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International Symposium on Road Pricing 2003 Evaluation of Singapore’s Electronic Road Pricing (ERP) System (1998 - present) International Symposium on.

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Presentation on theme: "International Symposium on Road Pricing 2003 Evaluation of Singapore’s Electronic Road Pricing (ERP) System (1998 - present) International Symposium on."— Presentation transcript:

1 International Symposium on Road Pricing 2003 Evaluation of Singapore’s Electronic Road Pricing (ERP) System ( present) International Symposium on Road Pricing 2003 Evaluation of Singapore’s Electronic Road Pricing (ERP) System ( present) A P G Menon MSI Global Pte Ltd

2 Singapore n Area 650 sq km o Road length3800 km o Vehicles705,000 o Car:population ratio1 : 10 o Modal split (% age) 65:35 work trips 52:48 all trips o Veh speeds kph city kph expressways

3 o Aim is to charge vehicles for the use of the road at times and at places of congestion o For congestion management o Not for raising revenue o Every entry or pass under a control point is automatically charged a fee Electronic Road Pricing

4 Number of Control points City (7.2 sq. km) Expressways & other major roads ERP overhead gantries 28 (a cordon around the city) 14 congested locations Operation hours 7:30 am - 7:00 pm on weekdays 7:30 am – 9:30 am on weekdays

5 ERP Gantry at control point

6 Types of Invehicle Units (IU) o Colour-coded for different types of vehicles o Uses passenger car unit (pcu) for fixing charges o Car = 1 pcu, Motorcycle = 0.5 pcu, Truck = 1.5 pcu, Bus = 2 pcu

7 CashCards (for payment) o A pre-paid stored value ic chip card managed by a consortium of local banks o Top-up cash at Automated Teller Machines and petrol stations

8 ERP Control Centre o 24-hour monitoring of street equipment o Settlement of financial transactions with CashCard provider at end of each day o Processing of violations and errors

9 Simple Instructions for Motorists o At start of journey, insert CashCard into the IU (fixed permanently and powered by vehicle battery). This does a health check of IU and CashCard. o On going under the ERP gantries, the cash balance after ERP charge deduction is shown on IU display for 10 secs.

10 How does ERP work? 1st Antenna Controller ECS Site ControllerDetectorController 2nd Antenna Controller AVIDControllerComms.Controller Central Computer System Local Controller Housing In-vehicle Unit

11 How does it work? AntennaController ECS Site ControllerDetectorControllerAntennaController AVIDControllerComms.Controller Central Computer System Local Controller Housing Detector Controller In-vehicle Unit

12 How does it work? AntennaController ECS Site ControllerDetectorControllerAntennaController AVIDControllerComms.Controller Central Computer System Local Controller Housing

13 Choices offered by ERP n Pay and enjoy good ride n Change time to pay less/nothing n Change route to non-priced roads n Change mode n Change destination n Abandon trip

14 Business Model o Capital cost: S$197million (1998) o Annual Operating cost: S$16m o Annual Revenue: S$80m o Manpower: 30 staff for operations 35 dedicated staff for maintenance 35 dedicated staff for maintenance (US $1 = S $1.76)

15 Violations & Errors n Monthly ERP transactions 6 million n Daily Violations - 5 per 1,000 transactions u No IUs - Fine of S$70 u No CashCards - Administrative Charge of S$10 n Daily Errors - 5 per 10,000 transactions u No fines. Motorists asked to have IUs inspected and CashCards checked u A third are human errors

16 Adjustment of ERP charges (in half-hour slots) o Balance between congestion and usage o Review charges at 3-monthly intervals o From 50 cents to S$3.00 per pass/entry 65 kph45 kph Increase Decrease Expressways 30 kph20 kph Increase Decrease City&Other Roads

17 Motorist’s Issues o How reliable is technology? o IU not sufficiently user-friendly o Cap maximum ERP fee per day  Request for centralised monthly bills (instead of paying each time)  Exemption for motorcycles o Do not extend coverage of ERP o Tracking movements?

18 Ramifications o Better traffic flow with good speeds o A shift towards public transport o Motorcyclists affected more by price o Rush at pre- and post-ERP periods o Rush on non-priced alternative roads o Loitering ahead of ERP gantries at fee change-over times

19 Lessons o Sell road pricing as a part of a total transportation package o Use proven technology o Make it simple and publicise o Safeguards to prevent tracking o Logical method to change rates o Provide convenient alternatives o Make provisions for foreign vehicles o Road pricing is viable

20 Thank you


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