photos 4.5 “Sana” runs La Eme in Orange County
Benjamin “Topo” Peters at his death “Cheko” Maravilla Runs things in LA County Jail “Muskie” The Gymnast “Sana” runs La Eme in Orange County “Champ” runs La Eme within the Federal System Joe Morgan at his death 4.5 Circ 2002

23 Nuestra Familia (NF) 4.6

24 Nuestra Familia 4.7

25 Nuestra Familia 4.8

26 Northern Structure (NR)

27 Northern Structure/Nuestra Raza

28 Northern Structure/Nuestra Raza

29 Nuestra Raza On March 7, 1997, an NR member (Casteneda) was killed (execution style) one day after being released from prison. His body was found in an artichoke field near Castroville (Monterey County) with a bullet wound in the back of his head and another in his left eye. His hands had been arranged to reflect the hand sign for 14, which symbolizes a Northern California Hispanic gang member and may have been done to show that his assailants were NR. It is also believed by a Law Enforcement gang specialist that this homicide was sanctioned by the NR and was ordered because the individual had refused to assault his brother, an NR dropout. 4.12


31 Aryan Brotherhood 4.14

32 Aryan Brotherhood 4.15


34 Nazi Low Riders 4.17

35 Adolph Hitler Nazi Low Riders 44 4.18

36 Nazi Low Riders 4.19

37 Photos from a failed courtroom escape by a BGF member
Black Guerilla Family Photos from a failed courtroom escape by a BGF member 4.20

38 Black Family Guerrilla

39 Black Guerrilla Family
276=BGF 4.22

40 Texas Syndicate (TS) “Panchito” Gonzales Leader 4.23 “Panchito”

41 Street Gangs/Disruptive Groups
Sureños Norteños Skin Heads Crips Bloods 415s (KUMI) Asian Gangs Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs Fresno Bulldogs 4.24

42 Leader: Leonard Fulgham
415s (Kumi) Leader: Leonard Fulgham a.k.a. ”Mousey Brown” San Francisco Area Code 415 Philosophy similar to BGF Primary recruiting source for BGF Aligned with Bloods Attempting to legitimize their organization 4.25

43 Asian Gangs Wah Ching 4.26

44 MANAGEMENT OF GANGS Prison gangs threaten the welfare and security of the prisons. Prison gang members must be segregated to promote harmony and to minimize criminal activity within the institution. Security Housing Units are used to manage and control validated members and associates. 5.1

45 Observation and Surveillance
Associations and Contacts Clothing Leaders / Shot Callers Nonverbal Communication and Behavior Overt Behavior Exercise Yards (Group exercises called “the machine”) Vehicles and Transports 5.2

46 Reporting Gang Activity
Staff Responsibility Whenever you observe activities that you recognize as gang-related based on your knowledge, experience and training, you must document the situation and submit your report to the Institutional Gang Investigator or Gang Coordinator via your supervisor. That is your responsibility. Failure to report any activities that may seem insignificant to you could result in catastrophic injuries to you, other staff, or offenders 5.3

47 Reporting Gang Activity
Criminal Gang Activity Whenever you observe criminal activity, you are duty-bound to intervene, report it and document it. If you suspect that the crime is gang-related, document your suspicions and forward them to the IGI via your supervisor If you ignore the commission of a crime, you are certainly vulnerable to exploitation by offenders, and place yourself at serious risk for disciplinary action to the extent of termination, and criminal and civil penalties. 5.4

48 Suppressing Gang Activity
Staff Actions Observation Documentation If it appears that an offender’s activity requires immediate attention, notify your supervisor as soon as possible. 6.1

49 REPORTING PROTOCOLS 1. Urgent defines activity that is an imminent or immediate threat to the safety of a person or persons and/or to the safety and security of the institution. 2. Less than Urgent defines all information that should be reported but is not determined by the officer to require immediate attention or intervention. 6.2

50 Validation To validate a member means to confirm that the individual is in fact in a gang or is a gang member. The information must: Be derived from three independent sources one of which must be current; that is, within the last six years; and 2. Show a direct link to another validated gang member. 7.1

51 Self Admission Debriefing Reports Tattoos and Markings Photographs
VALIDATION SOURCES Self Admission Debriefing Reports Tattoos and Markings Photographs 7.2

52 Photos can be your friends
This is about a guy named William Borsh, a hardcore member of the Aryan Brotherhood Prison Gang. While conducting a search warrant of his home, compromising photos of him were found. When confronted with these photos, he turned state’s evidence. “William” at Folsom State Prison “William” with a special pose A photo of some of Will’s buddies in the pen, complete with names & locations. 7.3

