Presentation on theme: "8 Chapter Emotional and Social Development of Infants Contents"— Presentation transcript:
18ChapterEmotional and Social Development of InfantsContentsSection 8.1 Understanding Emotional Development of InfantsSection 8.2 Understanding Social Development of Infants
2Section 8.1 Understanding Emotional Development of Infants Caregivers play a large role in babies’emotional development, helping them learn to express feelings and develop a personal identity.
3Content Vocabulary Academic Vocabulary emotional development crucial colicrefluxattachmentfailure to thrivetemperamentcrucialhinder
4Emotions and Emotional Development Babies learn emotions through interaction with caregivers.Crying is part of a baby’s emotional development.emotional developmentThe process of learning to recognize and express feelings and to establish a personal identity.4
5Emotions and Emotional Development A crying baby can be comforted with motion, cuddling, singing, massage, or a toy.Babies self-comfort by sucking on a thumb or a pacifier.Uncontrollable crying may be caused by colic or reflux.colicUncontrollable crying by an otherwise healthy baby.refluxA condition in which partially digested food rises in the throat.
6Attachment and Emotional Development Attachments are essential to the healthy emotional development of an infant.Attachments help babies build healthy, loving relationships later in life.6
7Attachment and Emotional Development Attachments can be built through touch, consistent care, and communication.Lack of love and attention can cause failure to thrive.failure to thriveA condition in which babies do not grow and develop properly.7
8Understanding Temperament Understanding a baby’s temperament allows the caregiver to know what care is needed.Caregivers need to adapt to a child’s temperament.temperamentA person’s unique emotional makeup.
9Understanding Temperament Describe each temperament trait.TraitDescriptionHighly intense children have powerful responses. They may cry and scream loudly. Less intense children tend to be calmer and quieter.IntensityVery persistent children take on challenges. They do not like to stop in the middle of a project. Less persistent children can be persuaded to move on to new activities. They can accept no for an answer.PersistenceHighly sensitive children have their feelings hurt easily. They may be bothered by sights, sounds, or smells. Less sensitive children are not as concerned with others’ opinions of them. They may not perceive other people’s emotions as easily.Sensitivity9
10Understanding Temperament Describe each temperament trait.TraitDescriptionHighly perceptive children get distracted easily. They have a hard time following complex directions. Less perceptive children notice less of what is going on around them. This makes it easier to follow through on multi-step tasks.PerceptivenessHighly adaptable children are not bothered by surprises or changes of plans. Less adaptable children resist change.AdaptabilityHighly regular children like to eat, sleep, and go to the bathroom at about the same time each day. Less regular children have a different schedule each day.Regularity10
11Understanding Temperament Describe each temperament trait.TraitDescriptionHigh-energy children love to move. They often squirm and move around in their seats. They would often rather run than walk. Low-energy children move much less and may seem more relaxed.ActivityHigh-approach children dive right in. These children are open to new activities and willing to try new foods. Low-approach children are more shy and cautious.ApproachChildren with a positive mood have a rosy outlook. They expect the best from people. Children with a negative mood may be more suspicious. They may easily feel angry or disappointed.Mood11
12Emotional Climate of the Home Babies are influenced by adults’ emotions, voice, gestures, and facial expressions.Babies need to feel affection and caring.
13Section 8.2 Understanding Social Development of Infants Caregivers play a large role in a baby’s social development.They help the infant learn to form relationships and feel comfortable in his or her world.
14Content Vocabulary Academic Vocabulary social development cause and effectmodelstranger anxietyplay environmentleadmotivate
15Social Development and Learning Social development is closely related to emotional development.Babies learn by observing cause and effect and through imitation.cause and effectA relationship between events in which one event, the effect, is caused by another event.social developmentThe process of learning how to interact and express oneself with others.
16Social Development and Learning Parents need to model good behavior.Babies develop better socially if they get more positive responses than negative ones to their behaviors.Stranger anxiety is common in babies.stranger anxietyA fear of unfamiliar people, usually expressed by crying.
