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Al Hodges References Part 2 of 4. When you need cover for plants or people, a $20 hoop house may serve the purpose. It is easy to make, easy to take down,

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Presentation on theme: "Al Hodges References Part 2 of 4. When you need cover for plants or people, a $20 hoop house may serve the purpose. It is easy to make, easy to take down,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Al Hodges References Part 2 of 4

2 When you need cover for plants or people, a $20 hoop house may serve the purpose. It is easy to make, easy to take down, reusable, and cheap. Bamboo can substitute for PVC pipe, even cheaper. Thanks, Todd. hoop-house.jpg

3 Moso Bamboo Phyllostachys Edulis is the largest, temperate (75 ft. tall and 7 in thick), timber bamboo that grows in the U.S.A. It is best suited for the warm southeastern U.S. Its culm (cane/stem) sheath is very dark, spotted and hairy and easy to recognize. The plant has extremely large culms and tiny delicate leaves. New shoots emerge very early in the spring so it cannot be cultivated in cold zones.

4 What is a Bamboo Clump? A bamboo clump is a grouping of many genetic identical culms (stems) of the same species united by a network of underground rhizomes. These culms have been generated through the continuous process of natural rhizome propagating. A young clump consists of stems with different diameters, growing larger and taller each year until new stems reach the average size defined by the genetics of the species. The formation of a bamboo clump is the result of a small seedling that initiates the natural process of generating several new stems through their rhizomes. These new stems always emerge with greater diameters and heights than the previous mother stem. So for example, a 30cm tall seedling with a 2mm diameter stem will produce new stems of 3mm in diameter, those stems in turn produce several of 5mm, they then produce stems of 1cm, 2cm, 4cm, and so on, until finally stems with over 10cm in diameter and 20m high occur. This schematic cross-sectional view shows the development of a bamboo clump. The older stems are located at the center of the clump and have smaller diameters and height. The youngest stems are found towards the periphery of the clump and have the greatest diameters and height.[pageGallery]/2/ Read more: Guadua Bamboo Growing HabitsGuadua Bamboo Growing Habits Left: The red dot in the middle marks the planted seedling. Left: The full green dots indicate the first culms from the planted seedling. These are usually solid due to the hydration of the fibro- vascular bundles. Right: A young Guadua clump and shoot development.

5 Guadua Guadua is the most important American bamboo. Due to its quality, the genus has been widely used for house construction along the inter- Andean rivers of Colombia and in coastal Ecuador. Tropical bamboo can be propagated with cuttings or by covering complete culms with soil. The next year, new plants will sprout. Or, Guadua can be propagated more rapidly by the chusquin method. Under this method, culms are cut at ground level when harvesting causing many small shoots and new plants to grow around the original plant. This method is suitable for large-scale forests or farm cooperatives. Bamboo is a grass. Harvesting it down to the soil induces more new shoots to emerge, just like turf grass. This is a phenomenon not known in hardwood forests. Even more rapid methods have been developed through the use of tissue culture. Bamboo propagated in a laboratory in the space of one square meter will be sufficient to establish one hectare of new forest. These plants can also be readily transported in a one-half-cubic-meter box. Harvesting can begin six years after planting, making bamboo a potential source of tropical biomass production for industry. Guadua is the preferred bamboo species for architectural purposes, Its diameter is constant for the first 15 meters and then tapers to the top. (60 to 100 feet tall and 4 to 8 inches in diameter.) Guadua Angustifolia

6 P. Nigra was the first imported bamboo into the U.S.A. in 1827. “ Timber bamboo can grow to 100 feet tall, seven inches in diameter, and be stronger than steel. ” –Wikipedia Every 40-100 Years, bamboo plants flower. Plants of all ages, worldwide, of the same variety, will flower at same time. Bamboo When I lived in Honduras, I learned a useless lesson. Alcoholic beverages are universal. The local people always find a way. Our colonization project had a market for over production of rice. The local brewery imported corn flakes to make beer but they agreed to buy rice for US$8.00 per 100 pound bag should our project overload the local rice market. In the U.S.A, the government was subsidizing rice production at $8.00 per 100 pounds (1956). Beer was too expensive for the poor, so they made chicha. The simple recipe: A layer of burlap, a layer of corn; a layer of burlap, a layer of corn; and repeated until no more corn. The pile was dampened with water to germinate the corn After germination, a mixture of the corn, native brown sugar, and water was poured into each section of bamboo stalks (culms) and plugged. This container held the contents during fermentation. After four days, a delicious, slightly fermented drink similar to slightly fermented apple cider was ready. After 10 days, the final product was more like hard cider. I did not like the taste but the natives sure did. The fermented final product was not distilled, but the taste of Tropical Bamboo Bourbon probably would be better than “ white lightning. ” For many, this is a valuable use for bamboo.

