A city that is good for children, the elderly, the handicapped, the poor, is good for everyone else. Enrique Penalosa
Hitting the Urbanization “Sweet Spot” “Opportunities in an Urbanizing World” – Credit Suisse (2012): Per capita GDP generally superior in urban areas; Emerging economies exhibit superior urban vs. rural per capital GDP growth rates; Rapid urbanization associated with swift economic expansion; and There is an urbanization sweet spot (30-50% population urbanization range) accompanied by peak per capital GDP growth
Right to the City – David Harvey “The question of what kind of city we want cannot be divorced from that of what kind of social ties, relationship to nature, lifestyles, technologies and aesthetic values we desire. The right to the city is far more than the individual liberty to access urban resources: it is a right to change ourselves by changing the city. It is, moreover, a common rather than an individual right since this transformation inevitably depends upon the exercise of a collective power to reshape the processes of urbanization. The freedom to make and remake our cities and ourselves is, I want to argue, one of the most precious yet most neglected of our human rights.”
Vehicle Ownership 6 ・ Car ownership is highest in Cantonment (more than double the study area) at about 40% ・ Gulberg and Iqbal towns have car ownership close to 30% ・ There are about 350,000 cars in the study area Income Distribution by Vehicle Ownership ・ Motorcycle ownership is dominant in the inner city towns and also in the rural areas ・ There are about 850,000 motorcycles in the study area ・ Household income has a strong relationship with household vehicle ownership ・ Car is owned more as income level goes up ・ Motorcycle seems to be suitable for middle- to high-income households with a monthly income of PKR 20 to 50 thousand
Modal Shares FemaleMaleTotal Trips (000)% % % Walking1,27053.92,54835.23,81839.9 Bicycle190.84706.54895.1 MC (Driver)--1,63925.51,72918.0 MC (Passenger)1827.72413.34234.4 Rickshaw, etc.25811.04746.67327.6 Car1888.06158.58038.4 Bus, wagon, etc.2249.597313.51,19712.5 Others1636.92313.23944.1 Total2,356100.07,229100.09,585100.0 7 Modal Shares by Gender, 2010 - Walk shares about 40%, motorcycle 22% (driver + passenger), public transport 20% (bus, wagon, rickshaw, etc.) and car 8% - Female largely depends on walking and uses rickshaw relatively frequently - Male uses motorcycles more than female
Population Distribution 8 - Population is mostly concentrated around the old city area in a concentric fashion - Linear developments along major arterial roads - The population around the city centre accounts for over 66% population in approximately 10% of the study area - Population density in Lahore is still considerably lower than similar cities in Asia - Age groups 15-19 and 20-24 form the peak for both male and female Historical Urbanization Trends Age Structure of Lahore Population, 2010
Person Trips No.ModeNo. of Trips (000)% 1Walking 383939.9 2Bicycle 4915.1 3M/C Driver 173518.0 4M/C Pax 4254.4 5Car Driver 5355.6 6Car Pax 2672.8 7Wagon 4014.2 8Mazda 1031.1 9Public Bus 6987.2 10Rickshaw 4204.4 11Qinggi 3183.3 12Taxi 30.0 13Tourist Bus 40.0 14Company Bus 820.8 15School Bus 2612.7 16Truck 60.1 17Train 50.1 18Air 10.0 19Others 380.4 Total 9631100.0 9 MaleFemaleTotal Including walking 1.320.530.97 Excluding walking 0.860.240.58 Number of Person Trips in the Study Area by Mode, 2010 Trip Rate, 2010 -In the study area, about 9.6 million trips are made a day -However, about 3.8 million trips or 40% of the total trips are of short-distance walking - Excluding walking, about 5.8 million trips are made on a usual weekday -On average, the residents in Lahore make 0.97 trips a day including walking or 0.58 trips a day excluding walking -This is very low at almost less-than-half level compared to mega-cities in Asia such as Manila, Ho Chi Minh and Jakarta
Fundamental Right to Mobility Article 15 of the Constitution: Freedom of movement Every citizen shall have the right to remain in, and, subject to any reasonable restrictions imposed by law in the public interest, enter and move freely throughout Pakistan and to reside and settle in an part thereof.
About choices: -Walking -Cycling -Motorcycle -Rickshaw -Taxi -Bus -Motor car -Escalator -Elevator Protecting the FR of Mobility means ensuring these options are always available. Anything that unreasonably restricts our choices should be seen as an impingement of the FR of Mobility.