Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Enhancing Mobility Through Technology in a Congested Urban Environment Evolution of Ground Transport.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Enhancing Mobility Through Technology in a Congested Urban Environment Evolution of Ground Transport."— Presentation transcript:

1 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Enhancing Mobility Through Technology in a Congested Urban Environment Evolution of Ground Transport Technology: From the Omnibus to Personal Rapid Transit (PRT) Enhancing Mobility Through Technology in a Congested Urban Environment Evolution of Ground Transport Technology: From the Omnibus to Personal Rapid Transit (PRT) The Problem: Urban Congestion Snarls Mobility Also issues about accessibility and equality of access

2 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Over the years technology has evolved… Week 9 From: Omnibus on Blackfriar’s Bridge, 1798 To: Hummers for everyone, 2012

3 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Evolution of the OmniBus for intra-urban mass transportation Week 9 Start: London,1798 Geo Enhancement: NYC, 1830 Capacity Enhancement: Double Decker, London Propulsion Enhancement: Steam, London Technology Elements: Capacity: ~10 Seated Passengers Propulsion: Horses or Mules Externalities: Disease and non-operating revenue from pollution Suspension: Steel Sprung Wooden Wheel with solid axel Way: “Flat” Pavement (stone, wood, compacted earth) Headway & Lateral Control: Human Technology Elements: Capacity: ~10 Seated Passengers Propulsion: Horses or Mules Externalities: Disease and non-operating revenue from pollution Suspension: Steel Sprung Wooden Wheel with solid axel Way: “Flat” Pavement (stone, wood, compacted earth) Headway & Lateral Control: Human Support Enhancement: Iron (Steel) Rails

4 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Week 8 Growth of Horse-Drawn Street Railway Technology 1850: NYC 1875: Minneapolis1860: London 1890: Broadway NYC 1908: Washington, GA

5 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Week 89 Evolution of Horse-Drawn Street Railway Technology Today: DisneyWorld

6 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Week 9 Growth of Cable Street Railway Technology 1880: Washington, DC 1880: Los Angeles Beginning in 1873: San Francisco 1890: Kansas City 1890: Chicago 1882: Portland, OR 1874: HobokenHoboken 1900: Pittsburgh 1896: Cincinnati

7 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Elements of Cable Street Railway Technology 1886: Steam Power PlantUnder the street Hoboken Grip

8 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Elements of Cable Street Railway Technology Cable Car Bell Ringing Contest Interior Let Go xing Stuck Gripper Push San Francisco

9 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Cable Car Bell Ringing Contest Beginning 1873: SF More images, incline RR Evolution of Cable Street Railway Technology

10 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Birth-Death Process of Transport Technology In the beginning… In the end… “… [I]n capitalist reality…, it is not [price] competition which counts but the competition from the new commodity, the new technology…- competition which commands a decisive cost or quality advantage and which strikes not at the margins of the profits and the outputs of the existing firms but at their foundations and their very lives.” Joseph A Shumpeter ( )( )

11 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 2 nd half of 19 th Century is a period of industrialization and rapid growth of cities In response, cities can occupy the same area at a higher density, implying higher congestion, or Expand over a larger area, requiring better transportation technology.

12 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Mid-Late 19 th century ways to address congestion through segregation of modes Pedestrian Overpass People over Transport

13 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Segregation of Modes Week 9 Transport over People London NYC

14 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Segregation of Modes Building the First Elevated RR in NYC Commenced Service, 7/2/1867 (cable powered, converted to steam 2/14/1883)

15 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Segregation of Modes Building the First Elevated RR in NYC

16 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Segregation of Modes Building Elevated RR in NYC

17 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Segregation of Modes Building Elevated RR in NYC

18 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Segregation of Modes Building Elevated RR in NYC

19 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Segregation of Modes Building Elevated RR in NYC

20 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Segregation of Modes Building Elevated RR in NYC 2 nd Ave Line, th Ave Line, rd Ave Line 6 th Ave Line Station, 1878Chicago Loop, 1900

21 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Segregation of Modes Going Underground: Transport Under People London, 1860s Baker St. Station, London Metropolitan, commenced service 1/10/1863 Cut & cover, Paddington,1866 NYC Park Ave, 1880 Boston, 1 st US, 1904

22 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Electric Traction

23 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Innovation of Electric Traction The Innovators Werner Von Siemens Werner Von Siemens Montgomery Al., 1882 Berlin, 1879 Kurfurstendamm St., 1879 Thomas Davenport ( ) ) an American blacksmith and inventor who invented the first DC electrical motor in 1834 and made a small model of electrical railway in He patented a device for "Improvements in propelling machinery by magnetism and electromagnetism" in 1837 (his electric railway). Davenport's model of an electric "train." The circular track is 4 feet in diameter. Power was supplied from a stationary battery to the moving electric locomotive, using the rails as conductors for the electricity

24 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Week 9 The Innovators Charles Van Depoele Chicago Demonstration 1883, overhead wiresaa Leo Daft ( ) Baltimore ) Uses 3 rd rail Innovation of Electric Traction

25 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Week 9 1 st Really Successful System Richmond, VA, 1888 Frank J Sprague Innovation of Electric Traction

26 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Growth to Maturity of Electric Traction

27 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Growth to Maturity of Electric Traction Newark, NJ, 900

28 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Week 9 Growth to Maturity of Electric Traction Witherspoon Gate to Nassau Hall Princeton, NJ, 1930

29 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Growth to Maturity of Electric Traction Build ‘em Everywhere Iowa Indiana Ohio

30 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Week 9 Growth to Maturity of Electric Traction Build ‘em Everywhere

31 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Week 9 Electric Traction Putting the squeeze on the competition But in the end….

