2WASH in School Coverage in Madhya Pradesh Source -DISE (Provisional Data as on 14 Feb.2013)
3Is these wash in schools ? Contaminated water through hand pump used for drinking purposes.Queue in hand pump for washing plates of MDM.Toilet is available but defang and inaccessible.Preservation of water and its house keeping is always an issue.
4WASH in Schools Wash in schools – more than toilets……and Hand pumps Access to adequate and safe water:DrinkingHand washingFlushing or clean the toiletToilet facilities that are:Separate for boys and GirlsAs per technical norms and adequate in numberChild-friendly, gender-specificIncinerator attached to girls’ toiletMaintained with regular cleaning facilityPrivate, well located and maintained toilet facilities
5WASH in Schools - conti…. Wash in schools – more than toilets……and Hand pumpsPersonal hygiene materials (with easy access)Water, soap,Menstrual pads, nail-cutter, comb, bucket, mug, mirror etc.Hygiene educationCurriculum, Maintenance PlanSupplementary reading material, teachers and SMCs training on WASH, Washing of Hands with Soap as regular activity in school.Child cabinet for day to day activities of WASH in schools.Regular monitoring of wash activities by Child Cabinet.GHD incorporated in State Educational CalendarConvergence with school health programme.
6Why wash in schools ?Improved primary school attendance, health and cognitive development;Greater girls’ participation in school;Personal hygiene behaviours that may last for life;Outreach to families and communities, through the participation of students in hygiene promotion;Greater equity in schools
7Why wash in schools ?Diarrhoea reduction through improved sanitary facilities: 34 %Washing hands with soap: diarrhoea reduction 50%,respiratory infections reduction 25%,number of school days lost reduced with 25-50%.All cases (estimated 47%) of roundworm, whipworm and hookworm are caused by inadequate sanitation and hygiene.Refer to the Baseline document for details and backgrounds on studies
8Why WASH in Schools ? Cont..... Girls’ participation in schoolLack of facilities for menstrual hygiene and management in existing sanitation facilities (places to change and wash) can mean absenteeism of up to 4-5 days a month.Toilets need to be constructed on safe locations to avoid threat of abuse and violence (for girls and boys).
9Monitoring Questions Component Core Questions Details Water Sanitation system type; functionalityquantity; quality (treatment); source; accessibility for children; water safety (source to Mouth)Sanitationexistence of toilets; toilets for boys, girls; urinalstoilets for teachers; accessibility for disabled; young child friendlinessHygieneHand washing facilities for girls, boys; soap availability; hygiene educationOperation and maintenance plan of the school for wash in school facility.Waste Disposalsolid waste collection/disposal; sludge collection/disposalPlan and responsible person/ agency.
10WASH in school provisions… SNRTE ActRight to Education Act Norms1ToiletSeparate Toilets for boys & Girls2Drinking WaterSafe and adequate Drinking Water facilitySchemesNormsSSABoys and Girls Toilet for Govt. PS & UPS of Urban schools andGirls Toilet for Govt. PS & UPS of Rural Schools.Operation and Maintenance of toilet block using School Maintenance Grant.Use of School contingence Grant for cleaning of toilets .WASH monitoring in schools.TSCBoys and Girls Toilet for Govt. PS to Sr. Secondary Schools of Rural schools.Support in sanitation hygiene education through IEC.Regular cleaning of school toilets through Panch Parmeshwar( PRD, NBA) for rural areas.NRDWPPotable and permanent Drinking Water Facility in Schools.
12Challenges in Wash in schools AWARESS EXISTS, THE CHALLENGE IS TO ACCELERATE ACTIONSTANDARDS IN DESIGNS .WASH IN SCHOOL ACTIVITIES TO BE INTEGRATED IN EDUCATION SYSTEM.SUSTAINABLE GOVERNMENT FUNDING MECHANISMSALSO ATTENTION TO NON-GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS
13Challenges cont.....FUNCTIONING OF REGULAR OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE AND CLEANING ARRANGEMENTS.DECLINE IN FUNCTIONING OF WASH FACILITIES AFTER CONSTRUCTION. PARTICULAR INCINERATORPRACTISING AND SUSTAINING HYGIENE IN SCHOOLS
14Water What is the Water source in school? Hand pump/ Water tap /borehole /well/... Or no water pointIs it functional?Is there enough water in the school?(5 lts per day per child for day school)Is water treated or safe before drinking?(Water tested ever)Are water facilities accessible for children including CWSN ?Handwashing with soap
15Sanitation No. of seats exclus. for boys with Urinal Does the school have latrines and Urinals?No. of seats exclus. for boys with UrinalNo. of seats exclus. for girls with UrinalIs Soap and water available in toiletsAre all toilets have easy access for children including CWSN.Handwashing with soap
16HygieneIs the drinking water stored Hygienically ?(water source to mouth)Does the school have HWWS facilities? If yes is it functional?How many Toilet are functional/non-functional for girls/ boys.Is sufficient soap along with water is available before MDM ?Is hygiene taught in the school and training of Teachers and SMC conducted ?Handwashing with soap
17OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE NIs the school able to successfully operate and manage its water, sanitation facilities?Who is responsible for O&M?Is the Child Cabinet is active in every schools?Is in school any teacher is assign responsibility for Wash?Handwashing with soap
18School Toilets Urinal and hand Wash facility in Toilet
19Making water available in the toilet (Force lift pump)
22PPP Modal in Schools for WASH AN EXAMPLE (M.S. Bhamori Silwani Raisen) ONE NEIGHBOUR FAMILY OF SCHOOL IS CONTRIBUTING ELETRICITY BILL OF HAND PUMP MOTOR AND ANOTHER SHARING MAINTENANCE OF SCHOOL IN PLACE OF USING WATER FROM SCHOOL
23PPP Modal in Schools for WASH AN EXAMPLE (M.S. Bhamori Silwani Raisen)WITH SUPPORT FROM NEIGHBOUR FAMILY OF SCHOOL RUNNING WATER IN TOILET AND ARRANGEMENT OF HAND WASHING WITH SOAP BEFORE MDM IS OPERATIONALISE,THE HM AND HIS TEAM IS COORDINATING WELL
24Glimpses of Global Hand washing day 15th Oct.2012 in schools of M.P.
26Child Cabinet in Schools Active Child Cabinet briefing about their roles in Nirmal Bharat Yatra before Audience and Guest
27Child Cabinet awarded in District Child cabinet of M.S.Bordiya Javad dist. Nimuchreceiving the Clean school award(Nirmal vidyalaya puruskar) by collector Nimuch
28WASH IN SCHOOLS- FUTURE PLAN Provision for Repair and maintenance of defunct/ damaged toilets.Design and construction of child friendly ,gender friendly school toilets in context of adequacy and WSDP.Indicators on % of schools with functional hand washing facility with soap and % of students practicing hand washing included in DISE Data.Guidelines on operation and maintenance and regular cleanliness of school toilets.In very school Bal Cabinet formation to have active involvement of school children.Operationalise the Clean School Award for maintaining and sustaining Wash facilities in schools.Operationlise the resources from Panch Parmeshwar scheme for regular cleanliness of school toiletsExplore Regular adequate funding for sustainable wash facility in schools.Installation of Hand washing station in every school for washing of hand with soap.
29Convergence with NBAProposed Hand washing Plate form by Panch Parmeshwar (PRD & NBA) in Rural schools costing Rs. 6000/- in rural schools