7 Wooden (bamboo ?) Grow Bed with plastic pond liner Gro 40 cm 16 in Base is 4 feet by 8 feet sheet of exterior plywood

8 Tim Mann ’ s 512 sq. feet mini-commercial, off-grid learning experience raft aquaponics system. Tim ’ s Newsletter #175 shows step-by-step construction, parts, and advice. This is the first step for commercial aquaponics “ wannabes, ” a working size, economical cost, learning experience, but too small for commercial production. This size will feed about five families if it used grow beds with media to sustain larger plants.

9 Three enclosed commercial size units – temperature, humidity, and insect control. Ven t Exhaust vent Fresh air vent Pretty Pictures

10 These seven plants can help repel garden bugs: Basil, Bay Leaves, Catnip, Citronella, Lavender, Lemon Balm, and Mint, See more here:

11 Duckweed, high protein (27%-43%) for fish food Vermiculture – Worms “ Soldiers of the earth ” - Darwin Profile.aspx?pid=726 Minneapolis-Garden Fresh Farms demonstrates year-round vegetable harvests in a warehouse. Duckweed — Lemna minor Araceae Lemnoideae Data: (Good Source of nutrient information) Fresh Main analysis Unit AvgSD Min MaxNb Dry matterDry matter - % as fed 6.31 64.7 7.93 Crude proteinCrude protein% DM 27.22% 624.93 0.34 Crude fibreCrude fibre% DM 15.81 NDFNDF% DM 44.31 333.95 24 ADFADF% DM 15.8 12.41 9.12 LigninLignin% DM 3.21 Ether extractEther extract% DM 2.21 AshAsh% DM 12.52 89.51 6.34 Gross energyGross energy MJ/kg DM 18.0

12 Air Lift Pumps Glenn Martinez, Hawaii Dig a well or reservoir that is sealed at the bottom. We find 4 to eight feet is great. It takes 1/2 psi per foot of depth to get the air lift started. After the air is displacing the water, the water is lighter and it takes less air. A 5 psi pump is the strongest we have ever used - 5 psi will inject air into the system at a depth of 10 feet. Dig the well four feet deep, pump the water up 8 feet, add another air injector. At the top, you MUST have an air/water separator to get the value of the pump. For a 1/1/4 inch riser, we have a reducer two H2H2 HmHm HsHs Air outlet Hs H2H2 Hm Legend Hm – Total height H 2 – Height water lift Hs – Submergence Air outlet inches to three inches. Extend the three inch pipe up to three feet. Have the 1 1/4 inch riser enter the three inch pipe up above the exit point so the water falls down in the three inch pipe and exits out the tee fitting. The three inch just allows air to throw the water to the side so it does not fall back into the 1 1/4 riser. [Note: to lift 1 foot you need between 2 to 3 feet of submergence (below the surface), and “the maximum lift will be half the submerged length of the tube. ” – Backyard Aquaponics forum] Cut the top of the 1 1/4 inch riser and insert two-two inches of flat plastic (cut from a five gallon bucket) such that the water sprays to the side and falls down.I pump 24 feet high with 300 gallons per hour with two 150 watt air pumps. Generally, I use two 60 watt pumps for a 150 gallon per hour flow. Note: I am pumping very dirty water that would never pass through a mechanical submersible pond pump for very long. I am using much less electricity Video:

13 Small Bubble Diffuser Air Pump This unit tested small bubble diffuser (B) for volume of water and energy required as well as using flexible tubing for air delivery, which is cheaper for growers. Growers suggest lift pipes be smaller than three inches. Deeper submergence increases lift. Geyser head = 50% of submergence. htm Geyser pumps move a greater volume of liquids than bubble air lift pumps. The diffuser small air bubbles enter from outside the pipe (A). 17 ” funnel (C), was added to guide bubbles into the pipe. Bubble Air diffuser below 17 ” funnel 4.5 ” Lift Pipe Top of unit A B B C C Growers advice lift pipe to be smaller than 3 ” A

14 Geyser Pump A geyser pump is an improved airlift pump, powered by compressed air that raises a fluid, often dirty, by forcing large, intermittent air bubbles to raise the fluid. 50. Air supply. 52. Air inlet port. 58. Liquid supply. 60,62. air supply lines. 64. upper end of air tank 86. 66,82. Air ports. 70. Upper air inlet of u-shaped elbow 74. 76 Air outlet. 84. Fluid intake. 65. Riser tube. 88. Displaced liquid. 90. Pump outlet. L: Liquid LL: Liquid level. VVV: Vessel G: Gravel or solids H: Head S: Submergence (Head can equal 50% of submergence.) S H U.S. Open Source Patent Geyser action is similar to an up- side down Bell Siphon.

