Presentation on theme: "Homeland Security Opportunities Study"— Presentation transcript:
1Homeland Security Opportunities Study 3 April 2013
2DHS Mission, Goals, Priorities Core missionsCounterterrorismBorder securityImmigration enforcementCyber securityResilience to disasters.GoalsDHS effectiveness, accountability, maturityTies to state, local, tribal, territorial, and private-sector partnersCooperation with international partnersSecretary Napolitano Priorities March 2013:“DHS 3.0”Cyber SecurityImmigrationRisk-based transportation and cargo security
3DHS Planning, Programming, Budgeting System National strategic framework for homeland securityQuadrennial Homeland Security Review (QHSR)Core missions:CounterterrorismBorder securityImmigration enforcementCyber securityResilience to disasters.FEB 2010Goals: Improving:DHS effectiveness, accountability, maturityTies to state, local, tribal, territorial, and private-sector partnersCooperation with international partnersBottom Up Review (BUR)Initiatives to implement the QHSR.JUL 2010Strategic Assessment ReportResource Allocation DecisionProgram Budget DecisionIntegrated Planning GuidanceThreat and Vulnerability AssessmentResource Allocation DecisionDHS Budget and FYSHP to OMBSONDJFMAProgram Executing Divisions
4DHS Opportunity Insight Sources Process owner: DHS Office of PolicyQuadrennial Homeland Security Review (QHSR)Budget Review BoardFEB 2010Joint Requirements CouncilBottom Up Review (BUR)Historic ProcurementsJUL 2010Strategic Assessment ReportResource Allocation DecisionProgram Budget DecisionIntegrated Planning GuidanceXThreat and Vulnerability AssessmentResource Allocation DecisionDHS Budget and FYSHP to OMBSONDJFMAProgram Executing Divisions
5Quadrennial Homeland Security Review Security: Protect the United States and its people, vital interests, and way of life;Resilience: Foster individual, community, and system robustness, adaptability, and capacity for rapid recoveryCustoms and Exchange: Expedite and enforce lawful trade, travel, and immigration.MissionGoals1. Preventing Terrorism, Enhancing Security1.1 Prevent Terrorist Attacks1.2 Prevent the Unauthorized Acquisition or Use of Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear Materials and Capabilities1.3 Manage Risks to Critical Infrastructure, Key Leadership, and Events2. Securing and Managing Borders2.1 Effectively Control U.S. Air, Land, and Sea Borders2.2 Safeguard Lawful Trade and Travel2.3 Disrupt and Dismantle Transnational Criminal Organizations3. Enforcing and Administering Immigration Laws3.1 Strengthen and Effectively Administer the Immigration System3.2 Prevent Unlawful Immigration4. Safeguarding and Securing Cyberspace4.1 Create a Safe, Secure, and Resilient Cyber Environment4.2 Promote Cybersecurity Knowledge and Innovation5. Ensuring Resilience to Disasters5.1 Mitigate Hazards5.2 Enhance Preparedness5.3 Ensure Effective Emergency Response5.4 Rapidly Recover
6Bottom Up Review QHSR Implementation (1) MissionInitiatives1. Preventing Terrorism, Enhancing SecurityStrengthen counterterrorism coordination across DHSStrengthen aviation securityCreate an integrated Departmental information sharing architectureDeliver infrastructure protection and resilience capabilities to the fieldSet national performance standards for identification verificationIncrease efforts to detect and counter nuclear and biological weapons and dangerous materialsLeverage the full range of capabilities to address biological and nuclear threatsStandardize and institutionalize the National Fusion Center NetworkPromote safeguards for access to secure areas in critical facilitiesEstablish DHS as a center of excellence for canine training and deploymentRedesign the Federal Protective Service (FPS) to better match mission requirements2. Securing and Managing BordersExpand joint operations and intelligence capabilities, including enhanced domain awarenessPrioritize immigration and customs investigations on the security of global trade and travel systemsEnhance the security and resilience of global trade and travel systemsStrengthen and expand DHS-related security assistance internationallyEnhance North American security
7Bottom Up Review QHSR Implementation (2) MissionInitiatives3. Enforcing and Administering Immigration LawsComprehensive immigration reformImprove DHS immigration services processesFocus on fraud detection and national security vettingTarget egregious employers who knowingly exploit illegal workersDismantle human smuggling organizationsImprove the detention and removal processWork with new Americans so that they fully transition to the rights and responsibilities of citizenshipMaintain a model detention system commensurate with risk4. Safeguarding and Securing CyberspaceIncrease the focus and integration of DHS’s operational cybersecurity and infrastructure resilience activitiesStrengthen DHS ability to protect cyber networksIncrease DHS predictive, investigative, and forensic capabilities for cyber intrusions and attacksPromote cybersecurity public awareness5. Ensuring Resilience to DisastersEnhance catastrophic disaster preparednessImprove DHS’ ability to lead in emergency managementExplore opportunities with the private sector to “design-in” greater resilience for critical infrastructureMake individual and family preparedness and critical facility resilience inherent in community preparedness
8Bottom Up Review Additional Initiatives MissionInitiativesImproving Department ManagementSeek restoration of the Secretary’s reorganization authority for DHS headquartersRealign component regional configurations into a single DHS regional structure.Improve cross-Departmental management, policy, and functional integrationStrengthen internal DHS counterintelligence capabilitiesEnhance the Department's risk management capabilityStrengthen coordination within DHS through cross-Departmental training and career pathsEnhance the DHS workforceBalance the DHS workforce by ensuring strong federal control of all DHS work and reducing reliance on contractorsIncreasing AccountabilityIncrease Analytic Capability and CapacityImprove Performance Measurement and AccountabilityStrengthen Acquisition Oversight
9BUR 2010 Opportunities Preventing Terrorism and Enhancing Security (1) InitiativeOpportunity AreaStrengthen aviation securityPartner with DOE including National Laboratories and private industry to develop new and more effective technologies to deter and disrupt known threats and proactively anticipate and protect against new ways by which terrorists could seek to board an aircraft.Collaborate with the aviation industry to use a risk-based approach to inform decisions about changes to operations, business processes, and aircraft development.Create an integrated Departmental sharing architecture to consolidate and streamline access to intelligence, law enforcement, screening, and other information across the DepartmentConsolidate and streamline access to intelligence, law enforcement, screening, and other information across the DepartmentAutomated recurrent screening and vetting for individuals to whom DHS has provided a license, privilege, or status (including immigration status) so that, as new information becomes available, DHS can assess whether the individual is no longer eligible for the benefit or presents a threat. It will also include the capability to conduct scenario-based automated targeting of individuals and other entities using intelligence driven criteria.