32 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Death of Electric Traction

33 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Week 9 Death of Electric Traction

34 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Week 9 Nostalgia of Electric Traction PittsburghNewark Subway SF Muni River Line NJ Online sources of Light Rail Transit Replicas of Vintage Trolley Cars: John Smatlak LinkLink Light Rail, Tramway and Urban Transit Links LinkLink Light Rail Transit Systems around the world LinkLink Online sources of Light Rail Transit Replicas of Vintage Trolley Cars: John Smatlak LinkLink Light Rail, Tramway and Urban Transit Links LinkLink Light Rail Transit Systems around the world LinkLink

35 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Week 9 Jon Bell’s Rail Transit Pages Jon Bell’s Rail Transit Pages Good source on many of his pictures and descriptions Growth to Maturity of Electric Traction

36 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Trolley Bus 1 st Trolley Bus Von Siemens Kurfurstendamm St., 1879 NYC 1930 Philadelphia, 1970LA, 1912

37 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Week 9 Growth to Maturity of Electric Trolleys

38 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Early Innovators of the Automobile Nicolaus Otto ( )invented the first practical alternative to the steam engine in the first four-stroke internal combustion engine. He called it the "Otto Cycle Engine," and as soon as he had completed his engine, he built it into a motorcycle. Gotlieb Daimler Wilhelm Maybach Daimler Maybach Improved Ottos’s Engine 1 st Motorcycle 1885; 4-wheel automobile 3/8/ st bus (modified Benz Truck) 1895Benz patent st Production Benz, Velo, 1894 Karl Benz

39 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Week 9 Early Innovators of the Automobile Steam Stanley Steamer LinkStanley Steamer Link WikiWiki Francis Edgar Stanley Freelan Oscar Stanley Stanley Steamer1918 Stanley Steamer1903 Mile Record 1908 Land Speed Record 127 mph

40 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Early Innovators of the Automobile Electric History of Electric cars 1900 Baker ElectricGM ev1 2000Crushed ev1s Who Killed the Electric car 1905 Woods Early electric cars Early electric cars

41 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Week 9 Early Automobiles Not so good! Bad RoadsBad Weather

42 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Dominance of Automobiles

43 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Dominance of Automobiles

44 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Innovative Solutions

45 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 What about Mass Transit?? Do you mean Monorails??

46 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 MonoRails: Not a new concept Suspended 1886, Cambridge Line

47 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Week 9 Wuppertal Schwebebahn Movie 8.3 miles 20 stations 22.9 M pax/yr 72,000 pax/day Av occupancy 52.8% 2.9 miles Av.Travel Distance kWh/pax

48 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Week 9 MonoRails: DisneyWorld

49 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Week 9 Alternative Propulsion: You’ve got to go FAST!

50 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Automated Systems Commuter Rail Automated Systems Commuter Rail BART

51 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Automated Systems Commuter Rail Automated Systems Commuter Rail Lindenwold NJ Line

52 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Automated People Movers Westinghouse SkyBus, South Park Test Track Pgh, Pa

53 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Automated People Movers Westinghouse SkyBus, South Park Test Track Pgh, Pa Tampa Airport

54 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Morgantown PRT (On the vehicle switch!) (actually: Group Rapid transit (GRT)) Morgantown PRT (On the vehicle switch!) (actually: Group Rapid transit (GRT)) Starts with Alden Starr car

55 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Morgantown PRT

56 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Morgantown PRT

57 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Morgantown PRT

58 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Morgantown PRT

59 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Morgantown PRT

60 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Week 9 Morgantown PRT

61 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Morgantown PRT today Movie Movie2

62 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 DFW AirTrans PRT

63 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 DFW AirTrans PRT

64 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Alternative Support Air Bearing Compatible with: On-vehicle switch Linear induction propulsion Low Floor Passive element of LIM in guideway Active element of LIM in guideway Transportation Technology, Inc. (TTI) -Otis

65 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Alternative “Support”: Attractive Mag lev

66 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Alternative “Support”: Overhead Suspended Rohr Monocab

67 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Alternative “Support”: Overhead Suspended Rhor Monocab

68 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Alternative “Support”: Overhead Suspended Rhor Monocab

69 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Alternative “Support”: Overhead Suspended H-Bahn

70 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Alternative Headway Control Laser range Alternative Headway Control Laser range

71 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Alternative Headway Control Aramis Alternative Headway Control Aramis

72 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Alternative “Support”: “Both” CabinenTaxi Alternative “Support”: “Both” CabinenTaxi

73 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Alternative “Support”: “Both” CabinenTaxi Alternative “Support”: “Both” CabinenTaxi

74 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Week 9 Alternative “Support”: CVS (Bullet through the propeller trick) Alternative “Support”: CVS (Bullet through the propeller trick)

75 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Alternative “Support”: CVS (Bullet through the propeller trick) Alternative “Support”: CVS (Bullet through the propeller trick)

76 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Morgantown 1975 Remains a critical mobility system today & planning an expansion Today…

77 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 And Today… Masdar & Heathrow are operational Video

78 Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Current PRT Innovators: Vectus Link & Video


Download ppt "Orf 467 – Transportation Systems Analysis Fall 2012/13 Enhancing Mobility Through Technology in a Congested Urban Environment Evolution of Ground Transport."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google