4WHAT IS HUMAN SEX TRAFFICKING? Human trafficking is the illegal trade of human beings for the purposes of monetary gain through slavery . sexual exploitation . or forced laborHuman trafficking is a form of modern-day slavery.Human Sex Trafficking is the recruiting, harboring, transporting, providing, or obtaining a person for a commercial sex act that is induced by force, fraud, or coercionWhen the person induced to perform such an act is under 18 years of age, no force, fraud, or coercion is necessaryCommercial sexual exploitations include: Forced prostitution, pornography, stripping, live-sex shows, mail-order brides, military prostitution, sex tourism, internet & phone sex, brothels, escort agencies, Craigslist.Victims of sex trafficking can be women, men, girls or boys, but the majority are women and girls.
5Human Trafficking Statistics. 70% -- Percent of female victims who are trafficked into the commercial sex industry30% -- Percent of female victims are victims of forced labor80% -- Percent of trafficked victims are women and girls50% -- Percent of trafficked victims are children (under the age of 18)
6FORCE . FRAUD . & COERCION .Traffickers use force, fraud and coercion to control their victims.Force • Beating and slapping • Beating with objects (bat, tools, chains, belts, hangers, canes, cords) • Burning • Sexual assault • Rape and gang rape • Confinement and physical restraint Fraud •False promises • Deceitful enticing and affectionate behavior • Lying about working conditions • Lying about the promise of a better life Coercion • Threats of serious harm or restraint • Intimidation and humiliation • Creating a climate of fear • Intense manipulation • Emotional abuse • Creating dependency and fear of independence
7Myths & Misconceptions. Trafficking victims have to be foreign nationalsTrafficking victims must be kidnapped and/or restrained physicallyTrafficking requires an international or state or Tribal border crossingIf victim consented prior to abuse OR was paid, then it is not trafficking
8SCOPE OF PROBLEM.Average age of girls in prostitution in MN 14 years old Ironically, the price of a sexual acts is equivalent to that of Meth and Crack. The majority involved in prostitution in Minneapolis are Native American girls and women. A sexually trafficked victim is worth: $400,000 a year Human Sex Trafficking is the 2nd largest multi billion dollar industry in the world.
9DEFINITIONS.*Use the terms “in prostitution,” “involved in prostitution,” and “prostituted” rather than “prostitute” because its unreasonable to assign a label to an exploited person that implies that she is responsible for her own exploitation.*The term “sex worker” is used by some as an alternative to the term “prostitute,” please choose not to, because it frames prostitution as an acceptable form of work rather than a form of sexual violence.*The term “survival sex” to describe the exchange of sex for money and other considerations such as food, shelter, transportation, or safety by women and girls who do not think of themselves as involved in prostitution but rather, as doing “what they have to do” to survive.(FROM Trafficking in Indian Country - Presented by Lisa Brunner, E.D. Sacred Spirits First Nations Coalition White Earth Ojibwe Nation, MN Facilitated by Gwendolyn Packard, Program Specialist National Indigenous Women’s Resource Center)
10DEFINITIONS CONT.*Use the term “sex trade” to describe the “business” of commercial sexual exploitation, all transactions in which sexual activity is exchanged for food, shelter, drugs, transportation, approval, money, or safety.*We do not suggest that women and girls who are sold, traded, or purchased for sexual purposes are trading fairly in a free market system.*Similar to the slave trade, women and girls in the sex trade are being exploited in exchange for their survival and/or the benefit of a more powerful person.(FROM Trafficking in Indian Country - Presented by Lisa Brunner, E.D. Sacred Spirits First Nations Coalition White Earth Ojibwe Nation, MN Facilitated by Gwendolyn Packard, Program Specialist National Indigenous Women’s Resource Center)
11THE SEX TRADE INCLUDES: Street prostitution Escort agencies, Massage parlors Brothels, “trick pads” and “sex party houses” Bars and clubs that sell “lap dances” and “private dances” Businesses that organize and sell “private parties” with strippers and nude dancers Strip clubs Pornography and live “sex shows” Phone and Internet sex Truck stops
12BACKPAGE - Trafficking AVERAGE AGE OF ENTRY INTO THE SEX INDUSTRY: 12 YEARS OLD MSNBC – Human Trafficking MSNBC – Child Trafficking (25 mins.)BACKPAGE - Trafficking
13WHO ARE THE VULNERABLE? Why does vulnerability matter? Who is at risk of becoming a victim of human trafficking?rich or poor, men or women, adults or children, and foreign nationals or U.S. citizens, everyone is at risk for being trafficked. However, traffickers typically prey on individuals who are vulnerable in some way because they are easier to recruit and control.Do victims of trafficking self-identify as a victim of a crime and ask for help immediately?Often no. Victims of trafficking often do not see themselves as victims and seek help immediately, due to lack of trust, self-blame, or training by traffickers.Why does vulnerability matter?It matters because women and girls in prostitution suffer extremely high rates of violence and trauma, and these experiences make it very difficult for them to ever return to a healthy lifestyle.Contributing factors:Runaway-Throw AwayPovertyHomelessnessViolence in homeChild sexual abuse, domestic violence, child abuse & neglect.