10BUR 2010 Opportunities Preventing Terrorism and Enhancing Security (2) InitiativeOpportunity AreaIncrease efforts to detect and counter nuclear and biological weapons and dangerous materialsNuclear detection research and development and also work with the Intelligence Community to develop intelligence and analysis capabilities relating to improvised nuclear devices and radiological dispersal devices including capability to detect and react to pre-detonation cues or signatures to provide early warning indicators of an imminent or credible threat of a terrorist attack using a nuclearWeaponGreater emphasis on biological detection and countermeasuresAccelerate development of forensics capabilities for biological weapons in order to help attribute those attacks to a particular country or group… including increasing the capabilities of the DHS National Biodefense Analysis and Countermeasures Center (NBACC)Increase international capabilities to track the evolution and migration of potentially high consequence human, animal, and plant diseases.Promote safeguards for access to secure areas in critical facilities.Expand risk-informed screening and recurrent vetting in the transportation sector.Recurrently vet all Federal employees, contractors, and Federal secure identification credential holders.
11BUR 2010 Opportunities Securing and Managing Our Borders (1) InitiativeOpportunity AreaExpand joint operations and intelligence capabilities, including enhanced domain awarenessUnify the uses of technology, surveillance capabilities, and related resources across air, land, and maritime domains, with an increased emphasis on data collection, data processing, and integrating sensors across domains.Harmonize operations and intelligence—utilizing concepts and structures modeled after JIATFSouth, as appropriate—for the geographical approaches not covered by JIATF-South, such as the southwest border, as well as for arrivals of people and goods into the United Statesbuild upon the successful models established as part of our interagency counternarcotics infrastructure—including the Air and Marine Operations Center, the El Paso Intelligence Center, and other DHS and U.S. government operations centers—to apply those models more broadly to the spectrum of homeland security challenges across the air, land, and maritime domains.Establish and coordinate cross-domain operational threat analysis and response protocols in order to ensure greater effectiveness of interagency and intergovernmental response to threats across air, land, and maritime domains..
12BUR 2010 Opportunities Securing and Managing Our Borders (2) InitiativeOpportunity AreaEnhance the security and resilience of global trade and travel systemsContinue the development and implementation of trusted traveler and trusted shipper programs in order to increase our knowledge of people and goods that pose low risk traveling or transiting in global trade and travel systems.Enhance the sophistication of its information sharing architecture in order to evaluate the risk posed by people and goods in transit while safeguarding privacy, civil rights, and civil libertiesEnhance North American securityEnhance information sharing with Federal, State, local, tribal, nongovernmental, private sector, and international partners along the Northern and Southern borders.Foster cross-border threat and risk assessments and enhanced coordination and cooperation on securing the transnational flow of people and goods through expanding joint efforts and shared resources
13BUR 2010 Opportunities Securing and Managing Our Borders (3) InitiativeOpportunity AreaStrengthen and expand DHS-related security assistance internationally (e.g. border integrity and customs enforcement security assistance) consistent with U.S. government security, trade promotion, international travel, and foreign assistance objectivesComprehensive expansion of the Foreign Military Sales system application to homeland security- related international cooperation“Our national security depends on the ability of foreign governments to effectively combat terrorism and other threats within their own borders. DHS has substantial capability and capacity to help implement assistance and training to foreign governments in areas such as biometrics, document fraud, aviation security, port and maritime security, cargo security, bulk cash smuggling, customs enforcement, and human smuggling and trafficking. The U.S. government, through the Departments of State and Defense, provides security assistance and foreign assistance to legitimate members and representatives of foreign security forces and civilian institutions. This includes providing resources to institutions related to homeland security in foreign countries— including land and maritime border integrity and customs enforcement functions.”“DHS believes that training and technical assistance for international security partners in the areas of border integrity and customs enforcement must be increased. DHS also supports the strengthening of security to facilitate travel and commerce for legitimate travelers and goods. DHS will work in consultation and coordination with the Departments and State and Defense, as well as with Congress, to ensure adequate resources to support these purposes. DHS will also coordinate a proposal with the Department of Defense (DOD) to post DHS liaison officers in each of the DOD geographic commands to coordinate and integrate homeland security-related assistance funding aims. Finally, DHS will explore the expansion of additional international partnerships for homeland security-related activities as appropriate, in consultation and coordination with the Department of State and, where appropriate, DOD, including current activities such as visa security and international law enforcement training.”
14BUR 2010 Opportunities Enforcing and Administering Our Immigration Laws InitiativeOpportunity AreaFocus on fraud detection and national security vettingImprove DHS ability to analyze information, especially in identifying high risk cases, to better address fraud and national security concerns.Increase intelligence relating to analysis of entry, exit, and stay information.