15 Principle of Geyser Pump Unlike an airlift pump, the air bubble is produced in a chamber outside the pump riser. Air is supplied to an airtight dome with the pump riser extending through its center. Inside this dome is a second, smaller, inverted air dome, with the pump riser also extending through its center. An entrance is provided to the riser pipe capable of allowing a bubble greater than the diameter of the pipe to enter. As air is applied to the large dome, pressure inside the dome increases until it is greater than the pressure of the column of water in the pump riser. When this condition is met, a large bubble is released from the air dome into the pump riser within 1/5 second. This large bubble ejects the water in the riser, geyser fashion. By producing the bubble outside the riser, it is possible to control the rate it is produced. Controlling bubble formation speed controls how often a bubble is released into the riser. Geyser Pumps can operate with flow rate as low as 1 gal min (4 l/min). A 3-inch, bubble airlift pump cannot operate with a flow rate much less than 35 gals / min. Geyser Pumps use less air than bubble airlift pumps, lowering power cost. Suction force of Geyser Pump = 4.3 psi @ 10 feet Suction Force of Air Lift Pump = 0.3 psi @ 10 feet 14 Times as great Previous slide.

16 Pythagorean Cup The Brand New, 2,500 Year Old Siphon Affnan ’ s Bell Siphon Bell Siphon – no snorkel Bell Siphon Credit for The Pythagorean Cup goes to Pythagoras of Samos. It allows the user to fill the cup with wine up to a certain level. If the user fills the cup only to that level, the imbiber may enjoy a drink in peace. If the imbiber exhibits gluttony, the cup spills its entire contents out the bottom. —Wikepedia

17 14 ” Grow Bed – Media Levels – Affnan, Malaysia 2 “ 2”2” 8”8” 12 ” 2”2” Affnan ’ s URL (Malaysia) – Good tropical information source: Growbed Media Height Recommend top of stand pipe be 2 ” below top of media. Worms and Root Zone Overflow November 2013 – Bell Siphon – “...alteration has its reason; this present design is much easier to install without glue or any adhesive. It is also thicker material. I use a circular cutter so I chose thicker pipe. It will stand up better to the elements. ” Remember to add compost worms to remove solids in grow bed.



20 Red Wriggle Worms are composting earthworms that create looseness in the soil and consume the solids among the roots in gardens and in the grow beds of an aquaponics system. A normally populated fish tank (not over crowded) in a family systems, probably will not need any mechanical filters (swirl filters, radial filters, or bio-filters). Worms multiply rapidly as long as sufficient solids are available to sustain their population. One grower said he had to clean his wormless grow beds every 15 months; another using worms said he cleaned his grow beds every five years.

21 uaponics-IBC-Tote-Grow-Bed- Stand-w-Trellis-Fittings- /250862964421?_trksid=p328 4.m263&_trkparms=algo%3DS IC%26its%3DI%26itu%3DUCI% 252BIA%252BUA%252BFICS% 252BUFI%26otn%3D21%26pm od%3D150896281863%26ps% 3D54 Texas IBC Module Price - $450 + $20 shipping IBC tank and frame cut, trellis added, no sales tax. From near Houston. Sight unseen, is IBC plastic tank new? If used, was it used only for food products? Inda- Gro Inda Gro Lamps Inda-Gro Induction lamps are High Output Fluorescent lamps known as Electrode less Fluorescent Discharge Lamps or EFDL. Unlike conventional lamps that require screw in sockets or pins to power up the lamps, the EFDL induction lamp does not rely on a socket or pin connection. Instead EFDL efficiencies derive from being powered by a High Frequency Electromagnetic Field – no pins, sockets or ballasts to operate the lamp. More energy is converted into usable plant light, not wasted due to the high temperatures and escaping gas. Induction lamps were introduced and patented in 1891 by Nikola Tesla. Induction lamps, while expensive, are prized for their; High Lumens per watt, Low Temperatures, Crisp Color, Long Lamp Life, and Low Lumen Depreciation for life. 200 Watts-Covers 48"x48" http://www.inda- http://www.inda- 1891 - Nickola Tesla patent 10 Year warranty

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