3Learning ObjectivesTell why you have the responsibility for protecting motorcyclists.Explain the difference in acceleration and braking abilities between motorcycles and other vehicles .Describe the protective equipment motorcyclists should wear.Explain why you should use extra care to protect pedestrians
4Learning Objectives continued List areas where you can expect to see pedestrians .Define “no-zones” around large trucks.Explain precautions to take when following large trucks.List guidelines to follow when passing large trucks.
5PedestriansSince 2008, approximately 150 pedestrians have been killed annually in traffic related crashes on New Jersey roadways.In 2009, after a three-year downward trend, the number of pedestrian deaths statewide increased to 157.Vehicle-pedestrian collisions have a five percent fatality rate if the car is going 20 mph, but the rate jumps to 85 percent at 40 mph.
6PedestriansMany pedestrians who do not drive may not be fully aware of traffic laws and signals.Children and older people are more at risk.Other adult pedestrians may just be careless.
7Pedestrians cont.Pedestrians must use a crosswalk (even if it is not painted as such) $54.00 fine over 18 $22.00 fine under 18 for not using a cross walkPedestrians have the right of wayIf a motorist strikes a pedestrian causing bodily injury $ and up to 25 days in jail.
8Alleys and Driveways Make two stops when driving from an alley. First stop before the sidewalk and look for pedestrians.Second stop before the street and look for traffic.
9Residential AreasMany residential areas are used by children as play areas.Joggers should yield to moving traffic but do not expect this to happen.
10Parking LotsParking lots present a high-risk area for drivers, riders, and pedestrians.Obey parking lot speed limits.Do not drive diagonally across parking-lot lines.Be alert for pedestrians, bicyclist, roller-bladders, and skateboarders.Avoid tight parking spaces.Position your vehicle properly in parking space.Continually scan in all directions when backing in a parking lot.Watch out for other who may not see you.
11Sharing Roadway with Motorcycles 2,000 cyclist fatalities occur each year.Injuries result primarily from the exposed position of the rider.Motorcycles have little or no protection when a conflict occurs.As a driver of a larger vehicle it is your responsibility to protect motorcyclists.
12Where to Look for Motorcycles Because motorcycles are smaller and driven in many different lane positions, it may be hard for a driver to see a motorcycle.
13Where to Look for Motorcycles cont. Vehicle turning left in front of motorcycle.Vehicle turning right at intersection.Motorcyclist in blind spot.Tailgating MotorcycleMotorcycle passing vehicle on the right or left.Watch for motorcycles if you must stop or slow suddenly.
14Motorcyclist Can Lack Experience Predict judgment and control errors due to inexperience and lack of skill.Riders who have rented or borrowed a motorcycle might not have enough practice to develop sound judgment and control.Other riders may not have received proper riding instruction.
15Handling Trait of Motorcycles Motorcyclist lean when making turns, watch shoulders to anticipate turns.Cyclist have difficulty handling the cycle in strong wind, on rough roads, and slippery roads.
16Make the Motorcyclist Aware of You When following a motorcycle, do not assume the cyclist is aware of your presence.Protect equipment may muffle the sounds of traffic.The small size of mirrors and handlebar vibration may make it hard to see behind.Keep extra following distance if you think a motorcyclist is unaware of your presence.
17Braking on a Motorcycle A person who is driving a car only need to step on the brake pedal to stop.Motorcyclist must operate separate brakes for front and rear brakes.The front brake supplies most of the power for stopping.If either brake is applied to heard it can lock and cause loss of control.
18Protective Motorcycle Equipment Helmet – head gear worn to reduce or prevent head injuries. Helmets are required by law.Eye-Protection – goggles or face shield.Heavy Boots or shoesFull-length pantsFull fingered gloves.
19Riding in GroupsCyclist should not ride side by side, they should ride in the offset position.Motorcyclist in groups should be single file as they approach, enter, and complete turnsMotorcycles should not ride between lanes of moving traffic.
20Riding at NightIt is far more difficult for drivers of other vehicles to judge the speed and position of a motorcycle at night.By putting reflective tape on helmets, clothing, and having reflector of the motorcycle.
21MotorcyclesBe Alert!The laws governing four-wheel vehicles such as cars and trucks also govern motorcycles.When passed by a motorcycle, a motorist should maintain his/her speed and position.A motorist’s failure to detect and recognize motorcycles in traffic is the most common cause of motorcycle collisions.