15BUR 2010 Opportunities Safeguarding and Securing Cyberspace InitiativeOpportunity AreaIncrease the focus and integration of DHS’s operational cybersecurity and infrastructure resilience activities.Use new models for developing, acquiring, and disseminating cybersecurity technology, including technology leasing arrangements, technical service agreements, and development of secondary markets for cyber security technology among State, local, tribal, and territorial governments.Increase DHS predictive, investigative, and forensic capabilities for cyber intrusions and attacksBuild a new predictive analytic capability that will work closely with the law enforcement and intelligence communities and the private sector to improve the identification of cyber adversaries, establish and advance deterrence strategies, and promote a more accurate understanding of emerging cyber threats.Establish reliable mechanisms to categorize, store, and retrieve relevant cyber information from DHS databases, consistent with protection of privacy, civil rights, and civil liberties.Develop and implement a robust process to share finished cyber intelligence products and other information in a timely fashion within DHS and with our Federal, State, local, tribal, territorial, and private sector partners
16FYHSP Future Years Homeland Security Program De JureContent: budget year +4 plan articulates total DHS resources programmed by fiscal yearUpdated 3 times per FY:March, to reflect OE RAP submissionsAugust to reflect departmental decisions for the OMB budget and FYHSP submissionJanuary to reflect the President’s Budget/FYHSP submissionInternal DHS document released only with DHS CFO permission; Congressional oversight committees receive a special publication with the President’s Budget submitDHS Management Directive /14/2005De Facto“…Finally, the Department has failed to comply with nearly all of the statutory reporting requirements contained in Public Law 112–74.”“By flouting Congressional requirements, the Department is effectively disregarding the taxpayers’ right to see whether or not their scarce dollars are spent wisely.”Appropriations Committee report on the DHS FY13 appropriation.“OE” – Organization Element“RAP” – Resource Allocation Plan
17DHS Procurements FY12-17 All Programs ($M) as of 2012 DHS Opportunity AreasIncrease efforts to detect and counter nuclear and biological weapons and dangerous materialsExpand joint operations and intelligence capabilities, including enhanced domain awarenessEnhance the security and resilience of global trade and travel systemsEnhance North American securityCBP Customs and Border ProtectionFEMA Federal Emergency Management AgencyFLETC Federal Law Enforcement Training CenterICE Immigration and Customs EnforcementTSA Transportation Security AgencyUSCG US Coast GuardUSSS US Secret ServiceDHS Acquisition Planning Forecast System`
18CBP Foundations Formation: Legacy Agencies U.S. Border Patrol U.S. Customs ServiceU.S. Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection ServiceU.S. Immigration and NaturalizationHistoryCongress establishes Customs1835 Customs revenues reduce the national debt to zero.1862 U.S. Department of Agriculture created1891 Office of the Superintendent of Immigration established1904 U.S. Immigration Service is assigned a small force of mounted inspectorsFederal Horticultural Board created, leading to USDA Plant Protection and Quarantine ProgramCongress establishes the U.S. Border PatrolImmigration and Naturalization Service formedCongress passes Customs Modernization Act; Operation Hold the Line establishedCBP created2004 Air and marine personnel, missions, commitments, facilities, and assets transferred to CBP.2006 CBP creates Office of Air and Marine
19CBP Mission“We are the guardians of our Nation’s borders. We are America’s frontline. We safeguard the American homeland at and beyond our borders. We protect the American public against terrorists and the instruments of terror. We steadfastly enforce the laws of the United States while fostering our Nation’s economic security through lawful international trade and travel. We serve the American public with vigilance, integrity and professionalism.”5,000 miles of border with Canada1,900 miles of border with Mexico95,000 miles of tidal shoreline329 ports of entry within 20 field offices139 Border Patrol stations within 20 Sectors, with 31permanent checkpointDay in the Life…Processed932,456 passengers and pedestrians259,191 air passengers/crew48,073 ship passengers/crew621,874 land travelers64,483 containers253,821 privately-owned vehiclesExecuted:591 inadmissibles at the ports of entry932 apprehensions between the ports of entry470 refusals of entry at U.S. ports of entry61 arrests at U.S. ports of entryIntercepted: 49 fraudulent documentsSeized:13,717 pounds of drugs$345,687 in undeclared or illicit currency470 pests
20CBP Opportunities Opportunities Back packable, ruggedized, high TRL tactical UAVS, launched in one minute.Border tripwires, acoustic sensors to detect ultralights, and air-based wide area surveillance sensors.Development of improved maritime situational awareness and information sharing capabilities for the USCG and CBP.U.S./Canada sensor information sharingOutlook and Emerging NeedsSpillover of Mexican drug cartel violence into the U.S.Increasing influence of Mexican Drug Trafficking Organizations (DTOs) over U.S.- based gangsIncreased Border Patrol mobilityImproved risk analysisImproved situational awarenessSignificant improvement in wide-area surveillance
21TSA Foundations Formation Created Nov 2001 in the Aviation and Transportation Security Act. Three mandates:Security for all modes of transportation;Deploy Security Officers for 450 commercial airports from Guam to Alaska in 12 months; and,Screen all checked luggage for explosives by December 31, 2002.HistoryCongress creates TSAMoved from DOT to DHS
22TSA Mission“…protects the Nation’s transportation systems to ensure freedom of movement for people and commerce.”“TSA employs a risk-based strategy to secure U.S. transportation systems, working closely with stakeholders in aviation, rail, transit, highway, and pipeline sectors, as well as the partners in the law enforcement and intelligence community. The agency continuously sets the standard for excellence in transportation security through its people, processes, technologies and use of intelligence to drive operations.2011 HighlightsScreened more than 1.7 million passengers a dayDetected 1,100 firearms in carry-on bags in 2011.Completed deployment of 500 advanced imaging technology machinesScreened 100% air cargo
23TSA Programs and Challenges Grant ProgramsSecurity grants to mass transit and passenger rail systems, intercity bus companies, freight railroad carriers, ferries and the trucking industry to help protect the public and nation’s critical transportation infrastructure against acts of terrorism and other large- scale events.Law Enforcement ProgramsArmed Security OfficersCanine & Explosives DetectionCrew Member Self-DefenseFederal Air MarshalsFederal Flight Deck OfficersLaw Enforcement Officers Flying ArmedSecurity ProgramsVisible Intermodal Prevention and Response (VIPR)Travel Document CheckerBehavior Detection Officers (BDO)Secure FlightFederal Air Marshals (FAMs)Federal Flight Deck Officer (FFDO)Employee ScreeningCheckpoint Screening TechnologySecurity ScreeningChallengesDemand growth in commercial carrier will increase from 712M emplanements in 2011 to 1B+ byCredibility problem: Joint Transportation and Infrastructure and the Government Reform and Oversight Committees found5,700 pieces of security equipment in storage with a purchase value of $184 million, plus $3.5 million storage expense.Backscatter technology acquired after 2009 Christmas bomb plot was poorly tested and remains banned in the EU.
