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Homeland Security Opportunities Study 3 April 2013.

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Presentation on theme: "Homeland Security Opportunities Study 3 April 2013."— Presentation transcript:

1 Homeland Security Opportunities Study 3 April 2013

2 Core missions Counterterrorism Border security Immigration enforcement Cyber security Resilience to disasters. Goals DHS effectiveness, accountability, maturity Ties to state, local, tribal, territorial, and private-sector partners Cooperation with international partners DHS Mission, Goals, Priorities Secretary Napolitano Priorities March 2013: “DHS 3.0” Cyber Security Immigration Risk-based transportation and cargo security

3 DHS Planning, Programming, Budgeting System Quadrennial Homeland Security Review (QHSR) Bottom Up Review (BUR) Initiatives to implement the QHSR. National strategic framework for homeland security Core missions: Counterterrorism Border security Immigration enforcement Cyber security Resilience to disasters. FEB 2010 JUL 2010 SONDJFMAMJJAS Strategic Assessment Report Threat and Vulnerability Assessment Integrated Planning Guidance Resource Allocation Decision Program Budget Decision DHS Budget and FYSHP to OMB Goals: Improving: DHS effectiveness, accountability, maturity Ties to state, local, tribal, territorial, and private-sector partners Cooperation with international partners Program Executing Divisions

4 DHS Opportunity Insight Sources Quadrennial Homeland Security Review (QHSR) Bottom Up Review (BUR) FEB 2010 JUL 2010 SONDJFMAMJJAS Strategic Assessment Report Threat and Vulnerability Assessment Integrated Planning Guidance Resource Allocation Decision Program Budget Decision DHS Budget and FYSHP to OMB Program Executing Divisions X Process owner: DHS Office of Policy Historic Procurements Joint Requirements Council Budget Review Board

5 Quadrennial Homeland Security Review MissionGoals 1.Preventing Terrorism, Enhancing Security 1.1Prevent Terrorist Attacks 1.2Prevent the Unauthorized Acquisition or Use of Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear Materials and Capabilities 1.3Manage Risks to Critical Infrastructure, Key Leadership, and Events 2.Securing and Managing Borders 2.1Effectively Control U.S. Air, Land, and Sea Borders 2.2Safeguard Lawful Trade and Travel 2.3Disrupt and Dismantle Transnational Criminal Organizations 3.Enforcing and Administering Immigration Laws 3.1Strengthen and Effectively Administer the Immigration System 3.2Prevent Unlawful Immigration 4.Safeguarding and Securing Cyberspace 4.1Create a Safe, Secure, and Resilient Cyber Environment 4.2Promote Cybersecurity Knowledge and Innovation 5.Ensuring Resilience to Disasters 5.1Mitigate Hazards 5.2Enhance Preparedness 5.3Ensure Effective Emergency Response 5.4Rapidly Recover Security: Protect the United States and its people, vital interests, and way of life; Resilience: Foster individual, community, and system robustness, adaptability, and capacity for rapid recovery Customs and Exchange: Expedite and enforce lawful trade, travel, and immigration.

6 Bottom Up Review QHSR Implementation (1) MissionInitiatives 1.Preventing Terrorism, Enhancing Security Strengthen counterterrorism coordination across DHS Strengthen aviation security Create an integrated Departmental information sharing architecture Deliver infrastructure protection and resilience capabilities to the field Set national performance standards for identification verification Increase efforts to detect and counter nuclear and biological weapons and dangerous materials Leverage the full range of capabilities to address biological and nuclear threats Standardize and institutionalize the National Fusion Center Network Promote safeguards for access to secure areas in critical facilities Establish DHS as a center of excellence for canine training and deployment Redesign the Federal Protective Service (FPS) to better match mission requirements 2.Securing and Managing Borders Expand joint operations and intelligence capabilities, including enhanced domain awareness Prioritize immigration and customs investigations on the security of global trade and travel systems Enhance the security and resilience of global trade and travel systems Strengthen and expand DHS-related security assistance internationally Enhance North American security

7 Bottom Up Review QHSR Implementation (2) MissionInitiatives 3.Enforcing and Administering Immigration Laws Comprehensive immigration reform Improve DHS immigration services processes Focus on fraud detection and national security vetting Target egregious employers who knowingly exploit illegal workers Dismantle human smuggling organizations Improve the detention and removal process Work with new Americans so that they fully transition to the rights and responsibilities of citizenship Maintain a model detention system commensurate with risk 4.Safeguarding and Securing Cyberspace Increase the focus and integration of DHS’s operational cybersecurity and infrastructure resilience activities Strengthen DHS ability to protect cyber networks Increase DHS predictive, investigative, and forensic capabilities for cyber intrusions and attacks Promote cybersecurity public awareness 5.Ensuring Resilience to Disasters Enhance catastrophic disaster preparedness Improve DHS’ ability to lead in emergency management Explore opportunities with the private sector to “design-in” greater resilience for critical infrastructure Make individual and family preparedness and critical facility resilience inherent in community preparedness

8 Bottom Up Review Additional Initiatives MissionInitiatives Improving Department Management Seek restoration of the Secretary’s reorganization authority for DHS headquarters Realign component regional configurations into a single DHS regional structure. Improve cross-Departmental management, policy, and functional integration Strengthen internal DHS counterintelligence capabilities Enhance the Department's risk management capability Strengthen coordination within DHS through cross-Departmental training and career paths Enhance the DHS workforce Balance the DHS workforce by ensuring strong federal control of all DHS work and reducing reliance on contractors Increasing Accountability Increase Analytic Capability and Capacity Improve Performance Measurement and Accountability Strengthen Acquisition Oversight

