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Motor Carrier Safety The Highway Safety Problem Safety in the Motor Carrier Industry Causes of Accidents Government Solutions Hours of Service Rules Drug.

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Presentation on theme: "Motor Carrier Safety The Highway Safety Problem Safety in the Motor Carrier Industry Causes of Accidents Government Solutions Hours of Service Rules Drug."— Presentation transcript:

1 Motor Carrier Safety The Highway Safety Problem Safety in the Motor Carrier Industry Causes of Accidents Government Solutions Hours of Service Rules Drug Testing Commercial Drivers License Safety Audits Roadside Inspections Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Technology

2 Motor Carrier Safety The Safety Problem More truck traffic More problems with large trucks on the highways Deaths associated with large vehicle accidents

3 Motor Carrier Safety Motor Vehicle Traffic Crashes Fatal 38,58839,25238,44438,47738,49137,86237,52637,14037,10737,32437,49437,24136,254 Crashes Traffic Crash Fatalities (Vehicle Occupants and Motorcycle Riders) Drivers27,32327,49126,87126,77926,65925,86925,56725,25724,74324,66724,53424,39023,691 Passengers9,47310,06910,35510,45810,60410,46910,69510,52110,53010,94411,05810,78210,518 Unknown Sub Total36,90237,64637,30437,34137,37536,44036,34835,87535,38235,72535,69535,29134,318 Non-Motorists Pedestrians4,7844,8924,6754,7744,8514,9014,7634,9395,2285,3215,4495,5845,489 Pedalcyclists Other/Unknown Sub Total5,7405,8645,5325,5435,6305,7565,5975,8426,1196,2886,3686,5266,398 Total42,64243,51042,83642,88443,00542,19641,94541,71741,50142,01342,06541,81740,716 Large Truck Fatal Crashes5,018 5,212 5,235 Source: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, “Large Truck Crash Facts 2005,” (Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Transportation, 2005).

4 Motor Carrier Safety Highway Deaths:

5 Motor Carrier Safety Human Error FHWA Study - 95% of all preventable accidents due to human error Office of Technology Assessment Study - 60% of all commercial motor vehicle accidents caused by human error

6 Motor Carrier Safety Sources of Human Error in Truck Accidents Fatigue Drug/alcohol abuse Lack of skills

7 Motor Carrier Safety 1.Brake problems 2.Traffic flow interruption (congestion, previous crash) 3.Prescription drug use 4.Traveling too fast for conditions 5.Unfamiliarity with roadway 6.Roadway problems 7.Required to stop before crash (traffic control device, crosswalk) 8.Over-the-counter drug use 9.Inadequate surveillance 10.Fatigue Top 10 Factors Related to Large Truck Accidents The Large Truck Crash Causation Study-2005

8 Motor Carrier Safety Other Factors Relating to Motor Carrier Accidents Length of time a driver is with a firm Condition of equipment Age of equipment Rate of defective equipment Profitability Larger specialized carriers tend to have more accidents Automobile Drivers Cell Phones?

9 Motor Carrier Safety

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11 Government Solutions Hours of Service Rules Drug Testing Commercial Drivers License Safety Audits Roadside Inspections Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Black Boxes

12 Motor Carrier Safety Traditional Hours of Service Rules 10-hour driving limit during a 15 hour on-duty period 8-hour daily off-duty period to restart the driving time clock Sleeper berth exception, permitting the off-duty period to be accumulated in two periods of at least two hours each Weekly cumulative on-duty limit of 60 hours over past 7 days Driver Fatigue

13 Motor Carrier Safety New HOS Rules An 11-hour daily driving limit On-duty limit from 15 hours to 14 hours Off-duty period from eight to 10 hours Kept the old sleeper berth exception (Controversial) 60-hour week limit; and A 34-hour restart provision, theoretically adding 17 hours to the work week (Controversial) Driver Fatigue