24TSA Outlook and Opportunities Service contracts will dominate the U.S. screening technologies market FY as upgrades, training and maintenance requirements become more necessary to extend the systems’ endurance… FY M budget for U.S. airport screening technology investments will progressively decline.Investment accounts should increase in 2016 to fund modernization. Future requirements will call for systems that are smaller, versatile — equipment that can stand-alone or in-line configurations — and can speed up throughput.“TSA bureaucracy is large and improvident adding more difficulty to an already troubled budget process. A lack of faith in TSA procedures and government reports of mismanagement is prompting a move towards the privatization of screening.”FYScreening system service contracts: training, maintenance, upgradesFY2016 ->Screening system upgrades and replacementOverallImproved systems engineering, testing, validation.Privatization of screening.“Airport Insecurity: TSA’s Failure to Cost-Effectively Procure, Deploy and Warehouse its Screening Technologies, “ Joint Majority Staff Report, Joint Transportation and Infrastructure and the Government Reform and Oversight Committees, May 9, 2012“Airport Screening Technology Market to Shrink, Analyst Says,” John Hernandez, Analyst, Frost & Sullivan, August 2012
25US Coast Guard Foundations FormationTitle 14 USC: "The Coast Guard as established January 28, 1915, shall be a military service and a branch of the armed forces of the United States at all times.”Operates under the authority of the Department of the Navy upon the declaration of war or when the President directs.Guardians on active duty and in the Reserve are subject to the Uniform Code of Military Justice and receive the same pay and allowances as members of the same pay grades in the other four armed services.History1790 Revenue-Marine (later renamed Revenue Cutter Service) created within the Treasury Department1915 Revenue Cutter Service combines with the U.S. Lifesaving Service (est. 1848) to create the Coast Guard1939 U.S. Lighthouse Service (est. 1789) added1946 Steamboat Inspection Service (est ) added1967 Coast Guard transferred to Department of Transportation2003 Coast Guard transferred to Department of Homeland Security
26US Coast Guard Mission Ports, waterways, and coastal security Drug interdictionAids to navigationSearch and rescueLiving marine resourcesMarine safetyDefense readinessMigrant interdictionMarine environmental protectionIce operationsOther law enforcementDay in the Life…12 lives saved in 64 search and rescue cases842 pounds of cocaine seized116 buoys serviced720 commercial vessels screened183,000 crew and passengers screened173 credentials to issued merchant mariners13 marine accidents investigated68 containers inspected29 vessels inspected for air emissions compliance28 foreign vessels examined for safety and environmental complianceBoards 13 fishing boats10 pollution incidents investigated
27US Coast Guard Emerging UAS Requirement for Maritime Domain Awareness Persistent, wide area surveillance, detection, classification, and target identification functions and on-scene tactical communications.Coast Guard Leaders Get First Look at ScanEagle Small Unmanned Aircraft SystemOn May 3, U.S. Coast Guard, Navy and congressional stakeholders gathered in Dahlgren, Va., to watch a fixed-wing aircraft take off without a pilot. The launch kicked off a technology demonstration phase for the ScanEagle small Unmanned Aircraft System (sUAS), which is scheduled to undergo more extensive demonstration this summer on one of the Coast Guard’s National Security Cutters (NSC)… “Although we are looking at the small UAS as an interim solution to a larger airframe with more sensor capability, the ScanEagle UAS testing from an NSC this summer will help us build the concept of operations and the tactics, techniques and procedures for future UAS operations…”“The service aims to augment its aviation fleet with land-based UAS to provide strategic, wide-area surveillance and cutter-based UAS to provide tactical, on-demand capability for National Security Cutters (NSC) and Offshore Patrol Cutters. A third small UAS—dubbed sUAS, which could provide an interim capability for NSCs until a robust cutter-based solution can be proven and acquired—is also under consideration.”“Both land- and cutter-based UAS are still in the preacquisition phase, with mission needs statements and concepts of operations in development.”