9 BUR 2010 Opportunities Preventing Terrorism and Enhancing Security (1) InitiativeOpportunity Area Strengthen aviation security Partner with DOE including National Laboratories and private industry to develop new and more effective technologies to deter and disrupt known threats and proactively anticipate and protect against new ways by which terrorists could seek to board an aircraft. Collaborate with the aviation industry to use a risk-based approach to inform decisions about changes to operations, business processes, and aircraft development. Create an integrated Departmental sharing architecture to consolidate and streamline access to intelligence, law enforcement, screening, and other information across the Department Consolidate and streamline access to intelligence, law enforcement, screening, and other information across the Department Automated recurrent screening and vetting for individuals to whom DHS has provided a license, privilege, or status (including immigration status) so that, as new information becomes available, DHS can assess whether the individual is no longer eligible for the benefit or presents a threat. It will also include the capability to conduct scenario-based automated targeting of individuals and other entities using intelligence driven criteria.

10 BUR 2010 Opportunities Preventing Terrorism and Enhancing Security (2) InitiativeOpportunity Area Increase efforts to detect and counter nuclear and biological weapons and dangerous materials Nuclear detection research and development and also work with the Intelligence Community to develop intelligence and analysis capabilities relating to improvised nuclear devices and radiological dispersal devices including capability to detect and react to pre-detonation cues or signatures to provide early warning indicators of an imminent or credible threat of a terrorist attack using a nuclear Weapon Greater emphasis on biological detection and countermeasures Accelerate development of forensics capabilities for biological weapons in order to help attribute those attacks to a particular country or group… including increasing the capabilities of the DHS National Biodefense Analysis and Countermeasures Center (NBACC) Increase international capabilities to track the evolution and migration of potentially high consequence human, animal, and plant diseases. Promote safeguards for access to secure areas in critical facilities. Expand risk-informed screening and recurrent vetting in the transportation sector. Recurrently vet all Federal employees, contractors, and Federal secure identification credential holders.

11 BUR 2010 Opportunities Securing and Managing Our Borders (1) InitiativeOpportunity Area Expand joint operations and intelligence capabilities, including enhanced domain awareness Unify the uses of technology, surveillance capabilities, and related resources across air, land, and maritime domains, with an increased emphasis on data collection, data processing, and integrating sensors across domains. Harmonize operations and intelligence—utilizing concepts and structures modeled after JIATFSouth, as appropriate—for the geographical approaches not covered by JIATF-South, such as the southwest border, as well as for arrivals of people and goods into the United States build upon the successful models established as part of our interagency counternarcotics infrastructure—including the Air and Marine Operations Center, the El Paso Intelligence Center, and other DHS and U.S. government operations centers—to apply those models more broadly to the spectrum of homeland security challenges across the air, land, and maritime domains. Establish and coordinate cross-domain operational threat analysis and response protocols in order to ensure greater effectiveness of interagency and intergovernmental response to threats across air, land, and maritime domains..

12 BUR 2010 Opportunities Securing and Managing Our Borders (2) InitiativeOpportunity Area Enhance the security and resilience of global trade and travel systems Continue the development and implementation of trusted traveler and trusted shipper programs in order to increase our knowledge of people and goods that pose low risk traveling or transiting in global trade and travel systems. Enhance the sophistication of its information sharing architecture in order to evaluate the risk posed by people and goods in transit while safeguarding privacy, civil rights, and civil liberties Enhance North American security Enhance information sharing with Federal, State, local, tribal, nongovernmental, private sector, and international partners along the Northern and Southern borders. Foster cross-border threat and risk assessments and enhanced coordination and cooperation on securing the transnational flow of people and goods through expanding joint efforts and shared resources

13 BUR 2010 Opportunities Securing and Managing Our Borders (3) InitiativeOpportunity Area Strengthen and expand DHS- related security assistance internationally (e.g. border integrity and customs enforcement security assistance) consistent with U.S. government security, trade promotion, international travel, and foreign assistance objectives Comprehensive expansion of the Foreign Military Sales system application to homeland security- related international cooperation “Our national security depends on the ability of foreign governments to effectively combat terrorism and other threats within their own borders. DHS has substantial capability and capacity to help implement assistance and training to foreign governments in areas such as biometrics, document fraud, aviation security, port and maritime security, cargo security, bulk cash smuggling, customs enforcement, and human smuggling and trafficking. The U.S. government, through the Departments of State and Defense, provides security assistance and foreign assistance to legitimate members and representatives of foreign security forces and civilian institutions. This includes providing resources to institutions related to homeland security in foreign countries— including land and maritime border integrity and customs enforcement functions.” “DHS believes that training and technical assistance for international security partners in the areas of border integrity and customs enforcement must be increased. DHS also supports the strengthening of security to facilitate travel and commerce for legitimate travelers and goods. DHS will work in consultation and coordination with the Departments and State and Defense, as well as with Congress, to ensure adequate resources to support these purposes. DHS will also coordinate a proposal with the Department of Defense (DOD) to post DHS liaison officers in each of the DOD geographic commands to coordinate and integrate homeland security-related assistance funding aims. Finally, DHS will explore the expansion of additional international partnerships for homeland security-related activities as appropriate, in consultation and coordination with the Department of State and, where appropriate, DOD, including current activities such as visa security and international law enforcement training.”

14 BUR 2010 Opportunities Enforcing and Administering Our Immigration Laws InitiativeOpportunity Area Focus on fraud detection and national security vetting Improve DHS ability to analyze information, especially in identifying high risk cases, to better address fraud and national security concerns. Increase intelligence relating to analysis of entry, exit, and stay information.

