WASH in School Coverage in Madhya Pradesh Source -DISE (Provisional Data as on 14 Feb.2013)
Contaminated water through hand pump used for drinking purposes. Queue in hand pump for washing plates of MDM. Toilet is available but defang and inaccessible. Preservation of water and its house keeping is always an issue. Is these wash in schools ?
Wash in schools – more than toilets……and Hand pumps Access to adequate and safe water: Drinking Hand washing Flushing or clean the toilet Toilet facilities that are: Separate for boys and Girls As per technical norms and adequate in number Child-friendly, gender-specific Incinerator attached to girls’ toilet Maintained with regular cleaning facility Private, well located and maintained toilet facilities WASH in Schools
Wash in schools – more than toilets……and Hand pumps Personal hygiene materials (with easy access) Water, soap, Menstrual pads, nail-cutter, comb, bucket, mug, mirror etc. Hygiene education Curriculum, Maintenance Plan Supplementary reading material, teachers and SMCs training on WASH, Washing of Hands with Soap as regular activity in school. Child cabinet for day to day activities of WASH in schools. Regular monitoring of wash activities by Child Cabinet. GHD incorporated in State Educational Calendar Convergence with school health programme. WASH in Schools - conti….
Why wash in schools ? Improved primary school attendance, health and cognitive development; Greater girls’ participation in school; Personal hygiene behaviours that may last for life; Outreach to families and communities, through the participation of students in hygiene promotion; Greater equity in schools
Diarrhoea reduction through improved sanitary facilities: 34 % Washing hands with soap: diarrhoea reduction 50%, respiratory infections reduction 25%, number of school days lost reduced with 25-50%. All cases (estimated 47%) of roundworm, whipworm and hookworm are caused by inadequate sanitation and hygiene. Why wash in schools ?
Why WASH in Schools ? Cont..... Girls’ participation in school Lack of facilities for menstrual hygiene and management in existing sanitation facilities (places to change and wash) can mean absenteeism of up to 4-5 days a month. Toilets need to be constructed on safe locations to avoid threat of abuse and violence (for girls and boys).
Monitoring Questions ComponentCore QuestionsDetails Water system type; functionality quantity; quality (treatment); source; accessibility for children; water safety (source to Mouth) Sanitation existence of toilets; toilets for boys, girls; urinals toilets for teachers; accessibility for disabled; young child friendliness Hygiene Hand washing facilities for girls, boys; soap availability; hygiene education Operation and maintenance plan of the school for wash in school facility. Waste Disposal solid waste collection/disposal; sludge collection/disposal Plan and responsible person/ agency.
SN RTE ActRight to Education Act Norms 1 ToiletSeparate Toilets for boys & Girls 2 Drinking WaterSafe and adequate Drinking Water facility 10 SchemesNorms SSA Boys and Girls Toilet for Govt. PS & UPS of Urban schools and Girls Toilet for Govt. PS & UPS of Rural Schools. Operation and Maintenance of toilet block using School Maintenance Grant. Use of School contingence Grant for cleaning of toilets. WASH monitoring in schools. TSC Boys and Girls Toilet for Govt. PS to Sr. Secondary Schools of Rural schools. Support in sanitation hygiene education through IEC. Regular cleaning of school toilets through Panch Parmeshwar( PRD, NBA) for rural areas. NRDWP Potable and permanent Drinking Water Facility in Schools. WASH in school provisions…
CHALLENGES IN WASH IN SCHOOLS
Challenges in Wash in schools AWARESS EXISTS, THE CHALLENGE IS TO ACCELERATE ACTION STANDARDS IN DESIGNS. WASH IN SCHOOL ACTIVITIES TO BE INTEGRATED IN EDUCATION SYSTEM. SUSTAINABLE GOVERNMENT FUNDING MECHANISMS ALSO ATTENTION TO NON-GOVERNMENT SCHOOL S
Challenges cont..... FUNCTIONING OF REGULAR OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE AND CLEANING ARRANGEMENTS. DECLINE IN FUNCTIONING OF WASH FACILITIES AFTER CONSTRUCTION. PARTICULAR INCINERATOR PRACTISING AND SUSTAINING HYGIENE IN SCHOOLS
Water Hand pump/ Water tap /borehole /well/... Or no water point Is it functional? Is there enough water in the school?(5 lts per day per child for day school) Is water treated or safe before drinking?(Water tested ever) Are water facilities accessible for children including CWSN ? What is the Water source in school?
Sanitation Sanitation Does the school have latrines and Urinals? No. of seats exclus. for boys with Urinal No. of seats exclus. for girls with Urinal Is Soap and water available in toilets Are all toilets have easy access for children including CWSN.
Hygiene Hygiene Is the drinking water stored Hygienically ?(water source to mouth) Does the school have HWWS facilities? If yes is it functional? How many Toilet are functional/non- functional for girls/ boys. Is sufficient soap along with water is available before MDM ? Is hygiene taught in the school and training of Teachers and SMC conducted ?
OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE N Is the school able to successfully operate and manage its water, sanitation facilities? Who is responsible for O&M? Is the Child Cabinet is active in every schools? Is in school any teacher is assign responsibility for Wash?
School Toilets Urinal and hand Wash facility in Toilet
Making water available in the toilet (Force lift pump)
School Toilet (Girls) with Incinerator
Making school Toilets CWSN friendly
PPP Modal in Schools for WASH AN EXAMPLE ( M.S. Bhamori Silwani Raisen) ONE NEIGHBOUR FAMILY OF SCHOOL IS CONTRIBUTING ELETRICITY BILL OF HAND PUMP MOTOR AND ANOTHER SHARING MAINTENANCE OF SCHOOL IN PLACE OF USING WATER FROM SCHOOL
PPP Modal in Schools for WASH AN EXAMPLE ( M.S. Bhamori Silwani Raisen ) WITH SUPPORT FROM NEIGHBOUR FAMILY OF SCHOOL RUNNING WATER IN TOILET AND ARRANGEMENT OF HAND WASHING WITH SOAP BEFORE MDM IS OPERATIONALISE,THE HM AND HIS TEAM IS COORDINATING WELL
Glimpses of Global Hand washing day 15 th Oct.2012 in schools of M.P.
Child Cabinet in Schools(IEC)
Child Cabinet in Schools Active Child Cabinet briefing about their roles in Nirmal Bharat Yatra before Audience and Guest
Child cabinet of M.S.Bordiya Javad dist. Nimuch receiving the Clean school award(Nirmal vidyalaya puruskar) by collector Nimuch Child Cabinet awarded in District
WASH IN SCHOOLS- FUTURE PLAN Provision for Repair and maintenance of defunct/ damaged toilets. Design and construction of child friendly,gender friendly school toilets in context of adequacy and WSDP. Indicators on % of schools with functional hand washing facility with soap and % of students practicing hand washing included in DISE Data. Guidelines on operation and maintenance and regular cleanliness of school toilets. In very school Bal Cabinet formation to have active involvement of school children. Operationalise the Clean School Award for maintaining and sustaining Wash facilities in schools. Operationlise the resources from Panch Parmeshwar scheme for regular cleanliness of school toilets Explore Regular adequate funding for sustainable wash facility in schools. Installation of Hand washing station in every school for washing of hand with soap.
Convergence with NBA Proposed Hand washing Plate form by Panch Parmeshwar (PRD & NBA) in Rural schools costing Rs. 6000/- in rural schools