22Bicycles, Mopeds, and Motor Scooters Bicycles and low-powered, two-wheel vehicles continue to be popular for transportation, recreation, and business. Bicycles use no gasoline, create no pollution, and provide exercise for the rider.Users of smaller two-wheeled vehicles have the same responsibilities as other drivers.However, drivers of larger vehicles, with their greater protection, must accept the major responsibility for avoiding conflict.
23Bicyclists’ Responsibilities Wear a helmetKnow and follow the laws regarding roadway ridingObey all signs and signalsWear light-colored clothingDo not wear earphonesKeep bicycle in safe operating condition
24Moped and Motor Scooters Moped – a two wheeled vehicle that can be driven with either motor or pedals.Motor Scooter – also low-powered two wheeled vehicle. Similar to moped, but no pedals and not shifting gears.Most states require an operator’s license.Restricted from high-speed roads
25Responsibilities of Moped and Motor Scooter Drivers Wear a helmetWear protective clothingHave headlight on at all timesPosition vehicle in lane so you can be seen by othersKeep extra space cushion between yourself and others
26Trucks, Tractor-Trailers, and Buses Use caution when driving alongside trucks.knows the limitations of these vehicles regarding visibility, required stopping distance and maneuverability.passing a large truck or bus, it is important to remember that there are several no-zones (blind spots) in which the motorist cannot see other vehicles.during bad weather, a truck can take as much as 25 percent longer to stop.
27Sharing the Road with Trucks Tractor Trailers – A truck that has a powerful tractor that pulls a separate trailer.Commonly called an eighteen wheeler.These trucks help transport nearly everything we eat, wear, and use in our daily lives.Even though most truck drivers practice a high degree of safe driving behaviors, they can suffer from fatigue or loss of sleep because of tight scheduling and driving over long periods of time.
28Trucks Making Right Turns Most people assume if you are moving to the left you are making a left turn.However, trucks may need to “swing out” as the first step to making a right turn.Always check turn signals before you try to pass a truck.
29The no-zone principleAvoid the area around trucks where vehicles disappear into blind spots.Do not move so close to a truck that the truck driver’s ability to stop or maneuver effectively is restricted.Potential for a collision is increased when a motorist is riding in the no-zone.motorist of a large truck or bus cannot see another motorist’s vehicle in the rearview or side-view mirrors, the vehicle is in a no-zone, or blind spot.
30No-Zone Principle THE SHADED AREAS ARE “NO-ZONES.” IF YOU ARE IN ONE OF THESE AREAS,THE DRIVER OF THE TRUCK CAN’T SEE YOU.
31Rear-zoneA motorist should increase following distance behind a truck or other large vehicledriver can spot a motorist’s vehicle in the rearview mirrors.Never tailgate or remain sandwiched between trucks.maintain a sizable space cushion between his/her vehicle and larger vehicles.Leave space when stopping at a light or sign behind a truck or bus, especially when facing uphill. The larger vehicle may roll backward slightly when starting.Give more road space to a truck driver who is making a wide turn.drivers may have to slow, back up or swing wide to negotiate a turn.cannot see smaller vehicles directly behind or beside them.
32Side no-zoneDrive away from the long blind spots on the sides of trucks.If the motorist must quickly change lanes or make an emergency maneuver, a vehicle in this area will be in the way.Do not linger alongside a truck when passing.
33Passing Large TrucksPassing is more easily done at stop sign or at traffic signal.Do no slow when passing, maintain or increase speed.After you can see the whole front end of the truck in your rearview mirror you know it is safe to move back into the right lane.Passing a large truck in rain or snow will greatly decrease you visibility and traction.
34Yielding to School and Commercial Buses State law requires all non-emergency vehicles to yield the right-of-way to buses re-entering traffic after dropping off or picking up bus passengers.Motorists are not required to yield the right-of-way to buses changing lanes. Bus operators are required to drive in a safe and responsible manner.The yield law was enacted to improve safety on the state’s roadways.Violations: $50 or more than $200, up to 15 days in jail or both a fine and a jail term
35Special Purpose Vehicles These can be large vehicles that may decrease your line of sight or completely block your view. Allow these vehicles extra following distance.Examples: Recreational Vehicles, Snow Plow Trucks, Farm Equipment
36School BusesDo not pass or closely approach school bus with flashing red lights.State law required that motorist stop 25 feet away from school bus.Can pass at 10 mph if road is divided by a median or if in front of a school.Amber lights on bus warn that bus is stopping.
37Emergency VehiclesAlways yield to emergency vehicles with sirens and flashing lights.Pull over to the right as far as possible and come to a stop if it is safe.If in heavy traffic move with the other drivers and make as much room as possible.