15 BUR 2010 Opportunities Safeguarding and Securing Cyberspace InitiativeOpportunity Area Increase the focus and integration of DHS’s operational cybersecurity and infrastructure resilience activities. Use new models for developing, acquiring, and disseminating cybersecurity technology, including technology leasing arrangements, technical service agreements, and development of secondary markets for cyber security technology among State, local, tribal, and territorial governments. Increase DHS predictive, investigative, and forensic capabilities for cyber intrusions and attacks Build a new predictive analytic capability that will work closely with the law enforcement and intelligence communities and the private sector to improve the identification of cyber adversaries, establish and advance deterrence strategies, and promote a more accurate understanding of emerging cyber threats. Establish reliable mechanisms to categorize, store, and retrieve relevant cyber information from DHS databases, consistent with protection of privacy, civil rights, and civil liberties. Develop and implement a robust process to share finished cyber intelligence products and other information in a timely fashion within DHS and with our Federal, State, local, tribal, territorial, and private sector partners

16 FYHSP Future Years Homeland Security Program De Jure Content: budget year +4 plan articulates total DHS resources programmed by fiscal year Updated 3 times per FY: -March, to reflect OE RAP submissions -August to reflect departmental decisions for the OMB budget and FYHSP submission -January to reflect the President’s Budget/FYHSP submission Internal DHS document released only with DHS CFO permission; Congressional oversight committees receive a special publication with the President’s Budget submit DHS Management Directive /14/2005 “OE” – Organization Element “RAP”– Resource Allocation Plan De Facto “…Finally, the Department has failed to comply with nearly all of the statutory reporting requirements contained in Public Law 112–74.” “By flouting Congressional requirements, the Department is effectively disregarding the taxpayers’ right to see whether or not their scarce dollars are spent wisely.” Appropriations Committee report on the DHS FY13 appropriation.

17 DHS Procurements FY12-17 All Programs ($M) as of 2012 DHS Acquisition Planning Forecast System CBPCustoms and Border Protection FEMAFederal Emergency Management Agency FLETCFederal Law Enforcement Training Center ICEImmigration and Customs Enforcement TSATransportation Security Agency USCGUS Coast Guard USSSUS Secret Service ` DHS Opportunity Areas Increase efforts to detect and counter nuclear and biological weapons and dangerous materials Expand joint operations and intelligence capabilities, including enhanced domain awareness Enhance the security and resilience of global trade and travel systems Enhance North American security

18 CBP Foundations Formation: Legacy Agencies U.S. Border Patrol U.S. Customs Service U.S. Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service U.S. Immigration and Naturalization History 1789Congress establishes Customs 1835Customs revenues reduce the national debt to zero. 1862U.S. Department of Agriculture created 1891Office of the Superintendent of Immigration established 1904U.S. Immigration Service is assigned a small force of mounted inspectors 1912Federal Horticultural Board created, leading to USDA Plant Protection and Quarantine Program 1924Congress establishes the U.S. Border Patrol 1925Immigration and Naturalization Service formed 1993Congress passes Customs Modernization Act; Operation Hold the Line established 2003CBP created 2004Air and marine personnel, missions, commitments, facilities, and assets transferred to CBP. 2006CBP creates Office of Air and Marine

19 CBP Mission “We are the guardians of our Nation’s borders. We are America’s frontline. We safeguard the American homeland at and beyond our borders. We protect the American public against terrorists and the instruments of terror. We steadfastly enforce the laws of the United States while fostering our Nation’s economic security through lawful international trade and travel. We serve the American public with vigilance, integrity and professionalism.” 5,000 miles of border with Canada 1,900 miles of border with Mexico 95,000 miles of tidal shoreline 329 ports of entry within 20 field offices 139 Border Patrol stations within 20 Sectors, with 31permanent checkpoint Day in the Life… Processed 932,456 passengers and pedestrians 259,191 air passengers/crew 48,073 ship passengers/crew 621,874 land travelers 64,483 containers 253,821 privately-owned vehicles Executed: 591 inadmissibles at the ports of entry 932 apprehensions between the ports of entry 470 refusals of entry at U.S. ports of entry 61 arrests at U.S. ports of entry Intercepted: 49 fraudulent documents Seized: 13,717 pounds of drugs $345,687 in undeclared or illicit currency 470 pests

20 CBP Opportunities Outlook and Emerging Needs Spillover of Mexican drug cartel violence into the U.S. Increasing influence of Mexican Drug Trafficking Organizations (DTOs) over U.S.- based gangs Increased Border Patrol mobility Improved risk analysis Improved situational awareness Significant improvement in wide-area surveillance Opportunities Back packable, ruggedized, high TRL tactical UAVS, launched in one minute. Border tripwires, acoustic sensors to detect ultralights, and air-based wide area surveillance sensors. Development of improved maritime situational awareness and information sharing capabilities for the USCG and CBP. U.S./Canada sensor information sharing

21 TSA Foundations Formation Created Nov 2001 in the Aviation and Transportation Security Act. Three mandates: Security for all modes of transportation; Deploy Security Officers for 450 commercial airports from Guam to Alaska in 12 months; and, Screen all checked luggage for explosives by December 31, History 2001Congress creates TSA 2003Moved from DOT to DHS

22 TSA Mission “…protects the Nation’s transportation systems to ensure freedom of movement for people and commerce.” “TSA employs a risk-based strategy to secure U.S. transportation systems, working closely with stakeholders in aviation, rail, transit, highway, and pipeline sectors, as well as the partners in the law enforcement and intelligence community. The agency continuously sets the standard for excellence in transportation security through its people, processes, technologies and use of intelligence to drive operations Highlights Screened more than 1.7 million passengers a day Detected 1,100 firearms in carry-on bags in Completed deployment of 500 advanced imaging technology machines Screened 100% air cargo

