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PRINTMAKING Going dotty for reproduction. Letterpress Printing press invented by Gutenberg in 1438. Relief printing – used wooden then metal block of.

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Presentation on theme: "PRINTMAKING Going dotty for reproduction. Letterpress Printing press invented by Gutenberg in 1438. Relief printing – used wooden then metal block of."— Presentation transcript:

1 PRINTMAKING Going dotty for reproduction

2 Letterpress Printing press invented by Gutenberg in Relief printing – used wooden then metal block of type. Pros – quality and creativity. Cons – inflexible, slow. Uses – tickets, limited edition work.

3 Flexography Relief print process using flexible plates. Mainly used for packaging. Pros – Prints onto non-absorbent or cheap stock, e.g. plastic, cardboard. Cons – Expensive set-up costs, poor quality printing (especially halftones).

4 Gravure Intaglio process – image cells of varying size and depth etched into copper plates. Used for long-run work – magazines, brochures, stamps, wallpaper. Pros – economic for long runs, high quality, high speed. Cons – Expensive to set up, expensive to make corrections, type is screened.

5 Lithography Oil and water don’t mix. Greasy image area attracts ink. Non image area attracts water. Artists traditionally draw on lithographic stones with a greasy pencil or crayon. Commercial printing on offset litho printing press.

6 Offset Lithography Main print process used today. Pros – cost effective, flexible, print on wide range of stock. Cons – translucent ink, affected by dry/damp conditions. Use – magazines, leaflets, packaging, posters, stationery.

7 Silk screen printing Image created using a stencil and mesh screen. Ink applied using a squeegee. Used for textiles, posters, stickers, CD and DVDs. Pros – thick ink, brilliant colours, print on any surface. Cons – small print runs, halftones and small type difficult.

8 Digital Printing Unlike traditional print methods, digital printing doesn’t use film or even printing plates in some cases. Pros – saves time and money, good for low quantity runs. Cons – only prints full colour, quality, gets expensive for multiple copies

9 CMYK and PMS colour CMYK (Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, Black) Image reproduced in dots of colour – halftone. Best for full-colour. PMS (Pantone Matching System) Tins of ink mixed by hand to colour formula guides. Best for spot colour.

10 Lamination & binding 3 main binding methods – saddle-stitched (magazines & brochures), perfect (magazines & paperbacks) and cased (hardback books). Varnish and lamination adds a finish/coating. Spot varnish is only added to specific areas.

11 Special finishes Foil blocking – relief image on metal block, heat applied to block transfers foil image to surface. Emboss – image created as male/female die. Paper placed between and pressure applied. Die cut – image die works like a Cookie cutter. Complex shapes can now be cut using a laser.


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