14 Motor Carrier Safety Implementation Issues August 25, 2005: FMCSA published a final HOS rule July 24, 2007: DC Circuit Court vacated * 11-hour rule and * 34-hour restart December 17, 2007: FMCSA Interim Final Rule (IFR) * Reinstated the two provisions vacated by the Court * Sought further comments on those provisions. Driver Fatigue

15 Motor Carrier Safety Drug/Alcohol Abuse Mandatory drug testing Counseling Substance abuse hotline – i.e., Bridgestone Tires

16 Motor Carrier Safety Lack of Skills Specialized skills required Often drivers have little or no training Federal Commercial Drivers License (CDL) Nation-wide computer system

17 Motor Carrier Safety Motor Carrier Safety Audits U.S. DOT evaluates and assigns safety ratings to more than 200,000 motor carriers Performed by field specialists from the DOT's Office of Motor Carrier Safety (now FMCSA)

18 Motor Carrier Safety Documents Required for Typical Carrier Driver qualification files Driver logs or daily time sheets Insurance certification (MCS-90) Accident report forms (MCS-50) A written hiring policy A written drug and alcohol policy Annual inspection reports for vehicles Maintenance files for each vehicle A copy of Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations

19 Motor Carrier Safety Documents Required for HazMat Carrier A copy of Hazardous Materials Regulations Hazardous materials placards and labels Hazardous materials waste manifests Cargo tank certificate Cargo tank inspection reports DOT Form F5800 Receipts for documents Driver's manual for handling hazardous materials

20 Motor Carrier Safety Factors on Which the Rating is Based Adequate Safety Management Controls Managerial responsibility for safety, insurance, and accident information Driver Qualifications Driving and Service Hours Vehicle Maintenance Hazardous Materials

21 Motor Carrier Safety Categories of Ratings Which May Result Satisfactory - Everything is in order Conditional - When any one factor is not adequate, carrier is required to correct the problem(s) prior to the field specialist returning for a Safety Audit Unsatisfactory - If more than one factor is failed. May result in the carrier being shutdown

22 Motor Carrier Safety North East, “Who the hell does he think he is?” Black Box Research Installed in SUVs Most Frequent Comments Before Crashes: Southwest, “Hold my beer, this is going to be close.”

23 Motor Carrier Safety FMCSA publishes HOS comment period extension ( ) FMCSA announces HOS comment period extension ( ) D.C. court denies petition to review rule ( ) Train drivers and dispatchers on using the "bad weather" exception ( ) Senate Committee hears HOS arguments, concerns ( ) Safety groups challenge re-adoption of HOS rules ( ) FMCSA publishes hours of service interim final rule ( ) HOS IFR makes it to OMB ( ) CTA: Minister should address lack of harmonization of HOS rules ( ) California amends intrastate hours-of-service regulations ( ) FMCSA Comments lead to withdrawal of supporting documents SNPRM ( ) Court stays HOS regulations until December 27 ( ) FMCSA, SCT announce real-time tracking for cross-border project ( ) FMCSA memorandum to the Court requests HOS stay ( ) FMCSA: EOBR rule could be expanded, cover more companies ( ) ATA HOS petition receives strong support from organizations, companies ( )

24 Motor Carrier Safety Motion to Stay Hours-of-Service Ruling Filed ATA petitions to retain HOS regulations ( ) Appeals Court tosses DOT’s 11-hour rule and 34-hour restart FMCSA grants HOS fireworks exemption ( ) CVSA advocates universal adoption of EOBRs ( ) EOBR proposal published in Federal Register ( ) HOS supporting documents rule put on hold ( ) FMCSA releases Electronic On-Board Recorder proposal ( ) U.S. Court of appeals to hear arguments on HOS ( ) Analysis addresses EOBRs for hours-of-service monitoring ( ) Final rule on supporting documents for hours of service expected soon ( ) Court issues procedural orders to deal with HOS cases ( )


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