23 TSA Programs and Challenges Challenges Demand growth in commercial carrier will increase from 712M emplanements in 2011 to 1B+ by Credibility problem: Joint Transportation and Infrastructure and the Government Reform and Oversight Committees found -5,700 pieces of security equipment in storage with a purchase value of $184 million, plus $3.5 million storage expense. -Backscatter technology acquired after 2009 Christmas bomb plot was poorly tested and remains banned in the EU. Grant Programs Security grants to mass transit and passenger rail systems, intercity bus companies, freight railroad carriers, ferries and the trucking industry to help protect the public and nation’s critical transportation infrastructure against acts of terrorism and other large- scale events. Law Enforcement Programs Armed Security Officers Canine & Explosives Detection Crew Member Self-Defense Federal Air Marshals Federal Flight Deck Officers Law Enforcement Officers Flying Armed Security Programs Visible Intermodal Prevention and Response (VIPR) Travel Document Checker Behavior Detection Officers (BDO) Secure Flight Federal Air Marshals (FAMs) Federal Flight Deck Officer (FFDO) Employee Screening Checkpoint Screening Technology Security Screening

24 TSA Outlook and Opportunities Service contracts will dominate the U.S. screening technologies market FY as upgrades, training and maintenance requirements become more necessary to extend the systems’ endurance… FY M budget for U.S. airport screening technology investments will progressively decline. Investment accounts should increase in 2016 to fund modernization. Future requirements will call for systems that are smaller, versatile — equipment that can stand-alone or in-line configurations — and can speed up throughput. “TSA bureaucracy is large and improvident adding more difficulty to an already troubled budget process. A lack of faith in TSA procedures and government reports of mismanagement is prompting a move towards the privatization of screening.” FY Screening system service contracts: training, maintenance, upgrades FY2016 -> Screening system upgrades and replacement Overall Improved systems engineering, testing, validation. Privatization of screening. “Airport Insecurity: TSA’s Failure to Cost-Effectively Procure, Deploy and Warehouse its Screening Technologies, “ Joint Majority Staff Report, Joint Transportation and Infrastructure and the Government Reform and Oversight Committees, May 9, 2012 “Airport Screening Technology Market to Shrink, Analyst Says,” John Hernandez, Analyst, Frost & Sullivan, August 2012

25 US Coast Guard Foundations Formation Title 14 USC: "The Coast Guard as established January 28, 1915, shall be a military service and a branch of the armed forces of the United States at all times.” Operates under the authority of the Department of the Navy upon the declaration of war or when the President directs. Guardians on active duty and in the Reserve are subject to the Uniform Code of Military Justice and receive the same pay and allowances as members of the same pay grades in the other four armed services. History 1790Revenue-Marine (later renamed Revenue Cutter Service) created within the Treasury Department 1915Revenue Cutter Service combines with the U.S. Lifesaving Service (est. 1848) to create the Coast Guard 1939U.S. Lighthouse Service (est. 1789) added 1946Steamboat Inspection Service (est. 1838) added 1967Coast Guard transferred to Department of Transportation 2003Coast Guard transferred to Department of Homeland Security

26 US Coast Guard Mission Ports, waterways, and coastal security Drug interdiction Aids to navigation Search and rescue Living marine resources Marine safety Defense readiness Migrant interdiction Marine environmental protection Ice operations Other law enforcement Day in the Life… 12 lives saved in 64 search and rescue cases 842 pounds of cocaine seized 116 buoys serviced 720 commercial vessels screened 183,000 crew and passengers screened 173 credentials to issued merchant mariners 13 marine accidents investigated 68 containers inspected 29 vessels inspected for air emissions compliance 28 foreign vessels examined for safety and environmental compliance Boards 13 fishing boats 10 pollution incidents investigated

27 US Coast Guard Emerging UAS Requirement for Maritime Domain Awareness “The service aims to augment its aviation fleet with land-based UAS to provide strategic, wide-area surveillance and cutter-based UAS to provide tactical, on-demand capability for National Security Cutters (NSC) and Offshore Patrol Cutters. A third small UAS—dubbed sUAS, which could provide an interim capability for NSCs until a robust cutter-based solution can be proven and acquired—is also under consideration.” “Both land- and cutter-based UAS are still in the preacquisition phase, with mission needs statements and concepts of operations in development.” Persistent, wide area surveillance, detection, classification, and target identification functions and on-scene tactical communications. Coast Guard Leaders Get First Look at ScanEagle Small Unmanned Aircraft System On May 3, U.S. Coast Guard, Navy and congressional stakeholders gathered in Dahlgren, Va., to watch a fixed-wing aircraft take off without a pilot. The launch kicked off a technology demonstration phase for the ScanEagle small Unmanned Aircraft System (sUAS), which is scheduled to undergo more extensive demonstration this summer on one of the Coast Guard’s National Security Cutters (NSC)… “Although we are looking at the small UAS as an interim solution to a larger airframe with more sensor capability, the ScanEagle UAS testing from an NSC this summer will help us build the concept of operations and the tactics, techniques and procedures for future UAS operations…”

28 US Coast Guard UAS Opportunities USCG 211 aircraft in inventory: C-37A Gulfstream V HC-144A The Ocean Sentry HC-130J Super Hercules HC-130H Hercules HU-25 Guardian HH/MH-65C Dolphin MH-60J/T Jayhawk High and Medium Altitude Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (HAEUAV)* Vertical take-off-and-landing Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (VUAV)* * Resources still in development Platform opportunities Land-based UAS Cutter-based UAS Small UAS (“interim”) Capability opportunities Larger airframes Improved sensors Analysis opportunities Develop CONOPS Develop TTP Airspace integration “I firmly believe that unmanned aerial systems have a future in the Coast Guard and we’re being very deliberate about this…We’re doing an awful lot of up-front research and development, and we’re partnering with agencies that have had extensive lessons learned in how to operate unmanned systems.” Capt. Austin Gould, Chief Coast Guard Research, Development Test and Evaluation (RDT&E) Program

