Presentation on theme: "Overview of Guidelines for Motorcycle Operator Licensing Presenter: Brett Robinson Highway Safety Services, LLC."— Presentation transcript:
Overview of Guidelines for Motorcycle Operator Licensing Presenter: Brett Robinson Highway Safety Services, LLC
Slide 2 Presentation Topics Unlicensed Motorcycle Operators Reducing Motorcycle Crashes and Fatalities Recommendations from the GMOL Document Three Stage Graduated Rider Licensing System Conclusions
Slide 3 The Motorcycle Crash and Fatality Crises One out of four motorcycle operators (25 %) involved in fatal crashes in 2008 were operating the vehicle with an invalid license at the time of the collision, while only 12 percent of drivers of passenger vehicles involved in fatal crashes had an invalid license. (Source: NHTSA 2008 Traffic Safety Facts)
Slide 4 Improperly Licensed Riders Involved in Fatal Crashes (Source: FARS Data)
Slide 5 Reducing Motorcycle Crashes and Fatalities As early as 1968, researchers identified motorcyclist testing and licensing as the most promising means of achieving long-term, cost effective crash reduction. This remains the case today. (Source: NHTSA Motorcycle Operator Licensing System) There is no single answer to the reduction of motorcycle crashes and fatalities. A reduction in motorcycle crashes and fatalities can only be addressed through a comprehensive system that includes rider education, public awareness, licensing, enforcement, etc.
Slide 6 Recommendations from the GMOL Document Driver license agencies must implement improved motorcycle licensing practices and take appropriate countermeasures to reduce motorcycle fatalities and crashes. Licensing agencies are encouraged to review and implement the following recommendations from the new Guidelines for Motorcycle Operator Licensing (GMOL):
Slide 7 Reducing Motorcycle Crashes and Fatalities continued Major recommendations from the Guidelines for Motorcycle Operator Licensing (GMOL) document and how it can assist in the national effort to address the motorcycle crash and fatality crisis.
Slide 8 Recommendations from the GMOL Document continued –require applicants to successfully pass a motorcycle-specific knowledge test in order to obtain a learner’s permit and a motorcycle- specific skills/road test to qualify for a full license, –require that skills/road tests be based on appropriate and current national and jurisdictional crash data and knowledge and skills/road tests be measured for their validity and reliability,
Slide 9 Recommendations from the GMOL Document continued –require that the learner’s permit be valid for a maximum of ninety days and limit the permit to one renewal or a maximum of two learner’s permits, Source: AAMVA 2006 Survey of the States
Slide 10 Recommendations from the GMOL Document continued –apply restrictions to the learner’s permit (zero tolerance for alcohol and drugs, passenger restriction, mandatory helmet and eye protection, proper riding gear, no interstate riding, restricted nighttime riding, in-jurisdiction only restriction, supervision and special license plates or markers),
Slide 11 Restrictions Required for All Riders with a Permit, 2006 Passenger restriction Daylight riding only Helmet required Supervised riding practice No expressway riding Mandatory headlight use Complete driver education.02 BAC/Drug Parent consent No out-of-state travel Protective gear required Under 50 cc engine No response Source: AAMVA 2006 Survey of the States
Slide 12 Recommendations from the GMOL Document continued –require riders to complete an approved rider education course, if the applicant fails the licensing test twice, –expand testing locations and extend testing hours to accommodate the demand, –collect and maintain traffic records of motorcycle permit and license holders from their entry to and exit from the licensing system,
Slide 13 Recommendations from the GMOL Document continued –check driver records to ensure that the primary operator is properly licensed, –require a tamper resistant rider training course completion certificate and establish a means of validating it in order to waive testing requirements for an applicant, –establish partnerships with other government agencies to help and assist in reducing the unlicensed rider problem,
Slide 14 Recommendations from the GMOL Document continued –develop and enhance judicial outreach programs and public information and education (PI&E) programs in coordination with the State’s Highway Safety Office, –coordinate with the State’s Highway Safety Office to encourage law enforcement to fully enforce citations and convictions and impound motorcycles when the operator is not properly licensed,
Slide 15 Recommendations from the GMOL Document continued –follow the requirements for third party training/testing, –require all license examiners to undergo initial, in-service training and refresher training periodically and become certified through the AAMVA examiner certification program, –maintain systems for monitoring examiners and the examination process,
Slide 16 Recommendations from the GMOL Document continued –integrate motorcycle rider education and licensing and –implement a graduated rider licensing program.
Slide 17 Three Stage Graduated Rider Licensing System Permit StageIntermediate StageFull Licensure Minimum age 16Minimum age 17Minimum age 18 Parental consent under 18 Minimum 90 days with Learner’s Permit and no Stage 1 violations Minimum 90 days with Intermediate License and no Stage 2 violations Pass permit motorcycle license knowledge test or obtain test waiver for issuance of permit Have completed 16 to 24 hours of certified riding practice during Stage 1 Have completed 30 hours of certified riding practice during Stage 2 under required conditions Current possession of driver license or permit or pass knowledge test (rules of the road and sign recognition), vision test and meet medical fitness requirements Pass off-street skill test or obtain test waiver for issuance of Intermediate License Pass advanced skill test or obtain test waiver for issuance of a Full License Imposed Restrictions -Documented riding hours (16 to 24) -Mandatory helmet usage -Mandatory protective gear -No passengers -Restricted nighttime riding -No interstate riding -Zero Tolerance for Alcohol and Drugs -Violation and crash-free riding -Visually distinct permit Imposed Restrictions -Documented riding hours (30 to 40) -Mandatory helmet usage -Mandatory protective gear -No passengers -Zero Tolerance for Alcohol and Drugs -Violation and crash-free riding -Visually distinct license Imposed Restrictions -Visually distinct license Applicants over the age of 17 may proceed to the Intermediate Stage after 90 days with successful completion of a rider education course Applicants over the age of 18 may proceed to the Full Licensure Stage after 90 days with successful completion of a rider education course
Slide 18 Three Stage Graduated Rider Licensing System continued Permit StageIntermediate StageFull Licensure Time Period -Permit valid for a Maximum of 120 days Time Period -Intermediate license valid for a maximum of 120 days Time Period -None Under 18 Learners -Time of day restrictions (5 am to 10 pm only) -Parental certification -Parental supervision/involvement Under 18 Learners -Time of day restrictions (5 am to 10 pm only) -Parental certification -Parental supervision/involvement Under 18 Learners -Not applicable Over 18 Novice -Self certification Over 18 Novice -Self certification Over 18 Novice -No restrictions
Slide 19 Conclusions 1.Motorcycle crashes and fatalities are on the rise and will likely continue. 2.The unlicensed riders continue to be a problem. 3.Injuries and fatalities of riders over the age of 40 is on the rise and will likely continue. 4.There are challenges to motorcycle licensing and enforcement.
Slide 20 Conclusions continued 6.The revised AAMVA/NHTSA Guidelines for Motorcycle Operator Licensing will be a valuable asset for jurisdictions. 7.Funding should be made available to support updated research projects on accident causation, up-to-date testing methods, etc. 8.States should have a motorcycle safety, licensing and enforcement task force as a part of their Governor’s Highway Safety Plan. 9.States should seek funding to assist with their motorcycle safety, licensing and enforcement efforts.