28US Coast Guard UAS Opportunities USCG 211 aircraft in inventory:C-37A Gulfstream VHC-144A The Ocean SentryHC-130J Super HerculesHC-130H HerculesHU-25 GuardianHH/MH-65C DolphinMH-60J/T JayhawkHigh and Medium Altitude Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (HAEUAV)*Vertical take-off-and-landing Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (VUAV)** Resources still in developmentPlatform opportunitiesLand-based UASCutter-based UASSmall UAS (“interim”)Capability opportunitiesLarger airframesImproved sensorsAnalysis opportunitiesDevelop CONOPSDevelop TTPAirspace integration“I firmly believe that unmanned aerial systems have a future in the Coast Guard and we’re being very deliberate about this…We’re doing an awful lot of up-front research and development, and we’re partnering with agencies that have had extensive lessons learned in how to operate unmanned systems.” Capt. Austin Gould, Chief Coast Guard Research, Development Test and Evaluation (RDT&E) Program
29USCG 2012 Aviation Projects Description$ValueHC-130H/J Long Range Surveillance Aircraft6 J A/C. New engines, propellers, avionics, sensors and cargo handling equipment. Modernizing airframes, avionics and mission systems of 16 HC-130H LRS aircraft. Deliveries of converted aircraft beginning FY 2012.HC-144A OCEAN SENTRY MARITIME PATROL AIRCRAFT (MPA)Equipped with communication, navigation and surveillance systems, including surface search radar and an electro-optical/infrared sensor. Search and rescue, maritime patrol, medical evacuation and transport missions.MH-60J/T JAYHAWK MEDIUM RANGE RECOVERY (MRR) HELICOPTER CONVERSION PROJECTSConversion to MH-60T. Upgrading the airframes, avionics and mission systems of its 42 MH-60J Jayhawk MRR helicopters.MH-65C/D HELICOPTER CONVERSION AND SUSTAINMENT PROJECTSModernize 101 Dolphins and extend service life through 2027.UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS (UAS)Researching land- and cutter-based UASs that to extend the ISR capabilities of its manned surface and aircraft assets. Following this research, the Coast Guard will develop an acquisition strategymission requirements.
30USCG 2012 Surface Projects Project Description $Value NATIONAL SECURITY CUTTER (NSC)Eight NSCs began delivery in FY 2008OFFSHORE PATROL CUTTER (OPC)25 OPCs to replace current 210-foot and 270-foot Medium Endurance Cutters.FAST RESPONSE CUTTER (FRC)58 Sentinel-class Fast Response Cutters (FRCs).IN-SERVICE CUTTERS – MISSION EFFECTIVENESS PROJECT (MEP)Sustainment program for the 210-foot and 270-foot Medium Endurance Cutters (WMECs) and the 110-foot Island-class patrol boats (WPBs).Ice BreakerRefurbishing the Polar Star. Completion 2014.RESPONSE BOAT – MEDIUM (RB-M)Replacing aging 41-foot utility boats and other non-standard boats with 180 RB-Ms.RESPONSE BOAT – SMALL (RB-S)Up to 500 standard Defender-class response boats (470 for the Coast Guard, 20 for DHS and 10 for the U.S. Navy).National Security CutterBegun under the Deepwater Program as an eight-ship class intended to replace the aging 378-foot High Endurance Cutters (WHECs). The first three NSCs–Bertholf, Waesche and Stratton–were acquired under contract with the Integrated Coast Guard Systems industry consortium.The next two cutters–NSCs 4 and 5–are being built at Pascagoula, Miss., under fixed-price, incentive-type production contracts.
31USCG 2012 C4ISR Projects Project Description $Value COAST GUARD LOGISTICS INFORMATION MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (CG-LIMS)A centrally managed, integrated, enterprise-wide logistics IT system supporting all assets.Command, Control, Communications, Computers, Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance ProjectA segmented approach to delivering products. Each subsequent segment builds upon the previous to avoid technology obsolescence and bring new capability to the fleet at a faster rateInteragency Operations CentersWatchKeeper coordinates and organizes port security information. A technology demonstration version has been released to approximately half of the port locations.NATIONWIDE AUTOMATIC IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM (NAIS)A data system designed to enhance navigation safety, the maritime transportation system and Maritime Domain Awareness by providing the shore-side communications, network and processing capability to exchange Automatic Identiﬁcation System (AIS) data in major U.S. ports and from U.S.-bound vessels.Increment 1: The shore-based capability to receive AIS messages within the Nation’s 58 major ports and 16 most critical coastal areas is implemented by using existing government infrastructure and meeting cost and performance requirements.Increment 2: Transceiver capability, transmitting data out to 24 nautical miles and receiving data from out to 50 nautical miles is implemented.
32USCG 2012 C4ISR Projects Project Description $Value RESCUE 21 Command, control and communications system for all missions in the coastal zone. Began in 2007 and continuing through 2017.Regional surveys.Establishment of remote antenna sites.Physical installation and testing of the communications equipment at Coast Guard facilities and communication centers throughout the region.Ongoing follow-on maintenance and support of the Rescue 21 system.