29 USCG 2012 Aviation Projects ProjectDescription$Value HC-130H/J Long Range Surveillance Aircraft 6 J A/C. New engines, propellers, avionics, sensors and cargo handling equipment. Modernizing airframes, avionics and mission systems of 16 HC-130H LRS aircraft. Deliveries of converted aircraft beginning FY HC-144A OCEAN SENTRY MARITIME PATROL AIRCRAFT (MPA) Equipped with communication, navigation and surveillance systems, including surface search radar and an electro-optical/infrared sensor. Search and rescue, maritime patrol, medical evacuation and transport missions. MH-60J/T JAYHAWK MEDIUM RANGE RECOVERY (MRR) HELICOPTER CONVERSION PROJECTS Conversion to MH-60T. Upgrading the airframes, avionics and mission systems of its 42 MH-60J Jayhawk MRR helicopters. MH-65C/D HELICOPTER CONVERSION AND SUSTAINMENT PROJECTS Modernize 101 Dolphins and extend service life through UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS (UAS) Researching land- and cutter-based UASs that to extend the ISR capabilities of its manned surface and aircraft assets. Following this research, the Coast Guard will develop an acquisition strategy mission requirements.

30 USCG 2012 Surface Projects ProjectDescription$Value NATIONAL SECURITY CUTTER (NSC) Eight NSCs began delivery in FY 2008 OFFSHORE PATROL CUTTER (OPC) 25 OPCs to replace current 210-foot and 270-foot Medium Endurance Cutters. FAST RESPONSE CUTTER (FRC)58 Sentinel-class Fast Response Cutters (FRCs). IN-SERVICE CUTTERS – MISSION EFFECTIVENESS PROJECT (MEP) Sustainment program for the 210-foot and 270-foot Medium Endurance Cutters (WMECs) and the 110-foot Island-class patrol boats (WPBs). Ice BreakerRefurbishing the Polar Star. Completion RESPONSE BOAT – MEDIUM (RB- M) Replacing aging 41-foot utility boats and other non-standard boats with 180 RB-Ms. RESPONSE BOAT – SMALL (RB- S) Up to 500 standard Defender-class response boats (470 for the Coast Guard, 20 for DHS and 10 for the U.S. Navy). National Security CutterBegun under the Deepwater Program as an eight-ship class intended to replace the aging 378-foot High Endurance Cutters (WHECs). The first three NSCs–Bertholf, Waesche and Stratton–were acquired under contract with the Integrated Coast Guard Systems industry consortium. The next two cutters–NSCs 4 and 5–are being built at Pascagoula, Miss., under fixed-price, incentive-type production contracts.

31 USCG 2012 C4ISR Projects ProjectDescription$Value COAST GUARD LOGISTICS INFORMATION MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (CG-LIMS) A centrally managed, integrated, enterprise-wide logistics IT system supporting all assets. Command, Control, Communications, Computers, Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance Project A segmented approach to delivering products. Each subsequent segment builds upon the previous to avoid technology obsolescence and bring new capability to the fleet at a faster rate Interagency Operations CentersWatchKeeper coordinates and organizes port security information. A technology demonstration version has been released to approximately half of the port locations. NATIONWIDE AUTOMATIC IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM (NAIS) A data system designed to enhance navigation safety, the maritime transportation system and Maritime Domain Awareness by providing the shore-side communications, network and processing capability to exchange Automatic Identification System (AIS) data in major U.S. ports and from U.S.-bound vessels. Increment 1: The shore-based capability to receive AIS messages within the Nation’s 58 major ports and 16 most critical coastal areas is implemented by using existing government infrastructure and meeting cost and performance requirements. Increment 2: Transceiver capability, transmitting data out to 24 nautical miles and receiving data from out to 50 nautical miles is implemented.

32 USCG 2012 C4ISR Projects ProjectDescription$Value RESCUE 21Command, control and communications system for all missions in the coastal zone. Began in 2007 and continuing through Regional surveys. Establishment of remote antenna sites. Physical installation and testing of the communications equipment at Coast Guard facilities and communication centers throughout the region. Ongoing follow-on maintenance and support of the Rescue 21 system.

33 FEMA Foundations Formation Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, PL , signed into law November 23, 1988; amended the Disaster Relief Act of 1974, PL The Homeland Security Act of 2002, November 25, 2002 PL Post Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act (PKEMRA) PL 109–295 History 1803 Congress provides first assistance to a New Hampshire town following an extensive fire 1930s Reconstruction Finance Corporation 1934Bureau of Public Roads authorized to provide funding for highways and bridges damaged by natural disasters. Flood Control Act passed. 1962Hurricane Carla 1964Alaskan Earthquake 1965Hurricane Betsy 1968National Flood Insurance Act 1969Hurricane Camille 1971San Fernando Earthquake 1972Hurricane Agnes 1974Disaster Relief Act 1979President Carter creates FEMA 2003 FEMA joins DHS

34 FEMA Mission “…To support our citizens and first responders to ensure that as a nation we work together to build, sustain, and improve our capability to prepare for, protect against, respond to, recover from, and mitigate all hazards.” Coordinates the federal government's role in preparing for, preventing, mitigating the effects of, responding to, and recovering from all domestic disasters, whether natural or man-made, including acts of terror Highlights 98 major disaster declarations 26 emergency declarations 112 fire management assistance grant (FMAG) declarations Joplin, Missouri tornado Hurricane North Dakota flood National Disaster Recovery Framework released $2.9B grants released National Flood Insurance Program review “Great Central U.S. Shakeout” drill First national Emergency Alert System test