14Sex traffickers use a variety of methods to “condition” their victims: Starvation, confinement, beatings, physical abuse, rape, gang rape, threats of violence to the victims and victims family, forced drug use or threat to shame them by telling family of their activities.Victims face numerous health risk: drug & alcohol addiction, traumatic brain injury, PTSD, broken bones, internal injuries, sexually transmitted infections & diseases such as HIV/AIDS.Victims may also suffer from traumatic bonding-a form of coercive control in which the perpetrator instills in the victim fear as well as gratitude for being allowed to live.
15WHERE DO TRAFFICKERS / PIMPS FIND THEIR VICTIMS? Truck StopsArcadesTheatersPartiesInternet/ FacebookConcertsTourist events – Sturgis Motorcycle RallyAre pimps managers who offer protection to women and girls in the sex industry and split the money earned through commercial sex acts? No. Contrary to common perceptions, pimps do not offer protection, and they are not benevolent managers. Instead, pimps usually take all of the money and typically establish nightly monetary quotas that women and children are forced to earn in order to avoid violent repercussions. Pimps even “brand” those under their control with tattoos of their name to demonstrate ownership.
16TRUCK STOPS.“Victims of pimp-controlled sex trafficking are commonly forced to meet quotas of $500 to $1,000 a night. Victims working a truck stop typically earn $5 - $100 per sex act. All earnings are confiscated by the pimp.” Polaris Project
17WHO ARE TRAFFICKERS / PIMPS? MENWOMENPARENTSFRIENDSFAMILY MEMBERS
18METHODS OF PIMPING. Finesse Pimping Putting vulnerable girls in a position where they felt obligated to repay the trafficker by encouraging her to move in, taking care of her basic needs, purchasing small gifts, providing free drugs, and generally treat her with great kindness.The next step is to present her with “opportunities” for a lucrative “modeling” career working for an escort service which she later found was prostitution and source of income for the pimp.Guerilla PimpingSimilar description of violent gang and prostitution ring tactics was recruitment by force:Using threat, Physical violence, Intimidation against the girl or against someone she cares about to coerce her into prostitutionWomen also play multiple roles: pimps, recruiters, groomers, watchers who made sure girls got to and from their assigned locations, and wife-in-laws (other women trafficked by the same pimp) living together and supervised by the pimp or the woman closest to him.
19IS THIS HAPPENING IN SOUTH DAKOTA? YES!STURGIS MOTORCYCLE RALLYHunting SeasonReservationsTea Case Brandon Thompson ProsecutionTajhan Kahlil ClintonAre we taking responsibility?