33FEMA Foundations Formation Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, PL , signed into law November 23, 1988; amended the Disaster Relief Act of 1974, PLThe Homeland Security Act of 2002, November 25, PLPost Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act (PKEMRA) PL 109–295History1803 Congress provides first assistance to a New Hampshire town following an extensive fire1930s Reconstruction Finance CorporationBureau of Public Roads authorized to provide funding for highways and bridges damaged by natural disasters. Flood Control Act passed.1962 Hurricane Carla1964 Alaskan Earthquake1965 Hurricane Betsy1968 National Flood Insurance Act1969 Hurricane Camille1971 San Fernando Earthquake1972 Hurricane AgnesDisaster Relief ActPresident Carter creates FEMA2003 FEMA joins DHS
34FEMA Mission“…To support our citizens and first responders to ensure that as a nation we work together to build, sustain, and improve our capability to prepare for, protect against, respond to, recover from, and mitigate all hazards.”Coordinates the federal government's role in preparing for, preventing, mitigating the effects of, responding to, and recovering from all domestic disasters, whether natural or man-made, including acts of terror.2011 Highlights98 major disaster declarations26 emergency declarations112 fire management assistance grant (FMAG) declarationsJoplin, Missouri tornadoHurricaneNorth Dakota floodNational Disaster Recovery Framework released$2.9B grants releasedNational Flood Insurance Program review“Great Central U.S. Shakeout” drillFirst national Emergency Alert System test
35FEMA Plans and Priorities 2011 – 2014 Strategic PlanFoster a Whole Community Approach to Emergency Management Nationally …[to] build preparedness and resilience.Build the Nation's Capacity to Stabilize and Recover From a Catastrophic Event …within 72 hours, restore basic services and community functionality within 60 days, and recover from the long-term effects of the event within five years.Build Unity of Effort and Common Strategic Understanding Among the Emergency Management Team… identify the top threats and hazards—and opportunities—across the country to effectively plan, assess gaps, mitigate, and build capabilities to address risk- based requirements.Enhance FEMA's Ability to Learn and Innovate as an Organization.Budget PrioritiesDisaster Relief FundFlood Hazard Mapping and Risk AnalysisNational Flood Insurance FundState and Local ProgramsEmergency Food and ShelterNational Pre-disaster Mitigation FundRadiological Emergency Preparedness ProgramU.S. Fire AdministrationOpportunities
36FEMA Opportunity Areas Budget Category / ProgramOpportunity ActivityMissionDisaster Relief FundLogistics Management DirectoratePlan, manage and sustain national logistics response and recovery operations, in support of domestic emergencies and special eventsServe as the National Logistics Coordinator.Flood Hazard Mapping and Risk AnalysisCoastal Flood StudiesSignificant Riverine Flood Hazard Update NeedsAddress flood hazard data update needs and preserve successful Flood Map Modernization investments.Integrated flood risk management approach supporting the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) IWatershed-based risk assessments that serve as the foundation for local Hazard Mitigation Plans and support community actions to reduce risk.Collaborate with communities to help them understand and take actions to manage their risks and build more resilient communities.National Flood Insurance FundState and Local ProgramsGrant programsPrepare State and local governments to prevent, protect against, respond to, and recover from incidents of terrorism and other catastrophic events.
37FEMA Logistics Management Directorate InitiativeRoleDisaster Logistics Distribution Management OperationsManages the Agency’s warehouse facilities and transportation systems used to receive, store, maintain, issue, distribute and track supplies, services, materiel, and equipment.Logistics Supply Chain Management System (LSCMS)Manages the Nation’s end-to-end supply chain of critical disaster assets and commodities. LSCMS manages the supply chain process including: initial request for assets and commodities, orders to FEMA and partners, transportation, inventory management at FEMA locations, shipment, and receipt by the States. LSCMS provides situational awareness and in-transit visibility through reporting and GIS mapping capabilities.Disaster Logistics OperationsManages the Temporary Housing Unit (THU) Storage Sites Program supporting the Disaster Assistance Directorate’s Direct Housing Program. The program is part of a lifecycle and performance-based business model, and supports THU sites with contracts for various support services.Emergency EvacuationProvides management oversight for ensuring in-transit visibility of all assets deployed in support of evacuation requirements.
38FEMA Flood Hazard Mapping and Risk Analysis and National Flood Insurance Fund InitiativeDescriptionCoastal Flood StudiesFEMA will continue the effort started in 2009 to update the Nation’s coastal flood hazard studies. This investment will address the remaining coastal flood hazard data update needs, representing approximately 3,100 miles of open coast.Significant Riverine Flood Hazard Update NeedsUpdate riverine hazard engineering analyses. This also includes other non-coastal flood hazards like ponding and shallow flooding and updates related to the accreditation status of levees. This investment will maintain or slightly increase the existing level of flood hazard data update needs by initiating updates for 9,000 miles of inland flooding sources. Through Risk MAP, FEMA will update the flood hazard data by watershed where necessary so that FEMA’s flood hazard data is in agreement with other Federal agencies’ scientific data within the watershed.
39FEMA State and Local Programs National Preparedness Grant Program (NPGP)First Responder Assistance Programs (FRAP)Management and Administration (SLP M&A)Emergency Management Performance Grants (EMPG)Firefighter Assistance Grants (AFG)
40FEMA National Preparedness Grant Program: Prevention CapabilityDescriptionForensics and AttributionConduct forensic analysis and attribute terrorist acts (including the means and methods of terrorism) to their source, to include forensic analysis as well as attribution for an attack and for the preparation for an attack in an effort to prevent initial or follow-on acts and/or swiftly develop counter-options.Intelligence and Information SharingProvide timely, accurate, and actionable information resulting from the planning, direction, collection, exploitation, processing, analysis, production, dissemination, evaluation, and feedback of available information concerning threats to the United States, its people, property, or interests; the development, proliferation, or use of WMDs; or any other matter bearing on U.S. national or homeland security by Federal, state, local, and other stakeholders. Information sharing is the ability to exchange intelligence, information, data, or knowledgeScreening, Search, and DetectionIdentify, discover, or locate threats and/or hazards through active and passive surveillance and search procedures. This may include the use of systematic examinations and assessments, sensor technologies, or physical investigation and intelligence.
41FEMA National Preparedness Grant Program: Protection (1) CapabilityDescriptionAccess Control and Identity VerificationPhysical, technological, and cyber measures to control admittance to critical locations and systems, limiting access to authorized individuals to carry out legitimate activities.Cyber securityProtect against damage to, the unauthorized use of, and/or the exploitation of (and, if needed, the restoration of) electronic communications systems and services (and the information contained therein).Intelligence and Information SharingProvide timely, accurate, and actionable information resulting from the planning, direction, collection, exploitation, processing, analysis, production, dissemination, evaluation, and feedback of available information concerning threats to the United States, its people, property, or interests; the development, proliferation, or use of WMDs; or any other matter bearing on U.S. national or homeland security by Federal, state, local, and other stakeholders. Information sharing is the ability to exchange intelligence, information, data, or knowledge among Federal, state, local or private sector entities as appropriate.