35 FEMA Plans and Priorities 2011 – 2014 Strategic Plan 1.Foster a Whole Community Approach to Emergency Management Nationally …[to] build preparedness and resilience. 2.Build the Nation's Capacity to Stabilize and Recover From a Catastrophic Event …within 72 hours, restore basic services and community functionality within 60 days, and recover from the long-term effects of the event within five years. 3.Build Unity of Effort and Common Strategic Understanding Among the Emergency Management Team… identify the top threats and hazards—and opportunities—across the country to effectively plan, assess gaps, mitigate, and build capabilities to address risk- based requirements. 4.Enhance FEMA's Ability to Learn and Innovate as an Organization. Budget Priorities Disaster Relief Fund Flood Hazard Mapping and Risk Analysis National Flood Insurance Fund State and Local Programs Emergency Food and Shelter National Pre-disaster Mitigation Fund Radiological Emergency Preparedness Program U.S. Fire Administration Opportunities

36 FEMA Opportunity Areas Budget Category / Program Opportunity Activity Mission Disaster Relief Fund Logistics Management Directorate Plan, manage and sustain national logistics response and recovery operations, in support of domestic emergencies and special events Serve as the National Logistics Coordinator. Flood Hazard Mapping and Risk Analysis Coastal Flood Studies Significant Riverine Flood Hazard Update Needs Address flood hazard data update needs and preserve successful Flood Map Modernization investments. Integrated flood risk management approach supporting the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) I Watershed-based risk assessments that serve as the foundation for local Hazard Mitigation Plans and support community actions to reduce risk. Collaborate with communities to help them understand and take actions to manage their risks and build more resilient communities. National Flood Insurance Fund State and Local Programs Grant programs Prepare State and local governments to prevent, protect against, respond to, and recover from incidents of terrorism and other catastrophic events.

37 FEMA Logistics Management Directorate InitiativeRole Disaster Logistics Distribution Management Operations Manages the Agency’s warehouse facilities and transportation systems used to receive, store, maintain, issue, distribute and track supplies, services, materiel, and equipment. Logistics Supply Chain Management System (LSCMS) Manages the Nation’s end-to-end supply chain of critical disaster assets and commodities. LSCMS manages the supply chain process including: initial request for assets and commodities, orders to FEMA and partners, transportation, inventory management at FEMA locations, shipment, and receipt by the States. LSCMS provides situational awareness and in-transit visibility through reporting and GIS mapping capabilities. Disaster Logistics Operations Manages the Temporary Housing Unit (THU) Storage Sites Program supporting the Disaster Assistance Directorate’s Direct Housing Program. The program is part of a lifecycle and performance-based business model, and supports THU sites with contracts for various support services. Emergency Evacuation Provides management oversight for ensuring in-transit visibility of all assets deployed in support of evacuation requirements.

38 FEMA Flood Hazard Mapping and Risk Analysis and National Flood Insurance Fund InitiativeDescription Coastal Flood Studies FEMA will continue the effort started in 2009 to update the Nation’s coastal flood hazard studies. This investment will address the remaining coastal flood hazard data update needs, representing approximately 3,100 miles of open coast. Significant Riverine Flood Hazard Update Needs Update riverine hazard engineering analyses. This also includes other non-coastal flood hazards like ponding and shallow flooding and updates related to the accreditation status of levees. This investment will maintain or slightly increase the existing level of flood hazard data update needs by initiating updates for 9,000 miles of inland flooding sources. Through Risk MAP, FEMA will update the flood hazard data by watershed where necessary so that FEMA’s flood hazard data is in agreement with other Federal agencies’ scientific data within the watershed.

39 FEMA State and Local Programs National Preparedness Grant Program (NPGP) First Responder Assistance Programs (FRAP) Management and Administration (SLP M&A) Emergency Management Performance Grants (EMPG) Firefighter Assistance Grants (AFG)

40 FEMA National Preparedness Grant Program: Prevention CapabilityDescription Forensics and Attribution Conduct forensic analysis and attribute terrorist acts (including the means and methods of terrorism) to their source, to include forensic analysis as well as attribution for an attack and for the preparation for an attack in an effort to prevent initial or follow-on acts and/or swiftly develop counter-options. Intelligence and Information Sharing Provide timely, accurate, and actionable information resulting from the planning, direction, collection, exploitation, processing, analysis, production, dissemination, evaluation, and feedback of available information concerning threats to the United States, its people, property, or interests; the development, proliferation, or use of WMDs; or any other matter bearing on U.S. national or homeland security by Federal, state, local, and other stakeholders. Information sharing is the ability to exchange intelligence, information, data, or knowledge Screening, Search, and Detection Identify, discover, or locate threats and/or hazards through active and passive surveillance and search procedures. This may include the use of systematic examinations and assessments, sensor technologies, or physical investigation and intelligence.

41 FEMA National Preparedness Grant Program: Protection (1) CapabilityDescription Access Control and Identity Verification Physical, technological, and cyber measures to control admittance to critical locations and systems, limiting access to authorized individuals to carry out legitimate activities. Cyber security Protect against damage to, the unauthorized use of, and/or the exploitation of (and, if needed, the restoration of) electronic communications systems and services (and the information contained therein). Intelligence and Information Sharing Provide timely, accurate, and actionable information resulting from the planning, direction, collection, exploitation, processing, analysis, production, dissemination, evaluation, and feedback of available information concerning threats to the United States, its people, property, or interests; the development, proliferation, or use of WMDs; or any other matter bearing on U.S. national or homeland security by Federal, state, local, and other stakeholders. Information sharing is the ability to exchange intelligence, information, data, or knowledge among Federal, state, local or private sector entities as appropriate.