20Native Gangs Trafficking Native Girls More recent U.S. studies suggest that gangs are playing an increasingly large role in the sex trafficking of American Indian girls and women.Gang Initiation - A Native male Latin King member describing a girls’ initiation into his gang.“When you get a girlfriend, she gotta be gang raped. She’s gotta go around and get boned by all of us guys. All of us Kings...We meet girls and stuff at pow-wows and they hang around with us and then they get the idea that we wanna go out with them, but we really don’t. And then they just bring it up. ‘Is it all right if we roll with you? Make us a Queen or something?’ Then we’re like, ‘Yeah, we’ll make you a Queen.’ Then we’ll take them back to our house...Everybody on the rez has got their cellular phones or their pagers. Then we’ll each get a page and we’ll go call somebody and say, ‘Hey, there’s gonna be an initiation’...You take them in your bedroom or on the couch. In the back or down in the basement. Wherever. Then whenever they’re done, they’ll come out. Then whoever is next, they’ll take. She stays in the bedroom. She can’t come out and then whoever got done with her will come back out and say ‘Hey, whoever’s next, go ahead.’”
21Recommendations. Re-frame the issue, stop criminalizing the victims. Increase access to culturally appropriate housing and holistic care for victims.Build community support through honest dialogue.Hold perpetrators accountable.Systems change to increase penalties for perpetrators and bring resources into victims.Raise awareness across domains.
22Who are the persons we serve at Be Free? Survivors of sexual exploitation and trafficking Native American women and teens Women in reentry from incarceration Vulnerable women and teens experiencing a life crisis…abuse, homelessness, trauma, neglect, addictions Persons seeking healing and restoration Front-line service providers, educators, community organizations, faith communities and concerned citizens – networking and providing training and awareness education
23Why not street outreach? WHAT IS OUR FOCUS?COMMUNITY AWARENESS!Law enforcement. Social service agencies. Churches. Hospitals. Schools.Why not street outreach?What about the victims?
24WHAT CAN WE DO? Join the cause...become a justice Activist Support frontline anti-trafficking organizationsPromote social awareness and educate the public and your own communityProvide services to survivorsEmpower women and childrenThink about the language you use around this issue.Hold the media accountable.Let your elected officials know this is something you careabout.Understand the socio-economic dynamics that increase riskfactors and how state and local policies influence them.Know where you spend your money and whether or not it issupporting exploitation.Donate time and resources to help.
25Resources Contributed to Power Point Presentation. Rescue and RestoreVictims of Human Trafficking, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.National Institute of JusticeDepartment of Justice StatisticsPolaris ProjectShattered HeartsThe Commercial Sexual Exploitation Of American Indian Women and Girls in Minnesota (Minnesota Indian Women’s Resource Center 2009)MIIGWECH!!! (Thank you)
27HOW TO KEEP YOURSELF SAFE INTERNET & PUBLIC SAFETY PRIVACY SETTINGS – Be sure your Facebook page is set to PRIVATE.NEVER post on your status that you are alone.ALWAYS be sure you know the person you are adding as a friend to your Facebook page.Your pictures are on the internet forever. Traffickers or pimps look for images that might say to them “this person is willing to do anything”. Posting images that may not be respectful to yourself or others can cause a lot of damage.When in a public setting such as the mall, never tell a stranger your name or that you are there alone. Always travel in groups and be in communication with your parent or guardian as to where you are at all times.
28PREDATORS GROOMINGALICIA’S STORY – er_embedded&v=hR0bXZrIErE SOCIAL NETWORKING – SETTING BOUNDRIES er_embedded&v=1O2O_Gw1AwY
29SETTING BOUNDERIES CYBER BULLYING CYBER BULLYING. When a child, preteen or teen is tormented, threatened, harassed, humiliated, embarrassed or otherwise targeted by another child, preteen or teen using the Internet, interactive and digital technologies or mobile phones. mbedded&v=0iwWxGNAMr0#! Value. Self worth. Brokenness. Vulnerable. Seeking love.
30PORNOGRAPHY PORNOGRAPHY. Pornography can have a range of damaging effects on human beings of all ages and both sexes, affecting their happiness, their health, their body image, their relationships with one another, and their functioning in society. Hear clinicians and teens themselves talking about pornography's impact.Women, children & men participating in pornography are often times VICTIMS OF HUMAN TRAFFICKING.Protect yourself from the damaging images and false ideas of relationships that pornography promotes. Let us also remember and value the lives of victims in the pornography industry.