53 Validation Sources (cont.)
Legal Documents Crimes Committed in Prison Associations Staff Observation Confidential Information Written Material 7.4

54 “Featherwoods” at LA’s Sybil Brand
Various clippings, photos, weapons, and paraphernalia found during a house search of a Nazi Low Rider Prison Gang Member “Featherwoods” at LA’s Sybil Brand 7.5

55 Validation Sources (cont.)
Gang-related Communication Visitors Other Agencies 7.6

56 FUTURE TRENDS Street Gangs
More and more, gangs will put aside their rivalries and form alliances, if only temporarily, to commit crimes. One of the most powerful and fastest growing gangs inside and outside prison is Public Enemy Number One (PEN1). Another rapidly growing California street gang is the Mara Salvatrucha (MS). United Society of Aryan Skinheads (USAS) is uniting various Skinhead and other White groups under one movement. 8.1

57 FUTURE TRENDS Prison Gangs
Gang members will continue to conceal gang identifiers such as tattoos, colors, and hand signs in an effort to be less visible to law enforcement and to elude investigators. La EME and NF will continue to influence and control the criminal activities of Norteños and Sureños. 8.2

58 SUMMARY 9.1

59 Activity 3: Knowledge Review
Identify staff responsibility for the safe custody of offenders as defined in the CCR. 9.2

60 Identify gangs and their members.
Employees have an obligation to: Protect the public’s safety by supervising offenders in our custody and in the community. Identify gangs and their members. Observe, record, and report day-to-day interactions of offenders. 9.3

61 Identify the definitions as defined in the CCR that distinguishes the differences between:
A prison gang A street gang A disruptive group 9.4

62 Prison Gang – Any gang which originated, and has its roots within the Department, or any other prison system. Street Gang – A gang except that it did not originate in a prison. Street gangs do, however, interact, do business, and ally with prison gangs. Disruptive Group – Any gang, other than a prison gang. Examples: Street gangs, outlaw motorcycle gangs, and terrorist groups. 9.5

63 Identify gang activity as defined in CCR, Titles 2 and 15.

64 Gang activity is any behavior that publicizes and promotes the gang’s name recognition, advances and furthers the gang’s influence and control, or provides or attains financial resources. 9.7

65 Identify a Program Failure as defined in CCR and the process applied to program failures.

66 An offender with a significant disciplinary history within 180 days of the date of discovery of the most current rule violation report. Offenders/parolees found to be in violation of criminal or administrative statutes shall be dealt with in the strictest possible legal manner. 9.9

67 Identify Gang Organization structures and membership identifiers.

68 Gangs are organized into leadership roles or structures that may include military-like ranks, members/associate designation, tiered categories, or a board commission. The CDCR categorizes the identification of gang affiliates as leaders, members, associates, dropouts, inactive members, or inactive associates. 9.11

69 Identify validated prison gangs, disruptive groups, and street gangs.

70 Prison Gangs: 1) Mexican Mafia, 2) Nuestra Familia, 3) Northern Structures/Nuestra Raza, 4) Aryan Brotherhood, 5) Nazi Low Riders, 6) Black Guerrilla Family, 7) Texas Syndicate Street Gangs/Disruptive Group Identifiers: Surenos, Nortenos, Skin Heads, Crips, Bloods, 415s, Wah Ching, Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs, Fresno Bulldogs 9.13

71 Identify reporting protocols, gang information resources, and the actions necessary to identify and suppress gang activity. 9.14

72 Reporting Protocols: 1) Urgent and 2) Less than Urgent.
Staff must take immediate action whenever gang or criminal activity is recognized or suspected. The two most appropriate actions necessary are 1) Observation and 2) Documentation. Reporting Protocols: 1) Urgent and 2) Less than Urgent. Gang Information Resources: 1) Central/ Main File and 2) Parole Field File 9.15

73 Identify the standards as defined in the CCR to validate an individual’s status as a gang member.

74 Information reviewed and verified IGI.
CDC form 812-A or B shall be completed. Information reviewed and verified IGI. A member is an offender/parolee who has been accepted into membership by a gang. An associate is an offender/parolee who is involved periodically or regularly with members or associates of a specific gang. The identification requires a least three (3) independent source items of documentation indicative of association with validated gang members or associates. 9.17

75 Identify the future trends of prison gangs and street gangs.

76 Prison Gangs: 1) Will continue to conceal gang identifiers such as tattoos, colors, and hand signs, 2) La Eme and NF will continue to influence and control criminal activities of Nortenos and Surenos. Street Gangs: 1) Realignment of Allies, Alliances, and Enemies, 2) Recruitment and Membership (Recruit and initiate members from other ethic groups to increase membership) 9.19

77 … You have finished this review …
Good Job! 9.20

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