42 FEMA National Preparedness Grant Program: Protection (2) CapabilityDescription Risk Management for Protection Programs and Activities. Identify, assess, and prioritize risks to inform Protection activities and investments Screening, Search, and Detection Identify, discover, or locate threats and/or hazards through active and passive surveillance and search procedures. This may include the use of systematic examinations and assessments, sensor technologies, or physical investigation and intelligence. Supply Chain Integrity and Security Strengthen the security and resilience of the supply chain.

43 FEMA National Preparedness Grant Program: Mitigation and Response CapabilityDescription Risk and Disaster Resilience Assessment Assess risk and disaster resilience so that decision makers, responders, and community members can Threats and Hazard Identification Identify the threats and hazards that occur in the geographic area; determine the frequency and magnitude; and incorporate this into analysis and planning processes so as to clearly understand the needs of a community or entity. Mitigation CapabilityDescription Mass Search and Rescue Operations Deliver traditional and atypical search and rescue capabilities, including personnel, services, animals, and assets to survivors in need, with the goal of saving the greatest number of endangered lives in the shortest time possible. Response

44 FEMA National Exercise Division TaskStatus Exercise coordination support In source selection Small Business Set-Aside Cost plus fixed fee, Award expected: August Exercise design and controlIn source selection. Full and open competition Cost plus fixed fee, Award expected: August Program management support In source selection, 8(a) set aside, IDIQ, Award expected: December Subject matter expertise resources RFP not yet released Unconfirmed competition type IDIQ, Award expected: October Exercise evaluation supportAwarded to CNA in July, IDIQ

45 S&T Mission “…to strengthen America’s security and resiliency by providing knowledge products and innovative technology solutions for the Homeland Security Enterprise.” 2011 Highlights Multi-Band Radio testing Updated and broadened deployment of the National Incident Command System National Information Sharing Agreement Demonstrated First Responder Support Tool Advanced Next Generation Self- Contained Breathing Apparatus

46 S&T Goals and Programs GoalsObjectives 1. Rapidly develop and deliver knowledge, analyses, and innovative solutions that advance the mission of the Department Provide knowledge, technologies, and science-based solutions that are integrated into homeland security operations, employing DHS’s new, integrated investment lifecycle process Strengthen relationships with DHS components and the first responder community to better understand and address their requirements Focus on high-priority needs, through rigorous project selection and regular review of the entire research and development portfolio 2. Leverage technical expertise to assist DHS components’ efforts to establish operational requirements and select and acquire needed technologies Use the Science and Technology Directorate’s (S&T) technical expertise to provide analytical support to DHS Implement processes that strengthen project management, evaluation, and accountability within the directorate Incent owners of critical infrastructure and key resources to adopt technologies that reduce vulnerabilities and increase resilience

47 S&T Goals and Programs GoalsObjectives 3. Strengthen the HSE and first responder’s capabilities to protect the homeland and respond to disasters. Create high-impact technologies and knowledge products – such as standards and protocols – that facilitate the safety, effectiveness, and ease with which first responders do their work Provide the link between operators in the field and the evolving world of research and development Increase first responders’ access to information on best practices and product performance standards

48 S&T Goals and Programs GoalsObjectives 4. Conduct, catalyze, and survey scientific discoveries and inventions relevant to existing and emerging homeland security challenges. Leverage the investment and expertise of other government agencies, the private sector, academia, and international partners Leverage academia to address homeland security needs and nurture the future technical workforce of the HSE Participate in ongoing federal interagency efforts at both the policy and programmatic levels Execute bilateral agreements to leverage funds, manpower, and facilities in support of the mission Encourage the private sector, with a focus on small business engagement, to develop technologies relevant to the HSE Improve S&T’s knowledge and use of relative national and international research and facilities with a focus on Department of Energy (DOE) National Labs and DOE efforts Leverage the scientific expertise, knowledge, and capabilities of the S&T labs, as well as the DOE and international laboratories, to provide advanced and innovative knowledge, analyses, and solutions in support of the HSE Ensure effective construction and utilization of S&T laboratories in support of homeland security missions

49 S&T Goals and Programs GoalsObjectives 5. Foster a culture of innovation and learning, in S&T and across DHS, that addresses challenges with scientific, analytic, and technical rigor. Evolve the understanding of current and future homeland security risks and opportunities and foster a culture of innovation Increase S&T and the Department’s awareness of cutting-edge research and technology developments pertinent to DHS missions Promote a culture of openness, continual learning, innovation, and collaboration within S&T and across DHS Internally promote synergies and eliminate programmatic redundancies by creating mechanisms and processes to increase information sharingLeverage the investment and expertise of other government agencies, the private sector, academia, and international partners

50 S&T Groups DivisionsSub-Divisions Support to the Homeland Security Enterprise and First Responders Group Office for Interoperability and Compatibility (OIC) First Responder Technologies (R-Tech) National Urban Security Technology Laboratory (NUSTL). Homeland Security Advanced Research Projects Agency Borders and Maritime Security Division Chemical and Biological Defense Division Cybersecurity Division Explosives Division Human Factors and Behavioral Sciences Division Infrastructure Protection and Disaster Management Division Acquisition Support and Operations Analysis Capstone Analysis and Requirements Office Office of Systems Engineering Test & Evaluation and Standards Office Test & Evaluation and Standards Office Research and Development Partnerships Interagency Office International Cooperative Programs Office Office of National Laboratories Office of Public-Private Partnerships Small Business Innovative Research Office Office of University Programs Special Projects Office

51 S&T Homeland Security Advanced Research Projects Agency DivisionsFocus Borders and Maritime Security Division Technologies that help enhance the security of our nation's borders and waterways without impeding the flow of commerce and travelers. Chemical and Biological Defense Division Agricultural Defense, Chemical and Biological Research and Development Threat Characterization and Attribution Cybersecurity Division National cyberspace response system Cyber-risk management program for protection of critical infrastructure.