42FEMA National Preparedness Grant Program: Protection (2) CapabilityDescriptionRisk Management for Protection Programs and Activities.Identify, assess, and prioritize risks to inform Protection activities and investmentsScreening, Search, and DetectionIdentify, discover, or locate threats and/or hazards through active and passive surveillance and search procedures. This may include the use of systematic examinations and assessments, sensor technologies, or physical investigation and intelligence.Supply Chain Integrity and SecurityStrengthen the security and resilience of the supply chain.
43FEMA National Preparedness Grant Program: Mitigation and Response CapabilityDescriptionRisk and Disaster Resilience AssessmentAssess risk and disaster resilience so that decision makers, responders, and community members canThreats and Hazard IdentificationIdentify the threats and hazards that occur in the geographic area; determine the frequency and magnitude; and incorporate this into analysis and planning processes so as to clearly understand the needs of a community or entity.ResponseCapabilityDescriptionMass Search and Rescue OperationsDeliver traditional and atypical search and rescue capabilities, including personnel, services, animals, and assets to survivors in need, with the goal of saving the greatest number of endangered lives in the shortest time possible.
44FEMA National Exercise Division TaskStatusExercise coordination supportIn source selection Small Business Set-Aside Cost plus fixed fee, Award expected: AugustExercise design and controlIn source selection. Full and open competition Cost plus fixed fee, Award expected: AugustProgram management supportIn source selection, 8(a) set aside, IDIQ, Award expected: DecemberSubject matter expertise resourcesRFP not yet released Unconfirmed competition type IDIQ, Award expected: OctoberExercise evaluation supportAwarded to CNA in July, IDIQ
45S&T Mission“…to strengthen America’s security and resiliency by providing knowledge products and innovative technology solutions for the Homeland Security Enterprise.”2011 HighlightsMulti-Band Radio testingUpdated and broadened deployment of the National Incident Command SystemNational Information Sharing AgreementDemonstrated First Responder Support ToolAdvanced Next Generation Self- Contained Breathing Apparatus
46S&T Goals and Programs Goals Objectives 1. Rapidly develop and deliver knowledge, analyses, and innovative solutions that advance the mission of the DepartmentProvide knowledge, technologies, and science-based solutions that are integrated into homeland security operations, employing DHS’s new, integrated investment lifecycle processStrengthen relationships with DHS components and the first responder community to better understand and address their requirementsFocus on high-priority needs, through rigorous project selection and regular review of the entire research and development portfolio2. Leverage technical expertise to assist DHS components’ efforts to establish operational requirements and select and acquire needed technologiesUse the Science and Technology Directorate’s (S&T) technical expertise to provide analytical support to DHSImplement processes that strengthen project management, evaluation, and accountability within the directorateIncent owners of critical infrastructure and key resources to adopt technologies that reduce vulnerabilities and increase resilience
47S&T Goals and Programs Goals Objectives 3. Strengthen the HSE and first responder’s capabilities to protect the homeland and respond to disasters.Create high-impact technologies and knowledge products – such as standards and protocols – that facilitate the safety, effectiveness, and ease with which first responders do their workProvide the link between operators in the field and the evolving world of research and developmentIncrease first responders’ access to information on best practices and product performance standards
48S&T Goals and Programs Goals Objectives 4. Conduct, catalyze, and survey scientific discoveries and inventions relevant to existing and emerging homeland security challenges.Leverage the investment and expertise of other government agencies, the private sector, academia, and international partnersLeverage academia to address homeland security needs and nurture the future technical workforce of the HSEParticipate in ongoing federal interagency efforts at both the policy and programmatic levelsExecute bilateral agreements to leverage funds, manpower, and facilities in support of the missionEncourage the private sector, with a focus on small business engagement, to develop technologies relevant to the HSEImprove S&T’s knowledge and use of relative national and international research and facilities with a focus on Department of Energy (DOE) National Labs and DOE effortsLeverage the scientific expertise, knowledge, and capabilities of the S&T labs, as well as the DOE and international laboratories, to provide advanced and innovative knowledge, analyses, and solutions in support of the HSEEnsure effective construction and utilization of S&T laboratories in support of homeland security missions
49S&T Goals and Programs Goals Objectives 5. Foster a culture of innovation and learning, in S&T and across DHS, that addresses challenges with scientific, analytic, and technical rigor.Evolve the understanding of current and future homeland security risks and opportunities and foster a culture of innovationIncrease S&T and the Department’s awareness of cutting-edge research and technology developments pertinent to DHS missionsPromote a culture of openness, continual learning, innovation, and collaboration within S&T and across DHSInternally promote synergies and eliminate programmatic redundancies by creating mechanisms and processes to increase information sharingLeverage the investment and expertise of other government agencies, the private sector, academia, and international partners
50S&T Groups Divisions Sub-Divisions Support to the Homeland Security Enterprise and First Responders GroupOffice for Interoperability and Compatibility (OIC)First Responder Technologies (R-Tech)National Urban Security Technology Laboratory (NUSTL).Homeland Security Advanced Research Projects AgencyBorders and Maritime Security DivisionChemical and Biological Defense DivisionCybersecurity DivisionExplosives DivisionHuman Factors and Behavioral Sciences DivisionInfrastructure Protection and Disaster Management DivisionAcquisition Support and Operations AnalysisCapstone Analysis and Requirements OfficeOffice of Systems Engineering Test & Evaluation and Standards OfficeTest & Evaluation and Standards OfficeResearch and Development PartnershipsInteragency OfficeInternational Cooperative Programs OfficeOffice of National LaboratoriesOffice of Public-Private PartnershipsSmall Business Innovative Research OfficeOffice of University ProgramsSpecial Projects Office
51S&T Homeland Security Advanced Research Projects Agency DivisionsFocusBorders and Maritime Security DivisionTechnologies that help enhance the security of our nation's borders and waterways without impeding the flow of commerce and travelers.Chemical and Biological Defense DivisionAgricultural Defense, Chemical and Biological Research and DevelopmentThreat Characterization and AttributionCybersecurity DivisionNational cyberspace response systemCyber-risk management program for protection of critical infrastructure.