17Social Development Through Play Babies learn about the world around them through play.Play strengthens all areas of growth and development.
18Social Development Through Play Babies learn about interacting with others through play.Babies use all senses to explore.How do babies use the sense of taste to explore?
19Understanding Emotional Development of Infants Chapter SummarySection 8.1Understanding Emotional Development of InfantsEmotional development is the process of learning to recognize and express feelings and to establish a personal identity.Caregivers can help shape emotional development by providing consistent, responsive, and loving care.Temperaments and the emotional climate of the home also influence emotional development.19
20Understanding Social Development of Infants Chapter SummarySection 8.2Understanding Social Development of InfantsSocial development is the process of learning how to interact and express oneself with others.Babies learn social behavior by watching and interacting with others.Stranger anxiety is a normal sign of social development.Babies learn about the world by playing and exploring.20
21ReviewDo you remember the vocabulary terms from this chapter? Use the following slides to check your knowledge of the definitions.The slides in this section include both English and Spanish terms and definitions.Start
22emotional development desarrollo emocional The process of learning to recognize and express feelings and to establish a personal identity.El proceso de aprender a reconocer y expresar emociones, y desarrollar la personalidad.Show Definition
23A feeling response to the world around us. emotionemociónA feeling response to the world around us.Sentimiento en respuesta a las cosas que pasan en nuestro alrededor.Show Definition
24Uncontrollable crying by an otherwise healthy baby. coliccólicoUncontrollable crying by an otherwise healthy baby.Llanto incontrolable de un bebé que por lo demás es saludable.Show Definition
25refluxreflujoA condition in which partially digested food rises in the throat.Una condición en la que comida parcialmente digerida se devuelve a la garganta.Show Definition
26A baby’s bond to his or her main caregiver. attachmentapegoA baby’s bond to his or her main caregiver.Vínculo entre un bebé y la persona que lo cuida.Show Definition
27retardo de crecimiento failure to thrive A condition in which babies do not grow and develop properly.Condición que no permite que un bebé crezca normalmente.Show Definition
28A person’s unique emotional makeup. temperamenttemperamentoA person’s unique emotional makeup.Disposición emocional única de cada persona.Show Definition
29El proceso de aprender cómo interactuar y expresarse con otros. social developmentdesarrollo socialThe process of learning how to interact and express oneself with others.El proceso de aprender cómo interactuar y expresarse con otros.Show Definition
30cause and effect causa y efecto A relationship between events in which one event, the effect, is caused by another event.Relación entre dos sucesos en la que uno, el efecto, es causado por el otro.Show Definition
31modelejemplarTo base a behavior on somebody else; to teach it through example.Que sirve de modelo de comportamiento; que enseña dando buen ejemplo.Show Definition
32ansiedad a los extraños stranger anxiety A fear of unfamiliar people, usually expressed by crying.Miedo a la gente no conocida, normalmente expresado con llanto.Show Definition
33play environment ambiente de juego A comfortable space free of dangers and with toys that are safe and interesting.Un espacio cómodo, libre de peligros y con juegos que son seguros e interesantes.Show Definition
34Essential; very important. Esencial; muy importante. crucialcrucialEssential; very important.Esencial; muy importante.Show Definition
35To delay or obstruct the development of someone or something. hinderimpedirTo delay or obstruct the development of someone or something.Retrasar u obstaculizar el desarrollo de algo o de alguien.Show Definition
36An example or precedent. Ejemplo o precedente. leadguíaAn example or precedent.Ejemplo o precedente.Show Definition
37To provide a reason to do something. Dar una razón para hacer algo. motivatemotivarTo provide a reason to do something.Dar una razón para hacer algo.Show Definition
38Emotional and Social Development of Infants End ofChapter 8Emotional and Social Development of Infantshomeglencoe.com