52 S&T Homeland Security Advanced Research Projects Agency DivisionsFocus Explosives Division Automated high-speed, high-performance checked baggage explosives detection system with reduced false alarm rates, improved throughput, and reduced operation and maintenance cost for screening checked baggage. Next generation threat detection system for TSA passenger check points to screen evolving threats while improving passenger experience. An enhanced ability of screening systems and operators to detect explosives and IED components within cargo parcels and pallets. Tools, techniques and knowledge to better understand, train and utilize the explosive detection canine. New or improved technical capabilities to detect person born IEDs at a standoff distance. Methods for detecting trace explosives on people and personal items at a standoff distance. Solutions to protect the nations surface transportation systems. Knowledge on homemade explosives detection thresholds and threat quantities for detection.

53 S&T Homeland Security Advanced Research Projects Agency DivisionsFocus Human Factors and Behavioral Sciences Division Enhance the analytical capability of the Department to understand terrorist motivation, intent, and behavior Improve screening by providing a science-based capability to identify unknown threats indicated by deceptive and suspicious behavior. Improve screening by providing a science-based capability to identify known threats through accurate, timely, and easy-to-use biometric identification and credentialing tools. Enhance safety, effectiveness, and usability of technology by systematically incorporating user and public input. Enhance preparedness and mitigate impacts of catastrophic events by delivering capabilities that incorporate social, psychological and economic aspects of societal resilience. Infrastructure Protection and Disaster Management Division High Performance and Integrated Design Resilience Program High Performance and Integrated Design Resilience Program Databases and Tools Building and Infrastructure Protection Series Tools Building and Infrastructure Protection Series Workshops

54 S&T FY2013 R&D Priorities InvestmentObjectives Biological Defense $135.4M Development of tools to detect intentional and natural biologic events; focus on rapid point-of-care diagnostic technologies, cost-effective indoor sensors, bioforensics, and mandated CBRN risk assessments. Explosives Defense $119.7M Technologies detecting explosives, with an emphasis on Home Made Explosives and other advanced threats. Cyber Security $64.5M Unclassified research programs in support of the internet infrastructure: research into identity and data privacy technologies, end system security, law enforcement forensic capabilities, software assurance, and cybersecurity education. First Responders $49.3M Identify technologies, formulate standards and develop knowledge products that enhance the productivity, efficiency, and safety of first responders. Priority investment areas include: interoperable communications, data sharing systems, field-ready detection equipment, and enhancements to protective gear. Apex Projects $15.0M Cross-cutting, multi-disciplinary efforts requested by DHS Components that are high priority, high-value, and short turn-around in nature. $94.1MResume research and development (R&D) in important areas that received little or no funding in FY 2012 such as Border Security, Chemical Attack Resiliency, Counterterrorism, Information Sharing, and Interoperability.

55 HOMELAND SECURITY PPBE DECISION MAKERS

56 DHS PPBE Budget Review Board Role Review, make recommendations on the FYSHP; Review, make recommendations on the President's budget request; Reviewing fund and program performance; Minimizing the re- evaluation of decisions in the absence of new information or new factors. Members Chair: Deputy Secretary Vice Chair: Under Secretary, Management Under Secretary, Border and Transportation Security Under Secretary, Emergency Preparedness and Response Under Secretary, lnformation Analysis and Infrastructure Protection Under Secretary, Science and Technology Commandant, U.S. Coast Guard Director, U.S. Secret Service Director, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services DHS Chief of Staff Office of Policy, Planning, and International Affairs General Counsel Assistant Secretary for Legislative Affairs Chief Financial Officer (CFO) Chief Procurement Officer (CPO) Chief lnformation Officer (CIO) Advisors: Director, Budget Division and Director, Office of Program Analysis & Evaluation, Office of the CFO

57 DHS PPBE Joint Requirements Council Members Chair- Rotates among COOs of DHS Organizational Elements Executive Secretary- Director, Program Analysis & Evaluation Chief of Staff, Management Operations Director, Border & Transportation Security Chief Operating Officer, Emergency Preparedness & Response Chief of Staff, Science & Technology Chief of Staff, Info Analysis & Infrastructure Protection Chief of Staff, U.S. Coast Guard Chief of Staff, U.S. Secret Service Chief of Staff, Bureau of Citizenship Services Chief Operating Officer, Transportation Security Administration Chief Operating Officer, Customs and Border Protection Chief Operating Officer, Immigrations and Customs Enforcement Role Identify common opportunities and non-IT requirements across DHS Review non-IT mission needs statements, capital investment plans, portfolio management documents and special interest issues; Make programmatic recommendations to the Investment Review Board on proposed new programs and changes to existing capital programs

58 DHS PPBE Office of Policy Role Leads the "planning" portion of the PPBE process including risk assessments and management, unconstrained strategic assessment of operational capability requirements, and setting strategic policy planning priorities; Leads the development of the DHS lntegrated Strategic Assessment Report and the Secretary's lntegrated Planning Guidance (IPG) with support from the DHS Operational Integration Staff (I-STAFF) and the Program Analysis and Evaluation (PA&E) office; Provides policy support to, and participating on, the Budget Review Board. Components Office of Policy Development Office of Strategic Plans Office for State and Local Law Office of International Affairs Office of Immigration Statistics Private Sector Office Homeland Security Advisory Council


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