52S&T Homeland Security Advanced Research Projects Agency DivisionsFocusExplosives DivisionAutomated high-speed, high-performance checked baggage explosives detection system with reduced false alarm rates, improved throughput, and reduced operation and maintenance cost for screening checked baggage.Next generation threat detection system for TSA passenger check points to screen evolving threats while improving passenger experience.An enhanced ability of screening systems and operators to detect explosives and IED components within cargo parcels and pallets.Tools, techniques and knowledge to better understand, train and utilize the explosive detection canine.New or improved technical capabilities to detect person born IEDs at a standoff distance.Methods for detecting trace explosives on people and personal items at a standoff distance.Solutions to protect the nations surface transportation systems.Knowledge on homemade explosives detection thresholds and threat quantities for detection.
53S&T Homeland Security Advanced Research Projects Agency DivisionsFocusHuman Factors and Behavioral Sciences DivisionEnhance the analytical capability of the Department to understand terrorist motivation, intent, and behaviorImprove screening by providing a science-based capability to identify unknown threats indicated by deceptive and suspicious behavior.Improve screening by providing a science-based capability to identify known threats through accurate, timely, and easy-to-use biometric identification and credentialing tools.Enhance safety, effectiveness, and usability of technology by systematically incorporating user and public input.Enhance preparedness and mitigate impacts of catastrophic events by delivering capabilities that incorporate social, psychological and economic aspects of societal resilience.Infrastructure Protection and Disaster Management DivisionHigh Performance and Integrated Design Resilience ProgramHigh Performance and Integrated Design Resilience Program Databases and ToolsBuilding and Infrastructure Protection Series ToolsBuilding and Infrastructure Protection Series Workshops
54S&T FY2013 R&D Priorities Investment Objectives Biological Defense Development of tools to detect intentional and natural biologic events; focus on rapid point-of-care diagnostic technologies, cost-effective indoor sensors, bioforensics, and mandated CBRN risk assessments.Explosives Defense$119.7MTechnologies detecting explosives, with an emphasis on Home Made Explosives and other advanced threats.Cyber Security$64.5MUnclassified research programs in support of the internet infrastructure: research into identity and data privacy technologies, end system security, law enforcement forensic capabilities, software assurance, and cybersecurity education.First Responders$49.3MIdentify technologies, formulate standards and develop knowledge products that enhance the productivity, efficiency, and safety of first responders. Priority investment areas include: interoperable communications, data sharing systems, field-ready detection equipment, and enhancements to protective gear.Apex Projects$15.0MCross-cutting, multi-disciplinary efforts requested by DHS Components that are high priority, high-value, and short turn-around in nature.$94.1MResume research and development (R&D) in important areas that received little or no funding in FY 2012 such as Border Security, Chemical Attack Resiliency, Counterterrorism, Information Sharing, and Interoperability.
56DHS PPBE Budget Review Board RoleReview, make recommendations on the FYSHP;Review, make recommendations on the President's budget request;Reviewing fund and program performance;Minimizing the re- evaluation of decisions in the absence of new information or new factors.MembersChair: Deputy SecretaryVice Chair: Under Secretary, ManagementUnder Secretary, Border and Transportation SecurityUnder Secretary, Emergency Preparedness and ResponseUnder Secretary, lnformation Analysis and Infrastructure ProtectionUnder Secretary, Science and TechnologyCommandant, U.S. Coast GuardDirector, U.S. Secret ServiceDirector, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration ServicesDHS Chief of StaffOffice of Policy, Planning, and International AffairsGeneral CounselAssistant Secretary for Legislative AffairsChief Financial Officer (CFO)Chief Procurement Officer (CPO)Chief lnformation Officer (CIO)Advisors: Director, Budget Division and Director, Office of Program Analysis & Evaluation, Office of the CFO
57DHS PPBE Joint Requirements Council RoleIdentify common opportunities and non-IT requirements across DHSReview non-IT mission needs statements, capital investment plans, portfolio management documents and special interest issues;Make programmatic recommendations to the Investment Review Board on proposed new programs and changes to existing capital programsMembersChair- Rotates among COOs of DHS Organizational ElementsExecutive Secretary- Director, Program Analysis & EvaluationChief of Staff, ManagementOperations Director, Border & Transportation SecurityChief Operating Officer, Emergency Preparedness & ResponseChief of Staff, Science & TechnologyChief of Staff, Info Analysis & Infrastructure ProtectionChief of Staff, U.S. Coast GuardChief of Staff, U.S. Secret ServiceChief of Staff, Bureau of Citizenship ServicesChief Operating Officer, Transportation Security AdministrationChief Operating Officer, Customs and Border ProtectionChief Operating Officer, Immigrations and Customs Enforcement
58DHS PPBE Office of Policy RoleLeads the "planning" portion of the PPBE process including risk assessments and management, unconstrained strategic assessment of operational capability requirements, and setting strategic policy planning priorities;Leads the development of the DHS lntegrated Strategic Assessment Report and the Secretary's lntegrated Planning Guidance (IPG) with support from the DHS Operational Integration Staff (I-STAFF) and the Program Analysis and Evaluation (PA&E) office;Provides policy support to, and participating on, the Budget Review Board.ComponentsOffice of Policy DevelopmentOffice of Strategic PlansOffice for State and Local LawOffice of International AffairsOffice of Immigration StatisticsPrivate Sector OfficeHomeland Security Advisory Council