Presentation on theme: "Jakarta The capital and the largest city of Indonesia."— Presentation transcript:
Jakarta The capital and the largest city of Indonesia.
About Jakarta Jakarta is located on the northwest coast of the island of Java. It has an area of 650 km² and a population of 8.3 million (as of 2000). Indonesia is the world's largest archipelagic state.
History of Jakarta By the 12th century, it was a major port for the Hindu kingdom of Sunda. The Portuguese were reported to be the first Europeans to visit the port of Kalapa. A Hindu king granted Portuguese traders permission to build a fort at Kalapa in the early 16th century. Jakarta's port is still called Sunda Kelapa today, after this early settlement.
Historical Features The Monumen Nasional (Monas) is a 137m tall tower in Central Jakarta, symbolizing the fight for Indonesia's Independence. Its construction began in 1961 under Sukarno and not finished until 1975 under Suharto. It's topped by a 14.5 tonnes of flame-shaped bronze plated in 35kg of gold.
Social Demographic The population has sharply risen from 2.7 million in 1960 to 8.3 million in 2000. Jakarta suffers from major urbanization problems. Population below poverty line 27% (1999). Male: 92.5% and female: 83.4% (2002) of the populations.
Social Demographic Variation of people are: Javanese (58%) Sundanese (15%) Batak(10%) Minang(8%) TiongHoa(5%) Others(4%) Religion: Muslim (85%), Christian, Catholic, Hindu, Buddhist, and Kong Hu Chu.
Transportation Jakarta's transportation depends on toll roads, railways, and monorails tracks. Buses and transport cars (local language: Angkot, angkutan kota) are also popular. Like trains, they also become overloaded during peak hours.
Climate in Jakarta Jakarta has a pleasant tropical climate most of the year, with gentle breezes. Jakarta is equatorial (located in the equator line) the temperature is about 28° - 35° C. From late October to April, there is usually a rain shower everyday.
Crime Rates in Jakarta Type of Crime % of Population Theft of car0.6 Theft from car5 Car vandalism2.8 Theft of motorcycle0.6 Theft of bicycle1 Theft of car1.3 Theft from car10.7 Car vandalism6 Theft of motorcycle1.9 Theft of bicycle1.9 Burglary with entry3 Attempted burglary1.4 Robbery1.4 Personal theft7.5 Sexual incidents4.5 Assault/threat1.6 Consumer fraud25.6 Corruption36.5
Taman Mini Indonesia Indah Landscape Taman Bunga Keong Emas Oil and Natural Gas Museum
Miniature of Borobudur Temple Which was one of the Seventh Wonder of the World.
Traditional Dance Yapong also was composed by Bagong Kussudiardjo in 1970. Yapong is based on Betawi (Jakartanese) traditional style female dance. The music is very lively. It is a combination of a new Javanese melodic gamelan style with a rock beat.
Recreational Place The amusement park kind of like Disneyland. Beside Dufan acronym of Dunia Fantasi (Fantasy World), this is the only recreational park in Indonesia that located in Jakarta.
Primary Occupation The primary occupation in Jakarta depends on the social classes. The upper class’ jobs are mostly in the office building with Air- conditioner compared to the lower class jobs that really don’t have a proper work place such as selling a “clean water”.
My Opinion about Jakarta! For me, Jakarta is an interesting and unique city. However, I don’t have any desire to live there because of the safety issues, the pollutions and the job security. Therefore, I will visit Jakarta for vacation and shopping that’s for sure.